Citations with the tag: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

Results 51 - 100

  • Computerised neuropsychological testing.
    Collie, A.; Maruff, P. // British Journal of Sports Medicine; Feb2003, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p2 

    Focuses on the use of computerized neuropsychological assessment in the management of sports concussion. Role that neuropsychologists play in the administration and interpretation of computerized neuropsychological tests; Debate over whether it is appropriate for medical practitioners to...

  • Hippocampus selectively supports episodic memory retrieval.
    Reilly, Clay E. // Journal of Neurology; Nov2001, Vol. 248 Issue 11, p1014 

    Highlights the results of the study by L.L. Eldridge and colleagues showing that the hippocampus selectively supports episodic memory retrieval. Crucial significance of the hippocampus in declarative memory; Patient characteristics; Time-limited role of hippocampus in memory retrieval.

  • Cognitive functions of the posterior parietal cortex: top-down and bottom-up attentional control.
    Shomstein, Sarah // Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience; Jul2012, Vol. 6, p1 

    Although much less is known about human parietal cortex than that of homologous monkey cortex, recent studies, employing neuroimaging, and neuropsychological methods, have begun to elucidate increasingly fine-grained functional and structural distinctions. This review is focused on recent...

  • Thimerosal and Mercury Exposure.
    Shomstein, Sarah // Infectious Disease Alert; Nov2007, Vol. 27 Issue 2, Special section p2 

    The article provides information on the results of a study regarding the neuropsychological effects of mercury exposure from thimerosal among children. Exposure during infancy up to seven months was associated with good performance of fine motor coordination and attention and executive...

  • Mixing measures: testing an assumption of the attention network test.
    McConnell, Meghan; Shore, David // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics; May2011, Vol. 73 Issue 4, p1096 

    The human attention system has been subdivided into three networks that appear to be functionally and anatomically independent: alerting, orienting, and executive control. The Attention Network Test (ANT) is a quick and easy tool that measures the efficiency of these three networks by averaging...

  • Neuropsychology (Book).
    Kinsbourne, Mareel // American Scientist; Jan/Feb80, Vol. 68 Issue 1, p92 

    Reviews the non-fiction book 'Neuropsychology,' edited by Michael S. Gazzaniga.

  • Ambulatory Assessment in Neuropsychology.
    Schlotz, Wolff; Powell, Daniel J. H. // Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie; 2014, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p239 

    Neuropsychological disorders involve a variety of symptoms that often lead to substantial functional impairments in daily life. Research, assessment, and treatment should include a reference to daily life, considering symptoms, personality, and life circumstances of the individual patient....

  • Commentary on “A motion to exclude and the ‘fixed’ versus ‘flexible’ battery in ‘forensic’ neuropsychology”.
    Russell, Elbert W. // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Aug2007, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p787 

    Abstract: In a recent article Bigler criticized the utilization of the Daubert criterion in “motions to exclude”. He cited attempts to deny trial acceptability of assessment results derived from neuropsychological batteries that were not fixed or standardized. He argues that the...

  • Neuropsychology of Language, Reading and Spelling (Book Review).
    Wakefield Jr., James A.; Newberger, Darryl Alan // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Aug/Sep1984, Vol. 17 Issue 7 

    Reviews the book 'Neuropsychology of Language, Reading, and Spelling,' edited by Ursula Kirk.

  • The Evolutionary Significance of Habituation and Sensitization Across Phylogeny: A Behavioral Homeostasis Model.
    Eisenstein, E.M.; Eisenstein, D.; Smith, James C. // Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science; Oct-Dec2001, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p251 

    Discusses the evolutionary significance of habituation and sensitization for filtering iterative stimuli across phylogeny. Definition of stimulus, response and homeostasis; Sensitization in mammals; Phylogenetic distribution of behavioral characteristics associated with habituation and...

