Citations with the tag: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
Results 51 - 100
- Hippocampus selectively supports episodic memory retrieval.
Reilly, Clay E. // Journal of Neurology; Nov2001, Vol. 248 Issue 11, p1014
Highlights the results of the study by L.L. Eldridge and colleagues showing that the hippocampus selectively supports episodic memory retrieval. Crucial significance of the hippocampus in declarative memory; Patient characteristics; Time-limited role of hippocampus in memory retrieval.
- Cognitive functions of the posterior parietal cortex: top-down and bottom-up attentional control.
Shomstein, Sarah // Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience; Jul2012, Vol. 6, p1
Although much less is known about human parietal cortex than that of homologous monkey cortex, recent studies, employing neuroimaging, and neuropsychological methods, have begun to elucidate increasingly fine-grained functional and structural distinctions. This review is focused on recent...
- Thimerosal and Mercury Exposure.
Shomstein, Sarah // Infectious Disease Alert; Nov2007, Vol. 27 Issue 2, Special section p2
The article provides information on the results of a study regarding the neuropsychological effects of mercury exposure from thimerosal among children. Exposure during infancy up to seven months was associated with good performance of fine motor coordination and attention and executive...
- Mixing measures: testing an assumption of the attention network test.
McConnell, Meghan; Shore, David // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics; May2011, Vol. 73 Issue 4, p1096
The human attention system has been subdivided into three networks that appear to be functionally and anatomically independent: alerting, orienting, and executive control. The Attention Network Test (ANT) is a quick and easy tool that measures the efficiency of these three networks by averaging...
- Neuropsychology (Book).
Kinsbourne, Mareel // American Scientist; Jan/Feb80, Vol. 68 Issue 1, p92
Reviews the non-fiction book 'Neuropsychology,' edited by Michael S. Gazzaniga.
- Ambulatory Assessment in Neuropsychology.
Schlotz, Wolff; Powell, Daniel J. H. // Zeitschrift fÃ¼r Neuropsychologie; 2014, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p239
Neuropsychological disorders involve a variety of symptoms that often lead to substantial functional impairments in daily life. Research, assessment, and treatment should include a reference to daily life, considering symptoms, personality, and life circumstances of the individual patient....
- The Evolutionary Significance of Habituation and Sensitization Across Phylogeny: A Behavioral Homeostasis Model.
Eisenstein, E.M.; Eisenstein, D.; Smith, James C. // Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science; Oct-Dec2001, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p251
Discusses the evolutionary significance of habituation and sensitization for filtering iterative stimuli across phylogeny. Definition of stimulus, response and homeostasis; Sensitization in mammals; Phylogenetic distribution of behavioral characteristics associated with habituation and...
- Principal identifying features of the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities in children.
Harnadek, Michael C.S.; Rourke, Byron P. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Mar94, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p144
Examines the identifying features of the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities. Presence in persons suffering from neurological diseases and disorders; Neuropsychological deficits in tactile and visual perception and psychomotor skills.
- Patterns of cognitive ageing.
Rabbitt, Patrick; Lowe, Christine // Psychological Research; 2000, Vol. 63 Issue 3/4, p308
1Abstract Neuroanatomical evidence suggests that normal ageing affects some brain areas, and the "local" functions they support, earlier and more severely than others. Changes appear to be especially marked in the hippocampus, temporal association and prefrontal cortex. Evidence from classical...
- Free recall and organization as a function of varying relational encoding in action memory.
Engelkamp, Johannes; Zimmer, Hubert D. // Psychological Research; 2002, Vol. 66 Issue 2, p91
A new approach was taken to study the question whether the free recall advantage of enacting actions (SPT), over only listening to their verbal descriptions (VT), is due to better relational encoding of SPTs than of VTs. The approach consisted of studying related lists and manipulating the...
- Online Order Control in the Psychological Refractory Period Paradigm.
Luria, Roy; Meiran, Nachshon // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Jun2003, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p556
The authors examined the role of online order control in the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm. In the first 2 experiments, participants switched between color-letter and letter-color orders so that subtask order was isolated as the only element being switched. The results indicated...
