Citations with the tag: INDO-Aryan languages

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  • A Brief Introduction of Hindko Language.
    Raja, Nasim Akhtar; Haroon-ur-Rashid; Sohail, Ayesha // Language in India; Nov2011, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p471 

    The main focus of this paper is to introduce briefly an Indo-Aryan language called Hindko, specifically, sketching out its grammar essential for understanding its salient structural characters. Structurally, this language resembles its sister languages like Hindi Urdu, Punjabi etc. Though,...

  • A New Survey of the Indo-Aryan Languages.
    Masica, Colin P. // Journal of the American Oriental Society; Jan-Mar2006, Vol. 125 Issue 1, p79 

    Reviews the book "The Indo-Aryan Languages," edited by George Cardona and Dhanesh Jain.

  • Diverse Indo-Iranian Etymological Notes.
    Hamp, Eric P. // Journal of the American Oriental Society; Jan-Mar2001, Vol. 121 Issue 1, p89 

    Presents several notes on the etymological origins of some remains in the nomina agentis class in the modern Indo-Aryan languages. Array of forms under their etyma in the `Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages'; Etymology of taksan, rajan, sarabha and salabha.

  • The Domari Language of Aleppo (Syria).
    Herin, Bruno // Linguistic Discovery; 2012, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p1 

    The goal of this paper is to shed light on an under-described variety of Domari, a very scarcely documented Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Dōm, who are often referred to as "the Middle-Eastern Gypsies". Described as an archaic Indo-Aryan language, Domari is known to the scholarly community...

  • Reduplication in Bengali Language.
    Rana, Sohel // Language in India; Nov2010, Vol. 10 Issue 11, p88 

    The article discusses the reduplication process in Bengali language, which repeats all or part of the base with or without internal change before or after the base itself.

  • The Writer and the Word.
    Rao, Raja // World Literature Today; Fall88, Vol. 62 Issue 4, p538 

    Discusses the meanings of the word Rãma. Constituents of a book; Analysis of the combination of Rã with ma; Information on the Sanskrit language.

  • Darai verb agreement.
    Dhakal, Dubi Nanda // Himalayan Linguistics; 2015, Vol. 14 Issue 2, preceding p1 

    Darai, an Indo-Aryan language of Nepal, displays interactions of person, number, gender, honorifics, and case in its verb agreement system. Darai verbs not only agree with the subject in person, number, gender and case but also with the subject and objects simultaneously in transitive and...

  • The Zargari language: An endangered European Romani in Iran.
    Baghbidi, Hassan Rezai // Romani Studies; Dec2003, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p123 

    Zargari (or Romano, as it is called by its speakers) is the only genuine Indo-Aryan language still spoken in Iran. The purpose of this article, which is mainly based on the author's field work, is (a) to provide a brief, but at the same time precise, description of the main characteristics of...

  • Consonantal Phonemes in the Lawatiyya Language.
    Salman, Amel; Kharusi, Nafla // European Journal of Scientific Research; 7/1/2011, Vol. 55 Issue 3, p430 

    This paper, part of a larger research project, presents the first study on the sound system of Lawatiyya, an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Oman in the Arabian Peninsula. It is spoken by a Shiite ethnolinguistic minority, the Lawatiya, who are perceived by the dominant majority as having migrated...

  • Case and Case-like Postposition in Surjapuri.
    Alam, Shahzad // Language in India; Jan2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p212 

    The article explores the inflicting nature vis-à-vis the syntactic and semantic functions of case and postpositions of Surjapuri. Since Surjapuri exhibits an inflecting nature, an overview of the case inflection system as well as the postpositions which seem to be like those used in other...

  • A Morphophonological Description of Kalasha as an Indo-Aryan Language With Greek Roots.
    Mela-Athanasopoulou, Elizabeth // US-China Foreign Language; Jul2011, Vol. 9 Issue 7, p405 

    The research aims at giving a detailed description of the linguistic typology of Kalasha, an endangered language, spoken by about 3,000 Kalasha (The most recent demographic research documented 3,254 Kalasha speakers (Mela-Athanasopoulou & Taleem Khan, 2011)) in the valleys of Chitral, northwest...

