Citations with the tag: HUMAN behavior -- Mathematical models

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  • PROBLEM SOLVING THROUGH MODEL APPLICATION: ONE APPROACH TO TEACHING CONSUMER BEHAVIOR.
    Arnold, Stephen J. // Advances in Consumer Research; 1977, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p268 

    Student desires and instructor experience result in a consumer behavior course with one overall goal. The course objective is to illustrate the solution of real world problems through the systematic application of middle range behavioral models and theories. This paper provides both the...

  • Minimally adequate teacher synthesizes statechart diagramsErkkiM�kinenTarjaSyst�Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Tamp...
    M � kinen, Erkki; Syst �, Tarja // Acta Informatica; Jan2002, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p235 

    Considers the problem of synthesizing Unified Modeling Language (UML) statechart diagrams from sequence diagrams as a language inference problem. Overview of the UML; Aim of behavioral modeling in object-oriented analysis and design; Properties of minimally adequate teacher; Example of the...

  • The Aggregation of Single-Case Results Using Hierarchical Linear Models.
    van den Noortgate, Wim; Onghena, Patrick // Behavior Analyst Today; Apr2007, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p196 

    To investigate the generalizability of the results of single-case experimental studies, evaluating the effect of one or more treatments, in applied research various simultaneous and sequential replication strategies are used. We discuss one approach for aggregating the results for single-cases:...

  • Appendix: SAS and SPSS codes for the models from the example.
    van den Noortgate, Wim; Onghena, Patrick // Behavior Analyst Today; Apr2007, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p208 

    A variety of codes for the models of behavioral treatment are described. The Lawson dataset consists of one row for each score on the dependent variable. The number of rows per case therefore, is equal to the number of sessions during which the case was measured. The dependent variable, called...

  • Persistent Preference in Concurrent-Chain Schedules.
    Neuman, Paul; Hansell, Natalie; Kriso, Elizabeth // Behavior Analyst Today; Apr2007, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p237 

    Twelve pigeons, eight na�ve and four with a history of choice between different variable interval Schedules were exposed to concurrent-chains schedules to examine the effect of history on choice patterns. The initial links were always fixed-interval (FI) 3s schedules, and the terminal links...

  • Behavioural Analysis with Movement Cluster Model for Concurrent Actions.
    Husz, Zsolt L.; Wallace, Andrew M.; Green, Patrick R. // EURASIP Journal on Image & Video Processing; 2011, Vol. 2011, Special section p1 

    We present an approach to model articulated human movements and to analyse their behavioural semantics. First, we describe a novel dynamic and behavioural model that uses movements, a sequence of consecutive poses, from motion captured video data to establish priors for both tracking and...

  • A Behavioural Proxy Model For Employee Turnover: Results From a Singapore Study.
    Arif, Mohamed // Asia Pacific Journal of Management; May1988, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p197 

    Employee turnover has attracted much publicity in Singapore. This research is concerned with (i) building a behavioural model consistent with prior research findings in this area and (ii) testing the model for explanatory power. The research was conducted in a large organisation with 300...

  • The role of the research phase in information seeking behaviour of Jewish studies scholars: a modification of Ellis's behavioural characteristics.
    Bronstein, J. // Information Research; Apr2007, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p24 

    Introduction. This study reports the application of Ellis's behavioural model to the information seeking behaviour of Jewish studies scholars. Method. A qualitative study in which twenty-five scholars from four universities in Israel were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide in...

  • INTEGRATION: A COMING OF AGE.
    Moultrup, David J. // Contemporary Family Therapy: An International Journal; Summer86, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p157 

    Integration is one of the most prevalent contemporary themes in the field of family therapy. This discussion proposes a process-based model of integration which transcends theoretical content. A brief review of integrative efforts in the field of marriage and family therapy is followed by an...

  • Redistribution Systems and Contextual Games.
    Budinsk�, Petr; Valenc�k, Radim // Economic Studies & Analyses / Acta VSFS; 2011, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p198 

    The goal of this article is to demonstrate how mutually inter-related the two directions taken by the expansion and perfection of the game theory apparatus are, on one hand in the examination of redistribution systems and on the other hand in the analysis of contextual games. And to take...

  • Behavioral Assumptions of Management Accounting.
    Caplan, Edwin H. // Accounting Review; Jul66, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p496 

    Accounting is closely associated with the development of the modern business organization. Thus, accountants are expected to show a strong interest in recent contributions to organization theory which increases the understanding of the business firm and how it functions. However, an examination...

