Citations with the tag: MYCELIUM

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  • mycelium (mycelia pl):.
    Schlegel, Rolf H. J. // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Plant Breeding & Related Subjects; 2003, p283 

    A definition of the term "mycelium," which refers to a mass of hyphae that form the body of a fungus, is presented.

  • primary inoculum:.
    Schlegel, Rolf H. J. // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Plant Breeding & Related Subjects; 2003, p335 

    A definition of the term "primary inoculum," which refers to spores or fragments of a mycelium capable of initiating a disease, is presented.

  • Tricholoma matsutake 1-Ocen-3-ol and methyl cinnamate repel mycophagous Proisotoma minuta (Collembola: Insecta).
    Satoshi Shimano; Masahiro Suzuki // Mycorrhiza; Feb2008, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p111 

    Abstract  Two major volatiles produced by the mycelia and fruiting bodies of Tricholoma matsutake (1-octen-3-ol and methyl cinnamate) repel a mycophagous collembolan, Proisotoma minuta. Aggregation of the collembolans on their diet was significantly inhibited by exposure to...

  • Growth and viability of mycelial fragments of white-rot fungi on some hydrogels.
    Le�tan, D; Le�tan, M; Lamar, R T // Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology; Mar98, Vol. 20 Issue 3/4, p244 

    The viability of mycelial fragments of Trametes versicolor and Irpex lacteus and their growth on selected hydrogels are described. The size of mycelial fragments of the fungi did not significantly influence their viability. Alginate hydrogel films supported fungal growth better than agarose,...

  • The A-factor regulatory cascade and cAMP in the regulation of physiological and morphological development in Streptomyces griseus.
    Horinouchi, S; Ohnishi, Y; Kang, D-K // Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology; Sep2001, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p177 

    In the A-factor regulatory cascade leading to the onset of streptomycin biosynthesis and aerial mycelium formation in Streptomyces griseus, the A-factor receptor protein (ArpA) serves as a DNA-binding repressor and A-factor releases the repression by binding to ArpA and dissociating it from the...

    Norlander, Britt; Wallace, Audra; Crane, Cody; Tweed, Katherine // Science World; 4/19/2010, Vol. 66 Issue 13, p3 

    This section offers news briefs concerning science, including the use of microbes in painting, a new star called Alcor and the EcoCradle, a packaging material made of Mycelium or roots of fungi.

  • Fungi-fragment pesticides.
    Cooke, Linda // Agricultural Research; Jan1995, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p20 

    Focuses on the use of sclerotia fungi as base for making biological insecticide. Isolation of 125 compounds which promise to be good insecticides; Comparability of some compounds to malathion; Potential for mass production.

  • Factors That Affect the Occurrence of Fumonisin.
    Miller, J. David // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements; May2001 Supplement 2, Vol. 109, p321 

    The two important Fusarium ear rots of corn, Gibberella ear rot (Fusarium graminearum, formally F. moniliforme and allied species) and Fusarium ear rot (F. verticillioides and allied species) grow under different environmental conditions. F. graminearum grows well only between 26 and 28�C...

  • Pleurotus eryngii (DC.) Gillet'in Tek Spor Izolatlarinin Eldesi, Melezlenmesi ve Yeni Melezlerin Misel B�y�me Hizlarinin Saptanmasi.
    Kalmis, Erbil; Atmaca, A. Mehmet; Kalyoncu, Fatih // Firat University Journal of Science; Jun2009, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p19 

    Pleurotus eryngii is a commercially produced mushroom. Spores obtained from four wild basidiocarps of Pleurotus eryngii which were collected from different regions of Turkey were germinated in this study. Single spore isolates were crossed by each other in order to obtain new hybrids. Mycelial...

  • An entomological surprise.
    Evans-Jones, J. G.; McGarry, J.; Hall, M. // International Journal of STD & AIDS; Jul2009, Vol. 20 Issue 7, p517 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article on sclerotized cephalopharyngeal skeleton that was published in the previous issue.

  • hypha.
    Evans-Jones, J. G.; McGarry, J.; Hall, M. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p1129 

    A definition of the term "hypha," which pertains to a filament of mold or part of a mold mycelium, is presented.

  • mycelium.
    Evans-Jones, J. G.; McGarry, J.; Hall, M. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p1520 

    A definition of the term "mycelium" which refers to the mass of filament which contains the vegetative body of fungi is presented.

