Citations with the tag: SMALL groups -- Research
Results 1 - 50
- Small Group Research = NSD (No Significant Difference): A Heuristic Perspective.
Taylor, K. Phillip // Florida Communication Journal; 1989, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p10
This paper was originally presented at the Central States Speech Association convention in Indianapolis, Indiana, in April, 1985. It has been extensively revised and updated for publication in FCJ.
- MATADOR UND MACEDONIA, ZWEI PRODUKTIVGENOSSENSCHAFTEN. (Eine Studie Ã¼ber quantifizierenden Gruppenvergleich)
Infield, Henrik F. // KÃ¶lner Zeitschrift fÃ¼r Soziologie & Sozialpsychologie; 1948/1949, Vol. 1, p303
The article presents a comparison of two groups or associations using quantified sociometric data. One group consisted of released prisons of war settled at Matador Ranch in Saskatchewan, Canada, and the other a group of settlers originating in the Pacific and ending up in Macedonia, Georgia....
- Handbook of Small Group Research (Book).
Thomas, Edwin J. // Social Work; Apr64, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p122
Reviews the book "Handbook of Small Group Research," by A. Paul Hare.
- The effects of small group counselling on the racial attitudes...
Reeder, Jan; Douzenis, Cordelia; Bergin, James J. // Professional School Counseling; Dec97 Special Issue, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p15
Studies the effects of small group counselling on racial attitudes of second grade students. Selected students who participated in the group activity; Three major problems that group members had in common addressed by the racial relations group; Results of the racial relations survey;...
- Relative effects of three questioning strategies in ill-structured, small group problem solving.
Byun, Hyunjung; Lee, Jung; Cerreto, Frank // Instructional Science; Mar2014, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p229
The purpose of this research is to investigate the relative effectiveness of using three different question-prompt strategies on promoting metacognitive skills and performance in ill-structured problem solving by examining the interplay between peer interaction and cognitive scaffolding. An...
- POWER AND PARTICIPATION IN TWO SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS.
Kiessler, Kerstin // International Studies of Management & Organization; Spring77, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p33
The article examines power and participation in school environments. Results of small-group research are as often used to demonstrate the superiority of hierarchical structures in organizations as of equalitarian structures. The article investigates it in field settings. The author was...
- Stages of Small-Group Development Revisited.
Tuckman, Bruce W.; Jensen, Mary Ann C. // Group Facilitation: A Research & Applications Journal; 2010, Vol. 10, p43
The article discusses the review of the research of Bruce W. Tuckman and Mary Ann C. Jensen on the stages of small group development. The stages of group development developed by Tuckman and Jensen includes forming, storming, norming and performing. It states that a fifth stage, adjourning was...
- CONCEPTUAL CONFUSION IN GROUP COMMUNICATION.
JENSEN, KEITH // Florida Communication Journal; 1978, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p23
This article discusses the conceptual confusion which surrounds the study of small group communication and ways to solve this problem. One fundamental problem identified that affects small group research is the need for more and better theory to hypothesize specific outcomes under specified...
- Conference Report: Fourth Annual Meeting of Qualitative Psychology. "Areas of Qualitative Psychology--Special Focus on Design".
G�rtler, Leo; Gahleitner, Silke-Birgitta // Forum: Qualitative Social Research; Sep2004, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p1
This report note reviews the fourth annual meeting of Qualitative Psychology in Blaubeuren (near Ulm, Germany) Oct., 22-24, 2003. Organized by the Center for Qualitative Psychology (Tï¿½bingen, Germany). The question of Research Design was chosen as the central topic of the conference....
- The Shadow Core Group.
Kleiner, Art // Reflections; 2005, Vol. 6 Issue 2/3, p28
The article discusses about the book "Who Really Matters." The book discusses about the core group, which is not necessarily the people at the top of the hierarchy. It's the people who are regarded as important, either because they control key resources, they make key decisions, they oversee...
- Small-group, interactive education and the effect on asthma control by children and their families.
