Citations with the tag: PRESUPPOSITION (Logic)

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  • Metaphysical presuppositions of scientific practice: `Atomism' vs. `Wholism'
    Rueger, Alexander; Sharp, W. David // Canadian Journal of Philosophy; Mar1998, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p1 

    Presents information on the necessity of presuppositions of many scientific practices while focusing on wholism versus atomism. Arguments from John Maynard Keynes and Nancy Cartwright; Observation of the result of superimposing; Characteristics of an atomistic world; Discussion of an...

  • Argument Quality and Cultural Difference.
    Siegel, Harvey // Argumentation; May1999, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p183 

    Central to argumentation theory is a concern with normativity. Argumentation theorists are concerned, among other things, with explaining why some arguments are good (or at least better than others) in the sense that a given argument provides reasons for embracing its conclusion which are such...

  • Presupposition and the coconspirator.
    Hardy, Donald E. // Style; Spring92, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p1 

    Examines the use of presupposition in literary studies. Sentences that share semantic content not affected by the negation of the affirmative; Possible syntactic and lexical encodings for presupposition; Establishment of conspirational relation between speaker and addressee in effort to save an...

  • Presuppositions and Local Contexts.
    Schlenker, Philippe // Review of Metaphysics; Dec2010, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p435 

    An abstract of the article "Presuppositions and Local Contexts," by Philippe Schlenker is presented.

  • Rethink assumptions.
    Schlenker, Philippe // Communication Briefings; Dec2014, Vol. 33 Issue 12, p5 

    The article offers tips on how to avoid making assumptions to prevent conflicts and misunderstanding, adapted from the editors of the journal "Communication Briefings."

  • Regulating Disagreement, Constituting Participants: A Critique of Proceduralist Theories of Democracy.
    Hicks, Darrin; Langsdorf, Lenore // Argumentation; May1999, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p139 

    Focuses on proceduralist accounts of democratic deliberation. Distinction between proceduralist model and liberal and republican models; Aims of proceduralist theories; Parameters of disagreement in public deliberation; Assumptions of procedural theories of deliberation; Presupposition of...

    Hicks, Darrin; Langsdorf, Lenore // Women's Fitness; Jun2014, Issue 127, p59 

    The article states that the periodical have everything to boost body confidence including suggestions on changing the mind set and figure loving workouts.

    Wegman, Jack R. // American Economist; Spring78, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p33 

    Illustrates the importance of methodology in economic analysis. Nature of presuppositions in model construction; Importance of counterfactual conditional statements in scientific explanations; Role of counterfactual statements in generalizing micro explanations for unemployment theory.

  • Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy: An Examination Using Browning's (1987) Model.
    Verseveldt, Johan P. // Journal of Psychology & Christianity; 2006, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p216 

    This article examines the philosophical presuppositions of EFCT using Browning's (1987) Christian integrative model. After an introduction of Browning's model and a brief synopsis of EFCT, the article focuses on three of Browning's integration questions as they relate to EFCT: What does the...

  • Processing Presupposed Content.
    Verseveldt, Johan P. // Journal of Semantics; Oct2007, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p373 

    This paper presents three experimental studies investigating the processing of presupposed content. The first two experiments employ the German additive particle auch �too�, and the third uses English also. In experiment 1, participants were given a questionnaire containing biclausal,...

  • Psychological Laws (Revisited).
    Bauer, Mark // Erkenntnis; Jul2010, Vol. 73 Issue 1, p41 

    It has been suggested that a functionalist understanding of the metaphysics of psychological typing eliminates the prospect for psychological laws. Kim, Millikan, and Shapiro have each separately argued that, if psychological types as functional types are multiply realized, then the diversity of...

  • Reasons, rational requirements, and the putative pseudo-question �Why be moral?�.
    John Tilley // Synthese; Mar2008, Vol. 161 Issue 2, p309 

    Abstract��In this paper, I challenge a well-known argument for the view that �Why be moral?� is a pseudo-question. I do so by refuting a component of that argument, a component that is not only crucial to the argument but important in its own right. That component concerns...

  • Strengthening Conditional Presuppositions.
    John Tilley // Journal of Semantics; Aug2007, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p289 

    In this paper it will be shown how conditional presuppositions can be strengthened to unconditional ones if we assume that the antecedent and consequent of a conditional presupposition are independent of one another. Our notion of independence is very weak, and based on Lewis (1988) notion of...