  • Co-expression of the Mating-Type Genes Involved in Internuclear Recognition Is Lethal in...
    Coppin, Evelyne; Debuchy, Robert // Genetics; Jun2000, Vol. 155 Issue 2, p657 

    Characterizes four mating-type genes encoding transcriptional factors in the heterothallic filamentous fungus Podospora anserina. Control of fertilization by FPR1 and FMR1; Transcriptional control of the mat genes; Expression of FMR1 and FPR1 in both mycelia and perithecia; Transcription of...

  • Morphology transition genes in the dimorphic fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces japonicus.
    Klara Enczi; Masashi Yamaguchi; Matthias Sipiczki // Antonie van Leeuwenhoek; Aug2007, Vol. 92 Issue 2, p143 

    Abstract  The ability of the saprophytic fungus Schizosaccharomyces japonicus to alternate between unicellular yeast form and multicellular true mycelium makes this organism an attractive non-pathogenic model for the investigation of di- and polymorphism critical for...

    Yuxin Wang; Jian Yu // Water Science & Technology; 1998, Vol. 38 Issue 4/5, p233 

    Discusses the adsorption and degradation of synthetic dyes on the mycelium of Trametes versicolor. Dye removal and adsorption in fungal cultures; Desorption and degradation of adsorbed dyes; Fungal cultures.

  • Review of The Effects of Mycelium and Different Substrates on the Degradation of Oil.
    Chopra, Naveen // Canadian Young Scientist Journal; 2010, Vol. 2010 Issue 2, p38 

    The article reviews the article "The Effects of Mycelium and Different Substrates on the Degradation of Oil," by Juliana Skuza, which appeared in the journal "Canadian Young Scientist Journal" on February 2010.

  • Hyp Loci control cell pattern formation in the vegetative mycelium of Aspergillus nidulans.
    Kaminskyj, Susan G.W.; Hamer, John E. // Genetics; Feb98, Vol. 148 Issue 2, p669 

    Focuses on a description of the characterization of six conditional mutants, defining five genes that appear to play roles in the vegetative mycelial pattern formation. Materials and methods used; Reference to analyses which suggests that hypC controls the spacing of septa and may be involved...

  • Shroom Boom.
    Cosier, Susan // Audubon; May/Jun2010, Vol. 112 Issue 3, p24 

    The article features Evocative, a company owned by Eben Bayer that uses mycelium or mushroom roots to make a biodegradable, chemical-free product that could replace Styrofoam.

  • Taxonomic placement for mycelia sterilia in endophytic fungal research: a molecular approach.
    Naik, B. Shankar // Current Science (00113891); 11/10/2009, Vol. 97 Issue 9, p1276 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article the molecular approach of taxonomic placement for mycelia sterilia in endophytic fungal research.

    Payne, Chris; Woodward, Steve; Petty, J. Alan // Forest Products Journal; Jul/Aug2001, Vol. 51 Issue 7/8, p89 

    Monoterpenes form part of the natural defenses against pathogenic fungi in conifers. As a result of exposure to kiln-drying, up to 50 percent of the monoterpene content of softwood timber can be lost. This paper reports an in vitro investigation of the effect of high monoterpene vapor...

  • Comparison of the morphological and physiological features of the red rot disease fungus Pythium sp. isolated from Porphyra yezoensis from Korea and Japan.
    PARK, C; SAKAGUCHI, K; KAKINUMA, M; AMANO, H // Fisheries Science; Apr2000, Vol. 66 Issue 2, p261 

    SUMMARY:The morphological and physiological characteristics of Pythium sp. isolated from Wando, Korea, were compared by the general mycological characteristics, behaviors to environmental conditions (e.g. temperature, pH, and salinity) and nutritional requirements for growth with those isolated...

  • sclerotium (sclerotia pl):.
    Schlegel, Rolf H. J. // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Plant Breeding & Related Subjects; 2003, p367 

    A definition of the term "sclerotium" is presented, which means a dense, compact mycelial mass which is capable of remaining dormant for extended periods.

  • hy·pha.
    Schlegel, Rolf H. J. // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary; 2009, p175 

    A definition of the term "hypha" or its plural form "hyphae" is presented. The term is used to describe one of the long slender tubes that form the structural parts of the body of a fungus. Masses of hyphae make up the mycelium.

  • The structure of micromycete communities and their synecologic interactions with basidiomycetes during plant debris decomposition.
    Terekhova, V. A.; Semenova, T. A. // Microbiology (00262617); Jan2005, Vol. 74 Issue 1, p91 

    We investigated the interactions between micromycetes and basidiomycete mycelium on plant substrates in the course of their 3-year incubation in the litter of ecologically intact spruce forests of the Central Forest State Biosphere Reservoir (Nelidovo district, Tver oblast). Only 40-60% of the...

