Citations with the tag: DISTRIBUTION (Economic theory)
Results 1 - 50
- How did generalized solutions arise in solid mechanics?
Lebedev, L.P.; Grossi, R.O. // International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education; Jul2002, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p219
Outlines the connection between traditional ideas of mechanics and the mathematical concepts of generalized solution and distribution. Principles of modern numerical methods; Transition between the traditional ideas of mechanics and ideas from applied mathematics; Demonstration of how...
- Developers thrive on distribution.
Sundaramoorthy, Geeta // Business News New Jersey; 09/22/97, Vol. 10 Issue 32, p28
Presents information on the demand for larger and taller warehouses in New Jersey. Why the location of the state makes it an ideal place for companies wanting to construct warehouses; Names of some companies constructing warehouses in the state; Concerns surrounding the expansion and...
- The Minimum Distribution Rules and Their Critical Role in Controlling the Floodgates of Qualified Plan Wealth.
Soled, Jay A.; Wolk, Bruce A. // Brigham Young University Law Review; 2000, Vol. 2000 Issue 2, p587
Analyzes the minimum distribution rules in the United States and their role in controlling the flow of qualified plan wealth. Factors that make an evaluation of the minimum distribution rules timely; Overview of the minimum distribution rules and how they regulate the flow of qualified plan...
- ABSTRACT -- RISK AND PRICE DISTRIBUTION.
Abrahamson, Allen A.; Emery, John T. // Journal of Financial & Quantitative Analysis; Nov74, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p847
While a substantial body of evidence exists indicating that the distribution of price changes in speculative markets is not normally distributed, there is some question about which theoretical distribution best describes price changes. This paper derives and tests an alternative distribution...
- Pricing Optimal Distributions to Overlapping Generations: A Corollary to Efficiency Pricing.
Benveniste, Lawrence M. // Review of Economic Studies; Apr86, Vol. 53 Issue 173, p301
This paper will exploit the structural similarity of the two period overlapping generations model and the dynamic capital accumulation model to provide a pricing characterization of Pareto optimal distributions. With some very simple structural interpretations, the techniques which were...
- The theory of productiveness: a microeconomic and macroeconomic analysis of binary growth and output in the Kelso system.
Kane, Stephen V. // Journal of Socio-Economics; 2000, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p541
Analyzes binary growth and output in the Kelso system. Definition of productiveness; Theory of distribution in conventional economics; Maximization of output.
- On a Controversy Over Ricardo's Theory of Distribution.
Bharadwaj, Krishna // Cambridge Journal of Economics; Mar1983, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p11
Explores the controversies over the evaluation of D. Ricardo's theory of distribution. Analytical core of the Ricardian theory; Positions on the genesis and development of Ricardo's theory of profit; Conditions under which a labor theory retains its validity.
- ISOLATIONISM IN ECONOMIC METHOD.
Schuller, George J. // Quarterly Journal of Economics; Nov49, Vol. 63 Issue 4, p439
Examines the isolationism of the traditional schools as it is exemplified in their treatment of the problem of distribution theory. Problem of distribution with which the schools of economic theory are concerned; Analysis of isolationism in four distinct components; Origin of exclusiveness in...
- Free trade and income redistribution across labor groups: Comparative statics for the U.S. economy.
Thompson, Henry // International Review of Economics & Finance; 1997, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p181
Focuses on free trade and income redistribution across labour groups. Usage of a general equilibrium model; Basis for the model; How substitution elasticities are derived from factor shares and industry shares; Results of models with 9 factors; Motivation for aggregating factors for blue collar...
- Kalecki's pricing theory.
Basile, Liliana; Salvadori, Neri // Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; Winter84/85, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p249
Examines Kalecki's pricing theory. Analysis of distribution; Nature of the marginal cost function; Theory of dynamics.
- The real distribution of current goods and services.
Roemer, John E. // Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; Winter79, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p212
Examines actual distribution by income class of current goods and services in the United States. Mechanisms of distribution; Use of real distribution as a measure of economic welfare; Measurement of distribution.
- THE SRAFFA SYSTEM AND CRITIQUE OF THE NEO-CLASSICAL THEORY OF DISTRIBUTION.
Dobb, Maurice // De Economist (0013-063X); Jul70, Vol. 118 Issue 4, p347
Assesses the implications of the method and approach represented by the Sraffa system concerning the theory of distribution. Notions of marginal productivity; Link between the Ricardo-Marx theories of value and distribution; Correlation between individuals and the productive process.