- A pathogenic rare mutation on exon 22 of the NOTCH3 gene disclosed in an Italian patient affected by CADASIL.
Ungaro, C.; Servillo, P.; Mazzei, Rosalucia; Consoli, D.; Conforti, F.; Sprovieri, T.; Lanza, P.; Quattrone, A. // Neurological Sciences; Jun2009, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p269
A letter to the editor is presented regarding a case of a 55-year-old woman with Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL).
- An exploratory study of the use of the Austin maze in South Africa.
Grieve, Kate W; Viljoen, Steve // South African Journal of Psychology; Sept2000, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p14
A software version of the Austin Maze together with the Halstead-Reitan Category Test and Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices were administered to 30 students at the University of Venda, South Africa. For the entire sample, the average number of trials taken to reach criterion (that is, three...
- Neuropsychological Correlates of Suboptimal Adherence to Metformin.
Rosen, Marc I.; Beauvais, John E.; Rigsby, Michael O.; Salahi, Jamelah T.; Ryan, Caitlin E.; Cramer, Joyce A. // Journal of Behavioral Medicine; Aug2003, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p349
The goal of this study was to determine if neuropsychological function is associated with adherence to prescribed medication. Altogether, 79 patients with type II diabetes at a VA primary care clinic had adherence to the antihyperglycemic drug metformin measured with MEMS[sup Â®] caps over a...
- A feedforward model of suppressive and facilitatory habituation effects.
Dragoi, Valentin // Biological Cybernetics; 2002, Vol. 86 Issue 6, p419
Simple exposure to repeatitive stimulation is known to induce short-term learning effects across a wide range of species. These effects can be both suppressive and facilitatory depending on stimulus conditions: repeatitive presentation of a weak stimulus decreases the strength of the response...
- Stability of performance on neuropsychological tests in patients with schizophrenia.
Rosmark, B.; Ösby, U.; Engelbrektson, K.; Nyman, H. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience; 1999, Vol. 249 Issue 6, p299
Abstract This study evaluated the stability of performance on neuropsychological tests in a group of 14 schizophrenic patients. These patients were first tested as inpatients and later on as outpatients. The patients' results are also compared with matched normal controls and with standardized...
- A prospective 2-year follow-up study of neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.
Albus, Margot; Hubmann, Werner; Scherer, Josef; Dreikorn, Bettina; Hecht, Susanne; Sobizack, Norbert; Mohr, Fritz // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience; 2002, Vol. 252 Issue 6, p262
To investigate the temporal stability, or progressivity, of neuropsychological (NP) impairment in schizophrenia, 50 patients with first episode (FE) schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls were given a battery of tests at the outset of the study and after a two-year interval. Both patient and...
- Impaired working speed and executive functions as frontal lobe dysfunctions in young first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients.
Klemm, Silke; Schmidt, Beate; Knappe, Susanne; Blanz, Bernhard // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry; Oct2006, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p400
The aim of the investigation was to detect neuropsychological markers, such as sustained and selective attention and executive functions, which contribute to the vulnerability to schizophrenia especially in young persons. Performance was assessed in 32 siblings and children of schizophrenic...
- Assessment of developmental toxicity: neuropsychological batteries
Bernstein, Jane Holmes // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements; 1994 Supplement 2, Vol. 102, p141
No abstract available.
- Editorial Preface.
Mesibov, Gary B. // Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders; Dec2000, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p509
Editorial. Introduces a series of articles about autism in children.. Neuropsychological and psychological processes involved in autism; Role of cerebellum in autism; Acquisition and generalization of learning in children with autism.
- BY OUR MEMBERS.
Mesibov, Gary B. // Sexual Science; Fall2008, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p7
A list of the sex-related publications is presented including "Girl Time: Development and Implementation of a Healthy Sexuality Program for Girls in Grades 7 and 8," "Outcome Evaluation of Girl Time: Grade 7/8 Healthy Sexuality Program" and "The Neuropsychology of Passionate Love."
- The Neuropsychological Basis of Educational Intervention.
