Citations with the tag: STEROLS

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  • dihydrotachysterol.
     // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p654 

    A definition of the term "dihydrotachysterol" which refers to a tachysterol that has been hydrogenated is presented.

  • sterol.
     // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p2207 

    A definition of the medical term "sterol," which refers to a group of substances with cyclic nucleus and alcohol moiety, is presented.

  • Cholesterol.
     // American Family Physician; 4/15/2003, Vol. 67 Issue 8, p1775 

    Presents information about cholesterol. Risk associated with high cholesterol level; Kinds of cholesterol; Ways to improve cholesterol level.

  • Power plant.
    Brunner, Rick // Joe Weider's Muscle & Fitness; Apr97, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p95 

    Examines claims over the plant sterol ecdysterone's capability to help muscles grow. Similarity to anabolic steroids in terms of chemical structure; Research indications; Known physiological effects.

    Mangels, Reed // Vegetarian Journal; 2008, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p2 

    The article provides an answer to a question about plant sterols and their effects on one's diet.

    Wennstrôm, Peter // Functional Ingredients; Jan2008, Issue 72, p8 

    The article presents a quote from market analyst Peter Wennström asserting that one-shot drink of sterol can lower down the level of cholesterol.

  • Nature's Super Stars.
    Vanderhaeghe, Lorna // Total Health; Jul/Aug2000, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p32 

    Presents information on sterols and sterolins. Discussion of the cholesterol-lowering effects of phytosterols; Details of how sterols reduce stress; Other health benefits of sterols.

  • In Yeast, upc2-1 Confers a Decrease in Tolerance to LiCl and NaCl, Which Can Be Suppressed by the P-Type ATPase Encoded by ENA2.
    Leak, Frank W.; Tove, Shirley; Parks, Leo W. // DNA & Cell Biology; Feb99, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p133 

    Wild-type yeast cells are unable to take up sterols from their growth media under aerobic conditions and are relatively resistant to monovalent cations. A yeast mutant (upc2-1) with a defect in the aerobic exclusion of sterols was found to have increased sensitivity to LiCl and NaCl. Although...

  • Effects of non-esterified stanols in a liquid emulsion on cholesterol absorption and synthesis in hypercholesterolemic men.
    Gremaud, G.; Dalan, E.; Piguet, C.; Baumgartner, M.; Ballabeni, P.; Decarli, B.; Leser, M. E.; Berger, A.; Fay, L. B. // European Journal of Nutrition; 2002, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p54 

    Summary Background Background Numerous studies have shown that dietary plant sterols (phytosterols and phytostanols) and their esters can decrease cholesterol absorption. However, few researchers have examined the effects of plant sterols on cholesterol absorption and synthesis using stable...

  • Boost Immunity with Sterols.
    Lydon, Amanda // Natural Health; Dec2002, Vol. 32 Issue 9, p28 

    Reports on benefits of plant sterols and sterolins to the body immune system. Ability of the sterols to lower the cholesterol; Production of additional cells after using the sterol-sterolin combination; Evidence for the immune system benefits.

  • Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein-1c Expression and Action in Rat Muscles.
    Guillet-Deniau, Isabelle; Mieulet, Virginie; Lay, Soazig Le; Achouri, Younes; Carr�, Denis; Girard, Jean; Foufelle, Fabienne; Ferr�, Pascal // Diabetes; Jun2002, Vol. 51 Issue 6, p1722 

    Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) is a transcription factor that mediates insulin effects on hepatic gene expression. It is itself transcriptionally stimulated by insulin in hepatocytes. Here we show that SREBP-1c mRNA is expressed in adult rat skeletal muscles and that...

  • Sterol regulatory element binding proteins downregulate LDL receptor-related protein (LRP1) expression and LRP1-mediated aggregated LDL uptake by human macrophages
    Llorente-Cortés, Vicenta; Royo, Teresa; Otero-Viñas, Marta; Berrozpe, Maria; Badimon, Lina // Cardiovascular Research; Jun2007, Vol. 74 Issue 3, p526 

    Abstract: Objective: In the extracellular intima, extracellular matrix proteoglycans favor LDL retention and aggregation (agLDL). In contrast to native LDL (nLDL), agLDL induces high intracellular cholesteryl ester (CE) accumulation in macrophages. It has been suggested that LDL receptor-related...

  • Simple steps can lower bad cholesterol quickly.
    Llorente-Cortés, Vicenta; Royo, Teresa; Otero-Viñas, Marta; Berrozpe, Maria; Badimon, Lina // Filipino Post; 12/16/2010, p5 

    The article offers tips on how to maintain good cholesterol level which include adding plant sterols on food, doing aerobic exercise for 30 minutes everyday for five days a week, and eating fruits, vegetables, and fish.