  • The Effects of a Behavioral Model of Supervision on the Supervisory Behaviors of Cooperating Teachers.
    Ocansey, Reginald T. A. // Journal of Teaching in Physical Education; Oct1988, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p46 

    Research in teacher education clearly indicates that student teachers are receiving feedback from supervisors that is vague and incomplete. For feedback provided during conferences to be effective, it must be specifically communicated so that student teachers can be held accountable for their...

  • EXPERT'S VIEW: NATHAN HOBBS ON DEVELOPING SELF-AWARENESS.
    Couzins, Martin // Personnel Today; 5/17/2005, p31 

    This article presents an interview with Nathan Hobbs, who is principal consultant at business psychology consultancy OPP. He responded to the query related to techniques used to develop self-awareness, that these techniques can be broadly categorized into two types: personal and experiential....

  • Computer models help with riot control.
    Couzins, Martin // Scientific Computing World; Jun/Jul2007, Issue 94, p4 

    The article reports on the computer model being designed by Arizona State University geographer Paul M. Torrens to help predict human behavior. The various applications of the computer model include simulating mobs, evacuations and natural disasters to assist the planning of cities and shopping...

  • Testing Variations of Fishbein's Behavioral Intention Model Within a Consumer Behavior Context.
    Bearden, William O.; Woodside, Arch G. // Journal of Applied Psychology; Jun77, Vol. 62 Issue 3, p352 

    Variations of Fishbein's extended behavioral intention model are tested across four brands of beer for 172 males and across five brands of soft drinks for 184 females. Respondents were members of the University of South Carolina Consumer Panel. Multiple regression and correlation analyses were...

  • Contractors should match personalities, jobs.
    Mader, Robert P. // Contractor Magazine; Sep2007, Vol. 54 Issue 9, p3 

    The article reports on a message delivered by consultant Bill Kimmel of Grandy & Associates to members of Quality Service Contractors during the group's Power Meeting in Washington. He said that contractors should come to understand themselves first as a step to understanding others. He...

  • Clinical Practice and the Social Learning Paradigm.
    Wodarski, John S. // Social Work; Mar/Apr83, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p154 

    This article proposes the behavioral exchange model as a theoretical framework that can help the practitioner conceptualize clinical phenomena and thus gain power to influence them. Before undertaking this discussion of the behavioral exchange model, however, the article first reviews the...

  • Community work and social-learning theory.
    Weisner, Stanley; Silver, Michael // Social Work; Mar81, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p146 

    Community workers draw on a broad range of social science theories to guide their practice. Few, however, have systematically examined social-learning theory for its relevance to community practice. In this article, the authors illustrate the usefulness of the theory in two case examples and...

  • Sparse Modeling of Human Actions from Motion Imagery.
    Castrodad, Alexey; Sapiro, Guillermo // International Journal of Computer Vision; Oct2012, Vol. 100 Issue 1, p1 

    An efficient sparse modeling pipeline for the classification of human actions from video is here developed. Spatio-temporal features that characterize local changes in the image are first extracted. This is followed by the learning of a class-structured dictionary encoding the individual actions...

  • Linking Manager Values and Behavior With Employee Values and Behavior: A Study of Values and Safety in the Hairdressing Industry.
    Maierhofer, Naomi I.; Griffin, Mark A.; Sheehan, Mary // Journal of Occupational Health Psychology; Oct2000, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p417 

    The article focuses on theoretical processes that link values and behavior: value congruence, value-behavior consistency, behavioral modeling, value internalization, and descriptive norms in the hairdressing industry. Researches support value internalization (linking manager's and employee's...

  • Complex networks: From data to models.
    González, Marta C; Barabási, Albert-László // Nature Physics; Apr2007, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p224 

    The article discusses the new approach of mapping human behavior on to a 'network of networks'. Colizza and co-workers have developed a framework ignoring the individuals and focusing on a coarse-grained description of the system, using block or cell variables. The article describes the working...

  • An Empirical Comparison of Information-Theoretic Selection Criteria for Multivariate Behavior Genetic Models.
    Markon, Kristian E.; Krueger, Robert F. // Behavior Genetics; Nov2004, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p593 

    Information theory provides an attractive basis for statistical inference and model selection. However, little is known about the relative performance of different information-theoretic criteria in covariance structure modeling, especially in behavioral genetic contexts. To explore these issues,...