Hartlage, Lawrence C. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Nov83, Vol. 16 Issue 9
Addresses the issue of the neuropsychological assessment-intervention interface for the education of the learning disabled. Review of the research relating to the diagnostic prescriptive teaching; Arguments that discouraging conclusions reached by a number of authors may negate the use of...
- Cognitive neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind.
Stone, Tony; Davies, Martin // British Journal for the Philosophy of Science; Dec93, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p589
Focuses on cognitive neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind. Philosophy of science and nature of philosophy; Recognition without awareness; Myth of mental process; Philosophical lessons from cognitive neuropsychology.
- Book reviews.
Stone, Tony; Davies, Martin // Age & Ageing; Sep92, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p384
Reviews the book `Handbook of Neuropsychology, Volume 5: Section 8: Aging and Dementia (Part 2),' edited by S. Corkin, `Section 9: Cognitive, Methodological and Practical Approaches,' edited by J. Grafman and F. Boller.
- Plaintiff in a lie.
Crane, Mark // Medical Economics; 5/28/96, Vol. 73 Issue 10, p155
Reports on the determination of the validity of a claim of a patient of medical malpractice through the use of neuropsychology. Accuracy of tests and testing materials; Ability to catch malingering of symptoms; Determination if a claimed disability is consistent with the event that supposedly...
- Neuropsychological impairment in multiple sclerosis patients: the role of (juxta)cortical lesion on FLAIR.
Lazeron, R.H.C.; Langdon, D.W.; Filippi, M.; van Waesberghe, J.H.T.M.; Stevenson, V.L.; Boringa, J.B.S.; Origgi, D.; Thompson, A.J.; Falautano, M.; Polman, C.H.; Barkhof, F. // Multiple Sclerosis (13524585); Aug2000, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p280
In this study we evaluated the correlation between neuropsychological impairment (measured with the Brief Repeatable Battery Neuropsychological Tests) and (juxta)cortical lesions detected with FLAIR and the relative sensitivity of the FLAIR sequence compared to spin-echo MRI sequences in...
- Why We Laugh.
Wilson, Jim // Popular Mechanics; Mar2003, Vol. 180 Issue 3, p40
Focuses on efforts made by various scientists to understand the neuropsychology of brain in comprehending a joke. Details of a project created by Richard Wiseman, a psychologist at University of Hertfordshire near London, England to find the world's funniest joke; Reasons why people find jokes...
- LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Graver, Christopher J. // Military Medicine; Dec2009, Vol. 174 Issue 12, preceding p1241
A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Reference Data From the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics for Use in Traumatic Brain Injury in an Active Duty Military Sample" by Andrea S. Vincent et al in the September 2008 issue.
- LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Vincent, Andrea S.; Gilliland, Kirby; Schlegel, Robert // Military Medicine; Dec2009, Vol. 174 Issue 12, preceding p1241
A response by Andrea S. Vincent et al to a letter to the editor about their article "Reference Data From the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics for Use in Traumatic Brain Injury in an Active Duty Military Sample" in the September 2008 issue is presented.
- NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL SEQUELAE OF CHRONIC RECREATIONAL GASOLINE INHALATION.
Gouvier, Wm. Drew; Prejean, Joseph G. // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Feb2003, Vol. 96 Issue 1, p339
Brief summary test profiles are described for two cases of long-term inhalation recreationally of gasoline.
- Death Is Not A Door: The Re-emergence of the Ancient Binary Soul Doctrine in Analytical Psychology and Neuropsychology and its Implications for Our Religious and Cultural Conceptions of the Afterlife: Part 1.
Novak, Peter // Journal of Religion & Psychical Research; Jul2000, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p156
A peculiar after death belief ï¿½ the binary soul doctrine ï¿½ could have been as close as humanity has ever come to having a single world religion. Cultures all over the Earth once held strikingly similar beliefs about the afterlife, crediting people with not one, but two souls. Otherwise...
- Special Section of Neuropsychology Review on HIV/NeuroAIDS.
