Citations with the tag: DERMATOPHYTES

Results 51 - 100

  • The Effect of Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) on the Growth of Dermatophytes.
    Randhawa, Muhammad Akram // Japanese Journal of Medical Mycology; Dec2006, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p313 

    Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is frequently used as a solvent for antifungal drugs in various studies to determine their MICs. Reports on comparative evaluation of methods for the susceptibility testing of antifungal drugs have shown there is poor agreement among methods. Besides other factors which...

  • The Control of Dermatophytoses Based on Ecological Aspect of Causative Fungi.
    Nishimoto, Katsutaro // Japanese Journal of Medical Mycology; Mar2009, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p1 

    Dermatophytes are fungi capable of digesting keratin and able to infect the skin surface of animal. Among them, the anthropophilic species Trichophyton rubrum is the most important human pathogen in Japan as the cusetive species of tinea lesions. The lesions caused by this fungus are known to be...

  • Efficacy of a Single Oral Dose of 200 mg Pramiconazole in Vulvovaginal Yeast Infections: An Exploratory Phase IIa Trial.
    Donders, Gilbert; Ausma, Jannie; Wouters, Luc; Cauwenbergh, Geert; Borgers, Marcel; Janssens, Dirk // Acta Dermato-Venereologica; 2008, Vol. 88 Issue 5, p462 

    Pramiconazole (R126638) is a novel azole with potent antifungal activity against yeasts, dermatophytes and many other fungal species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of a single oral dose of 200 mg pramiconazole in acute and recurrent vulvo-vaginal yeast...

  • Tinea Capitis and Tinea Corporis with a Severe Inflammatory Response due to Trichophyton tonsurans.
    Hryncewicz-Gw�zdz, Anita; Beck-Jendroscheck, Vera; Brasch, Jochen; Kalinowska, Katarzyna; Jagielski, Tomasz // Acta Dermato-Venereologica; 2011, Vol. 91 Issue 6, p708 

    Trichophyton tonsurans is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, with a worldwide distribution, although its prevalence varies considerably between different geographical regions. Whereas in North America infections due to this fungus are exceptionally common, on the European continent they appear...

  • Incidence of dermatophytosis in canine cases presented at Apollo Veterinary College, Rajashtan, India.
    Gangil, Rakhi; Dutta, Pankaj; Tripathi, Ruchi; Singathia, Rajesh; Lakhotia, Ratan Lal // Veterinary World; Nov2012, Vol. 5 Issue 11, p682 

    Aim: Ring worm are fungal infection relevant to animal and human health. The study was aimed to assess the frequency of dermatophytes infection of the skin of dogs in and around the Jaipur city. Materials and methods: One twenty canine samples were obtained during three years (2008-2011) from...

  • Clinical: The Basics - Diagnosis and treatment of cases of onychomycosis.
    Arora, Krishan // GP: General Practitioner; 12/2/2005, p62 

    The article reports that although onychomycosis has a prevalence of about 3 percent in Great Britain, it is often ignored as a trivial dermatological condition and tends to be under-treated and under-diagnosed. Almost all cases are caused by dermatophytes. Studies show that onychomycosis can...

  • Erythroderma due to Dermatophyte.
    Gupta, Ramji; Khera, Vikas // Acta Dermato-Venereologica; Jan/Feb2001, Vol. 81 Issue 1, p70 

    Presents the case of a 66-year-old female with erythroderma due to dermatophyte. Erythema and scaling over the whole body; Misdiagnosis by the treating dermatologist due to the absence of fungal mycelia initially in the scraping from the lesion; Presence of multiple mycelia without spores in...

  • How to perform and interpret DERMATOPHYTE CULTURES.
    Coyner, Kimberly S. // Firstline; Jun2013 Supplement DVM360 Toolkit, p2 

    The article offers guides in collecting samples and interpreting dermatophyte cultures from animals. Topics discussed include selecting and incubating culture media, microscopic identification process of the fungus and characteristics of dermatophyte species including Microsporum canis,...

