Citations with the tag: VENOM -- Physiological effect
Results 1 - 42
- A snaky treatment for snakebites.
// Current Science; 5/6/94, Vol. 79 Issue 18, p15
Reports on the effects of poisonous snakes' venom. Protein substance as snakes' protection from the poison of other snakes; Neutralization of the destructive effects of venom from five different species of poisonous snakes by the protein; Future remedy for snake bites; Research on effects of...
- Why in the world.
Gordon, David George // Current Science; 5/14/99, Vol. 84 Issue 16, p15
Provides facts on cone snail venom. Toxicity of the venom; Health benefits of the venom; Effect of ziconitide, a substance in the venom on the human nervous system; Efforts on the production of ziconitide for public use.
- Sting in the tale.
Sweet, Melissa // Bulletin with Newsweek; 2/19/2002, Vol. 120 Issue 6312, p15
Focuses on the effectivity of jellyfish venom. Strength of Irukandji jellyfish venom to cause immediate death; Query on preventing the stings of deadly jellyfish; Lack of finances in making the antivenom treatment.
- Honey bee (Apis mellifera) venom induces AIM2 inflammasome activation in human keratinocytes.
Sweet, Melissa // Current Medical Literature: Dermatology; 2012, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p112
A review of the article "Honey bee (Apis mellifera) venom induces AIM2 inflammasome activation in human keratinocytes," by Y. Dombrowski and colleagues which appeared in the journal "Allergy" is presented.
- Bites and stings due to terrestrial and aquatic animals in Europe.
Sweet, Melissa // Weekly Epidemiological Record; 9/21/2001, Vol. 76 Issue 38, p290
Provides an overview of the main characteristics and advances concerning the diagnosis and management of bites and stings of terrestrial and aquatic animals in the European countries. Frequency of snake bites; Venom glands of scorpion species; Treatment of Hymenoptera stings.
- Prevalencia de la alergia a la picadura de himenï¿½pteros en estudiantes de medicina veterinaria de la ciudad de Monterrey, Nuevo Leï¿½n, Mï¿½xico.
Cruz, Alfredo Arias; Toscano, Gina Monsiv�is; Mart�nez, Gabriela Gallardo; Gonz�lez D�az, Sandra Nora; Rodr�guez, Gabriela Galindo // Revista Alergia de Mexico; may/jun2007, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p77
Background: reported prevalence of allergic systemic reactions to hymenoptera venom occur in up to 3.3% and large local reactions occur in 17% in the general population. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of hymenoptera sting allergy in a group of veterinary medicine students from...
- Its bacteria are worse than its bite.
Cruz, Alfredo Arias; Toscano, Gina Monsiv�is; Mart�nez, Gabriela Gallardo; Gonz�lez D�az, Sandra Nora; Rodr�guez, Gabriela Galindo // New Scientist; 06/14/97, Vol. 154 Issue 2086, p13
Explains the cause of the severe reactions from the venomous bite of the brown reclusive spider, Loxosceles reclusa. Results of the study of Bruce Bleakly of South Dakota State University in Brookings, South Dakota; Toxins produced by bacteria from brown recluse spider puree.
- Paging Doc Oc.
Cruz, Alfredo Arias; Toscano, Gina Monsiv�is; Mart�nez, Gabriela Gallardo; Gonz�lez D�az, Sandra Nora; Rodr�guez, Gabriela Galindo // Asian Pacific Post;
The article discusses a research by Bryan Fry and colleagues which investigated whether the venom found in octopuses, cuttlefish and some squid contain compounds that can help develop drugs for conditions like pain management, allergies and cancer.
- Unusual neurotoxic envenomations by Vipera aspis aspis snakes in France.
de Haro, L; Robbe-Vincent, A; Saliou, B; Valli, M; Bon, C; Choumet, V // Human & Experimental Toxicology; Mar2002, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p137
Vipera aspis aspis (V.a.a.) is the most dangerous poisonous snake in South-Eastern France. The clinical symptoms observed after V.a.a. envenomations involve mostly local signs (pain, edema) associated in the more severe cases with systemic symptoms (gastro-intestinal and cardiovascular...
- The injuries with stonefish; toxinology, clinical presentations and treatment.
Jafari, M.; Mohebbi, GH.; Vazirizadeh, A.; Nabipour, I. // Iranian South Medical Journal; Jan2014, Vol. 16 Issue 6, p493
The members of Scorpaenidae family, including stonefish (genus Synanceja) are among the most dangerous and venomous fishes in the word that inhibit in the tropical shallow waters. The toxinology of the venom of stonefish (genus Synanceja) showed that it is a mixture of proteins, containing...