Sullivan, Edith V. // Neuropsychology Review; Jun2009, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p143
The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one by Ashley A. Gorman and colleagues on the influence of neuropsychological impairment on activities of daily life, another by Eileen M. Martin-Thormeyer and Robert H. Paul on the effects of comorbidities on...
- Neonatal risk factors and risk scores including auditory evoked responses.
Pasman, J. W.; Rotteveel, J. J.; Maassen, B.; de Graaf, R.; Kollée, A. A. // European Journal of Pediatrics; 1998, Vol. 157 Issue 3, p230
Abstract In a prospective study, 81 preterm infants and 25 healthy term infants were neurologically and neurophysiologically evaluated in the neonatal period. At 5-7 years of age the neurodevelopmental outcome was assessed. The validity and predictive value of the Neonatal Neurological Inventory...
- Technology revolutionizes mental health treatment.
Norris, Louise // Hudson Valley Business Journal; 04/28/97, Vol. 7 Issue 26, p25
Reports on the use of electroencephalography as a diagnostic tool for neuropsychological disorders. Comparison with the effectiveness of other diagnostic tools; Common uses of quantitative encephalogram.
- Usefulness of a 15-Item Version of the Boston Naming Test in Neuropsychological Assessment of Low-Educational Elders With Dementia.
Calero, M. Dolores; Arnedo, M. Luisa; Navarro, Elena; Ruiz-Pedrosa, Mónica; Carnero, Cristobal // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia; Mar2002, Vol. 57B Issue 2, pP187
Examines effectivity of the reduced version of Boston Naming Test (BNT) in neuropsychological assessment of low-educational elders with dementia. Equivalence of the reduced version with complete BNT; Significance of gender variable; Validation of other reduced forms.
- Development of the Korean Version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's....
Lee, Jung H.; Lee, Kang U.; Lee, Dong Y.; Kim, Ki W.; Jhoo, Jin H.; Kim, Ju H.; Lee, Kun H.; Kim, Sung Y.; Han, Sul H.; Woo, Jong I. // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia; Jan2002, Vol. 57B Issue 1, p47
Examines the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet (CERAD-K) in Korea. Translation of the English-American version of the CERAD clinical and neuropsychological assessment battery into Korean; Establishment of the psychometrical properties of the cognitive...
- Contents Page.
Lee, Jung H.; Lee, Kang U.; Lee, Dong Y.; Kim, Ki W.; Jhoo, Jin H.; Kim, Ju H.; Lee, Kun H.; Kim, Sung Y.; Han, Sul H.; Woo, Jong I. // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Aug2010, Vol. 25 Issue 5, pNP
The table of contents for the August 2010 issue of "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology" is presented.
- Introduction of the Neuropsychology Review Board of Editors: 2011-2013.
Sullivan, Edith // Neuropsychology Review; Dec2011, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p319
An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses the appointment of four new associate editors for the journal "Neuropsychology Review," a change in the membership of the Editorial Board of the journal, and thanks all the retiring editorial board members for their years of service.
- Allocation of attentional resources during habituation and dishabituation of male sexual arousal.
Koukounas, Eric; Over, Ray // Archives of Sexual Behavior; Dec1999, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p539
Examines the allocation of attentional resources during habituation and dishabituation of male sex arousal. Measurement of penile tumescence and subjective sexual arousal while men viewed erotic film segments; Effects of the introduction of novel erotic stimulation; Difference between male and...
- The outcome of depressive disorders in neurology patients: a prospective cohort study.
Carson, A.J.; Postma, K.; Stone, J.; Warlow, C.; Sharpe, M. // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry; Jul2003, Vol. 74 Issue 7, p893
Background: In a previous prospective study of 300 consecutive new attenders at neurology outpatient clinics, depressive disorders were diagnosed in 119 patients (40%) and major depressive disorder in 77 (26%). Objective: To describe the eight month outcome of depression in this cohort. Methods:...
- Health effects of solvent exposure among dockyard painters: mortality and neuropsychological symptoms.