  • cerebrosterol.
    Llorente-Cortés, Vicenta; Royo, Teresa; Otero-Viñas, Marta; Berrozpe, Maria; Badimon, Lina // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p411 

    A definition of the term "cerebrosterol," which refers to a sterol or 24-hydroxycholesterol derived from the brain and is found in the bloodstream of persons with Alzheimer's disease, is presented.

  • zoosterol.
    Llorente-Cortés, Vicenta; Royo, Teresa; Otero-Viñas, Marta; Berrozpe, Maria; Badimon, Lina // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p2516 

    A definition of the term "zoosterol," which refers to any sterol derived from animals, is presented.

  • zymosterol.
    Llorente-Cortés, Vicenta; Royo, Teresa; Otero-Viñas, Marta; Berrozpe, Maria; Badimon, Lina // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p2518 

    A definition of the term "zymosterol," which refers to a sterol obtained from yeast, is presented.

  • The importance of sitosterol and sitosterolin in human and animal nutrition.
    Pegel, Karl H. // South African Journal of Science; Jun97, Vol. 93 Issue 6, p263 

    Discusses the relevance of plant sterols sitosterol and sitosterolin in human and animal nutrition. Importance in cell membrane structures; Synergistic stimulatory effect on the immune system; Prophylactic effect on a variety of diseases of civilization; Slow acting essential micronutrients;...

    McLaughlin, Lisa // Time; 5/10/2004, Vol. 163 Issue 19, p82 

    Reports on a study published in the 'Archives of Internal Medicine' about how cholesterol levels in humans naturally fluctuate during the changing seasons of the year. How researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center in Worcester tracked the cholesterol levels of 517 healthy...

    McLaughlin, Lisa // Joe Weider's Muscle & Fitness; May2001, Vol. 62 Issue 5, p50 

    Introduces the Benecol or Take Control vegetable-oil bread spreads. Nutritional benefits; Physiological role of sterols, main ingredient of the products.

  • Chemical structure of sterols that activate oocyte meiosis.
    Byskov, Anne Grete; Andersen, Cluas Yding // Nature; 4/6/1995, Vol. 374 Issue 6522, p559 

    Reports the isolation and characterization of meiosis-activating sterols that activate oocyte meiosis. Gonadotrophins that induce resumption of meiosis in vitro in oocytes; Detection of meoisis-activating activity in gonads of different species.

  • Macronutrient innovations: The role of fats and sterols in human health.
    Li, Duo; Sinclair, Andrew J // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition; Oct2002 Supplement, Vol. 11, pS155 

    Dietary intake of fats and sterols has long been known to play a critical role in human health. High proportions of saturated fat, which increase blood cholesterol levels, are mainly found in animal fat and some plant oil (e.g. cocoa butter, palm oil etc.). The predominant polyunsaturated fatty...

  • Comparison of the hepatic clearances of campesterol, sitosterol, and cholesterol in healthy subjects suggests that efflux transporters controlling intestinal sterol absorption also regulate biliary secretion.
    Sudhop, T.; Sahin, Y.; Lindenthal, B.; Hahn, C.; Lüers, C.; Berthold, H.K.; von Bergmann, K. // Gut; Dec2002, Vol. 51 Issue 6, p860 

    Background: Recently identified ABCG5/8 transporters are responsible in part for the different absorption rates of campesterol, sitosterol, and cholesterol. These transporters are also expressed in the liver and might regulate biliary sterol secretion. Aims: This study was therefore conducted to...

  • Sterols in marine invertebrates.
    Kanazawa, Akio // Fisheries Science; Dec2001, Vol. 67 Issue 6, p997 

    ABSTRACT: The sterol composition of marine invertebrates, crustaceans, molluscs, echinoderms, coelenterates, and sponges has been re-examined by using improved analytical techniques. As a result, the sterol composition of marine invertebrates has been shown to be more complex mixtures including...

  • Biliary cholesterol secretion by the twinned sterol half-transporters ABCG5 and ABCG8.
    Wittenburg, Henning; Carey, Martin C. // Journal of Clinical Investigation; 9/1/2002, Vol. 110 Issue 5, p605 

    Examines biliary cholesterol secretion by the twinned sterol half-transporters adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette gene (ABCG) 5 and ABCG8. Behavior of ABCG5 and ABCG8 half-transporters during their journey to the apical membrane; Increased biliary cholesterol transport in mice...