- EVALUATION OF THE CYTOGENETIC STATUS OF HUMAN LYMPHOCYTES AFTER EXPOSURE TO A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF BEE VENOM IN VITRO.
GARAJ-VRHOVAC, Verica; GAJSKI, Goran // Archives of Industrial Hygiene & Toxicology / Arhiv za Higijenu ; 2009, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p27
Several studies have reported radioprotective, antimutagenic, anti-inflammatory, aminociceptive, and anticancer effects of bee venom both in the cell and the whole organism. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a single high dose of 100 Âµg mL-1 of whole bee venom in human...
- Bee venom for multiple sclerosis.
D'Epiro, Nancy Walsh // Patient Care; 9/15/1999, Vol. 33 Issue 14, p27
Analyzes the active compounds of honey bee (Apis mellifera) venom for potential pharmacologic activity. Venom synthesis for defensive value; Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects; Usage and precautions; Apitherapy applications; Implications for multiple sclerosis treatment; Most common...
- Peces venenosos.
PARKER, STEVE // Pesces; 1997, p54
No abstract available.
- Cytotoxicity of the venom from the nematocysts of jellyfish Cyanea nozakii Kishinouye.
Cuiping, Li; Pengcheng, Li; Jinhua, Feng; Rongfeng, Li; Huahua, Yu // Toxicology & Industrial Health; Mar2012, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p186
In this article, the cytotoxicity of the venom from the nematocysts of jellyfish Cyanea nozakii Kishinouye on human hepatoma cells (Bel-7402, SMMC-7721) and human colon cancer cells (H630) was investigated first. Of the three kinds of cells, the venom had the strongest cytotoxicity on H630 cells...
- Interactions of PLA2-s from Vipera lebetina, Vipera berus berus and Naja naja oxiana Venom with Platelets, Bacterial and Cancer Cells.
Samel, Mari; Vija, Heiki; Kurvet, Imbi; Künnis-Beres, Kai; Trummal, Katrin; Subbi, Juhan; Kahru, Anne; Siigur, Jüri // Toxins; Feb2013, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p203
Secretory phospholipasesA2 (sPLA2s) form a large family of structurally related enzymes widespread in nature. Herein, we studied the inhibitory effects of sPLA2s from Vipera lebetina (VLPLA2), Vipera berus berus (VBBPLA2), and Naja naja oxiana (NNOPLA2) venoms on (i) human platelets, (ii) four...
- Anti-tumor activity of CrTX in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549.
Ye, Bin; Xie, Yan; Qin, Zheng-hong; Wu, Jun-chao; Han, Rong; He, Jing-kang // Acta Pharmacologica Sinica; Nov2011, Vol. 32 Issue 11, p1397
Aim:To assess the cytotoxic effect of crotoxin (CrTX), a potent neurotoxin extracted from the venom of the pit viper Crotalus durissus terrificus, in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and investigated the underlying mechanisms.Methods:A549 cells were treated with gradient concentrations of...
- Acute myocardial infarction following a Russell's viper bite: a case report.
Niraj, Mahboob; Jayaweera, Jayamalee L.; Kumara, Indunil WGD; Tissera, Nirmali WAJ // International Archives of Medicine; 2013, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1
Introduction: Snake bite is a common and devastating environmental hazard, especially in rural areas of tropical countries. Acute myocardial infarction caused by snakebite has rarely been reported. To our knowledge we found only 10 cases of Myocardial infarction following a viper bite in English...
- Bee venom.
Niraj, Mahboob; Jayaweera, Jayamalee L.; Kumara, Indunil WGD; Tissera, Nirmali WAJ // Reactions Weekly; 2/13/2010, Issue 1288, p8
The article describes the case of a 49-year-old woman with polyarthralgia, muscle pain and weakness who developed angioedema and systemic lupus erythematosus after undergoing bee venom trial. She developed fever after receiving bee venom on her knees. Her fever immediately resolved after...
- Cardiovascular Responses to Bothrops alternatus (Urutu) Snake Venom in Anesthetized Dogs.