  • Tinea Capitis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Management Strategies.
    Pomeranz, A.J.; Sabnis, S.S. // Pediatric Drugs; 2002, Vol. 4 Issue 12, p779 

    Tinea capitis is a common superficial fungal infection of the scalp in children, particularly in those of African descent. Trichophyton tonsuran, an anthropophilic dermatophyte, is responsible for the majority of cases in North America. The clinical presentations are variable and include: a...

  • Tx for dermatophyte skin infections.
    Pomeranz, A.J.; Sabnis, S.S. // Dermatology Times; Oct96, Vol. 17 Issue 10, p4 

    Highlights the United States Food & Drug Administration's (FDA) approval of Janssen's itraconazole capsules for treatment of dermatophyte skin infections.

  • Antifungal Activities of Different Extracts of Marine Macroalgae Against Dermatophytes and Candida Species.
    Guedes, Elica; dos Santos Araújo, Maria; Souza, Aryanna; Souza, Larissa; Barros, Lurdiana; Albuquerque Maranhão, Fernanda; Sant'Ana, Antônio // Mycopathologia; Sep2012, Vol. 174 Issue 3, p223 

    Algae are bioactive natural resources, and due to the medical importance of superficial mycoses, we focused the action of macroalgae extracts against dermatophytes and Candida species. Seaweed obtained from the Riacho Doce beach, Alagoas (Brazil), were screened for the antifungal activity,...

  • Pattern of dermatophytes among dermatological specimens at AFIP, Rawalpindi.
    Hanif, Faisal; Ikram, Aamer; Abbasi, Shahid Ahmed; Malik, Nasrullah // Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists; 2012, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p118 

    Objective To determine the types and prevalence of dermatophytes from the clinical specimens received at Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP). Materials and methods Study design is descriptive. The study was carried out at the Department of Microbiology, AFIP Rawalpindi from June 2009 to...

  • The prevalence of otomycosis in Kashan, Iran, during 2001-2003.
    Mogadam, Ahmad Yegane; Asadi, Mohammad Ali; Dehghani, Rohullah; Hooshyar, Hossein // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology; 2009, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p18 

    Otomycosis is a fungal infection of external auditory meatus and is caused by several fungi such as saprophytes, yeasts and /or dermatophytes. The aim of the present study was to find the prevalence rate of fungal otitis in Kashan, Esfahan. This study was carried out on patients, referring to...

  • Fighting fungal disease.
    Hilton, Lisette // Dermatology Times; Dec2005, Vol. 26 Issue 12, p47 

    The article presents updates on topical and oral treatments of fungal diseases. Itraconazole is a second generation oral azole and acts in the same way as ketoconazole does for treating infections due to dermatophytes, tinea versicolor and internal fungi. Terbinafine is specifically used for the...

  • Antifungal Activity of Copaifera langsdorffii Desf Oleoresin against Dermatophytes.
    Zimmermam-Franco, Danielle C.; Bolutari, Edilene B.; Polonini, Hudson C.; do Carmo, Antônio Márcio R.; Chaves, Maria das Graças A. M.; Raposo, Nádia R. B. // Molecules; Oct2013, Vol. 18 Issue 10, p12561 

    Dermatophytoses are mycoses that affect keratinized tissues in both humans and animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the antifungal activity of the oleoresin extracted from Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. against the strains Microsporum canis ATCC 32903, Microsporum gypseum ATCC 14683,...

  • Investigation of Mannose-Binding Lectin Level and Deficiency in Patients With Dermatophytosis.
    Falahati, Mehraban; Nami, Sanam; Zeini, Farideh; Ghelman, Mohsen; Ghasemi, Zeinab; Nozari, Shima // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology;  

    Background: Dermatophytosis is a cutaneous fungal infection with a worldwide occurrence. In dermatophyte infections, the release of keratinocyte cytokines, in the presence of dermatophyte antigens, causes an acute phase response; subsequently, the acute-phase proteins are produced by...

