Citations with the tag: FINGERPRINTS
Results 1 - 50
- Fingering the criminals.
Pierce, Julia // Engineer (00137758); 1/10/2003, Vol. 291 Issue 7618, p17
Reports that Japanese forensic experts have claimed that they developed a method for obtaining fingerprints left on human skin. Overview of the method; Limitations of effectiveness.
- Who are you?
Pritchard, Arvilla; Remington, Barbara // Cricket; Aug93, Vol. 20 Issue 12, p47
Gives information on fingerprints. The three different types of fingerprints: the arch, the loop and the whorl; Combinations of the three types called composites; Copying your own fingerprints. INSET: Toes tell tales, too..
- Few see stigma in fingerprinting, survey indicates.
Pritchard, Arvilla; Remington, Barbara // American Banker; 12/23/1996 Supplement, Vol. 161 Issue 244, p2A
Reports on the public's attitude towards the use of fingerprinting technology in banking and retailing purposes. Results of a survey conducted by Opinion Research Corp.; Where consumers view the practice as appropriate.
- Your fingerprints.
Hall, Mark A. // Cricket; Sep97, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p36
Provides information about fingerprints. Three basic fingerprint patterns; Comparing latent fingerprints to inked fingerprints; Value of fingerprints in identifying people; Bertillon method of identify people.
Hall, Mark A. // Cricket; Sep2000, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p44
Gives instructions for duplicating a method of finding and lifting fingerprints which was developed by Sir Francis Galton in the mid-1800s.
- Be a fingerprint detective.
Hall, Mark A. // Hopscotch; Jun/Jul94, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p14
Focuses on fingerprints and its use in identifying criminals. Fingerprint patterns; Producing fingerprints; Matching patterns.
- Art at your fingertips.
Markle, Sandra // Parenting; Nov96, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p80
Presents suggestions in creating artworks through fingerprints. Materials; Mechanics.
- Lifting `latents' is now very much a high-tech matter.
Fincher, J. // Smithsonian; Oct89, Vol. 20 Issue 7, p201
Discusses how lasers and chemicals have revolutionized the use of fingerprints in criminology. History of fingerprinting; Old and new high-tech procedures; How fingerprint technique may soon provide a powerful diagnostic tool in the field of medicine.
- The fingerprint mystery.
Mitter, Kathryn // Turtle; Oct/Nov98, Vol. 20 Issue 7, p24
Presents an easy way to study fingerprints. Materials needed for the experiment; Procedures of the experiment.
- Fingerprinting fun.
Agnome, Julie Vosburgh // National Geographic World; Jun95, Issue 238, p14
Focuses on fingerprinting. Use of fingerprints in detective work; Patterns of fingerprints; Developing and lifting prints.
- Fingerprinting leaves quill pen era, enters cyberspace.
Lee, Harry // New Orleans CityBusiness (1994 to 2008); 8/05/96, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p35
Focuses on the technological improvements undertaken by the Jefferson Parish, Louisiana's Sheriff's Office regarding fingerprinting identification. Installation of the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS); Mechanics of the AFIS; Implication of the AFIS on criminals.
- Science at your fingertips.
Leyden, Michael B. // Teaching Pre K-8; Aug/Sep93, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p34
Discusses the interest in the process of fingerprinting. Similarities in the conduct of scientific studies and a criminal investigation; Nature of investigations; Creation of fingerprints; Classification of fingerprints; Latent prints; Uses of fingerprinting; Entries in the fingerprint file of...
- New techniques put the finger on criminals.
Leyden, Michael B. // Current Science; 1/4/91, Vol. 76 Issue 9, p9
Looks at how advances in chemistry and computer science are improving the use of fingerprints in criminal investigations. Technique developed by chemist George Saunders at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico.
- Young criminals leave no clues.
Hill, Stephen // New Scientist; 04/26/97, Vol. 154 Issue 2079, p11
Focuses on findings of Oak Ridge National Laboratory chemist Michelle Buchanan that children are less likely to leave fingerprints because of volatile chemicals produced on fingers. Knoxville, Tennessee police officer Art Bohanan's investigation of a crime where the girl victim did not leave...