  • The quest for a Proto-Romani infinitive.
    Ben�ek, Michael // Romani Studies; Jun2010, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p47 

    This article addresses the origin of several inherited non-finite forms in Common Romani and the reconstruction of their usage in Proto-Romani, with particular focus on the reconstruction of a pre-Early Romani infinitive. The core of the article is devoted to the nominalisations in -(i)ben. It...

    RÁCOVÁ, Anna // Asian & African Studies (13351257); 2008, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p137 

    The aim of this paper is to show what means are used to express voluntative modality in the Bengali language. The article presents a detailed analysis of lexico-syntactic means (modal verbs and modal auxiliaries in construction with infinitives or verbal nouns), of morphological means (the...

  • Notes on Kalkoti: A Shina Language with Strong Kohistani Influences.
    Liljegren, Henrik // Linguistic Discovery; 2013, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p129 

    This paper presents some novel and hard-to-access data from Kalkoti, an Indo-Aryan language spoken in northern Pakistan. The particular focus is on showing how this Shina variety in a relatively short time span has drifted apart from its closest known genealogical relatives and undergone...

  • The Contribution of Sanskrit to the Lexicon of English.
    Reedy, Jeremiah // Vocabula Review; Sep2008, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p1 

    The article focuses on the contribution of Sanskrit words to the English dictionary. A brief history of the English language constitute an invaluable mini-course in Indo-English (IE) linguistics. The unsuspected relationships and the ancient insights enshrined in the etymologies will make the...

  • Strength Asymmetry and Positional Licensing: An Optimality Theoretic Account of Assamese Regressive Voicing Assimilation.
    Dutta, Hemanga // International Journal of Linguistics (IJL); Jun2012, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p215 

    An attempt is made in this paper to examine whether strong or weak licensing capacity in a phonological domain is an inherent abstract property assigned by UG irrespective of languages or conditioned by phonetic factors. It is the normal case for languages to have homogeneous voice clusters,...

  • A Multi-HMM Marathi Isolated Word Recognizer.
    Nathoosing, Kayte Charansing // Science Research Reporter; Apr2012, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p175 

    Punjabi, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Sindhi, Bengali,Nepali, Sinhala, Oriya, Assamese, Urdu are prominent members of the family of Indo-Aryan languages. These languages are mainly spoken in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldive Islands. All these languages contain huge...

  • The Origin of Indic and Iranian Feminines in -ānī′-d.
    Rau, Jeremy // Journal of the American Oriental Society; Jan-Mar2007, Vol. 127 Issue 1, p57 

    The article presents an analysis of the origin of Indic and Iranian feminines. It states that the origin of the thematic feminine type should be traced to the desire to avoid the semantic ambiguity inherent in feminine vrddhi derivatives. It mentions that the best approach to the thematic...

  • Recognition of Marathi Numerals Using Artificial Neural Network.
    Khanale, P. B. // Journal of Artificial Intelligence; 2010, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p135 

    Marathi language is an Indo-Aryan language. It is one of the most popular language used by over ninety million people in India and rest of the world. It is the official language of Government of Maharashtra State, India. Various commercial transactions such as bank transactions takes place in...

  • Standard Colloquial Bengali and Chatkhil Dialect: A Comparative Phonological Study.
    Rashel, Mostafa // Language in India; Jan2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p77 

    Bengali is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language of the Indo-European language family. Bengali has several dialects and sister languages. Chatkhil dialect in Noakhali region is one of them. Chatkhil dialect (CD) is a different dialect in Noakhali district for its individual phonological, morphological...

