Citations with the tag: NUMERALS, Writing of
Results 1 - 44
- Chinese NUMBERS.
Barbieri-Low, Anthony J. // Calliope; Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p24
The article offers information on the Chinese writing system based on decimal.
- WHO'S COUNTING?
Lock, Patricia D. // Calliope; Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p5
The article offers information on several numerals which were developed by different communities including Sumerians, Indians and Egyptians to do counting.
- I, II, III, ...
Baker, Jennifer P. // Calliope; Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p20
The article offers information on the Roman number system, the Roman numerals, and the method of writing numbers in Rome.
- FORWARDING-THINKING GUPTA.
Johnson, Donald James; Johnson, Jean Elliott // Calliope; Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p28
The article offers information on the number system provided by the Gupta mathematicians of the Gupta Empire, an ancient empire in India.
- How Many?
Johnson, Donald James; Johnson, Jean Elliott // Weekly Reader - Pre K; Oct2007 Early Learning Supplement, Vol. 28, p6
A quiz regarding counting and writing numerals is presented.
- Reading and writing large numbers.
Johnson, Donald James; Johnson, Jean Elliott // World Almanac for Kids; 1998, p149
Presents a chart showing how to write out various large numbers.
- The case of Lee: Assessing and remedying a numeral-writing difficulty.
Baroody, Arthur J.; Kaufman, Laura // Teaching Exceptional Children; Spring93, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p14
Describes a case study that illustrates a cognitive approach to assessing and remedying the numeral-writing difficulties of an elementary school child. Lee's numeral-writing difficulty; Sources of writing difficulty; Assessment of an accurate mental image; Construction of an accurate motor plan.
- Note on the Pair-crossing Number andï¿½theï¿½Odd-crossing Number.
G�za T�th // Discrete & Computational Geometry; Jun2008, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p791Abstractï¿½ï¿½ The crossing number
- Native numbers.
Noble, Abbey // New Moon Network; Jan/Feb98, Vol. 5 Issue 3, New Moon p36
Details how a middle school class in Inupiaq, a northern Native American tribe created the Inupiaq numbers. How the class started working on the numbers; Creating the zero; Counting system for the spoken Inupiaq language.
- NUMERALS IN THE UGRIC LANGUAGES.
Noble, Abbey // Linguistica Uralica; 2003, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p182
Examines the numerals in the ugric languages. Assessment of the derived suffixation; Recognition of the structure of the numerals reconstructable protolanguage; Evaluation of the decimal system of numericals.
- 1921-S HALF DOLLAR.
Noble, Abbey // Numismatist; Feb2014, Vol. 127 Issue 2, p81
The article focuses on the mintmark and numeral style alteration of the 1941-S coin to make it appear as a 1921-S Walking Liberty coin in the U.S. It states the S mintmark which is bolder and more compressed. It notes that the number 4 on the 1941-S coin was changed to number 2, while the top...
- RECOGNITION SYSTEM FOR HANDWRITTEN AND PRINTED KANNADA NUMERALS AND VOWELS.
Mukarambi, Gururaj; Dhandra, B. V.; Hangarge, Mallikarjun // International Journal of Machine Intelligence; 2011, Vol. 3 Issue 4/5, p259
In this paper, a recognition system for handwritten and printed Kannada numerals and vowels is proposed based on zone features. The Kannada numerals and vowels are circular in nature; therefore the pixel density feature is potential features for handwritten and printed Kannada numerals and...
Mukarambi, Gururaj; Dhandra, B. V.; Hangarge, Mallikarjun // Network Dictionary; 2007, p32
A definition of the term "alphanumeric" is presented. It refers to a group of printable characters that include the letters of the alphabet in both upper and lower case, the numerals plus a limited group of additional symbols and punctuation marks.
- VARIABILITY OF STROKE WIDTH WITHIN DIGITS.
Hughes, Charles L. // Journal of Applied Psychology; Dec61, Vol. 45 Issue 6, p364
The article presents a study of the variability of stroke width in writing numerals. It explores the effect of variations in within-variable stroke width, conventional versus symbolic digits by analyzing stroke boldness, angularity versus curvature and the interaction of these. The subjects were...