  • Patterns of cognitive ageing.
    Rabbitt, Patrick; Lowe, Christine // Psychological Research; 2000, Vol. 63 Issue 3/4, p308 

    1Abstract Neuroanatomical evidence suggests that normal ageing affects some brain areas, and the "local" functions they support, earlier and more severely than others. Changes appear to be especially marked in the hippocampus, temporal association and prefrontal cortex. Evidence from classical...

  • Free recall and organization as a function of varying relational encoding in action memory.
    Engelkamp, Johannes; Zimmer, Hubert D. // Psychological Research; 2002, Vol. 66 Issue 2, p91 

    A new approach was taken to study the question whether the free recall advantage of enacting actions (SPT), over only listening to their verbal descriptions (VT), is due to better relational encoding of SPTs than of VTs. The approach consisted of studying related lists and manipulating the...

  • Online Order Control in the Psychological Refractory Period Paradigm.
    Luria, Roy; Meiran, Nachshon // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Jun2003, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p556 

    The authors examined the role of online order control in the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm. In the first 2 experiments, participants switched between color-letter and letter-color orders so that subtask order was isolated as the only element being switched. The results indicated...

  • An exploratory study of the use of the Austin maze in South Africa.
    Grieve, Kate W; Viljoen, Steve // South African Journal of Psychology; Sept2000, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p14 

    A software version of the Austin Maze together with the Halstead-Reitan Category Test and Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices were administered to 30 students at the University of Venda, South Africa. For the entire sample, the average number of trials taken to reach criterion (that is, three...

  • Neuropsychological Correlates of Suboptimal Adherence to Metformin.
    Rosen, Marc I.; Beauvais, John E.; Rigsby, Michael O.; Salahi, Jamelah T.; Ryan, Caitlin E.; Cramer, Joyce A. // Journal of Behavioral Medicine; Aug2003, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p349 

    The goal of this study was to determine if neuropsychological function is associated with adherence to prescribed medication. Altogether, 79 patients with type II diabetes at a VA primary care clinic had adherence to the antihyperglycemic drug metformin measured with MEMS[sup ®] caps over a...

  • A feedforward model of suppressive and facilitatory habituation effects.
    Dragoi, Valentin // Biological Cybernetics; 2002, Vol. 86 Issue 6, p419 

    Simple exposure to repeatitive stimulation is known to induce short-term learning effects across a wide range of species. These effects can be both suppressive and facilitatory depending on stimulus conditions: repeatitive presentation of a weak stimulus decreases the strength of the response...

  • Stability of performance on neuropsychological tests in patients with schizophrenia.
    Rosmark, B.; Ösby, U.; Engelbrektson, K.; Nyman, H. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience; 1999, Vol. 249 Issue 6, p299 

    Abstract This study evaluated the stability of performance on neuropsychological tests in a group of 14 schizophrenic patients. These patients were first tested as inpatients and later on as outpatients. The patients' results are also compared with matched normal controls and with standardized...

  • A prospective 2-year follow-up study of neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.
    Albus, Margot; Hubmann, Werner; Scherer, Josef; Dreikorn, Bettina; Hecht, Susanne; Sobizack, Norbert; Mohr, Fritz // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience; 2002, Vol. 252 Issue 6, p262 

    To investigate the temporal stability, or progressivity, of neuropsychological (NP) impairment in schizophrenia, 50 patients with first episode (FE) schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls were given a battery of tests at the outset of the study and after a two-year interval. Both patient and...

  • Impaired working speed and executive functions as frontal lobe dysfunctions in young first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients.
    Klemm, Silke; Schmidt, Beate; Knappe, Susanne; Blanz, Bernhard // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry; Oct2006, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p400 

    The aim of the investigation was to detect neuropsychological markers, such as sustained and selective attention and executive functions, which contribute to the vulnerability to schizophrenia especially in young persons. Performance was assessed in 32 siblings and children of schizophrenic...