  • Relationships between sterol/phospholipid composition and xenobiotic transport in nematodes.
    Isabelle Grasseau; Elisabeth Blesbois; Dominique Kerboeuf // Parasitology Research; Apr2007, Vol. 100 Issue 5, p1125 

    Abstract??Therapeutic failure limits prophylaxis of nematode diseases and has been mainly attributed to mutations in cellular targets of anthelmintics. Besides these specific mechanisms, alterations of drug transport also occur in parasites resistant to anthelmintics and depend on both the...

  • Moisture conditions during the Younger Dryas and the early Holocene in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, central China.
    Huang, Xianyu; Meyers, Philip A; Yu, Jianxin; Wang, Xinxin; Huang, Junhua; Jin, Fang; Gu, Yansheng; Xie, Shucheng // Holocene; Dec2012, Vol. 22 Issue 12, p1473 

    The last glacial–interglacial climate transition in East Asia was characterized by an intensified monsoon, but knowledge about hydrological responses at a regional scale during this transitional period is limited. Here we provide a novel lipid-based paleohydrological record for this...

  • Simple steps can lower bad cholesterol quickly.
    Huang, Xianyu; Meyers, Philip A; Yu, Jianxin; Wang, Xinxin; Huang, Junhua; Jin, Fang; Gu, Yansheng; Xie, Shucheng // Asian Pacific Post; 12/16/2010, p5 

    The article suggests steps in lowering bad cholesterol including adding plant sterols to diet, engaging in physical activities and eating well.

  • Recessive x‐Linked Ichthyosis: Role of Cholesterol‐Sulfate Accumulation in the Barrier Abnormality.
    Zettersten, Elizabeth; Man, Mao‐qiang; Sato, Junko; Denda, Mitsuhiro; Farrell, Angela; Ghadially, Ruby; Williams, Mary L.; Feingold, Kenneth R.; Elias, Peter M. // Journal of Investigative Dermatology; Nov98, Vol. 111 Issue 5, p784 

    Cholesterol sulfate is a multifunctional sterol metabolite, produced in large amounts in squamous keratinizing epithelia. Because patients with recessive x‐linked ichthyosis display not only a 10‐fold increase in cholesterol sulfate, but also a 50% reduction in cholesterol, we...

  • A search for mosquito larvicidal compounds by blocking the sterol carrying protein, AeSCP-2, through computational screening and docking strategies.
    Kumar, R. Barani // Pharmacognosy Research; Oct2011, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p273 

    The article discusses the publication titled "A search for mosquito larvicidal compounds by blocking the sterol carrying protein, AeSCP-2, through computational screening and docking strategies," in which the toxicity and dosage levels of mangostin is assessed.

  • Luteal estradiol pre-treatment coordinates follicular growth during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with GnRH antagonists.
    Renato Fanchin; Laurent Salomon; Altina Castelo-Branco; François Olivennes; Nelly Frydman; René Frydman // Human Reproduction; Dec2003, Vol. 18 Issue 12, p2698 

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether luteal estradiol (E2) administration reduces follicular size discrepancies and enhances ovarian response in recombinant FSH (r-FSH)/GnRH antagonist protocols. METHODS: We studied prospectively 90 IVF-embryo transfer (ET)...

  • FISH analysis for chromosomes 13, 16, 18, 21, 22, X and Y in all blastomeres of IVF pre-embryos from 144 randomly selected donated human oocytes and impact on pre-embryo morphology.
    S. Ziebe; K. Lundin; A. Loft; C. Bergh; A. Nyboe Andersen; U. Selleskog; D. Nielsen; C. Grøndahl; H. Kim; J.-C. Arce // Human Reproduction; Dec2003, Vol. 18 Issue 12, p2575 

    BACKGROUND: The data are compiled from two multicentre, prospectively randomized studies on the effect of follicular fluid meiosis-activating sterol (FF-MAS) on human oocytes. The donated oocytes were exposed either to test doses of FF-MAS or to control solutions. The data from the control...

  • Application of Faecal Sterol Ratios in Sediments and Effluents as Source Tracers.
    Marvin, Chris; Coakley, John; Mayer, Tatiana; Brown, Mitra; Thiessen, Lina // Water Quality Research Journal of Canada (Canadian Association o; 2001, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p781 

    An analytical method to determine faecal sterols was developed and applied to the analysis of samples including pig manure, sewage treatment plant sludge and combined sewer overflow effluent. Compounds including coprostanol (5βcholestan-3β-o1), epicoprostanol (5β-cholestan-3α-o1),...