- Avoiding the Early Distribution Tax on Retirement Plans.
Helms, Glenn L.; Mayes, Sarah L.; Busbong, J. Gregory // Ohio CPA Journal; Jan-Mar2002, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p19
Focuses on the avoidance of the early distribution tax on retirement plans in the U.S. Effects of the decline in the economic activity on unemployment; Option of taking a partial distribution to survive financial difficulty; Alternative of a direct rollover of a portion and early withdrawal of...
- Growth and distribution: a reply.
Tobin, James // Cambridge Journal of Economics; Jun90, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p232
Replies to the commentary of Ian Steedman on growth and distribution.
- The hot air in R2: Comment.
Lavergne, Pascal // American Journal of Agricultural Economics; Aug96, Vol. 78 Issue 3, p712
Comments on an article by McGuirk and Driscoll in `The American Journal of Agricultural Economics' which warned applied econometricians about blind use of R2 in model selection. Misunderstanding of what R2 measures; Confusion between conditional and unconditional probability distributions.
- The hot air in R2: Reply.
McGuirk, Anya M.; Driscoll, Paul // American Journal of Agricultural Economics; Aug96, Vol. 78 Issue 3, p715
Comments on Lavergne's reaction to the authors' paper `The Hot Air in R2 and Some Consistent Measures of Explained Variation,' published in the `American Journal of Agricultural Economics.' Varying unconditional mean for the dependent variable is the sole cause of trouble for conventional R2...
- Rich Country, Poor Country.
KEATING, JOSHUA E. // Foreign Policy; Sep/Oct2011, Issue 188, p1
The article offers information and a graph about economic inequality in the world in 2011 including history of the wealth gap by economist Branko Milanovic, the divide between developed and developing countries, and the migration that will result from the disparity.
- IDA GIVES SONUS AGENCY.
KEATING, JOSHUA E. // Appliance Retailer; Oct2010, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p20
The article reports that the distribution agency for Sonus faber speakers in Australia has been relinquished by the company International Dynamics Australia (IDA).
- Voter participation and the redistributive state.
Greene, Kenneth V.; Nikolaev, Oleg // Public Choice; Jan1999, Vol. 98 Issue 1/2, p213
Presents the implication of redistributive theory on participation of voters in the United States. Relationship between income and voting participation; Participation rate; Effects of relative income and wages.
- Fairfields cuts food miles down to metres.
Bamford, Vince // Grocer; 6/30/2012, p24
The article reports that Fairfields Farm has invested 1 million British pounds in a manufacturing unit to expand distribution of its hand-cooked crisps outside East Anglia and compete with rivals Tyrrells and Kettle.
- PANEL DISCUSSION: PROBLEMS OF DISTRIBUTION.
Rowe, Frederick M.; Joliet, Rene; Lever, Jeremy F.; Austern, H. Thomas // Antitrust Law Journal; 1971, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p1032
Focuses on the panel discussion in relation to the problems of distribution process addressed at a meeting of the American Bar Association. Panelists of the discussion; Career background of the panelists; Overview of the interview-dialogue.
- THE SUPERIORITY OF SEQUENTIAL SEARCH: A CALCULATION.
Feinberg, Robert M.; Johnson, William R. // Southern Economic Journal; Apr77, Vol. 43 Issue 4, p1594
Generalizing from the above two probability distributions of offers, we conclude that where other assumptions favor non-sequential search, the balance is more likely to be tipped against sequential search when search costs are either very high or very low. For example, if search costs are high,...
- Share the Wealth!
Feinberg, Robert M.; Johnson, William R. // Wilson Quarterly; Summer2002, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p91
Reprints the article 'America's Lost Egalitarian Tradition,' by Sean Wilentz which appeared in the January 2002 issue of 'Daedalus.'
- What's With the Hoopla?
Frazier, Greg // Electronic News (10616624); 10/14/2002, Vol. 48 Issue 42, p20
No abstract available.
- THE THEORY OF DISTRIBUTION.
Edgeworth, F.Y. // Quarterly Journal of Economics; Feb1904, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p159
Focuses on the theory of distribution in terms of economic exchange. Overview of the mechanism by which distribution in a regime of competition is effected; Various definitions of entrepreneurs; Distribution of a product between contributors of its production.
