Citations with the tag: EYE -- Movements -- Research
Results 1 - 50
- What do my eyes do while I'm sleeping?
Schwanke, Catherine // Popular Science; Jul2009, Vol. 274 Issue 7, p85
The article answers a question about what eyes do when one is sleeping.
- An eye movement study of insight problem solving.
Knoblich, Gunther; Ohlsson, Stellan; Raney, Gary E. // Memory & Cognition; Oct2001, Vol. 29 Issue 7, p1000
Examines the predictions from our insight theory against eye movement data recorded while the participants solved match stick arithmetic problems. Effect of insight problems in misleading problem solvers; Implications of representational change theory on eye movement data; Significance of eye...
- More Than Meets The Eye.
Karp, Andrew // 20/20; Sep2010, Vol. 37 Issue 10, p86
The article focuses on the initiative of the manufacturing company Tobii to study the eye movements of a person through a specially designed glasses.
- Eye coordination learned, not innate.
Karp, Andrew // Executive Health's Good Health Report; Oct98, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p8
Discusses the findings of the research of Doctor W. Michael King regarding eye coordination. What the investigators found about motoneurons; Possible cause of strabismus.
- PLACE OF NOTE.
Gavanditti, Sherry // Crain's Cleveland Business; 8/4/2008, Vol. 29 Issue 31, p14
The article focuses on ScanPath, a venture associated with Kent State University's School of Library and Information Science in Kent, Ohio. ScanPath helps companies determine Web site user behavior, right down to eye movements and scanning pauses. Based out of the School of Library and...
- Vergence eye movements in response to binocular disparity without depth perception.
Masson, G. S.; Busettini, C. // Nature; 9/18/1997, Vol. 389 Issue 6648, p283
Presents research which showed that corrective vergence eye movements in primates are elicited at ultrashort latencies in reaction to dense anticorrelated patterns. Use of vergence eye movements by primates; Sensitivity to disparity of anticorrelated patterns; Indications.
- Automated classification and scoring of smooth pursuit eye movements in the presence of fixations and saccades.
Komogortsev, Oleg; Karpov, Alex // Behavior Research Methods; Mar2013, Vol. 45 Issue 1, p203
Ternary eye movement classification, which separates fixations, saccades, and smooth pursuit from the raw eye positional data, is extremely challenging. This article develops new and modifies existing eye-tracking algorithms for the purpose of conducting meaningful ternary classification. To...
- Reinstating salience effects over time: the influence of stimulus changes on visual selection behavior over a sequence of eye movements.
Siebold, Alisha; Donk, Mieke // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics; Aug2014, Vol. 76 Issue 6, p1655
Recently, we showed that salience affects initial saccades only in a static stimulus environment; subsequent saccades were unaffected by salience but, instead, were directed in line with task requirements (Siebold, van Zoest, & Donk, PLoS ONE 6(9): e23552, ). Yet multiple studies have shown that...
- First Saccadic Eye Movement Reveals Persistent Attentional Guidance by Implicit Learning.
Yuhong V. Jiang; Bo-Yeong Won; Swallow, Khena M. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Jun2014, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p1161
Implicit learning about where a visual search target is likely to appear often speeds up search. However, whether implicit learning guides spatial attention or affects postsearch decisional processes remains controversial. Using eye tracking, this study provides compelling evidence that implicit...
- How the presence of persons biases eye movements.
Yuhong V. Jiang; Bo-Yeong Won; Swallow, Khena M. // Psychonomic Bulletin & Review; Apr2010, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p257
The article presents a study regarding the modulation of gaze behavior in observers viewing complex scenes that included a person. The author explains that the number of eye saccades differed only for saccades that started from the head region, and not from the body region. The data indicate...
- Inhibition of Return Across Eye and Object Movements: The Role of Prediction.
Krüger, Hannah M.; Hunt, Amelia R. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Jun2013, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p735
Responses are slower to targets appearing in recently inspected locations, an effect known as Inhibition of Return (IOR). IOR is typically viewed as the consequence of an involuntary mechanism that prevents reinspection of previously visited locations and thereby biases attention toward novel...
- Eye movement instructions modulate motion illusion and body sway with Op Art.
Kapoula, Zoï; Lang, Alexandre; Vernet, Marine; Locher, Paul // Frontiers in Human Neuroscience; Mar2015, Vol. 9, p1
Op Art generates illusory visual motion. It has been proposed that eye movements participate in such illusion. This study examined the effect of eye movement instructions (fixation vs. free exploration) on the sensation of motion as well as the body sway of subjects viewing Op Art paintings....