- Useless information.
Redshaw, Kerry // Bulletin with Newsweek; 8/15/95, Vol. 116 Issue 5983, p100
Narrates events and stories related to fingerprints. Discovery of William Herschel; First man to solve a murder using fingerprints.
- Fingering the guilty party.
Kowalski, Kathiann M. // Odyssey; Mar96, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p24
Focuses on fingerprinting. Process description; Applications in criminal investigations; Alternative light sources.
- DNA evidence gaining more acceptance.
Kowalski, Kathiann M. // USA Today Magazine; Aug95, Vol. 124 Issue 2603, p15
Reports on the growing of DNA evidence for identification. Sample size requirements of profiling techniques; Development of a national database for DNA profiles by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other local crime laboratories; Concern over possible abuse of DNA profiles.
- Invasion of the body samplers.
Cosh, Colby // Alberta Report / Newsmagazine; 7/10/95, Vol. 22 Issue 30, p18
Reports on the proposal in Canada to allow law enforcement agents to take DNA samples from criminal suspects. Arguments against the country's gun control legislation; Arguments for DNA tests in the rape case of Tara Manning; Precedent enabling police to perform invasive medical procedures.
- Genetics in the courtroom.
Krajick, Kevin // Newsweek; 1/11/1993, Vol. 121 Issue 2, p64N
Offers a look at the controversy surrounding DNA testing. How it can clear a suspect; Kerry Kotler was released after 11 years in jail after DNA typing proved he was innocent; Kotler is one of at least a dozen men to be freed from prison based on a comparison that didn't match; Police downplay...
- Whose DNA is it anyway?
Wall, W.J. // New Statesman & Society; 12/8/95, Vol. 8 Issue 382, p20
Focuses on a new technique of DNA analysis, called Short Tandem Repeat analysis. Matching of DNA profiles of the deceased with their relatives; Concerns over proposal to set up a national DNA database.
Wall, W.J. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p873
A definition of the medical term "fingerprint," which refers to a smudge made when oils from the distal portions of the finger come into contact with an object, is presented.
- The latest verdict on DNA fingerprinting.
Wall, W.J. // U.S. News & World Report; 4/27/92, Vol. 112 Issue 16, p17
Discusses what the `New York Times' meant to write in its front-page story on DNA fingerprinting last week. The basis of a new report on DNA fingerprinting; Definition of DNA fingerprinting; The chances of accusing the wrong person using the procedure; The use of the procedure in courts; Why...
- Genes and the law.
Wall, W.J. // Wilson Quarterly; Spring90, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p132
Focuses on the use of DNA fingerprinting in courts. Process description; Technique's shortcomings.
- Extrapair fertilizations and the evolution of colonial breeding in purple martins
Morton, Eugene S.; Braun, Michael; Forman, Lisa // Auk (American Ornithologists Union); Apr1990, Vol. 107 Issue 2, p275
No abstract available.
- DNA revisited.
Morton, Eugene S.; Braun, Michael; Forman, Lisa // New Scientist; 4/18/92, Vol. 134 Issue 1817, p3
Discusses the level of nastiness evident in the United States over the use of DNA in the courts. Criticism by scientists over the technique; The FBI's support of DNA fingerprinting.
- Stalking staph.
Walterscheid, Ellen // Sciences; Sep/Oct98, Vol. 38 Issue 5, p7
Focuses on the use of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) fingerprinting techniques to identify murder victims, solving paternity disputes and finding rapists. Benefits of this technique; Reference to the use of this technique in the detection of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria; Details on the...
- The facts, and nothing but the facts.
Taylor, Linda E. // Canada & the World Backgrounder; Dec95, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p16
Presents information on the use of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) testing in finding evidence in crimes. Greatest advance in forensics; Details on DNA analysis; Potential problems outweighed by DNA file; Cases of Guy Paul Morin and Donald Marshall. INSETS: Prove it.;Finding the truth..
- Has Darwin been vindicated?