  • Conditional Questions.
    James Isaacs; Kyle Rawlins // Journal of Semantics; Aug2008, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p269 

    This paper provides an analysis of conditional questions (CQs) that combines a dynamic semantics for conditionals with a partition semantics for questions. We propose that CQs are interpreted in two steps. First, a temporary context is created in which the propositional content of the antecedent...

  • Pragmatic properties of idiom modifications in the language of advertising.
    D�anic, Mirza // Jezikoslovlje; 2007, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p45 

    The language of print advertising abounds with pragmatically-motivated phraseological units (PUs) such as: idioms, metaphors, slogans, proverbs, etc. In order to draw the reader's attention, advertisers exploit the pragmatic potential of PUs. The paper explores the various interpretations of...

    Lavi, Shai // Cornell Law Review; May2011, Vol. 96 Issue 4, p811 

    An essay is presented on the study of a law that integrates the logic of other disciplines under a jurisprudential inquiry. An overview of two fundamental presuppositions that guide contemporary legal scholarship is provided, epistemological premise and modernist premise. The essay explores the...

  • Creation and the revelation of God's children: Liberation of enslaved bodies.
    Breytenbach, Cilliers // In die Skriflig; 2013, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p1 

    In the first part of the article the role of Romans 8:18-30, within Romans 5:1-8:39, is briefly discussed. In the second part a summary of the argument of Romans 7:7-17, as presupposition for the understanding of Romans 8:18-30, is given. In the third part a close reading of Romans 8:18-30 is...

  • The Use of Too as a Pragmatic Presupposition Trigger.
    KANG Qiang // Canadian Social Science; 12/31/2012, Vol. 8 Issue 6, p165 

    This paper is intended to make a detailed study of too in the framework of presupposition. It aims to probe its use as a presupposition trigger bordering in semantics and pragmatics. In so doing, it is hoped to solve a great many problems which can not be convincingly pervasive in traditional...

  • The human cost of ideology.
    Hamilton, Andrew // Eureka Street; 11/7/2008, Vol. 18 Issue 22, p1 

    The author reflects on the significance of ideology, in neoliberalism in particular. The author contends that since ideologies are referred as theories on the human world requiring practical human responses, religion therefore is an ideology for it is based on a set of beliefs about the human...

  • The Necessity of Origin: A Long and Winding Route.
    Ballarin, Roberta // Erkenntnis; Apr2013, Vol. 78 Issue 2, p353 

    In the last 30 years much philosophical discussion has been generated by Kripke's proof of the necessity of origin for material objects presented in footnote 56 of 'Naming and Necessity'. I consider the two most popular reconstructions of Kripke's argument: one appealing to the necessary...

  • A Deterrence Theory of Punishment.
    Ellis, Anthony // Philosophical Quarterly; Jul2003, Vol. 53 Issue 212, p337 

    I start from the presupposition that the use of force against another is justified only in self-defence or in defence of others against aggression. If so, the main work of justifying punishment must rely on its deterrent effect, since most punishments have no other significant self-defensive...

  • The Career of Puritan Jurisprudence.
    Ross, Richard J. // Law & History Review; Summer2008, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p228 

    The article offers a look at the gradual acceptance between the 17th and 19th centuries of two presuppositions underlying the concept of Puritan jurisprudence in Massachusetts. The first presupposition states that early Massachusetts had a legal order that is distinctive to form a jurisprudence....

  • Professor Schouls' Presuppositions.
    Kodish, Gary M. // Philosophy & Rhetoric; Winter1971, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p48 

    This commentary focuses on the article Communication, Argumentation and Presupposition in Philosophy, by Peter A. Schouls, published in the 1969 issue of Philosophy and Rhetoric. Professor Schouls has attempted to explain why it is that philosophers who are committed to radically different...

  • Indexical contextualism and the challenges from disagreement.
    Baker, Carl // Philosophical Studies; Jan2012, Vol. 157 Issue 1, p107 

    In this paper I argue against one variety of contextualism about aesthetic predicates such as 'beautiful.' Contextualist analyses of these and other predicates have been subject to several challenges surrounding disagreement. Focusing on one kind of contextualism- individualized indexical...

  • Character, Consistency, and Classification.
    Webber, Jonathan // Mind; Jul2006, Vol. 115 Issue 459, p651 

    John Doris has recently argued that since we do not possess character traits as traditionally conceived, virtue ethics is rooted in a false empirical presupposition. Gopal Sreenivasan has claimed, in a paper in Mind, that Doris has not provided suitable evidence for his empirical claim. But the...

  • Moral Considerability: Deontological, not Metaphysical.
    Hale, Benjamin // Ethics & the Environment; Fall2011, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p37 

    This article attempts to redirect inquiry into the question of moral considerability. It argues that moral considerability should be understood narrowly and centrally as an agent-relative deontological question, inquiring into the presuppositions of reason in order to determine what obligations...