  • PREDICTING TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL PATTERNS OF AGGREGATE CONSUMER DEMAND.
    Granbois, Donald H. // Advances in Consumer Research; 1984, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p396 

    Two papers, each presenting results of tests of predictive models of aggregate consumer demand, are discussed and compared. Each paper contributes to our evaluation of the predictiveness of such models, but important questions remain about the "true" nature of the consumer behavior such models...

  • UNDERSTANDING DIGITAL INEQUALITY: COMPARING CONTINUED USE BEHAVIORAL MODELS OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMICALLY ADVANTAGED AND DISADVANTAGED.
    Hsieh, J. J. Po-An; Rai, Arun; Keil, Mark // MIS Quarterly; Mar2008, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p97 

    Digital inequality is one of the most critical issues in the knowledge economy. The private and public sectors have devoted tremendous resources to address such inequality, yet the results are inconclusive. Theoretically grounded empirical research is needed both to expand our understanding of...

  • APPLIANCE OF GRAPH MODELS TO ASCERTAIN SOCIAL NETWORK IN PRI SYSTEM.
    Sanjay Kumar Pal; Krishnendu Sarkar; Aditi Debnath // International Journal of Engineering & Management Sciences; Oct2012, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p490 

    Graphs have huge contributions towards the performance upgrading aspect of social network. Some major contributors are Regular, Pascal, complete, bipartite etc. They had been studied a lot and different new characteristics were always a part of research outcome. As per requirement of...

  • Rational Emotive Education Mentoring Program.
    Bortolozzo, Giulio // AEU SA Branch Journal; Feb2009, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p19 

    The article provides information on the Rational Emotive Education (REE) course for enthusiastic educators in Australia with less than five years experience in teaching. It notes that the program was created by William Knaus who continued the effort of the late Albert Ellis with counseling...

  • TEACHING COLLEGE LEVEL CONTENT AND READING COMPREHENSION SKILLS SIMULTANEOUSLY VIA AN ARTIFICIALLY INTELLIGENT ADAPTIVE COMPUTERIZED INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM.
    Ray, Roger D.; Belden, Noelle // Psychological Record; Spring2007, Vol. 57 Issue 2, p201 

    This paper presents a behavioral model for conceptualizing advanced reading comprehension as a "higher order" behavior class. Also discussed are strategies and tactics utilized by an artificially intelligent adaptive tutoring and testing software system designed to shape such comprehension...

  • COMPETING CONTINGENCIES OVER DERIVED RELATIONAL RESPONDING: A BEHAVIORAL MODEL OF THE IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST.
    Gavin, Amanda; Roche, Bryan; Ruiz, Maria R. // Psychological Record; Summer2008, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p427 

    Subjects were exposed to a word-picture association training phase in which each of 2 arbitrary nonsense syllables printed in blue and red font, respectively, were paired with either sexual or aversive photographic images. Subjects were then exposed to an equivalence training procedure that led...

  • Non-Deterministic Behavior Modeling Framework for Embedded Real-Time Systems Operating in Uncertain Environments.
    RAI, LAXMISHA; JOONGJIN KOOK; JIMAN HONG // Journal of Information Science & Engineering; Jan2010, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p83 

    While complex embedded real-time systems (ERTS) such as robots in operation, there is a possibility that unstructured and unrelated data may be gathered over a period of time through sensors and may result in unexpected behaviors or catastrophes. Without proper modeling of non-deterministic...

  • LIMITATIONS OF SEMANTIC PRIMING PROCEDURES FOR AUTOMATIC GOAL ACTIVATION.
    Nelissen, R. M. A.; Dijker, A. J. M.; de Vries, N. K. // Psychological Reports; Dec2005, Vol. 97 Issue 3, p675 

    According to the auto-motive model, behavioral goals can be automatically activated by Situational cues and may subsequently guide behavior without individual awarness. Semantic priming has become a popular paradigm for investigating effects of automatic goal activation. Nevertheless, a critical...

  • A Case against Behavioral Objectives.
    Macdonald, James B.; Wolfson, Bernice J. // Education Digest; Feb1971, Vol. 36 Issue 6, p22 

    The article focuses on the expanding efforts to train teachers to use the behavioral objectives model. One question arises on the appropriateness of the procedure of using behavioral specifications to develop teaching-learning situations but just as important as the observed behavior are the...