  • Assessment of developmental toxicity: neuropsychological batteries
    Bernstein, Jane Holmes // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements; 1994 Supplement 2, Vol. 102, p141 

    No abstract available.

  • Editorial Preface.
    Mesibov, Gary B. // Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders; Dec2000, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p509 

    Editorial. Introduces a series of articles about autism in children.. Neuropsychological and psychological processes involved in autism; Role of cerebellum in autism; Acquisition and generalization of learning in children with autism.

  • The Neuropsychological Basis of Educational Intervention.
    Hartlage, Lawrence C. // Journal of Learning Disabilities; Nov83, Vol. 16 Issue 9 

    Addresses the issue of the neuropsychological assessment-intervention interface for the education of the learning disabled. Review of the research relating to the diagnostic prescriptive teaching; Arguments that discouraging conclusions reached by a number of authors may negate the use of...

  • Cognitive neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind.
    Stone, Tony; Davies, Martin // British Journal for the Philosophy of Science; Dec93, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p589 

    Focuses on cognitive neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind. Philosophy of science and nature of philosophy; Recognition without awareness; Myth of mental process; Philosophical lessons from cognitive neuropsychology.

  • Book reviews.
    Stone, Tony; Davies, Martin // Age & Ageing; Sep92, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p384 

    Reviews the book `Handbook of Neuropsychology, Volume 5: Section 8: Aging and Dementia (Part 2),' edited by S. Corkin, `Section 9: Cognitive, Methodological and Practical Approaches,' edited by J. Grafman and F. Boller.

  • Plaintiff in a lie.
    Crane, Mark // Medical Economics; 5/28/96, Vol. 73 Issue 10, p155 

    Reports on the determination of the validity of a claim of a patient of medical malpractice through the use of neuropsychology. Accuracy of tests and testing materials; Ability to catch malingering of symptoms; Determination if a claimed disability is consistent with the event that supposedly...

  • Neuropsychological impairment in multiple sclerosis patients: the role of (juxta)cortical lesion on FLAIR.
    Lazeron, R.H.C.; Langdon, D.W.; Filippi, M.; van Waesberghe, J.H.T.M.; Stevenson, V.L.; Boringa, J.B.S.; Origgi, D.; Thompson, A.J.; Falautano, M.; Polman, C.H.; Barkhof, F. // Multiple Sclerosis (13524585); Aug2000, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p280 

    In this study we evaluated the correlation between neuropsychological impairment (measured with the Brief Repeatable Battery Neuropsychological Tests) and (juxta)cortical lesions detected with FLAIR and the relative sensitivity of the FLAIR sequence compared to spin-echo MRI sequences in...

  • Why We Laugh.
    Wilson, Jim // Popular Mechanics; Mar2003, Vol. 180 Issue 3, p40 

    Focuses on efforts made by various scientists to understand the neuropsychology of brain in comprehending a joke. Details of a project created by Richard Wiseman, a psychologist at University of Hertfordshire near London, England to find the world's funniest joke; Reasons why people find jokes...

    Gouvier, Wm. Drew; Prejean, Joseph G. // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Feb2003, Vol. 96 Issue 1, p339 

    Brief summary test profiles are described for two cases of long-term inhalation recreationally of gasoline.

  • Death Is Not A Door: The Re-emergence of the Ancient Binary Soul Doctrine in Analytical Psychology and Neuropsychology and its Implications for Our Religious and Cultural Conceptions of the Afterlife: Part 1.
    Novak, Peter // Journal of Religion & Psychical Research; Jul2000, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p156 

    A peculiar after death belief — the binary soul doctrine — could have been as close as humanity has ever come to having a single world religion. Cultures all over the Earth once held strikingly similar beliefs about the afterlife, crediting people with not one, but two souls....

  • Special Section of Neuropsychology Review on HIV/NeuroAIDS.
    Sullivan, Edith V. // Neuropsychology Review; Jun2009, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p143 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one by Ashley A. Gorman and colleagues on the influence of neuropsychological impairment on activities of daily life, another by Eileen M. Martin-Thormeyer and Robert H. Paul on the effects of comorbidities on...

