Citations with the tag: CHIMPANZEES -- Diseases

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  • Origin of AIDS virus officially linked to African chimps.
    Browne, J. Zamgba // New York Amsterdam News; 02/04/99, Vol. 90 Issue 6, p5 

    Reports on University of Alabama scientists' discovery of the origin of the AIDS disease. Scientists' gathering of evidence linking AIDS virus to African chimps; Description of the chimp version of the AIDS virus.

  • Progressive Infection in a Subset of HIV-1-Positive Chimpanzees.
    O'Neil, Shawn P.; Novembre, Francis J.; Hill, Anne Brodie; Suwyn, Carolyn; Hart, Clyde E.; Evans-Strickfaden, Tammy; Anderson, Daniel C.; deRosayro, Juliette; Herndon, James G.; Saucier, Michelle; McClure, Harold M. // Journal of Infectious Diseases; 10/1/2000, Vol. 182 Issue 4, p1051 

    Analyzes chronically infected HIV-1-positive chimpanzees for evidence of progressive HIV infection. Low CD4 T cell counts, severe CD4:CD8 inversion and marked reduction in interleukin-2 receptor expression by CD4 T cells seen in all chimpanzees exhibiting progressive HIV infection; Higher...

  • GASTROINTESTINAL HELMINTHS OF HABITUATED CHIMPANZEES (PAN TROGLODYTES SCHWEINFURTHII) AND HUMANS IN BUDONGO FOREST RESERVE, UGANDA.
    Mugisha, L.; Bwangamoi, O.; Graczyk, T. G.; Cranfield, M. R.; Dranzoa, C. L.; Gaffikin, L. // International Journal of Primatology; Feb2006 Supplement, Vol. 27, p274 

    The article presents the abstract of the paper "Gastrointestinal Helminths of Habituated Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes Schweinfurthii) and Humans in Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda," by L. Mugisha and colleagues, to be presented at the 21st Congress of the International Primatological Society in...

  • CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF CHIMPANZEE (PAN TROGLODYTES SCHWEINFURTHII) ILLNESS: A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF FACTORS CORRELATED TO CHIMPANZEE HEALTH AT GOMBE NATIONAL PARK.
    E. Lonsdorf; Lonsdorf, E. V.; Travis, D.; Pusey, A. E.; Gilby, I. C. // International Journal of Primatology; Feb2006 Supplement, Vol. 27, p527 

    The article presents the abstract of the paper "Causes and Consequences of Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes Schweinfurthii) Illness: A Retrospective Analysis of Factors Correlated to Chimpanzee Health at Gombe National Park," by E. Lonsdorf to be presented at the 21st Congress of the International...

  • Molecular 'chimera' saves chimps from HIV.
    Brown, Phyllida // New Scientist; 8/3/91, Vol. 131 Issue 1780, p15 

    Reports that HIV infection can be prevented in chimpanzees using an artificial molecule in the U.S. Implications for a treatment that will prevent HIV transmission from women to unborn children; Ability of chimeric molecules to cross the placenta in monkeys; Clinical tests on the safety of the...

  • Control of cutaneous mycosis in five chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) with lufenuron.
    Dubuis, E.; Lucas, D. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association; 5/24/2003, Vol. 152 Issue 21, p651 

    Discusses the control of cutaneous mycosis in five chimpanzees with lufenuron, a benzoylphenyl urea which inhibits insect development. Dosage rate that was effective in controlling various types of cutaneous mycosis in the chimpanzees; Reason why the clinical diagnoses were not confirmed by the...

  • Investigations on anopheline mosquitoes close to the nest sites of chimpanzees subject to malaria infection in Ugandan Highlands.
    Krief, Sabrina; Levrero, Florence; Krief, Jean-Michel; Thanapongpichat, Supinya; Imwong, Mallika; Snounou, Georges; Kasenene, John M.; Cibot, Marie; Gantier, Jean-Charles // Malaria Journal; 2012, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p116 

    Background: Malaria parasites (Plasmodium sp.), including new species, have recently been discovered as low grade mixed infections in three wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) sampled randomly in Kibale National Park, Uganda. This suggested a high prevalence of malaria infection in...