    Stojanov, Igor M.; Radulović, Jasna Z. Prodanov; Pušić, Ivan M.; Kapetanov, Miloš; Ratajac, Radomir D.; Jakšić, Sandra // Matica Srpska Proceedings for Natural Sciences / Zbornik Matice ; 2011, Vol. 121, p231 

    Skin lesions caused by dermatophytes are classified depending on the infected skin structure: surface layer of cutis, fur layer, clutches or nails. Surface mycoses are caused by dermatophytes: Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton species (also important are Malassezia spp., Candida spp.,...

  • Terbinafine Tops Itraconazole for Dermatophyte Toenail Onychomycosis.
    Guttman, Cheryl // Dermatology Times; May2000, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p48 

    Focuses on a meta-analysis presented by Alan B. Fleischer and Steven R. Feldman at the American Academy of Dermatology annual meeting for 2000, on the effectiveness of terbinafine in treating dermatophyte toenail onychomycosis. Comparison with itraconazole efficacy; Identification of studies...

  • Talaromyces indigoticus Takada & Udagawa, the First Record for Panama and the American Continent.
    Weisenborn, Jascha; Kirschner, Roland; Cáceres, Orlando; Piepenbring, Meike // Mycopathologia; Sep2010, Vol. 170 Issue 3, p203 

    In a survey of mycotic human skin and nail lesions in Chiriquí, Western Panama, Talaromyces indigoticus was isolated in one case. This ascomycete is characterised by formation of gymnothecia containing oval, spinose and yellow ascospores, which become blue in mounting fluids, and by short...

  • Non-Fluorescent Ringworm of the Scalp due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. granulosum.
    Koblenzer, Peter J.; Lopresti, Philip S.; Blank, F. // Clinical Pediatrics; Apr1967, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p217 

    This article reports presents cases of diseases caused by the ringworm Trichophyton granulosum, a dermatophyte causing manifold clinical manifestations in man. A 2l-month-old white female was seen for an elevated pruritic erythematous scaling patch of three weeks' duration on the left temple...

  • Microorganisms in Intertriginous Psoriasis:No Evidence of Candida.
    Flytsröm, Ingela; Bergbrant, Ing-Marie; Brared, Johanna; Brandberg, Lena Lind // Acta Dermato-Venereologica; Mar2003, Vol. 83 Issue 2, p121 

    Infection can be a trigger and an aggravating factor in psoriasis. Antibacterial and/or antifungal agents are commonly used in the treatment of intertriginous psoriasis, because it is believed that flexures in psoriasis are often colonized by Candida species and Staphylococcus aureus. Bacterial...

  • Superficial mycoses in the Nis region, Southeast-Serbia.
    Otasevic, Suzana; Đorđević, Jovana; Ranđelović, Gordana; Ignjatović, Aleksandra; Stojanović, Predrag; Zdravković, Dragan; Marković, Roberta // Central European Journal of Medicine; Oct2011, Vol. 6 Issue 5, p665 

    The aim of the study is to investigate the most frequent cause of superficial mycoses in patients from the territory of city Niš Southeast Serbia in the period from 1998 to 2010. A total of 3223 samples from 2887 patients with suspected dermatomycoses were examined. Superficial mycoses were...

  • Keratin Degradation by Dermatophytes Relies on Cysteine Dioxygenase and a Sulfite Efflux Pump.
    Grumbt, Maria; Monod, Michel; Yamada, Tsuyoshi; Hertweck, Christian; Kunert, Jiri; Staib, Peter // Journal of Investigative Dermatology; Jun2013, Vol. 133 Issue 6, p1550 

    Millions of people suffer from superficial infections caused by dermatophytes. Intriguingly, these filamentous fungi exclusively infect keratin-rich host structures such as hair, nails, and skin. Keratin is a hard, compact protein, and its utilization by dermatophytes for growth has long been...

