Citations with the tag: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

Results 51 - 100

  • Hippocampus selectively supports episodic memory retrieval.
    Reilly, Clay E. // Journal of Neurology; Nov2001, Vol. 248 Issue 11, p1014 

    Highlights the results of the study by L.L. Eldridge and colleagues showing that the hippocampus selectively supports episodic memory retrieval. Crucial significance of the hippocampus in declarative memory; Patient characteristics; Time-limited role of hippocampus in memory retrieval.

  • Cognitive functions of the posterior parietal cortex: top-down and bottom-up attentional control.
    Shomstein, Sarah // Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience; Jul2012, Vol. 6, p1 

    Although much less is known about human parietal cortex than that of homologous monkey cortex, recent studies, employing neuroimaging, and neuropsychological methods, have begun to elucidate increasingly fine-grained functional and structural distinctions. This review is focused on recent...

  • Thimerosal and Mercury Exposure.
    Shomstein, Sarah // Infectious Disease Alert; Nov2007, Vol. 27 Issue 2, Special section p2 

    The article provides information on the results of a study regarding the neuropsychological effects of mercury exposure from thimerosal among children. Exposure during infancy up to seven months was associated with good performance of fine motor coordination and attention and executive...

  • Mixing measures: testing an assumption of the attention network test.
    McConnell, Meghan; Shore, David // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics; May2011, Vol. 73 Issue 4, p1096 

    The human attention system has been subdivided into three networks that appear to be functionally and anatomically independent: alerting, orienting, and executive control. The Attention Network Test (ANT) is a quick and easy tool that measures the efficiency of these three networks by averaging...

  • Neuropsychology (Book).
    Kinsbourne, Mareel // American Scientist; Jan/Feb80, Vol. 68 Issue 1, p92 

    Reviews the non-fiction book 'Neuropsychology,' edited by Michael S. Gazzaniga.

  • Ambulatory Assessment in Neuropsychology.
    Schlotz, Wolff; Powell, Daniel J. H. // Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie; 2014, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p239 

    Neuropsychological disorders involve a variety of symptoms that often lead to substantial functional impairments in daily life. Research, assessment, and treatment should include a reference to daily life, considering symptoms, personality, and life circumstances of the individual patient....

  • The Evolutionary Significance of Habituation and Sensitization Across Phylogeny: A Behavioral Homeostasis Model.
    Eisenstein, E.M.; Eisenstein, D.; Smith, James C. // Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science; Oct-Dec2001, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p251 

    Discusses the evolutionary significance of habituation and sensitization for filtering iterative stimuli across phylogeny. Definition of stimulus, response and homeostasis; Sensitization in mammals; Phylogenetic distribution of behavioral characteristics associated with habituation and...

  • Principal identifying features of the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities in children.
    Harnadek, Michael C.S.; Rourke, Byron P. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Mar94, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p144 

    Examines the identifying features of the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities. Presence in persons suffering from neurological diseases and disorders; Neuropsychological deficits in tactile and visual perception and psychomotor skills.

  • Historical trends in biological and medical investigations of reading disabilities: 1850-1915.
    Pickle, J. Michael // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Nov/Dec98, Vol. 31 Issue 6, p625 

    Reviews the methods, technologies and operating tenets of the case studies of reading disability completed during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Historical criticism in the behavioral sciences; Foundations of neuropsychological research; Brain mass and intellectual endowment.

  • Neuropsychological intervention in dyslexia: Two studies in British pupils.
    Robertson, Jean // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Mar/Apr2000, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p137 

    The theoretical context of this research is developmental neuropsychology--in particular, the educational implications for the classification of and intervention in specific developmental dyslexia (SDD). Controlled and validated research can help identify optimal teaching methods for groups and...

  • Neuropsychological Treatment of Dyslexia in the Classroom Setting.
    Goldstein, Bram H.; Obrzut, John E. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; May/Jun2001, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p276 

    The purpose of this study was to validate Bakker's (1990, 1992) clinical neuropsychological balance model of dyslexia when implemented in a traditional general education classroom environment. The sample included 45 middle school, right-handed boys and girls (mean age = 12.78) with L-type...