  • Sunflower Inbred Lines Screening for Tolerance to White Rot on Stalk.
    Dedić, Boško; Miladinović, Dragana; Jocić, Siniša; Terzić, Sreten; Tančić, Sonja; Dušanić, Nenad; Miklič, Vladimir // Field & Vegetable Crops Research / Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo; 2011, Vol. 48 Issue 1, p167 

    Seventy sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) inbred lines were screened for tolerance to white rot on stalk. Plants were inoculated at the budding stage, with 4-day old Sclerotinia mycelium grown on PDA medium. Mycelium was placed on the leaf top and covered with tin foil, and the leaf was put into...

  • Composition and Biological Activity of Submerged Mycelium of the Xylotrophic Basidiomycete Lentinus edodes.
    Lobanok, A. G.; Babitskaya, V. G.; Plenina, L. V.; Puchkova, T. A.; Osadchaya, O. V. // Applied Biochemistry & Microbiology; Jan/Feb2003, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p60 

    The composition of submerged mycelium of Lentinus edodes grown in laboratory fermenters was studied. The mycelium contained 23–24% proteins, 8–9% lipids, up to 1.8% phenolic substances, and a significant amount of inorganic substances, including calcium and iron. The fungus...

  • How Mushrooms Can Help Save the World.
    Alleger, Irene // Townsend Letter; Apr2009, Issue 309, p88 

    The article reviews the book "Mycelium Running," by Paul Stamets.

  • Symbiosis of a termite and a sclerotium-forming fungus: Sclerotia mimic termite eggs.
    Matsuura, K.; Tanaka, C.; Nishida, T. // Ecological Research; Dec2000, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p405 

    Brown balls, of a similar size but different shape to termite eggs, were found frequently in the piles of eggs of the subterranean termite Reticulitermes speratus. rDNA analysis identified the ball as the sclerotia of the fungus, Fibularhizoctonia sp. nov, which is phylogenetically closest to...

  • Tea extract as an inexpensive inducer of pectin lyase in Penicillium griseoroseum cultured on sucrose.
    Baracat-Pereira, M C; Minussi, R C; Coelho, J L C; Silva, D O // Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology; May97, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p308 

    Extracts of tea, coffee, cocoa, and yeast induced pectin lyase (PL) in Penicillium griseoroseum cultured in a mineral medium with sucrose as the carbon source. PL activity and fungal growth were similar in the treatments with 0.5% tea extract, the highest concentration tested, and 0.03% yeast...

  • Mycelial Fungi Maintained in the All-Russia Collection of Microorganisms (VKM).
    Ozerskaya, S. M.; Kochkina, G. A.; Ivanushkina, N. E.; Zaprometova, K. M.; Eremina, S. S. // Applied Biochemistry & Microbiology; Sep2005, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p524 

    Data on the possibility of using the diversity of mycelial fungi maintained in the All-Russia Collection of Microorganisms (VKM) at the Institute for Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms (Russian Academy of Sciences) for research and biotechnological purposes (as producers) are...

  • my·ce·li·um.
    Ozerskaya, S. M.; Kochkina, G. A.; Ivanushkina, N. E.; Zaprometova, K. M.; Eremina, S. S. // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary; 2009, p232 

    A definition of the term "mycelium" is presented. It refers to the mass of the fine branching tubes that forms the main growing structure of a fungus. Visible structures like mushrooms are reproductive structures produced by the mycelium.

  • Relationship between the Carbohydrate Specificity of Lectins and the Carbohydrate Composition of the Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing [ Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler] Mycelium at Different Stages of Its Morphogenesis.
    Tsivileva, O. M.; Nikitina, V. E.; Makarov, O. E.; Garibova, L. V. // Microbiology (00262617); Sep2005, Vol. 74 Issue 5, p621 

    The specificity of lectins from the basidiomycete Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Sing [ Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler] during solid-state cultivation was found to be maximum to carbohydrates detected in the pyri-dine-soluble fraction of mycelium during the brown mycelial film stage. The carbohydrate...

  • Changes in growth competence of aged Trichoderma viride vegetative mycelia.
    Martin Šimkovič; Peter Ditte; Peter Chovanec; L’udovít Varečka; Boris Lakatoš // Antonie van Leeuwenhoek; May2007, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p407 

    Abstract  Identical masses of submerged Trichoderma viride mycelia of various ages were used as inoculum for a second submerged cultivation lasting for 24 h. It was found that the growth yield of secondary culture was dependent on the age of inoculum. The growth yields increased when...