  • The 6-Hydroxydopamine Model of Parkinson's Disease.
    Simola, Nicola; Morelli, Micaela; Carta, Anna R. // Neurotoxicity Research; 2007, Vol. 11 Issue 3/4, p151 

    The neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) continues to constitute a valuable topical tool used chiefly in modeling Parkinson's disease in the rat. The classical method of intracerebral infusion of 6-OHDA, involving a massive destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, is largely used to...

  • An Emotional Space Modeling for the Adaptive Emotional Model Design Based on Sugeno Fuzzy Inference.
    Il-Kyoung Kwon; Sang-Yong Lee // International Journal of Software Engineering & Its Applications; 2014, Vol. 8 Issue 6, p109 

    To maximize the quality improvement and tangibility of emotion-based personalized services, a lot of efforts are put into researches on emotional expression languages, measurement of emotions, emotional transference and expression model, personalized emotional space model, emotion-based...

  • The cognitive behavioural model of irritable bowel syndrome: a prospective investigation of patients with gastroenteritis.
    Spence, Meagan J.; Moss-Morris, Rona // Gut; Aug2007, Vol. 56 Issue 8, p1066 

    Aim: To determine whether a combination of mood and personality factors together with illness beliefs and behaviours predict the onset of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) post gastroenteritis, as suggested by the cognitive behavioural model of lBS. Methods: Primary care patients with a positive...

  • THE GREAT ILLUSION: IGNORANCE, INFORMATIONAL CASCADES, AND THE PERSISTENCE OF UNPOPULAR NORMS.
    Bicchieri, Cristina; Fukui, Yoshitaka // Business Ethics Quarterly; Jan1999, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p127 

    The article presents an exploration into the causes and conditions leading to the perpetuation of unpopular and inefficient social norms and the methods by which they can be forced to collapse. Questions are raised regarding the rationality of human behaviors and social norms, such as prejudices...

  • ECONOMIC PRESSURE AND THE DETERIORATION OF RESEARCH ETHICS.
    NIPPA, MICHAEL; MARKOCZY, LIVIA // Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings; 2007, p1 

    Almost no day goes by without news about unethical, misbehaving managers, sportsmen, or politicians that sought personal advantages by exploiting third parties through breaking explicit and implicit rules. Along with others we suggest that such defective behavior is fueled by winners-take-all...

  • Testing a Model of Behavioral Intentions in the Republic of Macedonia: Differences Between the Private and the Public Sectors.
    Sardžoska, Elisaveta; Tang, Thomas // Journal of Business Ethics; Jul2009, Vol. 87 Issue 4, p495 

    In this study, we developed a model of unethical behavior intentions, collected data from managers of the private ( n = 208) and the public ( n = 307) sectors in the Republic of Macedonia, and tested our model across these two sectors. Results suggested that for both sectors, unethical behavior...

  • On Some Problems to Apply the Economic Model of Behaviour in Political Science.
    Kirchgässner, Gebhard // Analyse & Kritik; dez2008, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p649 

    After a short description of the economic model of behaviour it is shown that there are two reasons why problems arise if this model is applied to political processes and decisions. First, such decisions are often 'low cost', i.e. 'wrong' decisions have hardly any impact on the decision maker....

  • Assessment and risk reduction of infectious pathogens on chiropractic treatment tables.
    Evans Jr., Marion Willard; Breshears, Jennell; Campbell, Alan; Husbands, Chris; Rupert, Ronald // Chiropractic & Osteopathy; 2007, Vol. 15, p8 

    Background: To investigate the presence of pathogenic microbes on chiropractic treatment tables in one outpatient teaching clinic. Additional aims were to test inexpensive disinfectants on tables that may kill microbes and suggest infection control measures for chiropractic offices, clinics and...

  • Differential effects of reward and punishment in decision making under uncertainty: a computational study.
    Duffin, Elaine; Bland, Amy R.; Schaefer, Alexandre; de Kamps, Marc // Frontiers in Neuroscience; Feb2014, Vol. 8, p1 

    Computational models of learning have proved largely successful in characterizing potential mechanisms which allow humans to make decisions in uncertain and volatile contexts. We report here findings that extend existing knowledge and show that a modified reinforcement learning model, which has...