  • Patterns of cognitive ageing.
    Rabbitt, Patrick; Lowe, Christine // Psychological Research; 2000, Vol. 63 Issue 3/4, p308 

    1Abstract Neuroanatomical evidence suggests that normal ageing affects some brain areas, and the "local" functions they support, earlier and more severely than others. Changes appear to be especially marked in the hippocampus, temporal association and prefrontal cortex. Evidence from classical...

  • Free recall and organization as a function of varying relational encoding in action memory.
    Engelkamp, Johannes; Zimmer, Hubert D. // Psychological Research; 2002, Vol. 66 Issue 2, p91 

    A new approach was taken to study the question whether the free recall advantage of enacting actions (SPT), over only listening to their verbal descriptions (VT), is due to better relational encoding of SPTs than of VTs. The approach consisted of studying related lists and manipulating the...

  • Online Order Control in the Psychological Refractory Period Paradigm.
    Luria, Roy; Meiran, Nachshon // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Jun2003, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p556 

    The authors examined the role of online order control in the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm. In the first 2 experiments, participants switched between color-letter and letter-color orders so that subtask order was isolated as the only element being switched. The results indicated...

  • A pathogenic rare mutation on exon 22 of the NOTCH3 gene disclosed in an Italian patient affected by CADASIL.
    Ungaro, C.; Servillo, P.; Mazzei, Rosalucia; Consoli, D.; Conforti, F.; Sprovieri, T.; Lanza, P.; Quattrone, A. // Neurological Sciences; Jun2009, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p269 

    A letter to the editor is presented regarding a case of a 55-year-old woman with Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL).

  • An exploratory study of the use of the Austin maze in South Africa.
    Grieve, Kate W; Viljoen, Steve // South African Journal of Psychology; Sept2000, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p14 

    A software version of the Austin Maze together with the Halstead-Reitan Category Test and Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices were administered to 30 students at the University of Venda, South Africa. For the entire sample, the average number of trials taken to reach criterion (that is, three...

  • Neuropsychological Correlates of Suboptimal Adherence to Metformin.
    Rosen, Marc I.; Beauvais, John E.; Rigsby, Michael O.; Salahi, Jamelah T.; Ryan, Caitlin E.; Cramer, Joyce A. // Journal of Behavioral Medicine; Aug2003, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p349 

    The goal of this study was to determine if neuropsychological function is associated with adherence to prescribed medication. Altogether, 79 patients with type II diabetes at a VA primary care clinic had adherence to the antihyperglycemic drug metformin measured with MEMS[sup �] caps over a...

  • A feedforward model of suppressive and facilitatory habituation effects.
    Dragoi, Valentin // Biological Cybernetics; 2002, Vol. 86 Issue 6, p419 

    Simple exposure to repeatitive stimulation is known to induce short-term learning effects across a wide range of species. These effects can be both suppressive and facilitatory depending on stimulus conditions: repeatitive presentation of a weak stimulus decreases the strength of the response...

  • Stability of performance on neuropsychological tests in patients with schizophrenia.
    Rosmark, B.; �sby, U.; Engelbrektson, K.; Nyman, H. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience; 1999, Vol. 249 Issue 6, p299 

    Abstract This study evaluated the stability of performance on neuropsychological tests in a group of 14 schizophrenic patients. These patients were first tested as inpatients and later on as outpatients. The patients' results are also compared with matched normal controls and with standardized...

  • A prospective 2-year follow-up study of neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.
    Albus, Margot; Hubmann, Werner; Scherer, Josef; Dreikorn, Bettina; Hecht, Susanne; Sobizack, Norbert; Mohr, Fritz // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience; 2002, Vol. 252 Issue 6, p262 

    To investigate the temporal stability, or progressivity, of neuropsychological (NP) impairment in schizophrenia, 50 patients with first episode (FE) schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls were given a battery of tests at the outset of the study and after a two-year interval. Both patient and...