    Witzel, Michael // Journal of Biosciences; Dec2009, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p1 

    The article discusses the linguistic origin of Indian domestic plant names. It says that both the earliest Indo-Aryan and Old Tamil writings contain names of plants, trees, and agricultural products that provides substantial information on early history of plants in the subcontinent as well as...

  • Javanese Names during the Height of the Hindu-Buddhist Kingdoms in Java: An Ethnolinguistic Study.
    SAHID TEGUH WIDODO // KEMANUSIAAN: The Asian Journal of Humanities; 2013, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p81 

    Javanese names have undergone numerous developments throughout the course of human civilisation. The study of names is an important means of discovering the desires, cultural tastes and lifestyles of the Javanese from one period to another. This study used a qualitative descriptive research...

  • A First Step Towards Parsing of Assamese Text.
    Saharia, Navanath; Sharma, Utpal; Kalita, Jugal // Language in India; May2011, Vol. 11 Issue 5, p30 

    Assamese is a relatively free word order, morphologically rich and agglutinative language and has a strong case marking system stronger than other Indie languages such as Hindi and Bengali. Parsing a free word order language is still an open problem, though many different approaches have been...

  • Conversion of Bangla Sentence into Universal Networking Language Expression.
    Ali, Nawab Yousuf; Sarker, Mohammad Zakir Hossain; Ahmed, Ghulam Farooque; Das, Jugal Krishna // International Journal of Computer Science Issues (IJCSI); Mar2011, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p64 

    Conversion from another language to native language is highly demanding due to increasing the usage of web based application. Firstly, the respective sentence of a native language is converted to Universal Networking Language (UNL) expressions and then UNL expressions can be converted to any...

  • A Procedure of Text Steganography Using Indian Regional Language.
    Banerjee, Indradip; Bhattacharyya, Souvik; Sanyal, Gautam // International Journal of Computer Network & Information Security; Aug2012, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p65 

    In this paper we present a work of text steganography. Now a days, maintain the security of the secret information has been a great challenge. Sender can send messages habitually through a communication channel like Internet, draws the attention of third parties, hackers and crackers, perhaps...

  • Vidya Pai : Translating Konkani.
    Pai, Vidya // Muse India; Jul/Aug2013, Issue 50, p1 

    The article focuses on the author's tryst with Goan writing. The author started this with a translation contest organized by the publishing house Katha and the British Council in 1993. Translation of creative writing from Konkani to English was being done at a very perfunctory level. Konkani...

  • Assamese Influence on Bodo.
    Brahma, Pratima // Language in India; Feb2012, Vol. 12 Issue 2, Special Section p2 

    In Assam, languages belonging to different language families are found, namely, Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Burman. Language can get changed by the influence of periphery and lack of words for some specific fields. Assamese and Bodo are the major inhabitants of Assam. Assamese belongs to Indo-Aryan...

  • Resources.
    Brahma, Pratima // MultiLingual; Sep2007, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p16 

    This section offers news briefs related to language translation companies and services. A contract has been awarded to the Johns Hopkins University to establish and operate a Human Language Technology Center of Excellence near its Homewood campus in Baltimore, Maryland. Lionbridge Technologies...

  • Zaragari.
    Hawkins, David // Ecologist; Nov2007, Vol. 37 Issue 9, p65 

    The article traces the origin of the word Zargari. Zargari is the only Indo-Aryan language spoken in Iran, and is descended from Balkan Romani dialects. This linguistic provenance attests to the fact that Roma people re-emigrated to Iran out of Europe after their initial travel across the...

  • Looking at Assam: The American Baptist Missionary and Assamese Modernity.
    Dutta, Nandana // Journeys; 2009, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p120 

    In the troubled area of “Assamese modernity” studies, always caught in the shadow of the Bengal Renaissance and its confident march toward cultural reawakening, the American Baptist Missionary is an important figure “looking” at the people, culture, and land in ways that...