  • Evaluation of Antifungal Activities of Myrtus communis L. by Bioautography Method.
    Mehrabani, Mitra; Kazemi, Abdolhassan; Ayatollahi Mousavi, Seyyed Amin; Rezaifar, Mehdi; Alikhah, Hossein; Nosky, Akram // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology; Oct2013, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p1 

    Background: Myrtus communis L. is an evergreen perennial shrub belonging to the Myrtaceae family that is spontaneously growing throughout the Mediterranean area. Myrtle has demonstrated important antimicrobial and antifungal activities to treat bacterial and fungal diseases. Objectives: This...

  • Experimental Systemic Dermatophytosis.
    van Cutsem, Jan; Janssen, Paul A. J. // Journal of Investigative Dermatology; Jul84, Vol. 83 Issue 1, p26 

    Albino guinea pigs with abraded skin were inoculated cutaneously with 27 strains of dermatophytes from animals and humans. The same strains were inoculated i.v. in guinea pigs with intact skin. Zoophilic dermatophytes and human isolates of Trichophyton mentagrophytes var....

  • Proteomic profile of dormant Trichophyton Rubrum conidia.
    Wenchuan Leng; Tao Liu; Rui Li; Jian Yang; Candong Wei; Wenliang Zhang; Qi Jin // BMC Genomics; 2008, Vol. 9, Special section p1 

    Background: Trichophyton rubrum is the most common dermatophyte causing fungal skin infections in humans. Asexual sporulation is an important means of propagation for T. rubrum, and conidia produced by this way are thought to be the primary cause of human infections. Despite their importance in...

  • Studies on Extra Cellular Enzyme Keratinase from Dermatophyte Microsporum gypseum.
    Raju, K. C.; Neogi, Ujjwal; Saumya, Ruchi; Goud, N. Rajendra // International Journal of Biological Chemistry; 2007, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p174 

    Keratinases (E.C. are of particular interest because of their action on insoluble keratin substrates and generally on a broad range of protein substrates. The objective of this study is to isolation, screening, purification and determination of the enzymatic activity of extracellular...

  • Evaluation of Antidermatophytic activity of Piper betle, Allamanda cathertica and their combination: an in vitro and in vivo study.
    Sharma, K. K.; Saikia, R.; Kotoky, J.; Kalita, J. C.; Das, J. // International Journal of PharmTech Research; Apr-Jun2011, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p644 

    The present study was conducted to evaluate and establish the claim of antidermatophytic activities of Piper betle Linn. and Allamanda cathertica Linn. In vitro and in vivo antifungal studies of the chloroform and methanol extracts of these plants and their mixture were conducted. Agar cup...

  • Annular plaques.
    Oakley, Amanda // New Zealand Doctor; 4/19/2006, p24 

    Presents information on tinea corporis, or dermatophyte fungal infection. Illustrations that show some common acute and chronic conditions that may readily be confused with fungal infections; Morphology of the skin condition; Distribution.

  • Dermatophytes and Other Fungi Associated with Hair-Scalp of Nursery and Primary School Children in Awka, Nigeria.
    Mbata, T. I.; Nwajagu, C. C. // Internet Journal of Dermatology; 2007, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p1 

    A total of 2,117 nursery and primary school children aged 1-13 years were surveyed for hair-scalp infection in Awka, Nigeria between January and March 2004. Specimens for mycological investigations were confirmed by microscopic examinations in 100 cases (4.7%) and the causative agents were...

  • Dermatophytes and other skin mycoses found in featherless broiler toe webs.
    Mbata, T. I. // Internet Journal of Dermatology; 2009, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p3 

    Feartherless broilers which are produced by a complex breeding programme from feathered parents carrying the Sc-gene, dissipates excessive body heat under hot and humid conditions. It has high body weight, and grows very rapidly when compared with standard commercial broiler. Their toe webs are...