  • Redefining Health in the Aging Context: Health Behavior Models Applied to UnCONVENTIONal Aspects of Health.
    Horosewski, Mary Lee // Conference Papers -- National Communication Association; 2008, p1 

    This paper challenges the CONVENTIONal definition of health and calls for application of health behavior models in an unCONVENTIONal way, specifically within the aging context. Two examples are provided in which applying health behavior models to older adults' circumstances in an unCONVENTIONal...

  • Optimal Behavioral Hierarchy.
    Solway, Alec; Diuk, Carlos; Córdova, Natalia; Yee, Debbie; Barto, Andrew G.; Niv, Yael; Botvinick, Matthew M. // PLoS Computational Biology; Aug2014, Vol. 10 Issue 8, p1 

    Human behavior has long been recognized to display hierarchical structure: actions fit together into subtasks, which cohere into extended goal-directed activities. Arranging actions hierarchically has well established benefits, allowing behaviors to be represented efficiently by the brain, and...

  • A Distributed Behavioral Model for Landmine Detection Robots.
    Bayram, Cagdas; Sevil, Hakki Erhan; Ozdemir, Serhan // International MultiConference of Engineers & Computer Scientists; 2007, p172 

    This paper presents a distributed navigation, detection and swarming model for a group of minimalist identical robotic agents. Decision making process of agents is weight based in contrast to widely used precedence based rules. The group is indirectly controlled by an alpha agent that has more...

  • Game theory: How to treat those of ill repute.
    Rockenbach, Bettina; Milinski, Manfred // Nature; 1/1/2009, Vol. 457 Issue 7225, p39 

    The article discusses a game theory. The focus of the article is a theoretical analysis of the "costly punishment" principle and whether or not it maintains cooperation in human society. Researchers Ohtsuke and colleagues describe a theoretical test designed to assess whether refusing to help,...

  • Recreation Nonparticipation as Choice Behavior Rather Than Statistical Outcome.
    English, Eric // American Journal of Agricultural Economics; Feb2008, Vol. 90 Issue 1, p186 

    In recreation demand models nonparticipation is usually estimated as the probability mass on zero demand given a positive level of expected demand and a discrete distribution of demand outcomes. Researchers have attempted to improve predictions of nonparticipation by modifying the parameters of...

  • Effects of atmosphere at major sports events: a perspective from environmental psychology.
    Uhrich, Sebastian; Koenigstorfer, Joerg // International Journal of Sports Marketing & Sponsorship; Jul2009, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p325 

    This conceptual article presents a theoretical approach to understanding the atmosphere at sports stadiums. Using the environmental psychology behavioural model proposed by Mehrabian & Russell (1974), and taking into account recent findings in consumer research, we develop a comprehensive...

  • Loss Aversion and Reference-Dependent Preferences in Multi-Attribute Negotiations.
    Gimpel, Henner // Group Decision & Negotiation; Jul2007, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p303 

    Negotiation analysis and game theoretic bargaining models usually assume parties to have exogenous preferences from the beginning of a negotiation on and independent of the history of offers made. On the contrary, this paper argues that preferences might be based on attribute-wise reference...

  • EL DOBLE PROCESAMIENTO PARALELO EN SITUACI�N DE CRISIS: FUNDAMENTACI�N MOTIVACIONAL.
    Alarc�n, Luis Fl�rez; D�az, Carlos Andr�s Gantiva // Psychologia; 2012, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p105 

    The aim of this paper is to present a cognitive-behavioral model that explains the crisis situation (CS) in terms of intense motivational involvement and support from there a Brief Motivational Intervention proposal (IMB) in CS. The CS is conceptualized as a time of severe stress, accompanied by...

  • Transaction aggregation as a strategy for credit card fraud detection.
    Whitrow, C.; Hand, D. J.; Juszczak, P.; Weston, D.; Adams, N. M. // Data Mining & Knowledge Discovery; Feb2009, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p30 

    The problem of preprocessing transaction data for supervised fraud classification is considered. It is impractical to present an entire series of transactions to a fraud detection system, partly because of the very high dimensionality of such data but also because of the heterogeneity of the...

  • A Behavior Analytic Look at Contemporary Issues in the Assessment of Child Sexual Abuse.
    Wyatt, W. Joseph // Behavior Analyst Today; Apr2007, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p145 

    The assessment of child sexual abuse has largely been ignored by behavior analysts, although behavior analytic theory and methodology, if applied, likely would advance the field. Three classic cases demonstrate historic errors that might have been avoided, had a behaviorally based approach been...

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