Citations with the tag: PHENYTOIN

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  • Fosphenytoin will soon replace its older cousin.
    Cerrato, Paul L. // RN; Oct96, Vol. 59 Issue 10, p70 

    Reports on the advantages of the drug fosphenytoin over phenytoin. Indications of use.

  • Dilantin, at last.
    R.M.D. // Cortlandt Forum; 8/25/95, Vol. 8 Issue 8, p87 

    Comments on a doctor's prescription for the daily intake of Dilantin (Phenytoin) in treating patients who present with puzzling, recurring symptoms of unknown etiology. Implications; Efficiency; Failure possibility.

  • Dilantin doses.
    P.G.O'C. // Cortlandt Forum; 8/25/96, Vol. 9 Issue 8, p91 

    Presents a response to the query on the correct dosage for the administration of Dilantin, generically known as phenytoin, in an adult. Determination of the correct dosage by a combination of the patient's weight, overall medical condition and clinical response; Recommendation for twice-daily...

  • Acute Intoxication with 5,5--Diphenylhydantion (Dilantin �) Associated with Impairment of Biotransformation.
    Gerber, Nicholas; Lynn, Robert // Annals of Internal Medicine; Nov72, Vol. 77 Issue 5, p765 

    Presents information on a study that measured plasma levels of diphenylhydantoin in an intoxicated patient and correlated with the clinical features. Methodology of the study; Results and discussion on the study.

  • Controversy for Anti-Epileptic Prophylaxis in CNS Conditions.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // AXON/ L'AXONE; Spring2006, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p28 

    The issue regarding prophylactic antiepileptic therapy to prevent seizure activity associated with acute central nervous system (CNS) conditions remains controversial, especially in the pediatric population. Seizures may be the initial presenting symptoms that bring the child to hospital. In...

  • phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p1771 

    A definition of the term "phenytoin," which refers to an anticonvulsant drug used in treating patients with seizure disorders, is presented.

  • Phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 5/5/2012, Issue 1400, p33 

    The article describes the case of a 20-year-old woman, who had a 19-year history of seizures, who developed gingival hypertrophy while receiving phenytoin for seizures.

  • Lamotrigine/phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 10/23/2010, Issue 1324, p24 

    The article describes a case of anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome in a 47-year-old man who received lamotrigine and phenytoin for focal cryptogenic epilepsy.

  • Phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 2/11/2012, Issue 1388, p25 

    The article describes the case of a three-year-old boy who developed anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome and hypogammaglobulinaemia while under phenytoin treatment regimen for convulsions.

  • Phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 2/11/2012, Issue 1388, p25 

    The article describes the case of a 64-year-old woman who experienced generalized seizures after receiving phenytoin for repeated cholecystitis.

  • Phenytoin/omeprazole.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 7/7/2012, Issue 1409, p37 

    The article describes the case of a 54-year-old man who developed drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS)/drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome following the administration of phenytoin for convulsions.

  • Fluorouracil/phenytoin interaction.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 2/25/2012, Issue 1390, p18 

    The article describes the case of a 64-year-old woman taking oral phenytoin for epilepsy who developed central nervous system (CNS) disorders after treatment with fluorouracil for metastatic colorectal cancer was initiated.

  • ERRATA.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Toxicological Sciences; Oct2006, Vol. 93 Issue 2, p450 

    A correction to the article "A Developmental Role for Ataxia-Telangiectasia Mutated in Protecting the Embryo From Spontaneous and Phenytoin-Enhanced Embryopathies in Culture" is presented.

  • Phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 5/21/2011, Issue 1352, p31 

    The article describes the case of a 60-year-old woman who developed purple glove syndrome while being treated with phenytoin for seizures.

  • Dexamethasone/phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 5/19/2012, Issue 1402, p21 

    The article describes the case of a 46-year-old man who developed drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) with reactivation of human herpesvirus-6 infection (HHV6) while receiving phenytoin and dexamethasone for hypovitaminosis D.

  • Phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 11/20/2010, Issue 1328, p36 

    The article describes a case of hypersensitivity syndrome manifesting as acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis in a 29-year-old woman during treatment with phenytoin for seizure prevention.