  • Stimulation of tumor-associated fatty acid synthase expression by growth factor activation of the sterol regulatory element-binding protein pathway.
    Swinnen, Johannes V; Heemers, Hannelore; Deboel, Ludo; Foufelle, Fabienne; Heyns, Walter; Verhoeven, Guido // Oncogene; 10/26/2000, Vol. 19 Issue 45, p5173 

    Increased expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) is observed in a clinically aggressive subset of various common cancers and interference with FAS offers promising opportunities for selective chemotherapeutic intervention. The mechanisms by which FAS expression is (up)-regulated in these tumors...

  • Intracellular cholesterol transport.
    Maxfield, Frederick R.; Wusner, Daniel; Wüstner, Daniel // Journal of Clinical Investigation; 10/1/2002, Vol. 110 Issue 7, p891 

    Analyzes the intracellular transport of cholesterol among cellular membranes. Details on the intracellular distribution of cholesterol; Methods for studying cholesterol transport and distribution; Mechanisms for intracellular sterol transport.

  • Consumers Choose CHOLESTEROL Controls.
    Mannie, Elizabeth // Prepared Foods; Sep2000, Vol. 169 Issue 9, pNS5 

    Presents information on several cholesterol-lowering compounds. Regulation of blood cholesterol; Mechanism of action of soy isoflavones; Benefits of stanols and sterols; Effect of cholestin. INSET: French Paradox Resolved with Resveratrol?.

  • SREBPs: activators of the complete program of cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis in the liver.
    Horton, Jay D.; Goldstein, Joseph L.; Brown, Michael S. // Journal of Clinical Investigation; 5/1/2002, Vol. 109 Issue 9, p1125 

    Presents information on a study which analyzed the roles of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBP) in different lines of gene-manipulated mice. Activation of SREBP through proteolytic processing; Function of individual SREBP isoforms in vivo; Transcriptional regulation of SREBP genes.

  • Plant sterols.
    Horton, Jay D.; Goldstein, Joseph L.; Brown, Michael S. // Australasian Medical Journal; Jan2010, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p110 

    An abstract of the article "Plant sterols," by Peter Clifton is presented.

  • Raisio Spreads Beyond Benecol.
    Hume, Claudia // Chemical Week; 3/8/2000, Vol. 162 Issue 10, p44 

    Talks about the plans of nutraceutical company Raisio of Raisio, Finland to produce and sell sterol esters to third parties after the poor performance of its Benecol brand in 1999. Result of a study on sterol esters by the American Heart Association; Net loss of Raisio in 1999; Sales of the...

  • Raisio Delays Sterol Projects And Suffers Financial Reversals.
    Milmo, Sean // Chemical Market Reporter; 08/21/2000, Vol. 258 Issue 8, p8 

    Reports that Raisio is delaying a range of projects to provide sterol raw materials for the active ingredient in its Benecol cholesterol-lowering foods. Joint venture between Raisio and Harting SA; Requirements in selling both the excess sterol and stanol ester to third parties; Problem faced...

  • Raisio Expands Its Sales of Sterol Esters.
    Milmo, Sean // Chemical Market Reporter; 02/28/2000, Vol. 257 Issue 9, p6 

    Unveils the expansion of Raisio Group company in the global sterol market. Details on the sterol capacity of the firm; Sales performance of the company; Market targeted by the firm.

  • Corrigendum: Sterol metabolism controls TH17 differentiation by generating endogenous RORγ agonists.
    Hu, Xiao; Wang, Yahong; Hao, Ling-Yang; Liu, Xikui; Lesch, Chuck A; Sanchez, Brian M; Wendling, Jay M; Morgan, Rodney W; Aicher, Tom D; Carter, Laura L; Toogood, Peter L; Glick, Gary D // Nature Chemical Biology; Sep2015, Vol. 11 Issue 9, p741 

    A correction to the article "Sterol metabolism controls TH17 differentiation by generating endogenous RORγ agonists" that was published in the January 5, 2015 issue is presented.

  • Sterols in Laurencia obtusa var. pyramidata (Hudson) J. V. Bory ex. J. Agardh.
    Guven, Kasım Cemal; Coban, Burak; Sezik, Ekrem; Erdugan, Huseyin // Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment; 2015, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p278 

    The sterol content of Laurencia obtusa var. pyramidata (Hudson) J. V. Bory ex. J. Agardh collected from Igneada, in the western part of the Black Sea coast of Turkey, was analyzed. They were cholest-5-en-3-ol (cholesterol), β-sitosterol, ergosta-5,7,22-trien-3- ol (ergosterol),...