- Integrated warehousing & distribution: News briefs.
Edgeworth, F.Y. // Transportation & Distribution; Jan98, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p66
Presents news briefs on warehousing and distribution. Reference to the 1997 Logistics Cost and Service Report, issued by Herbert W. Davis; Information on the unanimous vote by both TRW Incorporated's and BDM International Incorporated's board of directors for the acqusition of BDM by TRW;...
- THE GRADUATES.
Lucy, Jim // Electrical Wholesaling; Mar2003, Vol. 84 Issue 3, p22
Focuses on the growing popularity of the degree in industrial distribution among the leading college campuses in the U.S. Description of the placement rates associated with the degree; Adaption of the educational system to the evolving needs of employers; Rate of starting salaries.
- Buying Group Legal Issues.
Ray, Harry B. // Supply House Times; Sep2002, Vol. 45 Issue 7, p35
Reports the role of buying and marketing groups in product distribution industries. Reduction of the acquisition cost of products; Use of common advertising strategies; Issues on group discussions of industry.
- Technical efficiency in noisy multi-output settings.
Gstach, Dieter // Central European Journal of Operations Research; 1999, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p93
Provides four approaches to frontier estimation of multi-output technologies. Availability of noisy quantity data; Need for parametrized distributions for inefficiency and noise; Parametrization of distributions as well as functional forms.
- Marsh Bank Distribution: New Client Groups.
Gjertsen, Lee Ann // American Banker; 5/7/2002, Vol. 167 Issue 87, p10
Reports the addition of the distribution force of Marsh Inc. Services of Marsh; Partnership revenues of the banks; Plan of Marsh to add bank distribution; Expansion of the banks.
- Recent Changes in Earnings Distributions in the United States: Age and Cohort Effects.
Utendorf, Kelvin R. // Social Security Bulletin; 1999, Vol. 62 Issue 2, p14
Focuses on a study which examined the changes in earnings distributions in the United States over the 1980s and through the mid-1990s. Measurement of earnings inequality; Sample distribution in age groups and birth cohorts; Discussion of results; Conclusion.
- Coping with the Time Dimension in Products Liability.
Henderson, Jr., James A. // California Law Review; Jul81, Vol. 69 Issue 4, p919
Examines various suggestions by courts and commentators regarding products liability cases. Description of different types of post-distribution changes in knowledge and attitudes; Examination of the extent to which questions of judicial reliance on hindsight have been addressed by courts and...
- AN INVENTORY MODEL WITH LIMITED PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND UNCERTAIN DEMANDS I. THE AVERAGE-COST CRITERION.
P. Zipkin, A. Federgruen // Mathematics of Operations Research; May86, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p193
This paper considers a single-item, periodic-review inventory model with uncertain demands. In contrast to prior treatments of this problem we assume a finite production capacity per period. Assuming stationary data, a convex one-period cost function and a discrete demand distribution, we show...
- National partiality: Confronting the intuitions.
Weinstock, Daniel // Monist; Jul99, Vol. 82 Issue 3, p516
Deals with liberal nationalism. Role of the state in the redistribution of resources between more- and less-fortunate citizens; Suppressed national premise of liberal theories of distributive justice; Concept of national self-determination; Intuitions concerning national partiality; Analysis of...
- Distribution cost measurement and control.
Schiff, Michael // Management Review; Jul76, Vol. 65 Issue 7, p56
Examines key issues and developments relevant to distribution cost measurement and control. External reporting of distribution costs; Strategies for distribution cost measurement and control; Components of a distribution cost; Classification of distribution costs; Implications for management...
- Improving Distribution Relations in the Present Stage.
Kovalev, A. // Problems of Economics; Nov87, Vol. 30 Issue 7, p47
Emphasizes the need to improve the distribution of labor in close connection with the complete activation of the human factor in Soviet Union. Impact of scientific-technological progress on labor; Interrelationship between productive and nonproductive abilities of labor; Strengthening the role...
- Industry tries to trim fat from distribution.
Jackson, Kathy // Automotive News; 02/23/98, Vol. 71 Issue 5754, p52
No abstract available.
- Kaldor's distribution theory.
O'Connell, Joan // Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; Summer87, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p572
Examines Kaldor's distribution theory. Workers' savings; Capital stock; Rates of return.