  • Phenytoin overdose.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 9/15/2012, Issue 1419, p40 

    The article describes the case of a 4-year-old child who developed altered sensorium, involuntary head nodding movements and nystagmus after accidental ingestion of phenytoin.

  • Azithromycin/phenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 7/9/2011, Issue 1359, p11 

    The article describes the case of a 48-year-old woman who developed thrombocytopenia while receiving treatment with phenytoin and azithromycin.

  • Fosphenytoin.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 11/26/2011, Issue 1379, p19 

    The article describes the case of a 49-year-old man who developed four episodes of apnoea and was intubated immediately after receiving intravenous (IV) fosphenytoin 18 phenytoin equivalent (PE) per kilogram over 15 minutes for status epilepticus.

  • Phenytoin/risperidone.
    Yu, Herta; Liang, Diana // Reactions Weekly; 7/28/2012, Issue 1412, p38 

    The article describes the case of a 53-year-old woman with schizoaffective disorder who developed hypothermia after receiving phenytoin and risperidone.

  • Phenytoin Overview� Metabolite Interference in Some Immunoassays Could Be Clinically Important.
    Roberts, William L. // Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine; Jul2004, Vol. 128 Issue 7, p734 

    Presents a letter to the editor on the article "Phenytoin Overview" Metabolite Interference in Some Immunoassays Could be Clinically Important," that was previously published in the journal "Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine."

  • Phenytoin Overview�Metabolite Interference in Some Immunoassays Could Be Clinically Important.
    Rainey, Petrie M. // Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine; Jul2004, Vol. 128 Issue 7, p734 

    Presents a response by the author to a letter to the editor on his article "Phenytoin Overview--Metabolite Interference in Some Immunoassays Could be Clinically Important," that was previously published in the journal "Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine."

  • Drug News.
    Rainey, Petrie M. // RN; Feb91, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p109 

    Presents updates on drugs as of February 1991. Effect of phenytoin after head trauma; Approval of a biological product for the treatment of bladder cancer; Relation of isoniazid to acetaminophen toxicity.

  • Tissue plasminogen activator and seizures: a clot-buster's secret life.
    Pawlak, Robert; Strickland, Sidney // Journal of Clinical Investigation; 6/15/2002, Vol. 109 Issue 12, p1529 

    Talks about plasminogen activator and seizures. Factors contributing to the generation or facilitation of seizures; Role of phenytoin and related antiseizure agents; Neuronal effects of tissue plasminogen activators.

  • Should phenytoin still be used for epilepsy?
    Bird, Jonathan // Pulse; 4/29/2002, Vol. 62 Issue 17, p72 

    Provides answer to a question on the efficacy of phenytoin for epilepsy. Adverse effects of phenytoin; Information on phenytoin.

  • Phenytoin hypersensitivity syndrome.
    G�ng�r, E.; Alli, N.; �omoglu, S.; ��mc�oglu, C. // Neurological Sciences; Jun2001, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p261 

    Phenytoin hypersensitivity syndrome (PHS) is a rare, and important entity characterized by rash, fever, lymphadenopathy, leukocytosis with atypical lymphocytes, eosinophilia and associated hepatitis. In this article, we present the clinical, laboratory and histopathologic results of 5 cases of...

  • Developmental neurotoxicity induced by therapeutic and illicit drugs
    Vorhees, Charles V. // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements; 1994 Supplement 2, Vol. 102, p145 

    No abstract available.

  • What's new in drugs.
    Rodman, Morton J. // RN; Jan84, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p101 

    Presents updates on several drugs as of January 1984. Risks of infusing high concentrations of intravenous phenytoin; Importance of reporting taste loss after taking in captopril; Link of the antidepressant irazodone with priapism.

  • Malabsorption of frusemide caused by phenytoin.
    Fine, Adrian; Henderson, I.S.; Morgan, D.R.; Tilstone, W.J. // British Medical Journal; 10/22/1977, Vol. 2 Issue 6094, p1061 

    Examines the malabsorption of frusemide caused by phenytoin. Effect of phenytoin on the absorption of frusemide; Renal response to frusemide; Mechanism of the malabsorption.

  • Diagnostically Confusing Complications of Diphenylhydantoin Therapy.
    Sparberg, Marshall // Annals of Internal Medicine; Dec63, Vol. 59 Issue 6, p914 

    Explores the diagnostically confusing complications of diphenylhydantoin therapy. Metabolism of diphenylhydantoin; Hematologic complications; Reticuloendothelial complications; Metabolic complications.