  • Impaired working speed and executive functions as frontal lobe dysfunctions in young first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients.
    Klemm, Silke; Schmidt, Beate; Knappe, Susanne; Blanz, Bernhard // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry; Oct2006, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p400 

    The aim of the investigation was to detect neuropsychological markers, such as sustained and selective attention and executive functions, which contribute to the vulnerability to schizophrenia especially in young persons. Performance was assessed in 32 siblings and children of schizophrenic...

  • Assessment of developmental toxicity: neuropsychological batteries
    Bernstein, Jane Holmes // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements; 1994 Supplement 2, Vol. 102, p141 

    No abstract available.

  • Editorial Preface.
    Mesibov, Gary B. // Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders; Dec2000, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p509 

    Editorial. Introduces a series of articles about autism in children.. Neuropsychological and psychological processes involved in autism; Role of cerebellum in autism; Acquisition and generalization of learning in children with autism.

  • BY OUR MEMBERS.
    Mesibov, Gary B. // Sexual Science; Fall2008, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p7 

    A list of the sex-related publications is presented including "Girl Time: Development and Implementation of a Healthy Sexuality Program for Girls in Grades 7 and 8," "Outcome Evaluation of Girl Time: Grade 7/8 Healthy Sexuality Program" and "The Neuropsychology of Passionate Love."

  • The Neuropsychological Basis of Educational Intervention.
    Hartlage, Lawrence C. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Nov83, Vol. 16 Issue 9 

    Addresses the issue of the neuropsychological assessment-intervention interface for the education of the learning disabled. Review of the research relating to the diagnostic prescriptive teaching; Arguments that discouraging conclusions reached by a number of authors may negate the use of...

  • Neuropsychological Therapeutic Community Treatment for Individuals with Schizophrenia.
    Miran, Michael D.; Miran, Esta R. // Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal; Winter99, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p277 

    Describes the theoretical basis and treatment procedures of a neuropsychological therapeutic community approach to the treatment of individuals with schizophrenia. Presentation of the five-step treatment approach; Role of families in the treatment process; Organization and administration of the...

  • Cognitive neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind.
    Stone, Tony; Davies, Martin // British Journal for the Philosophy of Science; Dec93, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p589 

    Focuses on cognitive neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind. Philosophy of science and nature of philosophy; Recognition without awareness; Myth of mental process; Philosophical lessons from cognitive neuropsychology.

  • Book reviews.
    Stone, Tony; Davies, Martin // Age & Ageing; Sep92, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p384 

    Reviews the book `Handbook of Neuropsychology, Volume 5: Section 8: Aging and Dementia (Part 2),' edited by S. Corkin, `Section 9: Cognitive, Methodological and Practical Approaches,' edited by J. Grafman and F. Boller.

  • Plaintiff in a lie.
    Crane, Mark // Medical Economics; 5/28/96, Vol. 73 Issue 10, p155 

    Reports on the determination of the validity of a claim of a patient of medical malpractice through the use of neuropsychology. Accuracy of tests and testing materials; Ability to catch malingering of symptoms; Determination if a claimed disability is consistent with the event that supposedly...

  • Neuropsychological impairment in multiple sclerosis patients: the role of (juxta)cortical lesion on FLAIR.
    Lazeron, R.H.C.; Langdon, D.W.; Filippi, M.; van Waesberghe, J.H.T.M.; Stevenson, V.L.; Boringa, J.B.S.; Origgi, D.; Thompson, A.J.; Falautano, M.; Polman, C.H.; Barkhof, F. // Multiple Sclerosis (13524585); Aug2000, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p280 

    In this study we evaluated the correlation between neuropsychological impairment (measured with the Brief Repeatable Battery Neuropsychological Tests) and (juxta)cortical lesions detected with FLAIR and the relative sensitivity of the FLAIR sequence compared to spin-echo MRI sequences in...

  • Why We Laugh.
    Wilson, Jim // Popular Mechanics; Mar2003, Vol. 180 Issue 3, p40 

    Focuses on efforts made by various scientists to understand the neuropsychology of brain in comprehending a joke. Details of a project created by Richard Wiseman, a psychologist at University of Hertfordshire near London, England to find the world's funniest joke; Reasons why people find jokes...

  • LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
    Graver, Christopher J. // Military Medicine; Dec2009, Vol. 174 Issue 12, preceding p1241 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Reference Data From the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics for Use in Traumatic Brain Injury in an Active Duty Military Sample" by Andrea S. Vincent et al in the September 2008 issue.

  • LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
    Vincent, Andrea S.; Gilliland, Kirby; Schlegel, Robert // Military Medicine; Dec2009, Vol. 174 Issue 12, preceding p1241 

    A response by Andrea S. Vincent et al to a letter to the editor about their article "Reference Data From the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics for Use in Traumatic Brain Injury in an Active Duty Military Sample" in the September 2008 issue is presented.

  • NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL SEQUELAE OF CHRONIC RECREATIONAL GASOLINE INHALATION.
    Gouvier, Wm. Drew; Prejean, Joseph G. // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Feb2003, Vol. 96 Issue 1, p339 

    Brief summary test profiles are described for two cases of long-term inhalation recreationally of gasoline.

  • Activation and the Control of Attention.
    Pribam, Karl H. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Nov1977, Vol. 10 Issue 9 

    Part II. Attempts to organize neuropsychological and psychophysiological data on attention. Interaction between an organism and its environment; Organization of behavior which involves the construction of neuronal models; Evidence of arousal in humans interrupted while performing tasks;...

  • Death Is Not A Door: The Re-emergence of the Ancient Binary Soul Doctrine in Analytical Psychology and Neuropsychology and its Implications for Our Religious and Cultural Conceptions of the Afterlife: Part 1.
    Novak, Peter // Journal of Religion & Psychical Research; Jul2000, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p156 

    A peculiar after death belief � the binary soul doctrine � could have been as close as humanity has ever come to having a single world religion. Cultures all over the Earth once held strikingly similar beliefs about the afterlife, crediting people with not one, but two souls. Otherwise...

  • Special Section of Neuropsychology Review on HIV/NeuroAIDS.
    Sullivan, Edith V. // Neuropsychology Review; Jun2009, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p143 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one by Ashley A. Gorman and colleagues on the influence of neuropsychological impairment on activities of daily life, another by Eileen M. Martin-Thormeyer and Robert H. Paul on the effects of comorbidities on...

  • Neonatal risk factors and risk scores including auditory evoked responses.
    Pasman, J. W.; Rotteveel, J. J.; Maassen, B.; de Graaf, R.; Koll�e, A. A. // European Journal of Pediatrics; 1998, Vol. 157 Issue 3, p230 

    Abstract In a prospective study, 81 preterm infants and 25 healthy term infants were neurologically and neurophysiologically evaluated in the neonatal period. At 5-7 years of age the neurodevelopmental outcome was assessed. The validity and predictive value of the Neonatal Neurological Inventory...

  • Technology revolutionizes mental health treatment.
    Norris, Louise // Hudson Valley Business Journal; 04/28/97, Vol. 7 Issue 26, p25 

    Reports on the use of electroencephalography as a diagnostic tool for neuropsychological disorders. Comparison with the effectiveness of other diagnostic tools; Common uses of quantitative encephalogram.

  • Usefulness of a 15-Item Version of the Boston Naming Test in Neuropsychological Assessment of Low-Educational Elders With Dementia.
    Calero, M. Dolores; Arnedo, M. Luisa; Navarro, Elena; Ruiz-Pedrosa, M�nica; Carnero, Cristobal // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia; Mar2002, Vol. 57B Issue 2, pP187 

    Examines effectivity of the reduced version of Boston Naming Test (BNT) in neuropsychological assessment of low-educational elders with dementia. Equivalence of the reduced version with complete BNT; Significance of gender variable; Validation of other reduced forms.

  • Development of the Korean Version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's....
    Lee, Jung H.; Lee, Kang U.; Lee, Dong Y.; Kim, Ki W.; Jhoo, Jin H.; Kim, Ju H.; Lee, Kun H.; Kim, Sung Y.; Han, Sul H.; Woo, Jong I. // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia; Jan2002, Vol. 57B Issue 1, p47 

    Examines the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet (CERAD-K) in Korea. Translation of the English-American version of the CERAD clinical and neuropsychological assessment battery into Korean; Establishment of the psychometrical properties of the cognitive...

