Citations with the tag: CRANIOLOGY
Results 1 - 50
- A NEW LOOK FOR THE FIRST AMERICANS.
Svitil, Kathy A. // Discover; Mar2003, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p11
Focuses on a set of ancient skulls unearthed in Teotihuac�n Valley, Mexico City. Information on the Pe�on III skull; Implications of the discovery for the history of human colonization in North America; Plans for comparing the Pe�on III skull and the Pericus remains.
- On the significance of the crania from the River Thames and its tributaries.
Knusel, Christopher J.; Carr, Gillian C. // Antiquity; Mar1995, Vol. 69 Issue 262, p162
Presents an insight on the significance of the reported distinct pattern observed in the distribution and dates of the many human crania found in the River Thames. Discussion on crainometry and chronometric data; The taphonomic considerations; Comparison of Palaeodemographic profiles; Conclusion.
- Koffiefontein quaggas and true Cape quaggas: the importance of basic skull morphology.
Eisenmann, V.; Brink, J. S. // South African Journal of Science; Sep/Oct2000, Vol. 96 Issue 9/10, p529
Simple morphological characters that distinguish the skulls of horses, asses, mountain zebras, plains zebras and Cape quaggas are described and illustrated. These characters confirm that the alleged 'Quagga' skulls of Koffiefontein actually belong to horse and asses, and that the true Cape...
- Did You Know?
Martin, Michael // Boys' Life; Jul2005, Vol. 95 Issue 7, p8
Provides information on phrenology, a method of studying the mind.
- Experience with limited endoscopic thoracic sympathetic block for hyperhidrosis and facial blushing.
Christoph Neumayer; Johannes Zacherl; Gregor Holak; Raimund Jakesz; Georg Bischof // Clinical Autonomic Research; Dec2003 Supplement 1, Vol. 13, p0
Endoscopic thoracic sympathetic block (ESB) has recently become a popular modification of sympathetic surgery, as it offers the potential chance of reversibility. In order to reduce side effects such as compensatory sweating limited ESB at the levels of the T2, T3 or T4 ganglia has been...
- Miami Dolphin.
Powell, Eric A. // Archaeology; Mar/Apr2002, Vol. 55 Issue 2, p11
Reports on the discovery of a dolphin skull at the Miami Circle in Florida. Archaeologist involved in the reconstruction of the skull; Description and interpretation of the skull.
- Slanted evidence.
Kemp, Martin // Nature; 12/16/1999, Vol. 402 Issue 6763, p727
Comments on the misuse of Petrus Camper's observations on the facial angle measurement of a succession of crania in his collection. Use of the succession to align apes and human races in a moral order which placed the negroes at the baser animal end of the scale; Link of the Camperian sequence...
- Strange skulls.
Kemp, Martin // Discover; Feb98, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p14
Reports on the discovery of 8,000-year-old glue on skulls on Neolithic cave dwellers in the Nahal Hemar cave, Israel. Geochemist Arie Nissenbaum's findings regarding the black crisscrossing on the skull; Uses and sources of the collagen which explains the crisscrossing; Other precious things...
- An Early Miocene anthropoid skull from the Chilean Andes.
Flynn, John J.; Wyss, Andre R. // Nature; 2/16/1995, Vol. 373 Issue 6515, p603
Reports the discovery of a complete platyrrhine skull from the Andes of central Chile. Skull as best preserved Tertiary primate cranium from South America; Significant modification to reconstruction of ancestral platyrrhine morphotype; Likely African origin for New World monkeys; Potential of...
- core link.
Flynn, John J.; Wyss, Andre R. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p524
An encyclopedia entry for "core link," wherein manipulation of the cranial sutures results in subtle movements of the sacrum, is presented.
Flynn, John J.; Wyss, Andre R. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p540
A definition of the medical term "craniology," which refers to the study of the skull, is presented.
Flynn, John J.; Wyss, Andre R. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009); 2009, Issue 21, p1618
A definition of the medical term "occipitalization," which refers to the fusion of the atlas and occipital bones, is presented.
- Drink Up!
Flynn, John J.; Wyss, Andre R. // Junior Scholastic; 4/18/2011, Vol. 113 Issue 14, p4
The article reports on the discovery in Somerset, England, wherein documented is the early use of human skulls as one of the three ancient cups that is also used in sacred rituals in Asia, Oceania, and in Europe.