Chen, R.; Dick, F.; Seaton, A. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine; Jun1999, Vol. 56 Issue 6, p383
Presents a study on mortality and prevalence of neuropsychological symptoms among a cohort of painters heavily exposed to organic solvents. Male painters who had worked in a dockyard in Scotland between 1950 and 1992; Association of painting exposure and aging with high symptom scores;...
- Neuropsychological symptoms in Chinese male and female painters: an epidemiological study in dockyard workers.
Chen, R.; Seaton, A.; Wei, L. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine; Jun1999, Vol. 56 Issue 6, p388
Presents a study on the prevalences of neuropsychological symptoms in male and female dockyard painters in China and comparison of them with those in British dockyards. Identification of active and retired painters who had been employed in two Chinese dockyards for at least one year together;...
- Health and neuropsychological functioning of dentists exposed to mercury.
Ritchie, K.A.; Gilmour, W.H.; Macdonald, E.B.; Burke, F.J.T.; McGowan, D.A.; Dale, I.M.; Hammersley, R.; Hamilton, R.M.; Binnie, V.; Collington, D. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine; May2002, Vol. 59 Issue 5, p287
Investigates the effect of mercury exposure on dentists in Scotland. Urinary mercury concentrations of the dentists; Kidney and memory disorders of dentists; Psychomotor performance of dentists.
- left brain/right brain theory.
Ritchie, K.A.; Gilmour, W.H.; Macdonald, E.B.; Burke, F.J.T.; McGowan, D.A.; Dale, I.M.; Hammersley, R.; Hamilton, R.M.; Binnie, V.; Collington, D. // Marketing (00253650); 5/25/2011, p13
The article offers information on the theory of left- and right-brain dominance.
- Selective mu and delta, but not kappa, opiate receptor antagonists inhibit the habituation of novelty-induced hypoalgesia in the rat.
Spreekmeester, E.; Rochford, J. // Psychopharmacology; 2000, Vol. 148 Issue 1, p99
Abstract Rationale: There is now extensive evidence demonstrating that exposure to novel stimuli induces hypoalgesia and that this effect habituates over repeated exposure to the stimuli. Moreover, it has been shown that administration of the nonselective opiate receptor antagonist naloxone can...
- Sustained attention and related perceptuomotor functions.
Weinstein, Martin; Nader, Todd // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Oct99, Vol. 89 Issue 2, p387
Examines the relationship between two measures of sustained attention on the Continuous Performance Test and several performance measures on neuropsychological tests. Prediction of performance on neuropsychological measures by sustained attention measured by processing speed; Sensitivity of the...
- Neuropsychological correlates of violence and aggression: An extension to suicidal behavior.
Lester, David // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Oct99, Vol. 89 Issue 2, p389
Presents evidence that neuropsychological syndromes which characterize some externally violent people may also explain some suicidal behavior, particularly in adolescents and those who repeat their suicidal behavior. Role of psychological and physical traumata in the childhood of suicidal...
- TOXIC MOLD AND MYCOTOXINS IN NEUROTOXICITY CASES: STACHYBOTRYS, FUSARIUM, TRICHODERMA, ASPERGILLUS, PENICILLIUM, CLADOSPORIUM, ALTERNARIA, TRICHOTHECENES.
Lees-Haley, Paul R. // Psychological Reports; Oct2003, Vol. 93 Issue 2, p561
Presented is the argument that psychologists have no scientific basis for rendering opinions about causation given the current state of the literature. The critical question is whether in a residence or office inhalation of mold spores or mold metabolites, including mycotoxins, causes...
Lees-Haley, Paul R. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Aug/Sep1980, Vol. 13 Issue 7, p65
Reports on developments concerning organizations that deal with learning disabilities as of August 1980. Inclusion of the focus on dyslexia and language communication at the November 1980 International Conference of the Orton Society; American Psychological Association's approval of the...
- Alternative impairment index: A measure of neuropsychological deficit.
Horton Jr., Arthur MacNeill // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Feb95, Vol. 80 Issue 1, p336
Evaluates how another new proposed measure of impairment called the Alternative Impairment Index compares in terms of estimating severity with the two established measures known as the Halstead Impairment Index and General Neuropsychological Deficit Scale. Testing of neuropsychological profile...