Watson, Wade T. A.; Gillespie, Cathy; Thomas, Nicola; Filuk, Shauna E.; McColm, Judy; Piwniuk, Michelle P.; Becker, Allan B. // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal; 9/1/2009, Vol. 181 Issue 5, p257
Background: Effective approaches to education about asthma need to be identified. We evaluated the impact on asthma control by children and their caregivers of an intervention involving small-group, interactive education about asthma. Methods: We randomly assigned children who visited an...
- The Exercise of Influence in Small Groups.
Hayes, Donald P. // Administrative Science Quarterly; Jun66, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p160
The article reviews the book "The Exercise of Influence in Small Groups," by Terence K. Hopkins.
- NARRATIVE COUNSELING FOR PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL COUNSELORS.
Nafziger, Jacinta; DeKruyf, Lorraine // Professional School Counseling; Jun2013, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p290
This article introduces narrative counseling concepts and techniques for professional school counselors. The authors provide a case study of narrative school counseling with an elementary student struggling with selective mutism. Examples also demonstrate how a narrative approach could be used...
- Group size and the framing effect: Threats to human beings and animals.
Bloomfield, Amber N. // Memory & Cognition; Jun2006, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p929
Past research provides conflicting evidence for the role of value in the appearance of framing effects. In this study, the effects of frame and group size were examined using scenarios about less valuable and more valuable groups (animal vs. human). In addition, two picture manipulations,...
- Odd or Even: Assembly Size and Majority Rule.
Dougherty, Keith L.; Edward, Julian // Journal of Politics; Apr2009, Vol. 71 Issue 2, p733
This paper provides a probabilistic comparison of small assemblies with an even number of members versus an adjacent odd number of members. We show that assemblies with an odd number of members are more likely to pass proposals under absolute majority rule than assemblies with an adjacent even...
- The Social System in Outdoor Adventure Education Programs.
Sibthorp, Jim; Jostad, Jeremy // Journal of Experiential Education;
Many components of the social system interact with one another to produce group-level behavior that determines the functionality of the small group in outdoor adventure education (OAE). This article synthesizes the contemporary literature and theory regarding eight aspects of the OAE social...
- Taking Stock in Teaching Forecasting.
Anderson, Byron C. // Futurist; Jan/Feb2012, Vol. 46 Issue 1, p7
The article presents a case study conducted to teach students forecasting techniques to explore the impacts of a technology. Under the study, the students were divided in small groups and were told to analyze an industry of their choice such as finance, apparel, and software. They were then...
- A CRITICAL SUMMARY OF RESEARCH ON THE ROLE OF ARGUMENT IN DECISION-MAKING GROUPS.
Gouran, Dennis S. // Conference Proceedings -- National Communication Association/Ame; 1985 Argument & Social Practice, p723
The article reports on the critical summary of research on the role of argument in decision-making groups. Attention in the general functions and role of argument has been limited in research although argument as a concept has long been acknowledged for its relevance to interaction in small...
- THE FUNCTIONS OF ARGUMENTATION IN GROUP DELIBERATION.
Hirokawa, Randy Y.; Scheerhorn, Dirk R. // Conference Proceedings -- National Communication Association/Ame; 1985 Argument & Social Practice, p737
The article reports on the functions of argumentation in group deliberation. The study of argumentation in small group context has spawned interest in the last several years. This research has focused primarily on the nature and structure of arguments and argumentation processes in small group...
- Task Design, Plan, and Development of Talkâ€inâ€Interaction: An Analysis of a Small Group Activity in a Japanese Language Classroom.
Mori, Junko // Applied Linguistics; Sep2002, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p323
Using the methodological framework of â€˜conversation analysisâ€™ as a central tool of analysis, this paper examines the sequential development of talkâ€inâ€interaction observed in a small group activity in a Japanese language classroom. While the group work was designed to...
- Examining the Influence of Structured Collaborative Learning Experiences for Graduate Students.