- The Alphabet in Skeleton Form: Numerals.
Camp, Ann // Pen Lettering; 2006, p21
A chapter from the book "Pen Lettering," by Ann Camp which discusses how to write numerals is presented. It notes that numbers 1 and 0 are the body height of the small letter. The chapter states that both even and odd numbers are not so tall as the ascenders and descenders of the letters. It...
- OCR for Script Identification of Hindi (Devnagari) Numerals using Error Diffusion Halftoning Algorithm with Neural Classifier.
N. P., Banashree; Dharani, Andhe; Vasanta, R.; Satyanarayana, P. S. // Proceedings of World Academy of Science: Engineering & Technolog; 2007, Vol. 20, p46
The applications on numbers are across-the-board that there is much scope for study. The chic of writing numbers is diverse and comes in a variety of form, size and fonts. Identification of Indian languages scripts is challenging problems. In Optical Character Recognition [OCR], machine printed...
- Height-Width Proportion and Stroke Width in Numeral Visibility.
Soar, Robert S. // Journal of Applied Psychology; Feb55, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p43
The article presents a study which aims to test the effect of different combinations of height and width, with area held constant, on the visibility of numerals. Stroke was studied simultaneously because stroke width was expected to interact with height and width. Using a tachistoscope, subjects...
- Numbed by numbers.
Castle, Lane R. // OfficePro; Jan1999, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p24
Offers advice to administrative professionals regarding reporting of numbers in the annual report. Choosing a present limit; Deciding when to spell out a number versus using a numeral.
- CHAPTER 37: Numerals.
Castle, Lane R. // Administrative Assistant's & Secretary's Handbook; 2003, p478
Chapter 37 of the book "Administrative Assistant's & Secretary's Handbook" is presented. It explains the correct usage and writing of numerals in business correspondence. It discusses when to write numerals in words or in figures, how to round off numbers, general rule on writing large numbers...
- Hand Written Digit Recognition by Multiple Classifier Fusion based on Decision Templates Approach.
Ebrahimpour, Reza; Hamedi, Samaneh // World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology; Sep2009, Issue 33, p560
Classifier fusion may generate more accurate classification than each of the basic classifiers. Fusion is often based on fixed combination rules like the product, average etc. This paper presents decision templates as classifier fusion method for the recognition of the handwritten English and...
- Numerals in Thadou.
Haokip, Elizabeth Lamkhovah // Language in India;
An attempt is made here to study the numerals used in Thadou, which is spoken in Chandel and other districts of Manipur. Numbers are an integral part of a language. Thadou has a seven number system: cardinals, ordinals, aggregative, multiplicative, fractional, distributive and approximate...
- Lawyers And Numbers.
Mermin, Jonathan // Maine Bar Journal; Fall2013, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p207
The article reflects on the difficulties associated with the writing styles followed by lawyers while mentioning numbers in legal documents. It discusses the concerns of forgery and legibility in adoption of writing styles and the benefits achieved from spelling out the number followed by the...
- Should We Revitalize the Maya Numerals?
Bietenholz, Wolfgang // Mathematical Intelligencer; Dec2013, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p21
The article focuses on issues when it comes to restoring the Maya numerals. It highlights the application of several numeral systems in different periods and cultures as well as the adoption of a specific system and the efficiency in arithmetic. Information about a positional numeral system is...
- Handwritten Numerals Recognition, New Approach.
Al-Hadidi, Mazin // Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences; Jul2012, Vol. 6 Issue 7, p125
There are many important applications for recognizing the handwritten numerals, one of themost important and significant application is the automation of postal services especially in countriesthat use different languages at the post offices, such as India. The purpose of this study is to...
- Evaluation of Angular Digits and Comparisons with a Conventional Set.
Foley, P. J. // Journal of Applied Psychology; Jun56, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p178
No abstract available.
- BIG NUMBERS.
Foley, P. J. // World Almanac for Kids; 2004, p173
The article looks at big numbers. Below are the words for some numbers, plus the number of zeros needed when each number is written out. There are words for even bigger numbers. For example, a googol has 100 zeros, and a googolplex is equal to the number 1 followed by a googol of zeros.