  • Neonatal risk factors and risk scores including auditory evoked responses.
    Pasman, J. W.; Rotteveel, J. J.; Maassen, B.; de Graaf, R.; Kollée, A. A. // European Journal of Pediatrics; 1998, Vol. 157 Issue 3, p230 

    Abstract In a prospective study, 81 preterm infants and 25 healthy term infants were neurologically and neurophysiologically evaluated in the neonatal period. At 5-7 years of age the neurodevelopmental outcome was assessed. The validity and predictive value of the Neonatal Neurological Inventory...

  • Usefulness of a 15-Item Version of the Boston Naming Test in Neuropsychological Assessment of Low-Educational Elders With Dementia.
    Calero, M. Dolores; Arnedo, M. Luisa; Navarro, Elena; Ruiz-Pedrosa, Mónica; Carnero, Cristobal // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia; Mar2002, Vol. 57 Issue 2, pP187 

    Examines effectivity of the reduced version of Boston Naming Test (BNT) in neuropsychological assessment of low-educational elders with dementia. Equivalence of the reduced version with complete BNT; Significance of gender variable; Validation of other reduced forms.

  • Development of the Korean Version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's....
    Lee, Jung H.; Lee, Kang U.; Lee, Dong Y.; Kim, Ki W.; Jhoo, Jin H.; Kim, Ju H.; Lee, Kun H.; Kim, Sung Y.; Han, Sul H.; Woo, Jong I. // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia; Jan2002, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p47 

    Examines the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet (CERAD-K) in Korea. Translation of the English-American version of the CERAD clinical and neuropsychological assessment battery into Korean; Establishment of the psychometrical properties of the cognitive...

  • Contents Page.
    Lee, Jung H.; Lee, Kang U.; Lee, Dong Y.; Kim, Ki W.; Jhoo, Jin H.; Kim, Ju H.; Lee, Kun H.; Kim, Sung Y.; Han, Sul H.; Woo, Jong I. // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Aug2010, Vol. 25 Issue 5, pNP 

    The table of contents for the August 2010 issue of "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology" is presented.

  • Introduction of the Neuropsychology Review Board of Editors: 2011-2013.
    Sullivan, Edith // Neuropsychology Review; Dec2011, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p319 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses the appointment of four new associate editors for the journal "Neuropsychology Review," a change in the membership of the Editorial Board of the journal, and thanks all the retiring editorial board members for their years of service.

  • Allocation of attentional resources during habituation and dishabituation of male sexual arousal.
    Koukounas, Eric; Over, Ray // Archives of Sexual Behavior; Dec1999, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p539 

    Examines the allocation of attentional resources during habituation and dishabituation of male sex arousal. Measurement of penile tumescence and subjective sexual arousal while men viewed erotic film segments; Effects of the introduction of novel erotic stimulation; Difference between male and...

  • Health and neuropsychological functioning of dentists exposed to mercury.
    Ritchie, K.A.; Gilmour, W.H.; Macdonald, E.B.; Burke, F.J.T.; McGowan, D.A.; Dale, I.M.; Hammersley, R.; Hamilton, R.M.; Binnie, V.; Collington, D. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine; May2002, Vol. 59 Issue 5, p287 

    Investigates the effect of mercury exposure on dentists in Scotland. Urinary mercury concentrations of the dentists; Kidney and memory disorders of dentists; Psychomotor performance of dentists.

  • Selective mu and delta, but not kappa, opiate receptor antagonists inhibit the habituation of novelty-induced hypoalgesia in the rat.
    Spreekmeester, E.; Rochford, J. // Psychopharmacology; 2000, Vol. 148 Issue 1, p99 

    Abstract Rationale: There is now extensive evidence demonstrating that exposure to novel stimuli induces hypoalgesia and that this effect habituates over repeated exposure to the stimuli. Moreover, it has been shown that administration of the nonselective opiate receptor antagonist naloxone can...