Jones, Elizabeth A. // Journal on Excellence in College Teaching; 2014, Vol. 25 Issue 3/4, p163
Classroom experiences influence a diverse array of student outcomes, such as academic and cognitive development, interpersonal skills, and the amount of time students engage in academic activities. Collaborative learning is an important pedagogy that is particularly meaningful for graduate...
- Examining the Effects of Text Genre and Structure on Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students' High-Level Comprehension as Evidenced in Small-Group Discussions.
Mengyi Li; Murphy, P. Karen; Firetto, Carla M. // International Journal of Educational Psychology; Oct2014, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p205
Although there is a rich literature on the role of text genre and structure on students' literal comprehension, more research is needed regarding the role of these text features on students' high-level comprehension as evidenced in their small-group discussions. As such, the present study...
- An Analytical Framework of Social Learning Facilitated by Participatory Methods.
Scholz, Geeske; Dewulf, Art; Pahl-Wostl, Claudia // Systemic Practice & Action Research; Dec2014, Vol. 27 Issue 6, p575
Social learning among different stakeholders is often a goal in problem solving contexts such as environmental management. Participatory methods (e.g., group model-building and role playing games) are frequently assumed to stimulate social learning. Yet understanding if and why this assumption...
- Meeting Report: Hackathon-Workshop on Darwin Core and MIxS Standards Alignment (February 2012).
Tuama, Éamonn Ó.; Deck, John; Dröge, Gabriel; Döring, Markus; Field, Dawn; Kottmann, Renzo; Juncai Ma; Hiroshi Mori; Morrison, Norman; Sterk, Peter; Hideaki Sugawara; Wieczorek, John; Linhuan Wu; Pelin Yilmaz // Standards in Genomic Sciences; 2012, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p166
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility and the Genomic Standards Consortium convened a joint workshop at the University of Oxford, 27-29 February 2012, with a small group of experts from Europe, USA, China and Japan, to continue the alignment of the Darwin Core with the MIxS and related...
- Logic fights impulse in economic decision-making.
Tuama, Éamonn Ó.; Deck, John; Dröge, Gabriel; Döring, Markus; Field, Dawn; Kottmann, Renzo; Juncai Ma; Hiroshi Mori; Morrison, Norman; Sterk, Peter; Hideaki Sugawara; Wieczorek, John; Linhuan Wu; Pelin Yilmaz // Biomedical Market Newsletter; 11/14/2011, Vol. 21, p863
The article reports on the study published in the periodical "PLoS ONE" which reveals the high cognitive control behavior of a small group of people when confronted with economic decision-making challenges. It says researchers, led by Wim De Neys from the National Center for Scientific Research...
- SMALL GROUP MODELS: NAVIGATING THE COMMONALITIES AND THE DIFFERENCES.
Boren, Scott; Egli, Jim // Christian Education Journal; Spring2014, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p152
Confronted with an abundance of small group models, pastors and church leaders often find it challenging to understand the various alternatives and what the differences are between them. This article outlines the origins and distinctives of some of the most popular contemporary small group...
- GROUPED OUT? UNDERGRADUATES' DEFAULT STRATEGIES FOR PARTICIPATING IN MULTIPLE SMALL GROUPS.
Gillespie, Diane; Rosamond, Sally; Thomas, Elizabeth // JGE: The Journal of General Education; Apr2006, Vol. 55 Issue 2, p81
The article focuses on the study about the use of a qualitative approach to present the student perspective of what goes on in small group settings in the U.S. The study describes how these perspectives alter the learning environment of students. The researchers consider ways in which students...
- Collaboration indices for monitoring potential problems in online small groups.
Jahng, Namsook // Canadian Journal of Learning & Technology; Winter2013, Vol. 39 Issue 1, Special Section p1
The purpose of this study is to test the validity and reliability of three collaboration indices (quantity, equality, and shareness) proposed by Jahng et al. (2010). The present study repeated the quantitative assessment of Jahng et al., and performed a further qualitative analysis to identify...
- Premium variation remains wide among small groups as costs rise.