Taylor, Linda E. // BioScience; Sep90, Vol. 40 Issue 8, p623
Reports that DNA fingerprints from many members of the same colony of naked mole-rats were found to be virtually indistinguishable. Naked mole-rats' helping behavior perpetuates copies of their genetic material in close relatives.
- Leaving Holmes in the dust.
Begley, S. // Newsweek; 10/26/1987, Vol. 110 Issue 17, p81
Developed in Britain in the early 1980s, `DNA fingerprinting' (in effect, partial maps of a human gene) has been used in paternity suits, immigration cases and criminal investigations. Now it is being introduced in the US by Cellmark Diagnostics.
- Prove you're not a rapist.
Sheremata, David // Alberta Report / Newsmagazine; 7/08/96, Vol. 23 Issue 30, p23
Reports the fears of some residents of Vermilion, Alberta over the Royal Canadian Mounted Police's efforts to perform DNA testing on the town's male residents. Testing as an effort to locate a rapist who attacked numerous women in 1992; Why an anonymous source fears where the tests will end up;...
- DNA-based identity testing in forensic science.
McElfresh, Kevin C.; Vining-Forde, Debbie // BioScience; Mar1993, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p149
Describes the power of DNA fingerprinting and discusses the legal issues surrounding DNA-based identification technology as it is currently used today. Why DNA-based forensic analysis of crime scene samples is more informative than any past biological technique; DNA-based identification testing...
- Genetic `hoofprints' for harness horses.
Anderson, Ian // New Scientist; 8/1/92, Vol. 135 Issue 1832, p5
Reports that Australia's trotters and pacers will soon have to undergo DNA fingerprinting to verify their pedigree. This is the first time the technique has been introduced on a commercial basis for horse racing; The procedure; How the scheme will protect buyers.
- Doubts over DNA evidence `exaggerated'
Bown, William // New Scientist; 1/23/93, Vol. 137 Issue 1857, p6
Reports on criticism by two British scientists of accusations that DNA fingerprinting is flawed. They said doubts over the reliability of DNA evidence had been exaggerated. Recent court cases in Britain that refused to admit standard DNA evidence; What was to blame in the recent court failures.
- Willing to give up their DNA, but privacy too?
Donnan, Shawn // Christian Science Monitor; 4/13/2000, Vol. 92 Issue 99, p1
Discusses the growing popularity in the law enforcement community of conducting DNA sweeps which take DNA samples from a large group of people in order to pinpoint a perpetrator, and gives the example of such a program in Wee Waa, New South Wales.
- Bearing false witness.
Knight, Jonathan // New Scientist; 02/28/98, Vol. 157 Issue 2123, p13
Presents information on the use of mtDNA, a genetic fingerprinting method. Reported use of mtDNA in the United States; How this fingerprinting test is conducted; Information from William Shields, an expert of mtDNA from the State University of New York; Federal Bureau of Investiagtion's views...
- DNA: A diagnostic new age.
Tompkins, Lucy S.; Warford, Ann L. // Patient Care; 7/15/1993, Vol. 27 Issue 12, p75
Discusses the benefits and uses of DNA fingerprinting. Identification and comparison of bacterial strains; Uses of plasmid finger printing; Advantage over traditional laboratory methods; Identifying infectious viruses; Uses of polymerase chain reaction in molecular genetics. INSET: The...
- Legal standards and the significance of DNA evidence.
Gomulkiewicz, Richard; Slade, Norman A. // Human Biology; Oct97, Vol. 69 Issue 5, p675
Presents a study which looks at a heuristic way of assessing the legal significance of the DNA matching evidence. Detailed information on the measure used; Feature of the measure; Impact of handling errors that tend to result in false DNA matches on the significance of DNA evidence.
- DNA fingerprinting in a high school research-based science course.
Roth, W. Barry; Thompson, Michael D. // American Biology Teacher (National Association of Biology Teache; Jan1997, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p48
Details the DNA profile technique experiment done by a group of high school juniors and seniors. Steps in determining the variable number of tandem repeats (VTNR); Methods of obtaining the DNA sample; Use of gel electrophoresis for DNA analysis; Equipment required for DNA analysis; Correct...