  • Sustained attention and related perceptuomotor functions.
    Weinstein, Martin; Nader, Todd // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Oct99, Vol. 89 Issue 2, p387 

    Examines the relationship between two measures of sustained attention on the Continuous Performance Test and several performance measures on neuropsychological tests. Prediction of performance on neuropsychological measures by sustained attention measured by processing speed; Sensitivity of the...

  • Neuropsychological correlates of violence and aggression: An extension to suicidal behavior.
    Lester, David // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Oct99, Vol. 89 Issue 2, p389 

    Presents evidence that neuropsychological syndromes which characterize some externally violent people may also explain some suicidal behavior, particularly in adolescents and those who repeat their suicidal behavior. Role of psychological and physical traumata in the childhood of suicidal...

    Lees-Haley, Paul R. // Psychological Reports; Oct2003, Vol. 93 Issue 2, p561 

    Presented is the argument that psychologists have no scientific basis for rendering opinions about causation given the current state of the literature. The critical question is whether in a residence or office inhalation of mold spores or mold metabolites, including mycotoxins, causes...

  • Alternative impairment index: A measure of neuropsychological deficit.
    Horton Jr., Arthur MacNeill // Perceptual & Motor Skills; Feb95, Vol. 80 Issue 1, p336 

    Evaluates how another new proposed measure of impairment called the Alternative Impairment Index compares in terms of estimating severity with the two established measures known as the Halstead Impairment Index and General Neuropsychological Deficit Scale. Testing of neuropsychological profile...

  • Computerized Neuropsychological Assessments: Pros and Cons.
    Kemp, Andrew H.; Hatch, Ainslie; WiIIiams, Leanne M.; Woo, Ellen // CNS Spectrums: The International Journal of Neuropsychiatric Med; Mar2009, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p118 

    Two letters to the editor are presented in response to the article "Computerized Neuropsychological Assessments," by Ellen Woo in a previous issue.

  • Criterion Validity of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery after Traumatic Brain Injury.
    Donders, Jacobus; Levitt, Terry // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Jun2012, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p440 

    The performance of 54 patients with complicated mild–severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) was evaluated on the Attention, Executive Functions, and Memory modules of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) and compared with that of 54 demographically matched healthy controls. All...

  • Author Index.
    Donders, Jacobus; Levitt, Terry // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Nov2004, Vol. 19 Issue 7, p1001 

    An author index for the 2004 issue of the publication "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology" is presented.

  • Testing models of cognition through the analysis of brain-damaged performance.
    Bub, Jeffrey // British Journal for the Philosophy of Science; Sep94, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p837 

    Proposes a modified formulation of Glymour's discovery problem and argues that a skeptical conclusion about the possibility of cognitive neuropsychology as an empirical science is not warranted. Adequacy of the methods of neuropsychology; Formulation of a discovery problem for cognitive...

  • Contents Page.
    Bub, Jeffrey // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Jun2010, Vol. 25 Issue 4, pNP 

    The table of contents for the 2010 issue of "Archive of Clinical Neuropsychology" is presented.

  • Contents Page.
    Bub, Jeffrey // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology; Jun2010, Vol. 25 Issue 4, pNP 

    The article offers information on the subscription policy of the journal "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology."

  • California Verbal Learning Test.
    Bub, Jeffrey // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p340 

    An encyclopedia entry for the "California Verbal Learning Test" (CVLT), a neuropsychiatric test designed to measure the ability to remember heard words, is presented.

  • habituation.
    Bub, Jeffrey // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p998 

    Definitions of the term "habituation," one of which refers to the newborn's unconscious suppression or extinction of automatic physiological responses to commonly experienced stimuli, as well as an entry for "newborn habituation," are presented.

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