Dias, Lourdes; Rodrigues, Mariana; Smaal, Adriana; Rennó, André; Mello, Sueli; Moreno, Heitor; Hyslop, Stephen // Cardiovascular Toxicology; Sep2012, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p243
The cardiovascular responses to Bothrops alternatus snake venom in anesthetized dogs were investigated. Venom (0.3 mg/kg, i.v.) markedly decreased arterial blood pressure, coronary perfusion pressure, and cardiac output (CO) after 5 min, with progressive recovery of the first two parameters to...
- Tarantulas Milked for Novel Insecticide in Venom.
Dias, Lourdes; Rodrigues, Mariana; Smaal, Adriana; Rennó, André; Mello, Sueli; Moreno, Heitor; Hyslop, Stephen // Australasian Science; Dec2013, Vol. 34 Issue 10, p12
The article focuses on the venom of tarantula which can kill common insect pests. It says that the discovery can lead into a development of insecticides with lesser environmental impact. According to professor Glenn King of the University of Queensland, there is an urgent need for an insecticide...
- Toxicological and Histological Evaluation of Bothrops itapetiningae Venom.
Oliveira-Jünior, Nelson G.; Silva, Osmar N.; Oliveira, Vanessa C.; Dias, Simoni C.; Franco, Octávio L. // Journal of Herpetology; Dec2012, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p653
Envenomation by snakes of the genus Bothrops is characterized by local pain, systemic bleeding, tachycardia, acute renal failure, as well as swelling and redness caused by the enzymatic and proteolytic action of venom. The toxicological and histological effects of the venom of Bothrops...
- Proteolytic activity of Elapid and Viperid Snake venoms and its implication to digestion.
Bottrall, Joshua L.; Madaras, Frank; Biven, Christopher D.; Venning, Michael G.; Mirtschin, Peter J. // Journal of Venom Research; Sep2010, Vol. 1, p18
Testing whether venoms may aid in digestion of the prey, eleven snake venoms were compared for the presence of proteases and endopeptidases that function in alkaline pH conditions. In vitro experiments examined the relative protease and endopeptidase activity of the venoms, which involved...
- A heteromeric Texas coral snake toxin targets acid-sensing ion channels to produce pain.
Bohlen, Christopher J.; Chesler, Alexander T.; Sharif-Naeini, Reza; Medzihradszky, Katalin F.; Zhou, Sharleen; King, David; Sánchez, Elda E.; Burlingame, Alma L.; Basbaum, Allan I.; Julius, David // Nature; 11/17/2011, Vol. 479 Issue 7373, p410
Natural products that elicit discomfort or pain represent invaluable tools for probing molecular mechanisms underlying pain sensation. Plant-derived irritants have predominated in this regard, but animal venoms have also evolved to avert predators by targeting neurons and receptors whose...
- The Need for Full Integration of Snakebite Envenoming within a Global Strategy to Combat the Neglected Tropical Diseases: The Way Forward.
Gutiérrez, José María; Warrell, David A.; Williams, David J.; Jensen, Simon; Brown, Nicholas; Calvete, Juan J.; Harrison, Robert A. // PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Jun2013, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1
The authors discuss the global strategies to combat snakebite envenoming and other neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). They report that more than 5 million people suffer snakebite every year resulting in 25,000-125,000 deaths based on conservative estimates. They note the significant achievement...
- Toxic Effects of Crude Venom of a Desert Cobra, Walterinnesia aegyptia, on Liver, Abdominal Muscles and Brain of Male Albino Rats.
Khalid Al-Sadoon, Mohammed; Mohamed Orabi, Gamal; Badr, Gamal // Pakistan Journal of Zoology; 2013, Vol. 45 Issue 5, p1359
The toxic effect of an acute dose of Walterinnesia aegyptia crude venom was studied in male albino rats. Liver enzymes, alaninetransaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and gamma glutamyltransferase(Î³-GT), total protein concentration and Alkaline phosphatase(ALP) enzyme activity in the...
- OEdÃ¨me facial persistant aprÃ¨s une piqÃ»re de vive sur le cuir chevelu.
Lopez, Jean-Guillaume; Leenhardt, Julien; de Haro, Luc // Annales de Toxicologie Analytique; 2014, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p185
In Europe, where marine envenomations are usually not severe, some rare stings may require medical management; for example, weever fish stings, inducing numerous marine envenomations on the European coasts (these accidents lead to frequent consultations during the summer season in the French...
- EFFECTS OF DEPRIVATION OF VOMERONASAL CHEMORECEPTION ON PREY DISCRIMINATION IN RATTLESNAKES.