  • Interaction of Phenytoin and Primidone.
    Reynolds, E.H.; Fenton, G.; Fenwick, P.; Johnson, A.L.; Laundy, M. // British Medical Journal; 6/14/1975, Vol. 2 Issue 5971, p594 

    Examines the combination of phenytoin and primidone in epileptic patients. Increase in the serum phenobarbitone; Correlation between serum phenytoin and the phenobarbitone; Effect of phenytoin on phenobarbitone.

  • When you give phenytoin IV.
    Fishel, Marilyn; Sauer, Shar; Allen, Jody // RN; Sep90, Vol. 53 Issue 9, p58 

    Presents a guideline for using phenytoin intravenous. Local reactions to phenytoin; Chemical contents of phenytoin; Tips in preventing purple glove syndrome.

  • Acute Pulmonary Disease Caused by Phenytoin.
    Michael, John R.; Rudin, Marilyn L. // Annals of Internal Medicine; Oct81, Vol. 95 Issue 4, p452 

    Examines a clinical case of acute pulmonary disease caused by phenytoin. Allergic reaction caused by phenytoin sodium; Case report of the patient; Discussions on the clinical findings.

  • Thyroxine Replacement Requirements in Hypothyroid Patients Receiving Phenytoin.
    Blackshear, Joseph L.; Schultz, Alvin L.; Napier, Jerold S.; Stuart, David D. // Annals of Internal Medicine; Sep83, Vol. 99 Issue 3, p341 

    Presents a case study on primary hypothyroidism in a patient on long-term thyroxine replacement who developed clinical hypothyroidism after starting phenytoin. Information on the patient; Conclusion.

  • Phenytoin-valproate interaction: importance of saliva monitoring in epilepsy.
    Knott, Christine; Hamshaw-Thomas, Anne; Reynolds, Felicity // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition); 1/2/1982, Vol. 284 Issue 6308, p13 

    Discusses the interaction of phenytoin and sodium valproate. Importance of saliva monitoring in epilepsy; Degree of phenytoin binding; Effects of valproate concentration on phenytoin protein binding.

  • Phenobarbital and Phenytoin for Seizures in Newborns.
    Kirchner, Jeffrey T. // American Family Physician; 1/1/2000, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p206 

    Discusses the study `Phenobarbital Compared With Phenytoin for the Treatment of Neonatal Seizures,' by M.J. Painter and colleagues published in the August 12, 1999 issue of the `New England Journal of Medicine.'

  • Effects of anticonvulsants on GLUT1-mediated glucose transport in GLUT1 deficiency syndrome in vitro.
    Klepper, J�rg; Fl�rcken, Anne; Fischbarg, Jorge; Voit, Thomas // European Journal of Pediatrics; 2003, Vol. 162 Issue 2, p84 

    Facilitative type-1 glucose transporter (GLUT1) deficiency syndrome is caused by a defect of glucose transport into brain, resulting in an epileptic encephalopathy. Seizures respond effectively to a ketogenic diet, but a subgroup of patients require add-on anticonvulsant therapy or do not...

  • Epilepsy experts seek non-drug therapies that spare skin, hair.
    Pfeiffer, Naomi // Dermatology Times; Jul2002, Vol. 23 Issue 7, p24 

    Examines the efficacy of the anti-epileptic drugs Valproate and Phenytoin in treating patients with hirsutism. Side effects of the drugs; Reduction of the fragility of the hair; Availability of the drugs.

  • Serum Phenytoin Concentrations in Uremia.
    Burgess, Ellen D.; Friel, Patrick N.; Blair, Andrew D.; Raisys, Vidmantas A. // Annals of Internal Medicine; Jan81, Vol. 94 Issue 1, p59 

    Focuses on the techniques in ascertaining serum phenytoin concentrations. Difference of the pharmacokinetics of phenytoin in uremic patients and in normal persons; Information on phenytoin; Comparison of serum phenytoin concentrations ascertained by enzyme-multiplied immunoassay and gas liquid...

  • Development of antiepileptic hypersensitivity syndrome after phenytoin treatment.
    Özdemir, Öner // Turkish Journal of Pediatrics; Jan/Feb2010, Vol. 52 Issue 1, p111 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Antiepileptic hypersensitivity and DRESS syndrome due to phenytoin in two pediatric cases," by Shahnaz Armin, Zahara Chavoshzadeh and Nima Rezaei in the journal's previous issue.