  • Contents Page.
    Lee, Jung H.; Lee, Kang U.; Lee, Dong Y.; Kim, Ki W.; Jhoo, Jin H.; Kim, Ju H.; Lee, Kun H.; Kim, Sung Y.; Han, Sul H.; Woo, Jong I. // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Aug2010, Vol. 25 Issue 5, pNP 

    The table of contents for the August 2010 issue of "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology" is presented.

  • Correlations of scores on the Kaufman Short Neuropsychological Assessment Procedure and the...
    Grossman, Ira; Kaufman, Alan S. // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Dec93, Vol. 77 Issue 3, p1055 

    Assesses the neuropsychological functioning of adolescents and adults by administering Kaufman Short Neuropsychological Assessment Procedure (K-SNAP). Kaufman Adult and Adolescent Intelligence Test (KAIT); Evaluation of crystallized and fluid intelligence quotients (IQs); Experimental methods;...

  • Neuropsychologie schizophrener St�rungen.
    Scheepers-Assmus, Clara // Ergotherapie & Rehabilitation; Aug2012, Vol. 51 Issue 8, p35 

    A review of the book, "Neuropsychologie schizophrener St�rungen," by Cornelia Exner and Tania Lincoln is presented.

  • Introduction of the Neuropsychology Review Board of Editors: 2011-2013.
    Sullivan, Edith // Neuropsychology Review; Dec2011, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p319 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses the appointment of four new associate editors for the journal "Neuropsychology Review," a change in the membership of the Editorial Board of the journal, and thanks all the retiring editorial board members for their years of service.

  • Allocation of attentional resources during habituation and dishabituation of male sexual arousal.
    Koukounas, Eric; Over, Ray // Archives of Sexual Behavior; Dec1999, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p539 

    Examines the allocation of attentional resources during habituation and dishabituation of male sex arousal. Measurement of penile tumescence and subjective sexual arousal while men viewed erotic film segments; Effects of the introduction of novel erotic stimulation; Difference between male and...

  • The outcome of depressive disorders in neurology patients: a prospective cohort study.
    Carson, A.J.; Postma, K.; Stone, J.; Warlow, C.; Sharpe, M. // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry; Jul2003, Vol. 74 Issue 7, p893 

    Background: In a previous prospective study of 300 consecutive new attenders at neurology outpatient clinics, depressive disorders were diagnosed in 119 patients (40%) and major depressive disorder in 77 (26%). Objective: To describe the eight month outcome of depression in this cohort. Methods:...

  • Health effects of solvent exposure among dockyard painters: mortality and neuropsychological symptoms.
    Chen, R.; Dick, F.; Seaton, A. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine; Jun1999, Vol. 56 Issue 6, p383 

    Presents a study on mortality and prevalence of neuropsychological symptoms among a cohort of painters heavily exposed to organic solvents. Male painters who had worked in a dockyard in Scotland between 1950 and 1992; Association of painting exposure and aging with high symptom scores;...

  • Neuropsychological symptoms in Chinese male and female painters: an epidemiological study in dockyard workers.
    Chen, R.; Seaton, A.; Wei, L. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine; Jun1999, Vol. 56 Issue 6, p388 

    Presents a study on the prevalences of neuropsychological symptoms in male and female dockyard painters in China and comparison of them with those in British dockyards. Identification of active and retired painters who had been employed in two Chinese dockyards for at least one year together;...

  • Health and neuropsychological functioning of dentists exposed to mercury.
    Ritchie, K.A.; Gilmour, W.H.; Macdonald, E.B.; Burke, F.J.T.; McGowan, D.A.; Dale, I.M.; Hammersley, R.; Hamilton, R.M.; Binnie, V.; Collington, D. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine; May2002, Vol. 59 Issue 5, p287 

    Investigates the effect of mercury exposure on dentists in Scotland. Urinary mercury concentrations of the dentists; Kidney and memory disorders of dentists; Psychomotor performance of dentists.

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