  • Verb Morphology in Kisan.
    Kujur, A. K. // Language in India; Dec2015, Vol. 15 Issue 12, p92 

    The empirical evidence of morphological complexities in Kisan language indicates the formations of verb in finiteness, causation and passivization. It highlights some salient properties of Kisan as a language of Dravidian family. A complex variety of inflectional markings in verb morphology...

  • Ä€mreḍitas and Related Constellations in the Rigveda.
    Klein, Jared S. // Journal of the American Oriental Society; Oct-Dec2003, Vol. 123 Issue 4, p773 

    Focuses on the Vedic language type amredita and related constellations in the Rigveda. Background on the amredita; Rarity of trisyllabic amreditas in the Rigveda; Characteristics of the rhetorical and poetic employment of amreditas by the Rigvedic bards; Information on amreditas that show...

    YILDIRIM, Faruk // Electronic Turkish Studies; Fall2012, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p565 

    In this paper, an attempt has been made to frame the term "secret language," to discuss the secret languages in Turkey and narrow regions? jargons, and to reflect upon some data transferred from secret languages to the Derleme Sözlüğü. In the Derleme Sözlüğü the words...

  • Languages of Manipur in the Fast Changing Globalized World.
    Devi, Naorem Brindebala; Singh, Yashawanta // Language in India; Oct2015, Vol. 15 Issue 10, p87 

    There are many languages in the world. But it is not confirmed yet the exact number of the languages. In Manipur itself, there are three language families: Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Tibeto-Burman. Manipuri, the lingua-franca of Manipur, is included in the Tibeto-Burman language family, besides...

  • Rank-frequency analysis of characters in Garhwali text: emergence of Zipf's law.
    Riyal, Manoj Kumar; Rajput, Nikhil Kumar; Khanduri, Vinod Prasad; Rawat, Laxmi // Current Science (00113891); 2/10/2016, Vol. 110 Issue 3, p429 

    Zipf's law is ubiquitous in a language system, which establishes a relation between rank and frequency of characters or words. In the present study, it is shown that the distribution of character frequencies for Garhwali language follows Zipf-Mandelbrot law. Garhwali language is an Indo-Aryan...

  • Akademi nod to Odia status.
    Riyal, Manoj Kumar; Rajput, Nikhil Kumar; Khanduri, Vinod Prasad; Rawat, Laxmi // Telegraph (Calcutta, India); 7/23/2013, p1 

    The article reports that the linguistic committee of the Sahitya Akademi has accepted the claims for a classical language status for Odia, India and sent the proposal to the Union culture ministry for final approval. Topics discussed include Odia which will become as the first language from the...

  • Historical Phonology of Old Indo-Aryan Consonants.
    Byrd, Andrew // Journal of the American Oriental Society; Oct-Dec2008, Vol. 128 Issue 4, p793 

    The article reviews the book "Historical Phonology of Old Indo-Aryan Consonants," by Masato Kobayashi.

  • Finding a place among the people.
    Byrd, Andrew // National Catholic Reporter; 12/24/2004, Vol. 41 Issue 9, p12 

    The article presents a letter, in which he discusses the life in Bangladesh. In the villages I meet and speak with numerous men and boys, frequently as they sit or stand around dingy bamboo tea stalls. Paid professional performers sometimes deliver their lines before smaller crowds. It is so...

  • Asymmetries in overt marking and directionality in semantic change.
    Urban, Matthias // Journal of Historical Linguistics; 2011, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p3 

    This article is a contribution to the long standing issue of identifying directionality in semantic change. Drawing on evidence from a sample of morphologically complex terms in basic vocabulary for 149 globally distributed languages, it is argued that cross-linguistically preferred synchronic...

    Rácová, Anna // Asian & African Studies (13351257); 2007, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p125 

    Classifiers are affixes that categorize entities into common classes on the basis of shared properties. They are characteristic features of many Asian, American, and African languages. Though typically not occurring in Indo-European languages, they can be found in the Eastern group of New...