Stark, C. Patrick; Tiernan, Chelsea; Chiszar, David // Psychological Record; Summer2011, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p363
It has been demonstrated that rattlesnakes can discriminate between envenomed and nonenvenomed rodent prey based on venom-related cues deposited during the strike. This behavior is crucial to the snake's ability to choose the chemical trail left by an envenomed rodent fleeing the strike area and...
- Neurotoxicity in Snakebiteâ€”The Limits of Our Knowledge.
Ranawaka, Udaya K.; Lalloo, David G.; de Silva, H. Janaka // PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; Oct2013, Vol. 7 Issue 10, p1
Snakebite is classified by the WHO as a neglected tropical disease. Envenoming is a significant public health problem in tropical and subtropical regions. Neurotoxicity is a key feature of some envenomings, and there are many unanswered questions regarding this manifestation. Acute neuromuscular...
- The Biological Effects of Venom Derived from the Ectoparasitic Wasp Eulophus pennicornis (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): Evidence for Dual Endocrine Regulation.
Bell, Howard A.; Powell, Michelle E.; Price, Dan R.G.; Weaver, Robert J. // Open Entomology Journal; 2010, Vol. 4, p8
The venom of the ectoparasitoid Eulophus pennicornis is known to induce developmental arrest in parasitized hosts through the prevention of moulting. However, little work has explored how the venom affects different host stages, whether the observed effects vary with different doses, and whether...
- The Buzz About Ocular Stings.
Kabat, Alan G.; Sowka, Joseph W. // Review of Optometry; 10/15/2011, Vol. 148 Issue 10, p130
The article discusses ocular sting injuries from bee and wasp and the management for such injuries. It discusses the three categories of bee sting injuries such as mechanical, toxic, and immunologic and the effects of different therapeutics in the said cases. It says that ocular stings may lead...
- Isolation and Characterization of CvIV4: A Pain Inducing &agr;- Scorpion Toxin.
Rowe, Ashlee H.; Yucheng Xiao; Scales, Joseph; Linse, Klaus D.; Rowe, Matthew P.; Cummins, Theodore R.; Zakon, Harold H. // PLoS ONE; 2011, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p1
Background: Among scorpion species, the Buthidae produce the most deadly and painful venoms. However, little is known regarding the venom components that cause pain and their mechanism of action. Using a paw-licking assay (Mus musculus), this study compared the pain-inducing capabilities of...
- Reversible Myocarditis after Black Widow Spider Envenomation.
Dendane, Tarek; Abidi, Khalid; Madani, Naoufel; Benthami, Asmae; Gueddari, Fatima-Zohra; Abouqal, Redoune; Zeggwagh, Amine-Ali // Case Reports in Medicine; 2012, p1
Black widow spiders can cause variable clinical scenarios from local damage to very serious conditions including death. Acute myocardial damage is rarely observed and its prognostic significance is not known. We report a rare case of a 35-year-old man who developed an acute myocarditis with...
- The Pro-Coagulant Fibrinogenolytic Serine Protease Isoenzymes Purified from Daboia russelii russelii Venom Coagulate the Blood through Factor V Activation: Role of Glycosylation on Enzymatic Activity.
Mukherjee, Ashis K. // PLoS ONE; Feb2014, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p1
Proteases from Russell's viper venom (RVV) induce a variety of toxic effects in victim. Therefore, four new RVV protease isoenzymes of molecular mass 32901.044 Da, 333631.179 Da, 333571.472 Da, and 34594.776 Da, were characterized in this study. The first 10 N-terminal residues of these serine...
- Effects of Schizolobium parahyba Extract on Experimental Bothrops Venom-Induced Acute Kidney Injury.
Martines, Monique Silva; Mendes, Mirian M.; Shimizu, Maria H. M.; Melo Rodrigues, Veridiana; de Castro, Isac; Filho, Sebastião R. Ferreira; Malheiros, Denise M. A. C.; Yu, Luis; Burdmann, Emmanuel A. // PLoS ONE; Feb2014, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p1
Background: Venom-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of Bothrops snakebite with relevant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Schizolobium parahyba (SP) extract, a natural medicine with presumed anti-Bothrops venom effects, in an...
- Down-Regulation of FcÎµRI-Mediated CD63 Basophil Response during Short-Term VIT Determined Venom-Nonspecific Desensitization.