  • Against Egalitarianism*.
    Hellie, Benj // Analysis; Apr2013, Vol. 73 Issue 2, p304 

    ‘Egalitarian' views of consciousness treat my stream of consciousness and yours as on a par ontologically. A range of worries about Chalmers's philosophical system are traced to a background presupposition of egalitarianism: Chalmers is apparently committed to ‘soul pellets'; the...

  • Parenthesis and presupposition in discourse.
    Griffiths, James; de Vries, Mark // Linguistics in the Netherlands; 2014, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p39 

    Parentheses do not affect the semantic truth conditions of the host clause, but they do affect the discourse structure. We propose a maximally simple update system for the conversational context. Presuppositions are treated as past requests for the interlocutor's consent. Parentheticals act like...

  • Moral intuitions and the expertise defence.
    Ryberg, Jesper // Analysis; Jan2013, Vol. 73 Issue 1, p3 

    Are the moral intuitions of philosophers more reliable than the intuitions of people who are not philosophically trained? According to what has become known as ‘the expertise defence’, the answer is in the affirmative. This answer has been sustained by drawing on analogies to...

  • The Plurivocal Character of Hermeneutics - Moving beyond the Quest for Objectivity.
    URSACHE, Liviu // Annals of Philosophy, Social & Human Disciplines; 2014, Vol. 2, p51 

    As a science, hermeneutics started out in the area of theology. Dealing with revealed texts, the interpreters would be interested in searching out for the authorial intent. Therefore, one could say that, at its beginnings, the interpretation was concerned with discovering the meaning that was...

    Olkowski, Dorothea // Dialogue & Universalism; 2005, Vol. 15 Issue 3/4, p9 

    The fundamental liberal argument supporting the concept of �individualism� is that all individuals possess the same rights and liberties which define each citizen as an individual. Yet each individual somehow remains a person who defines her/himself as separate and distinct from all...

  • Toward a Skeptical Criticism of Transcendental Pragmatics.
    Cossutta, Fr�d�ric // Philosophy & Rhetoric; 2003, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p301 

    This article determines the role of skeptical objections in transcendental pragmatics. Transcendental pragmatics is the target of criticisms that a skepticism always raises against the doctrines purporting to be built upon a foundation wholly devoid of presupposition. It does so through the...

  • In Defense of Imperative Inference.
    Vranas, Peter // Journal of Philosophical Logic; Feb2010, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p59 

    �Surrender; therefore, surrender or fight� is apparently an argument corresponding to an inference from an imperative to an imperative. Several philosophers, however (Williams 1963; Wedeking 1970; Harrison 1991; Hansen 2008), have denied that imperative inferences exist, arguing that...

  • Unifying Foundations � to be Seen in the Phenomenon of Language.
    L�fgren, Lars // Foundations of Science; Jun2004, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p135 

    Scientific knowledge develops in an increasingly fragmentary way. A multitude of scientific disciplines branch out. Curiosity for this development leads into quests for a unifying understanding. To a certain extent, foundational studies provide such unification. There is a tendency, however,...

  • Good Question.
    Browne, Merry // Journal of Religion & Psychical Research; Jan2005, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p24 

    Discusses the response probabilities on the question "Is God a Programmer?" Requirements of proofs in answering scientific questions; Observation on the providential plan of life; Equivalence of life experiences to the individual's level of intelligence, degree of character, specific interests...

  • Paul Tillich's Theological Method of Correlation Reconsidered for Intra-Religious and Inter-Religious Dialogue.
    Lew, Jiwhang // Asia Journal of Theology; Apr2003, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p115 

    Discusses the theological method of correlation based on the idea of Paul Tillich. Structure and meaning of Tillich's method; Revelatory aspect of the Christian message; Presuppositions in Tillich's method of correlation.

  • Physician Leader, Be Careful Not to Let Arrogance Stand in for Competence.
    Bauerschmidt, Michael // Physician Executive; Jul/Aug2008, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p34 

    An essay is presented on physician leadership. It highlights that author's personal experiences in letting his arrogance overpower his better judgment and competence as an emergency department director. Moreover, it discusses how presupposition affects intelligence and common sense in making...

  • Imaginability, Possibility, and the Puzzle of Imaginative Resistance.
    Levin, Janet // Canadian Journal of Philosophy; Sep2011, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p391 

    The article discusses the resistance of readers' imaginations to certain kinds of philosophical examples, paying attention to the notion that conceivability is evidence of possibility. Topics include the impact of further reflection on assessments of coherence, phenomenal concepts, and pragmatic...