  • Evidence of a new biotransformation pathway of p-coumaric acid into p-hydroxybenzaldehyde in Pycnoporus cinnabarinus.
    Alvarado, I. Estrada; Lomascolo, A.; Navarro, D.; Delattre, M.; Asther, M.; Lesage-Meessen, L. // Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology; Dec2001, Vol. 57 Issue 5/6, p725 

    Pycnoporus cinnabarinus MUCL39533 was shown to be able to convert p-coumaric acid into p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, a component of high organoleptic note present in natural vanilla aroma. Use of phospholipid-enriched medium led to high-density cultures of P. cinnabarinus, since dry mycelial biomass...

  • Secretion of human interferon alpha 2b by Streptomyces lividans.
    Pimienta, E.; Fando, R.; Sánchez, J. C.; Vallin, C. // Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology; Jan2002, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p189 

    Biologically active human interferon alpha 2b (HuIFNα-2b) was secreted into the culture medium by Streptomyces lividans transformed with recombinant plasmids coding for HuIFNα-2b fused to the Streptomyces exfoliatus M11 lipase A signal sequence. Levels were low, 15 or 100 ng/ml, depending...

  • Mutations in the myp1 gene of Ustilago maydis attenuate mycelial growth and virulence.
    Giasson, Luc; Kronstad, James W. // Genetics; Oct95, Vol. 141 Issue 2, p491 

    Describes the construction and insertional mutagenesis of a haploid strain of a Ustilago maydis mutant gene with a mycelial phenotype (myp-1). Isolation and sequence analysis of myp1; Disruption or deletion mutations in the myp-1 gene; Role of myp-1 in mycelial growth and virulence.

  • Structural characterization and molecular identification of arbuscular mycorrhiza morphotypes of Alzatea verticillata (Alzateaceae), a prominent tree in the tropical mountain rain forest of South Ecuador.
    Adela Beck; Ingeborg Haug; Franz Oberwinkler; Ingrid Kottke // Mycorrhiza; Oct2007, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p607 

    Abstract  The vast majority of the highly diverse trees in the tropical mountain rain forest of South Ecuador form arbuscular mycorrhizas, and previous molecular investigations revealed a high diversity of fungi. In this study, we present a first trial to link fungal...

  • cAMP promotes hyphal branching in Mucor globosus.
    Kubo, Hiroyoshi; Mihara, Hitoshi // Mycoscience (Springer Science & Business Media B.V.); Jun2007, Vol. 48 Issue 3, p187 

    The growth pattern of Mucor globosus cultured on a medium with or without cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) was examined. Branching remarkably increased in a mycelium grown on an agar medium containing cAMP. In submerged culture containing cAMP, some sporangiospores grew spherically and...

  • Morphological development of Morchella conica mycelium on different agar media.
    Guler, P.; Ozkaya, E. G. // Journal of Environmental Biology; Jul2009, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p601 

    The present study presents the development of mycelium of Morchella conica where different concentration of sucrose added at different agar media. For this sucrose have been added as 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00 and 1.25% concentration to wheat agar, potato dextrose agar, malt extract agar and...

  • New efficient producers of fungal laccases.
    Myasoedova, N.; Chernykh, A.; Psurtseva, N.; Belova, N.; Golovleva, L. // Applied Biochemistry & Microbiology; Jan2008, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p73 

    Two promising strains of laccase producers— Lentinus strigosus 1566 and Steccherinum ochraceum 1833—were found by screening of basidiomycetes. The cultivation conditions increasing the enzyme yield were selected. The maximal laccase activity was observed in the case of submerged...

  • Genetic polymorphism of ferula mushroom growing on Ferula sinkiangensis.
    JinXia Zhang; ChenYang Huang; Tzi Bun Ng; HeXiang Wang // Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology; Jul2006, Vol. 71 Issue 3, p304 

    Mating tests, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence analysis, intergenic spacer 1–restriction fragment length polymorphism (IGS1-RFLP), IGS1 sequence analysis, and IGS2-RFLP analysis were carried out on isolates of 17 morphologically different Pleurotus mushrooms collected on Ferula...

  • Seasonal and leaf age-dependent changes in occurrence of phyllosphere fungi of giant dogwood.
    Osono, Takashi; Mori, Akira // Mycoscience (Springer Science & Business Media B.V.); Oct2005, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p273 

    To examine the relative importance of leaf age and season on the occurrence of phyllosphere fungi, temporal patterns of epiphytic and endophytic phyllosphere fungi of giant dogwood ( Swida controversa) were studied with reference to leaf emergence at first occurrence and in the middle of the...