- Coordinated Flexibility: How Initial Gaze Position Modulates Eye-Hand Coordination and Reaching.
Adam, Jos J.; Buetti, Simona; Kerzel, Dirk // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Aug2012, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p891
Reaching to targets in space requires the coordination of eye and hand movements. In two experiments, we recorded eye and hand kinematics to examine the role of gaze position at target onset on eye-hand coordination and reaching performance. Experiment 1 showed that with eyes and hand aligned on...
- Pre-Saccadic Shifts of Visual Attention.
Adam, Jos J.; Buetti, Simona; Kerzel, Dirk // PLoS ONE; Sep2012, Vol. 7 Issue 9, Special section p1
The locations of visual objects to which we attend are initially mapped in a retinotopic frame of reference. Because each saccade results in a shift of images on the retina, however, the retinotopic mapping of spatial attention must be updated around the time of each eye movement. MathÃ´t and...
- Emotionality of Loss-Related Memories Is Reduced After Recall Plus Eye Movements But Not After Recall Plus Music or Recall Only.
Hornsveld, Hellen K.; Landwehr, Frieda; Stein, Willeke; Stomp, Margaretha P. H.; Smeets, Monique A. M.; van den Hout, Marcel A. // Journal of EMDR Practice & Research; 2010, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p106
Numerous studies have shown that eye movements during recall of negative memories reduce their emotionality. We investigated whether these findings can be extended specifically to negative memories of loss. Sixty undergraduate students participated and recalled a negative autobiographical memory...
- Opening a Window Into Reading Development: Eye Movements' Role Within a Broader Literacy Research Framework.
Miller, Brett; O'Donnell, Carol // School Psychology Review; 2013, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p123
The cumulative body of eye movement research provides significant insight into how readers process text. The heart of this work spans roughly 40 years reflecting the maturity of both the topics under study and experimental approaches used to investigate reading. Recent technological advancements...
- Eye movements during scene viewing: Evidence for mixed control of fixation durations.
John M. Henderson; Graham L. Pierce // Psychonomic Bulletin & Review; Jun2008, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p566
Recent behavioral and computational research on eye movement control during scene viewing has focused on where the eyes move. However, fixations also differ in their durations, and when the eyes move may be another important indicator of perceptual and cognitive activity. Here we used a scene...
- Prosaccades and antisaccades to onsets and color singletons: evidence that erroneous prosaccades are not reflexive.
Godijn, Richard; Kramer, Arthur F. // Experimental Brain Research; Jul2006, Vol. 172 Issue 4, p439
In the present study participants searched for an onset target or a color singleton target and were required to execute a saccade toward (prosaccade) or away (antisaccade) from the search target. The results showed that participants often made erroneous saccades toward the onset or color...
- Analogical Thinking Induces Eye Movements in Scene Viewing.
Ahmad, Gufran // International Journal of Machine Learning & Computing; 2014, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p94
The studies of eye movements for understanding underlying mechanism of visual attention and perception have been challenging. These studies are obligatory to learn the dynamics of humans' cognition. We performed and studied eye tracking experiments to examine the hypothesis that the patterns...
- Management of globe luxation followed by traumatic liquoric fistula: case report.
PEREIRA, FILIPE JOSÉ; DE PROENÇA BETTEGA, RONALDO BRANDÃO; VELASCO CRUZ, ANTONIO AUGUSTO // Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia; 2011, Vol. 74 Issue 1, p58
This report describes the only case in the literature of globe luxation due to traumatic cerebrospinal fluid fistula to the orbit caused by fire gun with ocular globe maintenance. E.N., female, white, 7 months, admitted with left orbitocranial injury by fire gun. Ocular globe luxation was...
- Decision moving window: using interactive eye tracking to examine decision processes.
Franco-Watkins, Ana; Johnson, Joseph // Behavior Research Methods; Sep2011, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p853
It has become increasingly more important for researchers to better capture the complexities of making a decision. To better measure cognitive processes such as attention during decision making, we introduce a new methodology: the decision moving window, which capitalizes on both mouse-tracing...
- Exploiting human sensitivity to gaze for tracking the eyes.
Anderson, Nicola; Risko, Evan; Kingstone, Alan // Behavior Research Methods; Sep2011, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p843
Given the prevalence, quality, and low cost of web cameras, along with the remarkable human sensitivity to gaze, we examined the accuracy of eye tracking using only a web camera. Participants were shown webcamera recordings of a person's eyes moving 1Â°, 2Â°, or 3Â° of visual angle in one...
- Predictive remapping of attention across eye movements.