EDLIN, MARIU // Managed Healthcare Executive; Sep2011, Vol. 21 Issue 9, p15
The article discusses a survey by America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP) which reveals that premium variation among small group employers remains wide as costs increase. The 2010 study shows that premium variation is also caused by greater statistical fluctuations and wider age ranges compared...
- Small Group Science and Group Work Practice.
Schwartz, William // Social Work; Oct63, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p39
This article presents information on various issues related to social work. According to the author the increase in the interest of group workers in small group research and theory raises some important questions about the working relationship between professional practice and scientific...
- The SYMLOG Practitioner: Applications of Small Group Research.
Weldon, Elizabeth // Academy of Management Review; Oct89, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p606
The article reviews the book "The SYMLOG Practitioner: Applications of Small Group Research," edited by Richard Brian Polley, A. Paul Hare and Philip J. Stone.
- Lessons learned in getting your board to initiate change.
Hamilton, Robert D.; Zimmerman, Monica A. // Academy of Management Executive; May95, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p67
The article reports on a study by Jerry Goodstein of Washington State University, Kanak Gautman of St. Louis University, and Warren Boeker of Columbia University, which focused on the corporate board's role in initiating change. The researchers examined strategic change at hospitals in...
- Committee Management: Guidelines from Social Science Research.
FILLEY, A. C. // California Management Review; Fall1970, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p13
The successful performance of committees is dependent upon their size, their style of leadership, and the mix of committee members. This article determines the ideal committee size to avoid splintering or subgrouping, analyzing cooperation versus competition on committees and the effects of...
- Using Classroom Assessment and Cognitive Scaffolding to Enhance the Power of Small-Group Learning.
Cooper, James L.; Robinson, Pamela // Journal on Excellence in College Teaching; 2014, Vol. 25 Issue 3/4, p149
The authors describe several types of classroom assessment techniques (CATs) and cognitive scaffolding procedures that they have developed over the years. They then bring the procedures together in a sample lecture/group learning class presentation.
- Who's in control? How to determine if your client has control group status.
McMurdy, Keith R. // Ebn.benefitsnews.com; 10/9/2014, p4
The article discusses the U.S. rules under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) for determining the control group status of a company and its importance for benefit related decisions. Topics covered include the parent-subsidiary and the brother-sister control groups and the potential of control group...
- Optimal Forecasting Groups.
J. Lamberson, P.; Page, Scott E. // Management Science; Apr2012, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p805
This paper characterizes the optimal composition of a group for making a combined forecast. In the model, individual forecasters have types defined according to a statistical criterion we call type coherence. Members of the same type have identical expected accuracy, and forecasters within a...
- Multi-Stage Versus Single-Stage Coding of Small Group Argument: A Preliminary Comparative Assessment.
Meyers, Renée A.; Brashers, Dale // Conference Proceedings -- National Communication Association/Ame; 1995 Argumentation & Values, p93
The article presents a comparative assessment between multi-stage and single stage coding for investigating argument in group decision-making interaction designed to address problems associated with coding group argument, outlines the advantages and limitations of the model over a conventional...
- FACTORS THAT FUEL SMALL GROUP GROWTH.
Jim Egli; Wei Wang // Christian Education Journal; Spring2014, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p134
In order to improve congregational growth, thousands of churches in the United States have implemented small group ministries over the last several decades, but almost no statistical research has been done to determine what factors in small groups and churches foster group growth. This study...
- The Group Report: A Problem in Small Group or Writing Processes?
Forman, Janis; Katsky, Patricia // Journal of Business Communication; Fall86, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p23
The authors argue that both small group and writing processes are involved in the writing of group reports. Problems in both small group and writing processes are discussed first. Then solutions are considered as they derive from analysis of the problems and from the broader perspective of...
- Small Groups and Administrative Organizations.
Demerath, Nicholas J.; Thibaut, John W. // Administrative Science Quarterly; Sep56, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p139
This paper outlines a procedure for studying administrative or organizational behavior. A "new attack" is proposed which would combine research in the small group laboratory with field studies in "live" organizations. Both kinds of inquiry may well be conducted by investigators who work closely...