- A cephalometric comparison of skulls.
Jeffery, N. S. // British Dental Journal; 1/14/2006, Vol. 200 Issue 1, p25
ObjectivesTo evaluate changes in the size and shape of the skull and jaws in British populations between the thirteenth and twentieth centuries.MethodLateral cephalometric radiograms were obtained from skulls of three groups of subjects; 30 skulls were from the remains of those who died in the...
- The differential roles of periosteal and capsular functional matrices in orofacial growth.
Moss, Melvin L. // European Journal of Orthodontics; Apr2007 Supplement 1, Vol. 29, pi96
Historically students of craniology believed, erroneously, that only the active processes of surface deposition and resorption and of interstitial expansion were involved in skull growth. The introduction of the method of functional cranial analysis placed primary emphasis on the morphogenetic...
Moss, Melvin L. // CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice; Oct2012, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p240
A calendar of events related to craniomandibular practice is presented, including the 17th International Congress in Munich, Germany, the Fifth USC Geriatric Dentistry Symposium in Los Angeles, California and the "Focus on the Maxillary Sinus-Lecture and Hands-On Workshop" in Los Angeles,...
Moss, Melvin L. // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary; 2009, p86
A definition of the term "cranial" is presented. It means of or near the skull or cranium.
- Accelerated Evolution of the ASPM Gene Controlling Brain Size Begins Prior to Human Brain Expansion.
Kouprina, Natalay; Pavlicek, Adam; Mochida, Ganeshwaran H.; Solomon, Gregory; Gersch, William; Young-Ho Yoon; Collura, Randall; Ruvolo, Maryellen; Barrett, J. Carl; Woods, C. Geoffrey; Walsh, Christopher A.; Jurka, Jerzy; Larionov, Vladimir // PLoS Biology; May2004, Vol. 2 Issue 5, p653
Primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by global reduction in cerebral cortical volume. The microcephalic brain has a volume comparable to that of early hominids, raising the possibility that some MCPH genes may have been evolutionary targets in the expansion...
- The Triassic Amphibian Thoosuchus yakovlevi and the Relationships of the Trematosauroidea (Temnospondyli: Stereospondyli).
Damiani, Ross J.; Yates, Adam M. // Records of the Australian Museum; 12/10/2003, Vol. 55 Issue 3, p331
A skull of the basal trematosauroid temnospondyl Thoosuchus yakovlevi from the Early Triassic of Russia is described. Characters showing phylogenetic affinities with the Trematosauroidea include the presence of a postorbital-prepineal growth zone, the well-developed sensory sulci, the ventrally...
- Shape Analysis of the Mid-Sagittal Craniogram in Some European Middle and Upper-Paleolithic Adult and Subadult Crania.
Vacca, Eligio; Ciraci, Rosalia; Delfino, Vittorio Pesce // Collegium Antropologicum; Jun2004, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p121
In order to evaluate the lateral shape contour of the Neanderthal cranium, the mid-sagittal profiles (glabella-opisthocranion) in adult and subadult Neanderthal remains were examined and compared with those of other specimens of fossil Homo. Size normalized boundaries were digitally acquired...
- SEPARATING SIZE FROM ALLOMETRY: ANALYSIS OF LOWER JAW MORPHOLOGY IN THE FOX SQUIRREL, SCIURUS NIGER.
Swiderski, Donald L. // Journal of Mammalogy; Aug2003, Vol. 84 Issue 3, p861
Deals with a study which examined ontogenetic change and adult variation in lower jaws of the fox squirrel, Sciurus niger. Background to the study; Materials and methods; Results; Discussion.
- Evaluation of Cervical Posture of Children in Skeletal Class I, II, and III.
D'Attilio, Michele; Caputi, Sergio; Epifania, Ettore; Festa, Felice; Tecco, Simona // CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice; Jul2005, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p219
Previous studies on the relationship between morphological structure of the face and cervical posture have predominantly focused on vertical dimensions of the face. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are significant differences in cervical posture in subjects with a different...
- Improving the concordance between various anteroposterior cephalometric measurements using Procrustes analysis.
Wellens, Hans // European Journal of Orthodontics; Oct2009, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p503
The aim of this study was to investigate a method which minimizes the effects of geometric distortion on various cephalometric measurements used to determine sagittal discrepancy, such as ANB angle, Wits appraisal, AB plane angle, projections on the palatal plane, Frankfort horizontal (FH)...