Rolfs, Martin; Jonikaitis, Donatas; Deubel, Heiner; Cavanagh, Patrick // Nature Neuroscience; Feb2011, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p252
Many cells in retinotopic brain areas increase their activity when saccades (rapid eye movements) are about to bring stimuli into their receptive fields. Although previous work has attempted to look at the functional correlates of such predictive remapping, no study has explicitly tested for...
- It depends on how you look at it: Scanpath comparison in multiple dimensions with MultiMatch, a vector-based approach.
Dewhurst, Richard; Nyström, Marcus; Jarodzka, Halszka; Foulsham, Tom; Johansson, Roger; Holmqvist, Kenneth // Behavior Research Methods; Dec2012, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p1079
Eye movement sequences-or scanpaths-vary depending on the stimulus characteristics and the task (Foulsham & Underwood Journal of Vision, 8(2), 6:1-17, ; Land, Mennie, & Rusted, Perception, 28, 1311-1328, ). Common methods for comparing scanpaths, however, are limited in their ability to capture...
- Assessing visual control during simulated and live operations: gathering evidence for the content validity of simulation using eye movement metrics.
Vine, Samuel; McGrath, John; Bright, Elizabeth; Dutton, Thomas; Clark, James; Wilson, Mark // Surgical Endoscopy; Jun2014, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p1788
Background: Although virtual reality (VR) simulators serve an important role in the training and assessment of surgeons, they need to be evaluated for evidence of validity. Eye-tracking technology and measures of visual control have been used as an adjunct to the performance parameters produced...
- The Peripheral Binding of 14-3-3Î³ to Membranes Involves Isoform-Specific Histidine Residues.
Bustad, Helene J.; Skjaerven, Lars; Ming Ying; Halskau, Øyvind; Baumann, Anne; Rodriguez-Larrea, David; Costas, Miguel; Underhaug, Jarl; Sanchez-Ruiz, Jose M.; Martinez, Aurora // PLoS ONE; Nov2012, Vol. 7 Issue 11, Special section p1
Mammalian 14-3-3 protein scaffolds include seven conserved isoforms that bind numerous phosphorylated protein partners and regulate many cellular processes. Some 14-3-3-isoforms, notably Î³, have elevated affinity for membranes, which might contribute to modulate the subcellular localization...
- Detection of Stimulus Displacements Across Saccades is Capacity-Limited and Biased in Favor of the Saccade Target.
Irwin, David E.; Robinson, Maria M.; Schneider, Werner; Poth, Christian H.; Deubel, Heiner // Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience; Nov2015, Vol. 9, p1
Retinal image displacements caused by saccadic eye movements are generally unnoticed. Recent theories have proposed that perceptual stability across saccades depends on a local evaluation process centered on the saccade target object rather than on remapping and evaluating the positions of all...
- In the Eye of the Beholder.
Irwin, David E.; Robinson, Maria M.; Schneider, Werner; Poth, Christian H.; Deubel, Heiner // Spinoff; 2016, p195
The article discusses research by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Ames Research Center and San Jose State University which developed and validated a brief eye-movement-based test to assess brain health.
- Apparent Motion from Outside the Visual Field, Retinotopic Cortices May Register Extra-Retinal Positions.
Szinte, Martin; Cavanagh, Patrick // PLoS ONE; Oct2012, Vol. 7 Issue 10, Special section p1
Observers made a saccade between two fixation markers while a probe was flashed sequentially at two locations on a side screen. The first probe was presented in the far periphery just within the observer's visual field. This target was extinguished and the observers made a large saccade away...
- Stop Before You Leap: Changing Eye and Hand Movements Requires Stopping.
Bissett, Patrick G.; Logan, Gordon D. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Aug2013, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p941
The search--step paradigm addresses the processes involved in changing movement plans, usually saccadic eye-movements. Subjects move their eyes to a target (T1) among distractors, but when the target steps to a new location (T2), subjects are instructed to move their eyes directly from fixation...
- Small effects of neck torsion on healthy human voluntary eye movements.
Janssen, M.; de Vries, J.; Ischebeck, B. K.; Frens, M. A.; van der Geest, J. N. // European Journal of Applied Physiology; Dec2013, Vol. 113 Issue 12, p3049
Purpose: Although several lines of research suggest that the head and eye movement systems interact, previous studies have reported that applying static neck torsion does not affect smooth pursuit eye movements in healthy controls. This might be due to several methodological issues. Here we...
- It Takes Time to Prime: Semantic Priming in the Ocular Lexical Decision Task.
Hoedemaker, Renske S.; Gordon, Peter C. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan; Dec2014, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p2179
Two eye-tracking experiments were conducted in which the manual response mode typically used in lexical decision tasks (LDTs) was replaced with an eye-movement response through a sequence of 3 words. This ocular LDT combines the explicit control of task goals found in LDTs with the highly...