- Experiments in Organizational Embeddedness.
Cohen, Arthur M.; Robinson, Ernest L.; Edwards, Jack L. // Administrative Science Quarterly; Jun69, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p208
The article discusses the research that has been conducted on the functions of groups and how this data is not an accurate representation of groups within large entities, like organizations. The author explains that in order to understand the nature of a small group, researchers must look...
- Small Groups And The Prediction of Behavior.
Massarik, Fred // Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668); 1966, p83
Of course we predict behavior. We do so in small groups, in organizations, in communities and in society at large. We do so every day of our lives, in our roles as scholars and as managers, and indeed in all roles we play, by choice or by force of circumstance. This paper seeks to make explicit...
- (Re)Integrating Simmel in Contemporary Social Exchange: The Effect of Nonpartisans on Relational Outcomes.
Collett, Jessica L. // Social Forces; Dec2011, Vol. 90 Issue 2, p617
Despite the increased prevalence of neutral third parties in both formal and informal exchange processes, social exchange theory has yet to consider the effect of nonpartisans on important cognitive and affective outcomes of exchange. This research integrates Simmel's conceptualization of small...
- TYPES OF FORMALIZATION IN SMALL-GROUP RESEARCH (Book).
Carton Jr., William R. // Social Forces; Oct63, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p123
Reviews the book "Types of Formalization in Small-Group Research," by Joseph Berger, Bernard P. Cohen, J. Laurie Snell, and Morris Zelditch.
- USING ARGUMENTATIVE FUNCTIONS TO IMPROVE DECISION QUALITY IN THE SMALL GROUP.
Ketrow, Sandra M.; Schultz, Beatrice // Conference Proceedings -- National Communication Association/Ame; 1993 The Postmodern Challenge, p218
The article focuses on a research that discusses the improvement of decision quality in the small group by using argumentative strategies. This study has explored three specific paths that could change ineffective decision processes and improve decision quality. One approach is to provide...
- â€œCommunicate Through the Roofâ€: A Case Study Analysis of the Communicative Rules and Resources of an Effective Global Virtual Team.
Scott, Muriel E. // Communication Quarterly; Jul2013, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p301
Challenges to effective collaboration are magnified when work teams are composed of geographically distributed members. Team members separated by time, distance, and culture often struggle with issues of trust, conflict, and potentially divisive subgroups. With global virtual teams becoming...
- Analysis of the Team-Based Learning Literature: TBL Comes of Age.
Haidet, Paul; Kubitz, Karla; McCormack, Wayne T. // Journal on Excellence in College Teaching; 2014, Vol. 25 Issue 3/4, p303
Team-based learning, or TBL, is an application-oriented teaching method that combines small- and large-group learning by incorporating multiple small groups into a large group setting. It has been increasingly used in postsecondary and professional education over the past two decades. Given this...
- Effects of Group Influences on Consumer Brand Preferences.
Stafford, James E. // Journal of Marketing Research (JMR); Feb1966, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p68
The exploratory study reported here attempts to identify if and how informal social groups influence the brand preferences of their members. The results suggest, first, that consumers are influenced by such groups and second, that the extent and degree of brand loyalty behavior within a group is...
- Modeling the Problem-based Learning Preferences of McMaster University Undergraduate Medical Students Using a Discrete Choice Conjoint Experiment.
Cunningham, Charles; Deal, Ken; Neville, Alan; Rimas, Heather; Lohfeld, Lynne // Advances in Health Sciences Education; Sep2006, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p245
Objectives: To use methods from the field of marketing research to involve students in the redesign of McMaster Universityâ€™s small group, problem-based undergraduate medical education program. Methods: We used themes from a focus group conducted in an electronic decision support lab to...
- US tailored-medicine project aims for ethnic balance.
Reardon, Sara // Nature; 7/23/2015, Vol. 523 Issue 7561, p391
The article focuses on the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI), led by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), and its mandate to collect physiological, genetic, and other health data from a million volunteers through 2035. It mentioned the NIH abandoned its National Children's Study in...