    Adeniyi, Bola A.; John, Obasi Oleh; Lawal, Temitope O. // International Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences; Jul2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 3, p52 

    The antifungal property of the hexane and methanol extracts of Distemonanthus benthamianus stem was carried out using agar well diffusion method against clinical strains of Candida albicans, C. valida, C. tropicalis, C. krusei, C. pseudotropicalis, C. glabrata, the following dermatophytes:...

  • Dermatophytes Isolated From Clinical Samples of Children Suffering From Tinea Capitis In Ismailia, Egypt.
    Azab, Marwa M.; Mahmoud, Nora F.; Allah, Salah Abd; Hosny, Alaa El Din. M. S.; Shehata, Atef S.; Mohamed, Roshdy W. // Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences; Mar2012, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p38 

    Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of tinea capitis in children, among the patients attending El-Sheikh Zaid dermatology center, Ismailia governorate, this has got an average new outpatient turnover of 2000-3000 per year. Methods: During the period of 2010-2011, a prospective cross sectional...

  • Therapeutic Effects of Essential Oil from Waste Leaves of Psidium guajava L. against Cosmetic Embarrassment Using Phylogenetic Approach.
    Kamran, Ahsan; Mishra, Rohit Kumar; Gupta, Rita; Kumar, Awadhesh; Bajaj, Ashok Kumar; Dikshit, Anupam // American Journal of Plant Sciences; Jun2012, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p745 

    Medicinal plants are facing threats due to loss of habitat and overexploitation of knows species. Therefore the present work shows utilization of essential oil from discarded leaves of Psidium guajava Linn. against human dermatophytic fungi Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, Trichophyton...

    Kaur, Tejinder; Puri, Neerja // Our Dermatology Online / Nasza Dermatologia Online;  

    Onychomycosis or fungal infection of the nails is a common disease, especially in older persons. A mycological study of onchomycosis was undertaken in 75 patients. The nails were judged to be infected by their clinical appearance. There were a total of 75 suspected cases of onychomycosis. Of...

  • In Vitro Antifungal Activity of Micafungin and Caspofungin Against Dermatophytes Isolated from China.
    Bao, Ying-qiu; Wan, Zhe; Li, Ruo-yu // Mycopathologia; Feb2013, Vol. 175 Issue 1/2, p141 

    Aims: The aims of this study are to investigate the in vitro activities of micafungin and caspofungin that are two new echinocandin antifungal drugs against clinically isolated dermatophytes in China and to define MEC (minimal effective concentration) as the reading endpoints of this study in...

    Mirhendi, Hossein // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology; 2013 Special Edition, p1 

    As the diversity of fungal pathogens that cause human disease continues to expand, we need to expand our ability to detect/identify them in clinical specimens or isolates. Phenotype-based identification of fungi suffers from the characteristics which are influenced by variable natures such as...

    Sabokbar, Azar; Shahnavaz, Shahnaz; Bakhtiari, Amir // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology; 2013 Special Edition, p64 

    Introduction and Objectives: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the genetic polymorphisms and presence of various molecular profiles in Microsporum canis isolates using RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) technique. M. canis is a zoophile dermatophyte fungus which is widely...

  • The Human Microbiome Project: fungi on human skin.
    Seifert, Keith A. // IMA Fungus; Jun2013, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p16 

    The article discusses a study which investigated the topographic diversity of fungal and bacterial communities in human skin. It references the study conducted by Keisha Findley and colleagues published in the May 12, 2013 issue of the journal "Nature." It identifies several fungal genera found...

  • Clinicomycological profile of tinea capitis in children residing in orphanages.
    Sajjan, A. G.; Mangalgi, S. S. // International Journal of Biological & Medical Research; Aug2012, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p2405 

    Introduction: Tinea capitis is the most common dermatophyte infection of the scalp affecting mainly children and rarely adults. It is closely related to the socio-economic and hygienic conditions typical of the lower strata of rural and urban population. Aims: The study was undertaken to...