- The roles of punctuation marks while learning about written numbers.
Brizuela, B�rbara; Cayton, Gabrielle // Educational Studies in Mathematics; Jun2008, Vol. 68 Issue 3, p209
Twenty-three kindergarten and first grade children were asked to articulate the meaning and the need for punctuation marks in a list of numerals showing prices for a list of items. Despite not having been schooled yet formally on the use and roles of numerical punctuation, many children gave...
- Inventing and writing numbers.
Brizuela, B�rbara; Cayton, Gabrielle // History of Science & Technology; 2004, p29
The article presents information on the origin of numbers. An overview of how the tally system for representing numbers was developed is explained. Information on the number language in the Near East of Neolithic times is presented. A description of the tally system in Egypt during 4000 BCE is...
- Remarks on semantic peculiarities of numerals and on usage of numerals in several kinds of texts.
Naiditch, Larissa // Sign Systems Studies; 2001, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p519
The paper deals with the general peculiarities of numerals. Cases where the sense of numeral cannot simply be explained by the idea of counting, of number, or of order are considered. Special types of texts - folklore on the one hand, propaganda on the other hand - are analyzed. For the latter...
- Shaw by the Numbers.
RODRÍGUEZ MARTÍN, GUSTAVO A. // Shaw: The Annual of Bernard Shaw Studies; 2013, Vol. 33, p176
An essay is presented regarding the relevance and symbolic function of mathematics and arithmetic in the works of Irish playwright Bernard Shaw. It says that Shaw uses numbers and numerals as resourceful expression when he is dealing with human economics. It mentions that the his interest in...
- Multilevel Classifiers in Recognition of Handwritten Kannada Numerals.
Acharya U., Dinesh; Subba Reddy, N. V.; Makkithaya, Krishnamoorthi // Proceedings of World Academy of Science: Engineering & Technolog; Aug2008, Vol. 44, p308
The recognition of handwritten numeral is an important area of research for its applications in post office, banks and other organizations. This paper presents automatic recognition of handwritten Kannada numerals based on structural features. Five different types of features, namely, profile...
- The Precursor to Numerals and Writing.
Schmandt-Besserat, Denise // Archaeology; Nov/Dec86, Vol. 39 Issue 6, p39
Outlines the process by which the ancient reckoning device known as tokens gave rise writing and numbers. Two traditions in the development of the use of tokens, the simple one of sedentary agriculture and the complex one which appeared in the first cities; Insights offered by Sumerian art; Use...
- A STUDY OF 60- TO 89-MO. -OLD CHILDREN'S SKILL AT WRITING NUMERALS.
Arnas, Yaşare Aktaş; Si&gcaron;irtmaç, Ayperi Dikici; Gül, Ebru Deretarla // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Apr2004, Vol. 98 Issue 2, p656
The skill of writing numerals necessitates a certain developmental maturity. Studying the age at which children start to develop this skill and assessing problems they encounter while writing numerals should give direction to their training. From 8 schools a total of 267 children, ages 60 to 89...
- An Information Analysis of Verbal and Motor Responses to Symbolic and Conventional Arabic Numerals.
Alluisi, Earl A.; Martin, Hugh B. // Journal of Applied Psychology; Apr58, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p79
The article provides information on a study that compared the information-handling performance of Ss in making verbal and motor responses to two sets of Arabic numerals, one a set of conventional figures, the other a set of symbolic figures drawn from an eight-element straightline matrix. To...
- ANTEPLÄ° AYNÃŽ DÄ°VANI'NDAKÄ° TARÄ°H MANZUMELERÄ° ÃœZERÄ°NE BÄ°R Ä°NCELEME.
Demırel, Şener // Electronic Turkish Studies;
Isopsephy, within the framework of "Abjad numerals", is a kind of literary art used to determine the date of an event, and is at the same time the name of a system formed by eight meaningless words which were developed to make the Arabic letters learnt by heart easily by combining the letters....
- Kannada and English Numeral Recognition System.