- Inheritance and chance as determinants of capital wealth inequality.
YUNKER, JAMES A. // Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; Winter98/99, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p227
Examines random distribution of inheritances with heterogenous and homogeneous random variation. Child-directed distribution of inheritances with heterogeneous random variation; Model of inheritance and random variation; Numerical results; Comparison with empirical capital wealth inequality;...
- Changes in the wealth of nations.
Parente, Stephen L.; Prescott, Edward C. // Quarterly Review (02715287); Spring93, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p3
Examines systematically the nature of the distribution of wealth across nations and describes how this distribution has evolved over specific historical periods. Wealth disparity and wealth mobility as the most prominent features of the time period from 1960 to 1985; Disparity facts; Mobility...
- Perspectives on Power-Dependence Relationships in International Distribution.
Bienstock, Carol C.; Reddy, Allan C. // International Journal of Management; Dec1998, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p407
Presents a theoretical framework for exploring a specific type of distribution strategy for penetrating international markets. Details on reciprocal distribution; Power-dependence relationships between distribution partners; Research propositions; Conclusions and implications.
- Distribution theory revisited: an empirical examination of the Weintraub synthesis.
Hedlund, Jeffrey D. // Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; Fall83, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p73
Examines key issues relevant to the economic distribution theory. Wages; Income; Relative shares of wages and nonwage income.
- The Rising Inequality of World Income Distribution.
Wade, Robert Hunter // Finance & Development; Dec2001, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p37
Examines whether world income distribution has become more or less equal since around 1980. Measure and unit of inequality; Method of converting incomes in different countries to a common numeraire; Causes of the rise in world income inequality; Failure of the World Bank and the International...
- Are Crop Yields Normally Distributed? A Reexamination.
Atwood, Joseph; Shaik, Saleem; Watts, Myles // American Journal of Agricultural Economics; Nov2003, Vol. 85 Issue 4, p888
This article demonstrates that normality test procedures that include individual detrending of short-term panel data can severely reduce the power of normality tests and strongly bias normality tests in a Type II direction. An alternative error component implicit detrending procedure is...
- Industry R&D intensity distributions: regularities and underlying determinants.
Lee, Chang-Yang // Journal of Evolutionary Economics; 2002, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p307
This paper aims to examine the nature of the distributions of firm R&D intensities within industries and explore the factors that underlie the industry R&D intensity distributions. In particular, following the seminal study by Cohen and Klepper (1992) and using some new and rich data on firm R&D...
- DEFINING AGRICULTURAL REGIONS IN RUSSIA: FUZZINESS IN MULTIVARIATE CLASSIFICATION OF HISTORICAL DATA.
Borodkin, Leonid // History & Computing; 1999, Vol. 11 Issue 1/2, p31
Evaluates the spatial distribution of known paths of social agrarian evolution in Russia. Determination of fuzzy boundaries with prevailing distinctive types of economic development; Basis of the approach to the problem on multidimensional data analysis; Capacities of a fuzzy classification...
- Four Parameters of Interest in the Evaluation of Social Programs.
Heckman, James; Tobias, Justin L.; Vytlacil, Edward // Southern Economic Journal; Oct2001, Vol. 68 Issue 2, p210
Examines the treatment parameters used in program evaluation literature in social science. Derivation of computed closed-form expressions for the treatment parameters; Estimation of parameters using output from a standard two-step procedure; Description of work beyond mean effects and estimate...
- Income Uncertainty and Optimal Redistribution.
Kreider, Brent // Southern Economic Journal; Jan2003, Vol. 69 Issue 3, p718
Implications of income uncertainty for socially efficient redistribution are examined. Counterintuitively, a policymaker may respond optimally to a negative utility shock in the economy by redistributing income away from those who suffered the shock. In particular, it may be welfare enhancing to...
- WEALTH AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION, INVESTMENT, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.
Correa, Hector // Southern Economic Journal; Oct67, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p283
The objective of this paper is to show how a high concentration of wealth and income influences the behaviour of savers and investors and, as a consequence, economic growth. The relationships among these variables to be presented below can be considered, at most, as hypotheses. They need to be...
- Marketing Education Briefs.
Correa, Hector // Marketing News; 7/20/1984, Vol. 18 Issue 15, p43
The article offers information on the Third CESCOM-IRM International Conference on Distribution, which will be held on April 19-20, 1985 in Angera, Italy.