- Relationship of the Parietal Foramen and Complexity of the Human Sagittal Suture.
Mann, Robert W.; Manabe, Jiro; Byrd, John E. // International Journal of Morphology; 2009, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p553
The purpose of this paper is to report on the relationship between the parietal foramen and complexity of the human sagittal suture. Examination of 110 Japanese human skulls (males=67, females=43) with at least one parietal foramen revealed that the sagittal suture in the area of the Obelion was...
- Global strategies to reduce the healthcare burden of craniofacial anomalies.
Mossey, Peter // British Dental Journal; 11/22/2003, Vol. 195 Issue 10, p613
Presents a review of the United Nations World Health Organization's (WHO) report on the state of science in the field of craniofacial anomalies. Report of two consensus meetings by international experts; Primary prevention as the ultimate humanitarian and scientific research objective in...
- Movement of the Instantaneous Center of Rotation and the Position of the Lateral Excursion Center During Lateral Excursion.
Hayasaki, Haruaki; Saitoh, Issei; Iwase, Yoko; Inada, Emi; Hasegawa, Hiroko; Tokutomi, Junko; Matsumoto, Yuko; Yamasaki, Youichi // CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice; Oct2008, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p253
The instantaneous center of rotation has been used to describe sagittal plane kinematics of mandibular opening and closing. Although, lateral excursions are also important because the closing pathways of masticatory movements frequently coincide with those of lateral excursions with occlusal...
- Prediction of the body mass of the bank vole Myodes glareolus from skull measurements.
Balciauskiene, Laima; Balciauskas, Linas // Estonian Journal of Ecology; 2009, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p77
Regression equations were computed for determining body mass from skull measurements from 376 bank vole (Myodes glareolus) individuals trapped in seven sites of Lithuania during 1999.2005. The obtained linear and multiple regressions explained 38.58% of the body mass variation. The applicability...
- Growth of the bank vole Myodes glareolus in the non-vegetative period in NE Lithuania.
Balciauskiene, Laima; Balciauskas, Linas; Cepukiene, Au�ra // Estonian Journal of Ecology; 2009, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p86
Bank voles (Myodes glareolus) were trapped in north-east Lithuania from October to April in 2004.2008. Investigation of 536 individuals showed that winter growth depression for the species was not strongly expressed, except for the body weight of juveniles in December and January. Only a few...
Kabbani, Haidar; Raghuveer, Talkad S. // American Family Physician; 6/15/2004, Vol. 69 Issue 12, p2863
Skull deformity in infants continues to be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Deformational plagiocephaly is a common and somewhat benign cause of skull deformity in infants that must be distinguished from the more serious craniosynostosis, which occurs alone or as a syndrome. Examining an...
- Brains under pressure.
Casci, Tanita // Nature Reviews Genetics; Nov2005, Vol. 6 Issue 11, p803
The article focuses on a research which discovered the two genes that regulate brain size. Microcephalin and abnormal spindle-like microcephaly (ASPM) associated genes have been under strong selective pressure in the human evolutionary lineage since humans split off from the chimpanzee lineage....
Casci, Tanita // Archaeology; May/Jun2007, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p17
The article discusses archaeological finds at a site in Xinjiang, China. Skulls with holes in them were found, as were the mummified remains of a shaman-priest and marijuana. It is thought that the holes were for medical purposes. It is thought that the marijuana was for the shaman-priests to...
- Anterior Fontanel Bone.
Berant, Moshe; Shrem, Moshe; Wagner, Yitzhak // Clinical Pediatrics; Sep1977, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p795
Examines infants who had an anterior fontanel bone. Neurologic status and head circumference; Occurrence of the bone noted in the techniques of craniometry; Importance of the correct diagnosis of anterior fontanel bone.
- Craniofacial Characteristics of Croatian and Syrian Populations.
Grbe�a, �urdica; Pezerovic-Panijan, Ru�ica; Kalaya, Mohamed Nadim; Gor�ic, Irma; Cavcic, Anamarija; �ura, Nikolino; Berberovic, Behija // Collegium Antropologicum; Dec2007, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p1121
Craniofacial area is a part of the human body which undergoes the greatest changes during development and is characterized by uneven growth. External and internal factors affect the growth and development of craniofacial structures. They are responsible for the occurrence of specific...