Dhandra, B. V.; Mukarambi, Gururaj; Hangarge, Mallikarjun // International Journal of Computer Applications; Jul2011, Vol. 26, p17
In this Paper, zone based features are used for recognition of handwritten and printed Kannada and English numerals. The handwritten and printed Kannada and English numeral images are normalized into 32 x 32 dimensions. Then normalized images are divided into 64 zones and their pixel densities...
- It Works Both Ways: Transfer Difficulties between Manipulatives and Written Subtraction Solutions.
Uttal, David H.; Amaya, Meredith; Del Rosario Maita, Maria; Hand, Linda Liu; Cohen, Cheryl A.; O'Doherty, Katherine; DeLoache, Judy S. // Child Development Research; 2013, p1
Three experiments compared performance and transfer among children aged 83-94 months after written or manipulatives instruction on two-digit subtraction. In Experiment 1a, children learned with manipulatives or with traditional written numerals. All children then completed a written posttest....
- Handwritten Devnagari Digit Recognition using Fusion of Global and Local Features.
Singh, Pratibha; Verma, Ajay; Chaudhari, Narendra S. // International Journal of Computer Applications; Mar2014, Vol. 89, p6
We give our formulation for a ten class classification of handwritten Hindi digit recognition. Automatic Recognition of Handwritten Devnagri Numerals is a difficult task, because of the variability in writing style; pen used for writing and the color of handwriting, unlikely the printed...
- Anejom~ numerals: the (mis)adventures of a counting system.
Lynch, John; Spriggs, Matthew // Te Reo; 1995, Vol. 38, p37
The article examines the Anejom counting system. It overviews the use of numerals in modern Anejom as well as the history of the system. It indicates that the original counting system is a quinary one, and cites comparisons between the quinary system and the system reconstructed for Proto...
- HANDWRITTEN NUMERAL/MIXED NUMERALS RECOGNITION OF SOUTH-INDIAN SCRIPTS: THE ZONE-BASED FEATURE EXTRACTION METHOD.
Rajashekararadhya, S. V.; Ranjan, P. Vanaja // Journal of Theoretical & Applied Information Technology; 2009, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p59
Handwriting recognition has always been a challenging task in image processing and pattern recognition. There are five major stages in the handwritten character recognition problem: Image processing, segmentation, feature extraction, training and recognition, and preprocessing. India is a...
- NUMERALS VERSUS WORDS FOR EFFICIENCY IN READING.
Tinker, Miles A. // Journal of Applied Psychology; Apr28, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p190
The article discusses a study that investigates whether numbers as printed words or as Arabic numerals, when used in the context of arithmetical problems provides better reading efficiency as measured by speed of reading. The first part of the study uses a modified form of the Dodge apparatus...
- It's About Time.
Lederer, Richard // Language Magazine; Jan2010, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p46
The article presents the author's insights on how people say or write the year such as 2010 and call the decades. The author notes that the formula of writing or saying two thousand ten was influenced by the book "2001: A Space Odyssey" of Arthur C. Clarke while saying twenty ten is confusing....
- Kannada, Telugu and Devanagari Handwritten Numeral Recognition with Probabilistic Neural Network: A Script Independent Approach.
Dhandra, B. V.; Benne, R. G.; Hangarge, Mallikarjun // International Journal of Computer Applications; Jul2011, Vol. 26, p11
In this paper a script independent automatic numeral recognition system is proposed. A single algorithm is proposed for recognition of Kannada, Telugu and Devanagari handwritten numerals. In general the number of classes for numeral recognition system for a scripts/language is 10. Here, three...
- Printed and Handwritten Mixed Kannada Numerals Recognition Using SVM.
Rajput, G. G.; Horakeri, Rajeswari; Chandrakant, Sidramappa // International Journal on Computer Science & Engineering; 2010, Vol. 2 Issue 5, p1622
A mixer of printed and handwritten numerals may appear in a single document such as application forms, postal mail, and official documents. The process of identifying of such mixed numerals and sending it to respective OCRs is a complex task. In this paper, we present a novel method for...
- Native numbers.