- Genetic fingerprinting reflects population differentiation in the California Channel Island fox.
Gilbert, D.A.; Lehman, N. // Nature; 4/19/1990, Vol. 344 Issue 6268, p764
Reports on an analysis of DNA fingerprints of the California Channel Island fox (`Urocyon littoralis'). Differences among hypervariable restriction-fragment profiles can be used to estimate relative genetic variability and to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships of natural populations. ...
- Academy approves, critics still cry foul.
Anderson, C. // Nature; 4/16/1992, Vol. 356 Issue 6370, p552
Focuses on a report released by the National Academy of Sciences' National Research Council (NRC) that concludes that the current procedure for comparing DNA fingerprints is `fundamentally sound.' Possible impact of this report in the courtroom;Recommendation that the US Department of Health...
- Social assemblages and mating relationships in prairie dogs: a DNA fingerprint analysis
Keim, Paul; Travis, Steven E.; Slobodchikoff, C. N. // Behavioral Ecology; Spring1996, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p95
No abstract available.
- Convicted by their own genes.
Gest, T. // U.S. News & World Report; 10/31/88, Vol. 105 Issue 17, p70
Report that DNA `fingerprinting' is facing a major legal challenge from defense attorneys and civil libertarians. Exonerating innocent suspects; Limitations; Critics; Process and technique.
- The case of the unraveling DNA.
Vogel, S. // Discover; Jan1990, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p46
Describes some of the problems that have arisen, particularly in 1989, in using DNA fingerprinting as a method for identifying criminals in court cases. Examples; Comments by expert witnesses on unreliability of DNA data; DNA fingerprinting technique description; Lack of computer match; Ground...
- Fingerprinting trials.
Vogel, S. // Nature; 6/15/1989, Vol. 339 Issue 6225, p491
Opinion. Discusses the confusion over the new technology of DNA fingerprinting. Forensic applications; Reliability.
- DNA fingerprinting on trial.
Lander, E.S. // Nature; 6/15/1989, Vol. 339 Issue 6225, p501
Presents a commentary citing the hasty use of DNA fingerprinting as a forensic technique and the need to set higher standards. Castro and other cases; Experts' statements; Guidelines needed.
- New York state leads on genetic fingerprinting.
McGourty, C. // Nature; 9/14/1989, Vol. 341 Issue 6238, p90
Reports on the announcement by New York state director of justice, John Poklemba, of the first attempt in the US to regulate the forensic use of `genetic fingerprinting'. Proposals for new labs and database. Federal Bureau of Investigation plans.
- DNA fingerprinting on trial.
Anderson, A. // Nature; 12/21/1989, Vol. 342 Issue 6252, p844
Describes the dramatic series of events in a Portland, Me. courtroom that seem certain to lend strength to those calling for stricter standards in the forensic use of DNA testing. Upset for Lifecodes Corporation which prepared the DNA evidence. Details of the case; Technique used; Series of...
- FBI gives in on genetics.
Anderson, C. // Nature; 2/20/1992, Vol. 355 Issue 6362, p663
Discusses how the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is responding to criticism that its DNA `fingerprinting' techniques vastly overstate their reliability. The FBI is sending researchers on a worldwide hunt for better data on the genetics of ethnic subpopulations. Introduction of DNA...
- Forensic tests proved innocent.
Anderson, A. // Nature; 8/9/1990, Vol. 346 Issue 6284, p499
Discusses the approval granted by the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) for the forensic use of DNA tests (genetic fingerprinting) as evidence in trials. Debates over the performance and interpretation of the tests.
- Challenge to British forensic database.
Aldhous, P. // Nature; 1/16/1992, Vol. 355 Issue 6357, p191
Reports that the British civil rights group Liberty plans to take London's Metropolitan Police to the European Court of Human Rights to question the legality of its database of DNA fingerprinting results. The case of Roy Williams, a man questioned during a 1988 murder inquiry who was cleared...