- Craniofacial development in obese adolescents.
Sadeghianrizi, Akbar; Forsberg, Carl-Magnus; Marcus, Claude; Dahll�f, G�ran // European Journal of Orthodontics; Dec2005, Vol. 27 Issue 6, p550
The purpose of this study was to investigate craniofacial morphology in obese adolescents and to compare the morphological data with those of normal adolescents. The study was based on measurements of lateral cephalometric roentgenograms of adolescents who had been diagnosed as obese. Linear and...
- Virtual cranial reconstruction of Sahelanthropus tchadensis.
Zollikofer, Christoph P. E.; Ponce de Le�n, Marcia S.; Lieberman, Daniel E.; Guy, Franck; Pilbeam, David; Likius, Andossa; Mackaye, Hassane T.; Vignaud, Patrick; Brunet, Michel // Nature; 4/7/2005, Vol. 434 Issue 7034, p755
Previous research in Chad at the Toros-Menalla 266 fossiliferous locality (about 7 million years old) uncovered a nearly complete cranium (TM 266-01-60-1), three mandibular fragments and several isolated teeth attributed to Sahelanthropus tchadensis. Of this material, the cranium is especially...
- New material of the earliest hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad.
Brunet, Michel; Guy, Franck; Pilbeam, David; Lieberman, Daniel E.; Likius, Andossa; Mackaye, Hassane T.; Ponce de Le�n, Marcia S.; Zollikofer, Christoph P. E.; Vignaud, Patrick // Nature; 4/7/2005, Vol. 434 Issue 7034, p752
Discoveries in Chad by the Mission Pal�oanthropologique Franco-Tchadienne have substantially changed our understanding of early human evolution in Africa. In particular, the TM 266 locality in the Toros-Menalla fossiliferous area yielded a nearly complete cranium (TM 266-01-60-1), a mandible,...
- Craniometrical Studies on the Skull of Tibetan Gazelle (Procapra Picticaudata).
Lei Zhu // International Journal of Morphology; 2012, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p196
A total of 10 skulls of Tibetan gazelle were utilized in this study. Craniometric measurements for 22 different parts of the skull were made. Skull indices and ratios were calculated. A skull index of 43.22�0.44, a cranial index of 58.37�0.80 and a facial index of 116.37�1.24 were obtained.
- Quantification of Plagiocephaly and Brachycephaly in Infants Using a Digital Photographic Technique.
Hutchinson, B. Lynne; Hutchison, Luke A.D.; Thompson, John M.D.; Mitchell, Ed A. // Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal; Sep2005, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p539
Objectives: The aims of the study were: (1) to develop a technique to quantify plagiocephaly that is safe, accurate, objective, easy to use, well tolerated, and inexpensive; and (2) to compare this method with tracings from a flexicurve ruler. Design: A case-control study of 31 case infants...
- Differential Diagnosis of the Trapezoid-Shaped Head.
Ehret, Frederick W.; Whelan, Michael F.; Ellenbogen, Richard G.; Cunningham, Michael E.; Gruss, Joseph S. // Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal; Jan2004, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p13
Objective: To recognize several conditions that result in a trapezoid head shape and review and contrast their various physical findings. Methods: A detailed review of all patients seen in the Craniofacial Clinic at the Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center in Seattle, Washington, over...
- Highly specialized mammalian skulls from the Late Cretaceous of South America.
Rougier, Guillermo W.; Apestegu�a, Sebasti�n; Gaetano, Leandro C. // Nature; 11/3/2011, Vol. 479 Issue 7371, p98
Dryolestoids are an extinct mammalian group belonging to the lineage leading to modern marsupials and placentals. Dryolestoids are known by teeth and jaws from the Jurassic period of North America and Europe, but they thrived in South America up to the end of the Mesozoic era and survived to the...
- Effectiveness of treatment of adult patients with the straightwire technique and the lingual two-dimensional appliance.
Soldanova, Milada; Leseticky, Ondrej; Komarkova, Lenka; Dostalova, Tatjana; Smutny, Vladimir; Spidlen, Milos // European Journal of Orthodontics; Dec2012, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p674
The aim of this prospective study was to compare the outcome of orthodontic therapy using two different therapeutic strategies: the labial straightwire (SW) technique and the lingual two-dimensional (2D) technique on the lower dental arch.The sample included 50 subjects (39 females and 11 males)...