Čelesnik Smodiš, Nina; Šilar, Mira; Eržen, Renato; Rijavec, Matija; Košnik, Mitja; Korošec, Peter // PLoS ONE; Apr2014, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p1
Background: We recently showed a desensitization of FcÎµRI-mediated basophil response after short-term VIT. Our aim was to evaluate the allergen specificity of this desensitization. Methods: In 11 Hymenoptera-venom double positive subjects, basophil threshold sensitivity (CD-sens) to...
- The inhibitory effect of Camellia sinensis extracts against the neuromuscular blockade of Crotalus durissus terrificus venom.
de Jesus Reis Rosa, Luana; Silva, Gleidy Ana Araujo; Filho, Jorge Amaral; Silva, Magali Glauzer; Cogo, José Carlos; Groppo, Francisco Carlos; Oshima-Franco, Yoko // Journal of Venom Research; Sep2010, Vol. 1, p1
In geographically isolated populations where intensive medical care or serum therapy is not easily accessible snake envenomation is a major cause for concern. The aim of the present study was to test Camellia sinensis extracts, theaflavin and epigallocatechin (two of the main C. sinensis...
- Immunological Effects of Honey Bee Venom in Mice with Intracerebral Candidiasis.
Saleh, Nermine K. M.; Elsayed, Abeer A. // Journal of Medical Sciences; 2009, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p227
No abstract available.
- Honey Bee Venom Modulates Hyperglycemia in Response to Hyperandrogenism in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome-Induced Rats.
Nabiuni, Mohammad; Nasri, Sima; Poyanmanesh, Farideh; Karimzadeh, Latifeh // Journal of International Environmental Application & Science; Dec2012, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p949
The article presents a study which aims to investigate the benefits of honey bee venom (HBV) as an anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent for hyperglycemia in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)-Induced rats. The study was performed to a female Wistar rats which were housed in special cages during...
- Mayo Clinic Study to Examine Use of Snake-Venom Peptide for Heart Attack Treatment.
Nabiuni, Mohammad; Nasri, Sima; Poyanmanesh, Farideh; Karimzadeh, Latifeh // Biomedical Market Newsletter; 3/7/2012, Vol. 21, p1
The article offers information on the 2.5 million dollar grant issued by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to the Cardiorenal Research Laboratory of Mayo Clinic for conducting research on cardiovascular peptides and myocardial infarction. Role of Cenderitide, a peptide derived from...
- Anti-hemorrhagic Activity of Four Brazilian Vegetable Species Against Bothrops jararaca Venom.
Nishijima, Catarine Massucato; Rodrigues, Clenilson Martins; Silva, Marcelo Aparecido; Lopes-Ferreira, Mônica; Vilegas, Wagner; Hiruma-Lima, Clélia Akiko // Molecules; Mar2009, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p1072
Around 20,000 snakebites are reported annually in Brazil and 90% of them are inflicted by species of the genus Bothrops. Intravenous administration of antibothropic antivenom neutralizes the systemic actions, but it is of little effect on the reversal of local symptoms and often induces adverse...
- Clinical Effectiveness of Hymenoptera Venom Immunotherapy: A Prospective Observational Multicenter Study of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology Interest Group on Insect Venom Hypersensitivity
Ruëff, Franziska; Przybilla, Bernhard; Biló, Maria Beatrice; Müller, Ulrich; Scheipl, Fabian; Seitz, Michael J.; Aberer, Werner; Bodzenta-Lukaszyk, Anna; Bonifazi, Floriano; Campi, Paolo; Darsow, Ulf; Haeberli, Gabrielle; Hawranek, Thomas; Küchenhoff, Helmut; Lang, Roland; Quercia, Oliviero; Reider, Norbert; Schmid-Grendelmeier, Peter; Severino, Maurizio; Sturm, Gunter Johannes // PLoS ONE; May2013, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p1
Background: Treatment failure during venom immunotherapy (VIT) may be associated with a variety of risk factors. Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the association of baseline serum tryptase concentration (BTC) and of other parameters with the frequency of VIT failure during the maintenance...
- Effect of honey bee venom on differentiation of cholinergic neurons.
Kouchesfahani, Homa Mohseni; Nabiuni, Mohammad; Parivar, Kazem; Ebrahimi, Somayeh // Journal of Venom Research; Sep2010, Vol. 1, p29
Mouse P19 embryonic carcinoma (EC) cells are pluripotent and can differentiate into a population consisting largely of neurons and glia cells using a concentration of 5x10-7M of retinoic acid (RA). Thus, P19 EC cells are a good model system to study events occurring during the critical phases of...