  • Traumos atminties vietos: Gabrieles Petkevicaites-Bites �Spauda leista" ir Jono Biliuno �Liudna pasaka".
    Bleizgiene, Ramune // Man & the Word / Zmogus ir zodis; 2011, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p30 

    The article discusses theoretical presuppositions for an analysis of traumatic memories in literature. The work, operating the same theoretical concepts that psychoanalysis uses for interpretation of trauma, analyses literature as a site for keeping memories of the traumatic experience from the...

    Kaute, Brigitte // Literature & Theology; Nov2005, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p327 

    In this paper, myth and work on myth is understood as work on reflective discourse. At a certain point of history, mythological configurations figure the dark side, the inherent 'wound' of their contemporary reflective discourse. This hypothesis is examined in a reading of Heiner M�ller's...

    DRĂGHICI, Virgil // Philobiblon: Transylvanian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research; 1998, Vol. 3 Issue 1/2, p154 

    This paper intends to reason for the thesis of co-originality of truths (apophantic and hermeneutic truth) by deconstructing two prejudices: the logical one, according to which the enunciation is the "place" of truth and the phenomenological one, which says that the original truth is...

  • From Bergson to Deleuze: toward a Philosophy of the Cinema.
    Mircea, Eugenia // Scientific Journal of Humanistic Studies; Oct2011, Vol. 3 Issue 5, p38 

    I will venture a brief analysis here, in the hope of realizing a first level of reading of the cine-philosophical work of Deleuze, Cin�ma 1: L?Image-Mouvement and Cin�ma 2: L?Image-Temps. The purpose of this essay is not to attempt a general reconstruction of Deleuzers cinematic...

  • Filosofines prielaidos darnios pletros ugdymui.
    Baranova, Jurate // Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia; 2011, Vol. 26, p49 

    Is philosophical thinking contributing, or challenging ESD phenomenon? It seems the first altemative of challenging is quite possible for the reason, that classical philosophical thinking leans on superiority of the human mind over nature, soul over the body. This idea of dualism between two...

    Baranova, Jurate // Metro (NZ); Aug2006, Issue 302, p16 

    This article presents 20 questions related to everyday life and also the happenings around New Zealand. Some of the questions are, If the Europeans won't take our butter is it time to send them some of our nice fresh chicken?, Should using the word "mojo" be a hanging offence? and How cold would...

    de Moraesi, �rika // Alfa: Revista de Ling��stica; 2009, Vol. 53 Issue 1, p261 

    This paper deals with implicit meanings in language. It reviews both Oswald Ducrot's studies on presupposition and Paul Henry and Michel P�cheux's critic on Ducrot's works. The latter fostered the discourse notion of presupposition, reformulated as the notion of pre-construct. It is claimed...

  • Conversational Contrast and Conventional Parallel: Topic Implicatures and Additive Presuppositions.
    S�b�, Kjell Johan // Journal of Semantics; May2004, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p199 

    Additive particles or adverbs like too or again are sometimes obligatory. This does not follow from the meaning commonly ascribed to them. I argue that the text without the additive is incoherent because the context contradicts a contrast implicature stemming from the additive's associate, and...

    Hawes, Leonard C. // Communication Quarterly; Winter1977, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p63 

    The more mature sciences began with extensive descriptions and interpretations of their objects of study. Communication has largely bypassed this necessary first step and has proceeded to questions of theory construction. The three position papers presuppose the existence of communicative...

    Hawes, Leonard C. // Communication Quarterly; Summer1977, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p30 

    The relationships among ontology, phenomenology, hermeneutics, and communication are developed. Communication is both a resource of the social world and that which constitutes the social world. As such, communication is hermeneutic -the interpretive and critical scheme - and the ontological...

  • Focus on Again.
    Beck, Sigrid // Linguistics & Philosophy; Jun2006, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p277 

    This paper examines the effect that focus has on repetitive versus restitutive again. It is argued that a pragmatic explanation of the effect is the right strategy. The explanation builds largely on a standard focus semantics. To this we add an anaphoric analysis of again�s presupposition...

  • Aspectual and focus adverbs in English and Korean.
    EunHee Lee // Natural Language & Linguistic Theory; May2008, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p339 

    This article presents a comparative semantic analysis of the aspectual and focus adverbs already, still and STILL in English and imi/pelsse �already� and acik/yothay �still� in Korean based on their presuppositions and their focus interpretation. I argue that the two...

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