- Clinical and molecular cytogenetic characterisation of a newly recognised microdeletion syndrome involving 2p1 5-16.1.
Rajcan-Separovic, E.; Harvard, C.; X. Liu; McGillivray, B.; Hall, J. G.; Y. Qiao; Huriburt, J.; Hildebrand, J.; Mickelson, E. C. R.; Holden, J. J. A.; Lewis, M. E. S. // Journal of Medical Genetics; Apr2007, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p269
Background: During whole genome microarray-based comparative genomic hybridisation (array CGH) screening of subjects with idiopathic intellectual disability, we identified two unrelated individuals with a similar de nova interstitial microdeletion at 2p15-2p16.1. Both individuals share a similar...
- Effect of Upper-Airway Passages on Craniofacial Growth in an Animal Model: A Pilot Study.
Prince, Mark E.P.; Nasser, Joseph G.; Pass, Barry B. // Journal of Otolaryngology; Sep/Oct1997, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p306
Studies the effect of upper-airway passages on craniofacial growth in an animal model. Influence of the potential effect on future craniofacial growth on the extent of surgery and the type of reconstruction; Analysis of the validity of the functional matrix theory in an experimental animal model.
- Craniology (Poem).
Caine, Shulamith Wechter // American Scholar; Autumn91, Vol. 60 Issue 4, p504
Presents the poem "Craniology," by Shulamith Wechter Caine.
- Wide-mouthed Snakes.
Hickey, Georgina; Lee, Michael // Nature Australia; Winter2005, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p11
The article focuses on the recent work by researcher Fabien Aubret from University of Western Australia and colleagues on some reptiles. Eastern Tiger Snakes living on desolate islands possess longer jaws than their mainland relatives and are forced to tackle larger prey. The researchers...
- Deformational plagiocephaly: a follow-up of head shape, parental concern and neurodevelopment at ages 3 and 4 years.
Hutchison, B. L.; Stewart, A. W.; Mitchell, E. A. // Archives of Disease in Childhood -- Fetal & Neonatal Edition; Jan2011, Vol. 96 Issue 1, p85
Objectives To compare head shape measurements, parental concern about head shape and developmental delays in infancy with measurements obtained at follow-up at ages 3 and 4 years. Design Longitudinal cohort study. Setting Initial assessments were conducted at a plagiocephaly clinic; follow-up...
Hutchison, B. L.; Stewart, A. W.; Mitchell, E. A. // CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular Practice; Apr2006, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p78
Provides a calendar of events in the U.S. from April to September 2006. International Education Congress in Orlando, Florida; Cranial Academy Annual Conference: Cranial in Special Needs Populations in Virginia Beach, Virginia; Annual Symposium on General Dentistry in Georgia.
- Cranial sutures and craniometric points detected on MRI.
Cotton, Fran�ois; Rozzi, Fernando Ramirez; Vallee, Bernard; Pachai, Chahin; Hermier, Marc; Guihard-Costa, Anne-Marie; Froment, Jean-Claude // Surgical & Radiologic Anatomy; Mar2005, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p64
The main goal of the study was to determine on MRI the cranial sutures, the craniometric points and craniometric measurements, and to correlate these results with classical anthropometric measurements. For this purpose, we reviewed 150 cerebral MRI examinations considered as normal (Caucasian...
- Filling in the gaps in cranial suture biology.
FitzPatrick, David R // Nature Genetics; Mar2013, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p231
Two new loci for premature fusion of the cranial sutures in humans suggest a common endpoint in osteoblast regulation, linking upregulation of phosphorylated ERK1/2 and TWIST1 haploinsufficiency.
- Shortening of ventricular shunt catheter associated with cranial growth: effect of the frontal and parieto-occipital access route on long-term shunt patency.
Nakahara, Kuniaki; Shimizu, Satoru; Utsuki, Satoshi; Suzuki, Sachio; Oka, Hidehiro; Yamada, Masaru; Kan, Shinichi; Fujii, Kiyotaka // Child's Nervous System; Jan2009, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p91
The authors present the difference of shortening the ventricular shunt catheter associated with growth of the cranium between the frontal and parieto-occipital access, a key for long patency of the shunt implanted in children. Our retrospective study included 28 children. In group A ( n = 9),...