- Comparison of saccadic reaction time between normal and glaucoma using an eye movement perimeter.
Mazumdar, Deepmala; Pel, J. J. M.; Panday, Manish; Asokan, Rashima; Vĳaya, L.; Shantha, B.; George, Ronnie; Steen, J. van der // Indian Journal of Ophthalmology; Jan2014, Vol. 62 Issue 1, p55
Aim: To compare the saccadic reaction time (SRT) in both the central and peripheral visual fi eld in normal and glaucomatous eyes using eye movement perimetery (EMP). Materials and Methods: Fift y-four normal and 25 glaucoma subjects underwent EMP and visual fi eld testing on the Humphrey Field...
- Compensatory eye and head movements of patients with homonymous hemianopia in the naturalistic setting of a driving simulation.
Bahnemann, Markus; Hamel, Johanna; Beukelaer, Sophie; Ohl, Sven; Kehrer, Stefanie; Audebert, Heinrich; Kraft, Antje; Brandt, Stephan // Journal of Neurology; Feb2015, Vol. 262 Issue 2, p316
Homonymous hemianopia (HH) is a frequent deficit resulting from lesions to post-chiasmal brain structures with a significant negative impact on activities of daily living. To address the question how patients with HH may compensate their visual field defect in a naturalistic environment, we...
- Tracing the Origin of the East-West Population Admixture in the Altai Region (Central Asia).
González-Ruiz, Mercedes; Santos, Cristina; Jordana, Xavier; Simón, Marc; Lalueza-Fox, Carles; Gigli, Elena; Aluja, Maria Pilar; Malgosa, Assumpció // PLoS ONE; Nov2012, Vol. 7 Issue 11, Special section p1
A recent discovery of Iron Age burials (Pazyryk culture) in the Altai Mountains of Mongolia may shed light on the mode and tempo of the generation of the current genetic east-west population admixture in Central Asia. Studies on ancient mitochondrial DNA of this region suggest that the Altai...
- Phylogenetic Patterns of Geographical and Ecological Diversification in the Subgenus Drosophila.
Morales-Hojas, Ramiro; Vieira, Jorge // PLoS ONE; Nov2012, Vol. 7 Issue 11, Special section p1
Colonisation of new geographic regions and/or of new ecological resources can result in rapid species diversification into the new ecological niches available. Members of the subgenus Drosophila are distributed across the globe and show a large diversity of ecological niches. Furthermore,...
- Bayesian Selection of Markov Models for Symbol Sequences: Application to Microsaccadic Eye Movements.
Bettenbühl, Mario; Rusconi, Marco; Engbert, Ralf; Holschneider, Matthias; Rattray, Magnus // PLoS ONE; Sep2012, Vol. 7 Issue 9, Special section p1
Complex biological dynamics often generate sequences of discrete events which can be described as a Markov process. The order of the underlying Markovian stochastic process is fundamental for characterizing statistical dependencies within sequences. As an example for this class of biological...
- Looking for Discriminating Is Different from Looking for Looking's Sake.
Bieg, Hans-Joachim; Bresciani, Jean-Pierre; Bülthoff, Heinrich H.; Chuang, Lewis L.; Lappe, Markus // PLoS ONE; Sep2012, Vol. 7 Issue 9, Special section p1
Recent studies provide evidence for task-specific influences on saccadic eye movements. For instance, saccades exhibit higher peak velocity when the task requires coordinating eye and hand movements. The current study shows that the need to process task-relevant visual information at the saccade...
- Intentional Response Distortion on Personality Tests: Using Eye-Tracking to Understand Response Processes When Faking.
van Hooft, Edwin A. J.; Bonn, Manse Ph. // Journal of Applied Psychology; Mar2012, Vol. 97 Issue 2, p301
Intentional response distortion or faking among job applicants completing measures such as personality and integrity tests is a concern in personnel selection. The present study aimed to investigate whether eye-tracking technology can improve our understanding of the response process when...
- Eye movements and the perceptual span in silent and oral reading.
Ashby, Jane; Yang, Jinmian; Evans, Kris; Rayner, Keith // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics; May2012, Vol. 74 Issue 4, p634
Previous research has examined parafoveal processing during silent reading, but little is known about the role of these processes in oral reading. Given that masking parafoveal information slows down silent reading, we asked whether a similar effect also occurs in oral reading. To investigate...