  • Cutaneous reactions in patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma on phenytoin sodium.
    Singh G; Kaushal S; Gupta M; Chander Chopra S // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry; Feb2004, Vol. 75 Issue 2, p331 

    Several medical conditions are believed to be associated with an increased risk of cutaneous adverse reactions to anti-epileptic drugs. The aim of this study was to study the frequency and nature of cutaneous reactions in a cohort of patients being treated with phenytoin sodium for seizures, who...

  • High incidence of a concentration-dependent skin reaction in children treated with phenytoin.
    Wilson, J.T.; Höjer, B.; Tomson, G.; Rane, A.; Sjöqvist, F. // British Medical Journal; 6/17/1978, Vol. 1 Issue 6127, p1583 

    A particularly high incidence of rash was seen in children with epilepsy treated with phenytoin. Ten children with untreated epilepsy were therefore included in a prospective study and given either 3 (group 1) or 6 (group 2) mg of phenytoin/kg body weight/day for five days followed by 6 mg/kg...

  • The Current Status of Diphenylhydantoin in Heart Disease.
    Mercer, Edward N.; Osborne, John A. // Annals of Internal Medicine; Nov67, Vol. 67 Issue 5, p1084 

    Presents a review of studies on the use of diphenylhydantoin sodium for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Background on the drug; Possible mechanisms of antiarrhythmic action of the drug; Cardiovascular effects of the drug; Methods of using the drug.

  • Phenytoin-Induced Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.
    Gately, Leonard E.; Lam, Michael A. // Annals of Internal Medicine; Jul79, Vol. 91 Issue 1, p59 

    Presents a case report of toxic epidermal necrolysis associated with the administration of phenytoin alone. Details on the case; Mortality rate for toxic epidermal necrolysis; Symptoms of patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis before the skin eruption; Diagnosis of toxic epidermal necrolysis.

  • Hydantoin-Induced Pseudo-Pseudolymphoma.
    Gams, Richard A.; Neal, Joseph A.; Conrad, Fred G. // Annals of Internal Medicine; Sep68, Vol. 69 Issue 3, p557 

    Examines the pathologic aspects of hydantoin-associated lymphadenopathy and reconsiders the possible interrelationships of the various manifestations of the syndrome. Effect of the discontinuation of diphenylhydantoin on adenopathy; Recurrence of the syndrome as a fatal malignant lymphoma;...

  • Dipyrone/phenytoin/sulfonamides.
    Gams, Richard A.; Neal, Joseph A.; Conrad, Fred G. // Reactions Weekly; 1/29/2011, Issue 1336, p17 

    The article describes the clinical cases of four patients who developed Stevens-Johnson syndrome with cicatrising conjunctivitis after receiving dipyrone, phenytoin or sulfonamide.

  • Phenytoin.
    Gams, Richard A.; Neal, Joseph A.; Conrad, Fred G. // Reactions Weekly; 1/29/2011, Issue 1336, p38 

    This article describes a case study of a 40-year-old woman with a history of dissociative psychomotoric seizures who developed purple glove syndrome during treatment with phenytoin.

  • Antiepileptic drugs.
    Gams, Richard A.; Neal, Joseph A.; Conrad, Fred G. // Reactions Weekly; 6/2/2012, Issue 1404, p7 

    The article describes two cases of maculopapular eruptions and Stevens-Johnson syndrome in women while taking carbamazepine and phenytoin, respectively.

  • Phenytoin.
    Gams, Richard A.; Neal, Joseph A.; Conrad, Fred G. // Reactions Weekly; 12/18/2010, Issue 1332, p34 

    The article describes the case of a 43-year-old woman with a history of seizure disorder, who developed DRESS syndrome while under phenytoin treatment regimen.

  • Clobazam/phenobarbital/phenytoin interaction.
    Gams, Richard A.; Neal, Joseph A.; Conrad, Fred G. // Reactions Weekly; 2/4/2012, Issue 1387, p14 

    The article describes the case of a 3-year-old girl who developed chorea after receiving phenytoin, phenobarbital and clobazam for generalised tonic-clonic seizures.

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