  • Characterísticas clínicas y cambios epidemiológicos de «tinea capitis» en la población pediátrica.
    Miguel, L. Calle; Díaz, E. Rodríguez; de la Guerra, G. Viejo; Álvarez, E. Lombraña; García, E. García; Acebes, P. Serrano // Acta Pediátrica Española; ene2014, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p9 

    Increasing numbers of foreigners has led to some changes in tinea capitis etiological agents in several countries. We present a review of pediatric patients suffering from tinea capitis with scalp scales positives cultures for dermatophytes attended in the last years at a second level hospital,...

  • dermatophyte infections.
    Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia; 2004, p223 

    A definition of the term "dermatophyte infections," which refers to a group of common fungal infections that affect the skin, hair, and nails, is presented.

  • Dermatophytes in Human Skin, Hair and Nails (Book).
    Arndt, Kenneth A.; Schwarz, Jan // Journal of Investigative Dermatology; Aug75, Vol. 65 Issue 2, p253 

    Reviews the book "Dermatophytes in Human Skin, Hair and Nails," by James T. Sinski.

  • Change in spectrum of dermatophytes isolated from superficial mycoses cases: First report from Central India.
    Sahai, Sanjeev; Mishra, Devesh // Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology; May/Jun2011, Vol. 77 Issue 3, p335 

    The article discusses a study which investigates the epidemiology of superficial mycoses, a fungal infection of skin, hair and nails caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, and molds, in India. An observation to a change in the spectrum of dermatophytic isolates from superficial mycoses cases in the...

  • Common foot disorders in patients with diabetes.
    Smith, Robert G. // Drug Topics; 5/2/2005, Vol. 149 Issue 9, p57 

    This articles discusses the common foot disorders associated with patients with diabetes. The general skin changes and cutaneous manifestations associated with diabetes are: diabetic thick skin, yellow skin, diabetic dermopathy, acanthosis nigricans, diabetic anhidrosis and bullae, necrobiosis...

  • Nail clubbing versus pincer nails.
    Watkins, Jean // GP: General Practitioner; 5/22/2009, p32 

    No abstract available.

  • Opinion: A fishy tale that ends the nightmare of toe hell.
    Selby, Mary // GP: General Practitioner; 6/24/2011, p23 

    The article presents opinion of the author on a disease on a woman's feet. The author tells that the woman's feet had remarkable assortment of dermatophytes, which have failed to respond to a variety of topical and oral treatments. The author tells that when she attended a flesh-eating fish...

    Kaur, Ravinder; Kashyap, Bineeta; Makkar, Rati // Indian Journal of Dermatology; Oct-Dec2008, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p174 

    Background: Incidence of onychomycosis has increased tremendously in recent times. Relatively little work has been done on this problem in our country. Research in past has been concentrated mainly on superficial mycoses of the skin. Aim: It is a well-established fact that geographical...

    Carlisle, D. H.; Inouye, J. C.; King, R. D.; Jones, H. E. // Journal of Investigative Dermatology; Aug74, Vol. 63 Issue 2, p239 

    An in vitro agar-diffusion system was used to assay human serum for inhibition of Trichophyton mentagrophytes growth. Sera were obtained for 30 adults representative of three major classes of susceptibility to dermatophytosis: (1) immunologically nonexperienced, (2) experienced immune,...

    Werner, Henry James; Cosentino, Kathleen; Jolly Jr., Henry W.; Carpenter Jr., Carlton L. // Journal of Investigative Dermatology; Nov74, Vol. 63 Issue 5, p423 

    With but one exception, the electron-dense lipid inclusions in mature hyphae. T. rubrum dark has the identical structure reported for other dermatophytes. The unique lipid accumulations increase steadily in amount and are responsible for the designation "dark." Initially, in young...

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