  • Benecol, Take Control: Heart-Healthy, Says FDA.
    Guven, Kasım Cemal; Coban, Burak; Sezik, Ekrem; Erdugan, Huseyin // Environmental Nutrition; Oct2000, Vol. 23 Issue 10, p1 

    Investigates the role of plant sterols and stanols in reducing the risk of heart disease. Recommendation issued by the United States Food and Drug Administration regarding the use of margarine-like spreads containing sterols and stanols; Evidence on the effectiveness of plant sterols and...

  • Phytosterols Added to Foods Work to Cut Bad Cholesterol.
    Guven, Kasım Cemal; Coban, Burak; Sezik, Ekrem; Erdugan, Huseyin // Tufts University Health & Nutrition Letter; May2009, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p8 

    The article reports on the effectiveness of phytosterols in cutting bad cholesterol in human bodies. A review of various phytosterols-related studies revealed that 2.15 grams of phytosterols added to foods can reduce bad cholesterol of 8.8 percent. It is added that these phytosterols do occur...

  • Cholesterol-lowering effect of spreads enriched with microcrystalline plant sterols in hypercholesterolemic subjects.
    Christiansen, L. I.; Lähteenmäki, P. L. A.; Mannelin, M. R.; Seppänen-Laakso, T. E.; Hiltunen, R. V. K.; Yliruusi, J. K. // European Journal of Nutrition; 2001, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p66 

    Summary Background Plant sterols have been shown to reduce serum lipid concentrations. The effectiveness is highly dependent on the physical state of the plant sterols. By means of a new crystallizing method, plant sterols can be added into dietary fats and oils homogeneously. In this fat...

  • Comparative efficacy and safety of cetrorelix with or without mid-cycle recombinant LH and leuprolide acetate for inhibition of premature LH surges in assisted reproduction.
    Sauer, Mark V.; Thornton II, Melvin H.; Schoolcraft, William; Frishman, Gary N. // Reproductive BioMedicine Online; Nov2004, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p487 

    An open label, randomized, multi-centre study was performed to compare cetrorelix and leuprolide acetate for prevention of premature LH surge and to assess whether patients treated with cetrorelix benefit from addition of recombinant human (r-h)LH. Normo-ovutatory women (n = 74) undergoing...

  • Association between plasma lipid levels and migraine in subjects aged ≥50 years: preliminary data from the Zabùt Aging Project.
    Monastero, Roberto; Pipia, Carmela; Cefalù, Angelo B.; Liveri, Eva Turco; Rosano, Rosamaria; Camarda, Rosolino; Camarda, Cecilia // Neurological Sciences; May2008 Supplement 1, Vol. 29, p179 

    We evaluated the association between lipid levels and migraine using cross-sectional, population-based data of 1809 subjects aged ≥50 years; 151 subjects with migraine and 1658 nonmigraineurs were included. Diagnosis of migraine was carried out using the criteria of the International...

  • Precholesterol Sterols Accumulate in Lipid Rafts of Patients with Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome and X-linked Dominant Chondrodysplasia Punctata.
    Rakheja, Dinesh; Boriack, Richard L. // Pediatric & Developmental Pathology; Mar/Apr2008, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p128 

    Systemic fetal dysmorphogenesis in disorders of postsqualene cholesterol biosynthesis is thought to be caused by disruption of Hedgehog signaling. Because precholesterol sterols such as 7-dehydrocholesterol and lathosterol can replace cholesterol in the activation of Hedgehog proteins, it is...

  • Growers Guide to Understanding the DMI or SBI (Sterol Biosynthesis Inhibitor) Fungicides (FRAC Code 3).
    Wyenandt, Andy // Plant & Pest Advisory: Vegetable Crops; 5/9/2012, Vol. 18 Issue 7, p3 

    The article presents information on the DeMethylation Inhibitors (DMIs) or Sterol Biosynthesis Inhibiting (SBI) fungicides that belong to the U.S. Food Research and Action Center (FRAC) code three and include the chemicals like imidazoles and triazoles. It states that the implementation of these...

  • Plant sterols induce intestinal tumor formation in gender-related manner in ApcMin mice.
    Marttinen, Maija; Pajari, Anne-Maria; P�iv�rinta, Essi; Storvik, Markus; Niku, Mikael; Nurmi, Tanja; Piironen, Vieno; Mutanen, Marja // BMC Proceedings; 2012, Vol. 6 Issue Suppl 3, p1 

    An abstract of the article "Plant sterols induce intestinal tumor formation in gender-related manner in ApcMin mice," by Maija Marttinen, Anne-Maria Pajari, Essi P�iv�rinta, Markus Storvik, Mikael Niku, Tanja Nurmi, Vieno Piironen, Marja Mutanen is presented.

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