  • Early germination leads to high risk of Sclerotinia.
    Abram, Mike // Farmers Weekly; 3/30/2012, Vol. 157 Issue 13, p57 

    The article focuses on the high risk of sclerotinia due to the early germination of sclerotia, wherein it needs soil temperature that is below 10C, abd adequate rain for the maturation of sclerotia within 14 days.

  • Holoparasitic Rafflesiaceae possess the most reduced endophytes and yet give rise to the world's largest flowers.
    Nikolov, Lachezar A.; Tomlinson, P. B.; Manickam, Sugumaran; Endress, Peter K.; Kramer, Elena M.; Davis, Charles C. // Annals of Botany; Aug2014, Vol. 114 Issue 2, p233 

    Background and Aims Species in the holoparasitic plant family Rafflesiaceae exhibit one of the most highly modified vegetative bodies in flowering plants. Apart from the flower shoot and associated bracts, the parasite is a mycelium-like endophyte living inside their grapevine hosts. This study...

  • Changes in Volatile Production During the Course of Fungal Mycelial Interactions Between Hypholoma fasciculare and Resinicium bicolor.
    Juliet Hynes; Carsten Müller; T. Jones; Lynne Boddy // Journal of Chemical Ecology; Jan2007, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p43 

    Abstract??The mycelia of two wood decay basidiomycete fungi were grown opposing each other across a 1-?m pore membrane supported on the surface of malt broth, contained within a sealable reaction vessel. Production of volatiles during the time course of interaction was followed by collecting...

  • Biodegradation of an Organoselenium Compound to Elemental Selenium by Lentinula edodes (Shiitake) Mushroom.
    Tsivileva, Olga; Loshchinina, Ekaterina; Pankratov, Alexei; Burashnikova, Marina; Yurasov, Nikolay; Bylinkina, Nina; Kazarinov, Ivan; Nikitina, Valentina // Biological Trace Element Research; Oct2012, Vol. 149 Issue 1, p97 

    The present paper reports for the first time the transformation of an organic selenium compound into red selenium (Se), which causes the intense red pigmentation of Lentinula edodes (shiitake mushroom) mycelia. The biotransformation of 1,5-diphenyl-3-selenopentanedione-1,5 (diacetophenonyl...

  • Developmental cycle and pharmaceutically relevant compounds of Salinispora actinobacteria isolated from Great Barrier Reef marine sponges.
    Ng, Yi; Hewavitharana, Amitha; Webb, Richard; Shaw, P.; Fuerst, John // Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology; Apr2013, Vol. 97 Issue 7, p3097 

    The developmental cycle of the obligate marine antibiotic producer actinobacterium Salinispora arenicola isolated from a Great Barrier Reef marine sponge was investigated in relation to mycelium and spore ultrastructure, synthesis of rifamycin antibiotic compounds, and expression of genes...

  • Propagules of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a secondary dry forest of Oaxaca, Mexico.
    Guadarrama, Patricia; Castillo-Argüero, Silvia; Ramos-Zapata, José A.; Camargo-Ricalde, Sara L.; Álvarez-Sánchez, Javier // Revista de Biología Tropical; mar2008, Vol. 56 Issue 1, p269 

    Plant cover loss due to changes in land use promotes a decrease in spore diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), viable mycelium and, therefore, in AMF colonization, this has an influence in community diversity and, as a consequence, in its recovery. To evaluate different AMF...

    Mironescu, Monica; Mironescu, I. D.; Georgescu, Cecilia // Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology; 2010, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p162 

    This research investigates the action of five new biocides on three moulds isolated from the old defence walls of the city of Sibiu in Romania, belonging to the genera Alternaria, Aureobasidium and Penicillium. The biocides were prepared at ICECHIM Bucharest. The morphological changes induced by...

  • Effect of Inoculation Process on Lycopene Production by Blakeslea trispora in a Stirred-Tank Reactor.
    Wang, Qiang; Feng, Ling-ran; Luo, Wei; Li, Han-guang; Zhou, Ya; Yu, Xiao-bin // Applied Biochemistry & Biotechnology; Jan2015, Vol. 175 Issue 2, p770 

    Lycopene biosynthesis by Blakeslea trispora was greatly enhanced in a stirred-tank reactor when a nonsynchronous inoculation process, in which the (+) mating type was inoculated after the (−) mating type has been grown for a certain period of time, was applied. The lycopene concentration...

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