Ashby, Jane; Yang, Jinmian; Evans, Kris; Rayner, Keith // Current Medical Literature: Ophthalmology; 2012, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p103
The article presents comments on the results of a study on the ocular complications of cosmetic iris implants. The study described the management of seven patients with iris implants having complications including intraocular pressure, corneal edema, and anterior uveitis. The patients required...
- Evaluation of the smooth pursuit tests in multiple sclerosis patients.
Jozefowicz-Korczynska, Magdalena; Pajor, Anna // Journal of Neurology; Oct2011, Vol. 258 Issue 10, p1795
In multiple sclerosis (MS), randomly located demyelination lesions may involve a large part of the central nervous system and disturb oculomotor activity, including impairment of saccadic and pursuit systems. The aim of the work was to determine the frequency of smooth pursuit disturbances in MS...
- Tube Viewing.
Reebs, Stéphan // Natural History; May2009, Vol. 118 Issue 4, p10
The article discusses research wherein Bruce H. Robinson and Kim R. Reisenbichler of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute sent a remotely operated vehicle undersea to research the deep-sea fishes known as barreleyes. Video observations of three specimens belonging to the species...
- Visualisation of active subretinal implants with external connections by high-resolution CT.
Gekeler, Florian; Kopp, Andreas; Sachs, Helmut; Besch, Dorothea; Greppmaier, Udo; Zrenner, Eberhart; Bartz-Schmidt, Karl Ulrich; Szurman, Peter // British Journal of Ophthalmology; Jul2010, Vol. 94 Issue 7, p843
Two patients carrying an active subretinal implant with extra-ocular parts were examined by high-resolution CT. Cranial scans were acquired in the primary position and in eight additional directions of gaze with eyes open and closed to demonstrate the mobility of the eyeball and the implant...
- Self-Paced Sport Events Under Temporal Constraints: Visual Search, Quiet Eye, Expertise and Constrained Performance Time in Far Aiming Tasks.
Seung-Min Lee; Seonnjin Kim; Park, Seung-Ha // International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences; 2009, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p146
The purpose of this study was to examine the change of visual search strategies according to expertise and constrained performance time on far aiming tasks. For this research, constrained performance time was classified into 0%, 25% and 50% constraint conditions, and the participants were...
- VLIV CROWDINGU NA OÄŒNÃ POHYBY PÅ˜I SLEDOVÃNÃ VÃCE OBJEKTÅ®.
Děchtěrenko, Filip; Lukavský, Jiří // Linguistica Online; Nov2012, Issue 14, p12
In many everyday tasks (as playing team sports or watching several children at once) people need to divide their attention among several objects. In this article we focus on Multiple Object Tracking paradigm (MOT), which is the dominant research method for the research on divided attention. In...
- Bupivacaine and botulinum toxin to treat comitant strabismus.
HOPKER, LUISA MOREIRA; ZAUPA, PRISCILA FERNANDES; DE SOUZA LIMA FILHO, ACÁCIO ALVES; CRONEMBERGER, MONICA FIALHO; TABUSE, MARCIA KEIKO UYENO; NAKANAMI, CÉLIA REGINA; ALLEMANN, NORMA; MENDONÇA, TOMÁS SCALAMANDRÉ // Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia; 2012, Vol. 75 Issue 2, p111
Purpose: To evaluate the change in ocular motility and muscle thickness measured with ultrasonography after intramuscular injection of bupivacaine and botulinum toxin A. Methods: Eight patients (five female) were enrolled to measure ocular motility prior and 1, 7, 30 and 180 days after one...
- Effects of intraword and interword spacing on eye movements during reading: Exploring the optimal use of space in a line of text.
Slattery, Timothy; Rayner, Keith // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics; Aug2013, Vol. 75 Issue 6, p1275
Two eye movement experiments investigated intraword spacing (the space between letters within words) and interword spacing (the space between words) to explore the influence these variables have on eye movement control during reading. Both variables are important factors in determining the...
- Underlying Changes in Repeated Reading: An Eye Movement Study.
Foster, Tori E.; Ardoin, Scott P.; Binder, Katherine S. // School Psychology Review; 2013, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p140
Past research supports the use of repeated reading but does not provide conclusive evidence as to the mechanisms through which RR takes effect. Eye movement studies allow for precise examination of intervention effects. The current study examined underlying changes in elementary students' (TV =...
- Monitoring Local Comprehension Monitoring in Sentence Reading.
Vorstius, Christian; Radach, Ralph; Mayer, Michael B.; Lonigan, Christopher J. // School Psychology Review; 2013, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p191
Comprehension monitoring is considered a key issue in current debates on ways to improve children' reading comprehension. However, processes and mechanisms underlying this skill are currently not well understood. This article describes one of the first attempts to study comprehension monitoring...