  • Ergative case attrition in Central Indo-Aryan: NP-splits and the Referential Hierarchy.
    Phillips, Maxwell // Studies in Language; 2013, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p196 

    Differential case marking is often determined on the basis of inherent semantic properties associated with core arguments of the verb. This frequently results in a hierarchical split in which certain types of NPs are more or less likely to be case marked when in the role of agent/patient. The...

  • The diachrony of light and auxiliary verbs in Indo-Aryan.
    Slade, Benjamin // Diachronica; 2013, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p531 

    This study examines the historical development of light verbs in Indo-Aryan. I investigate the origins of the modern Indo-Aryan compound verb construction, and compare this construction with other light verb constructions in Indo-Aryan. Examination of the antecedents of the Indo-Aryan compound...

  • Untitled.
    Slade, Benjamin // Education Digest; Dec1951, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p11 

    The article reports that 260 million persons can speak English which became the world's leading language. Hindustani ranks second with 160 million followers. Third is Russian with 145 million. Fourth is Spanish with 115 million persons. The 400 million Chinese speak time major dialects.

  • Phonotactic Model for Spoken Language Identification in Indian Language Perspective.
    Mohanty, Sanghamitra // International Journal of Computer Applications; Apr2011, Vol. 19, p18 

    Indian Languages are Indo-Aryan being influenced by Sanskrit or Dravidian being influenced by Tamil. Dravidian Languages have the influence of Sanskrit also. All Indian Languages have the influence of Pali language for which the graphemes are being influenced Brahmi. All the Indian languages are...

    Burling, Robbins // Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area; Apr2013, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p127 

    The article discusses Kamarupan, the term given by Tibeto-Burman langages expert Jim Matisoff to a disparate group of Tibeto-Burman languages. Topics discussed include a background of an ancient Hindu Kingdom called Kamarupa and the two problems of Kamarupan as a linguistic term. The author also...

  • Contemporary Sindhi Literature.
    Shivdasani, Menka // Muse India; Sep/Oct2011, Issue 39, p23 

    The article focuses on the condition of contemporary Sindhi literature in India. It is said that the biggest tragedy for the Sindhis is the declining number of people in India who can speak or write the language. Bansi Khubchandani, a Mumbai-based writer, says that Sindhi writers contributed to...

  • A Dictionary in Assamese and English by M. Bronson: Historical Background and Lexicographic Approach.
    Mahanta, Subasana // Language in India; Feb2015, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p226 

    The first printed lexicographic work in Assam is attributed to Dr. Miles Bronson, an American Baptist Missionary, the compiler of A Dictionary in Assamese and English (published in 1864). At the time of arrival of Dr. Bronson in Assam (1837), the language of the land, Assamese, had been...

  • Themes and Tasks in Old and Middle Indo-Aryan Linguistics.
    Tucker, Elizabeth // Journal of the American Oriental Society; Oct-Dec2008, Vol. 128 Issue 4, p790 

    The article reviews the book "Themes and Tasks in Old and Middle Indo-Aryan Linguistics," edited by Bertil Tikkanen and Heinrich Hettrich.

  • Reconstructing passive and voice in Proto-Indo-European.
    Kulikov, Leonid; Lavidas, Nikolaos // Journal of Historical Linguistics; 2013, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p98 

    This article examines various aspects of the reconstruction of the passive in Proto-Indo-European (PIE), foremost on the basis of evidence from the Indo-Aryan (Early Vedic) and Greek branches. In Proto-Indo-European the fundamental distinction within the verbal system is between the active and...

  • Brahmi-derived scripts, script layout, and segmental awareness.
    Sproat, Richard // Written Language & Literacy; 2006, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p45 

    In earlier work (Sproat 2000), I characterized the layout of symbols in a script in terms of a calculus involving two dimensional catenation operators: I claimed that leftwards, rightwards, upwards, downwards and surrounding catenation are sufficient to describe the layout of any script. In the...

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