  • Ape Abundance and Habitat Use in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo.
    Morgan, David; Sanz, Crickette; Onononga, Jean Robert; Strindberg, Samantha // International Journal of Primatology;  

    Chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and western gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla) populations in central Africa are rapidly declining as a result of disease epidemics, commercial bushmeat hunting, and habitat destruction. Our main objective was to estimate the absolute abundance and...

  • Amazing Animals.
    Morgan, David; Sanz, Crickette; Onononga, Jean Robert; Strindberg, Samantha // National Geographic World; Aug2001, Issue 312, p8 

    Presents information on animals and pets. Cause of the hairloss of a chimpanzee in Saint Louis,Missouri; Tips on how to avoid fighting among pets; Miniature horse pet of Dan Shaw, a blind person.

  • Researchers trace HIV's ancestry to wild chimps in Cameroon.
    Morgan, David; Sanz, Crickette; Onononga, Jean Robert; Strindberg, Samantha // Gay & Lesbian Times; 6/1/2006, Issue 962, p26 

    The article reports on the tracing of the origin of HIV to wild chimpanzees in Cameroon. Scientists hired trackers to plunge through the dense jungle and collect fresh feces of wild apes. They collected 1,300 samples. Nonhuman primates carry their own version of AIDS virus called simian...

  • Relative Infectivity of Hepatitis A Virus by the Oral and Intravenous Routes in 2 Species of Nonhuman Primates.
    Purcell, Robert H.; Wong, Doris C.; Shapiro, Max // Journal of Infectious Diseases; 6/1/2002, Vol. 185 Issue 11, p1668 

    Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is naturally transmitted by the fecal-oral route but can also be transmitted intravenously. To determine the relative infectivity of these 2 routes, an infectivity titration of a standard challenge pool of virulent HAV was performed in tamarins and chimpanzees. In both...

  • Genetic analysis of Enterobius vermicularis isolated from a chimpanzee with lethal hemorrhagic colitis and pathology of the associated lesions.
    Yaguchi, Yuji; Okabayashi, Sachi; Abe, Niichiro; Masatou, Haruhisa; Iida, Shinya; Teramoto, Isao; Matsubayashi, Makoto; Shibahara, Tomoyuki // Parasitology Research; Nov2014, Vol. 113 Issue 11, p4105 

    Human pinworms, Enterobius vermicularis, are normally recognized as minor pathogens. However, a fatal case of human pinworm infection has been reported in a nonhuman primate, a zoo reared chimpanzee. Here, we histopathologically examined the lesions in tissues from the deceased chimpanzee and...

  • The First Chimpanzee.
    Golden, Frederic; Park, Alice // Time; 2/8/1999, Vol. 153 Issue 5, p52 

    Comments on scientific research which found that the dominant form of AIDS may have originated with chimpanzees. Research conducted on the frozen tissue of Marilyn, a chimpanzee used to study the effects of space travel during the 1960s and '70s; Finding which could lead to new treatments and...

  • The First Chimpanzee.
    Golden, Frederic; Park, Alice // Time International (South Pacific Edition); 2/8/1999, Issue 6, p44 

    Comments on scientific research which found that the dominant form of AIDS may have originated with chimpanzees. Research conducted on the frozen tissue of Marilyn, a chimpanzee used to study the effects of space travel during the 1960s and '70s; Finding which could lead to new treatments and...

  • Malarial parasite diversity in chimpanzees: the value of comparative approaches to ascertain the evolution of Plasmodium falciparum antigens.
    Pacheco, M. Andreína; Cranfield, Michael; Cameron, Kenneth; Escalante, Ananias A. // Malaria Journal; 2013, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Plasmodium falciparum shares its most recent common ancestor with parasites found in African apes; these species constitute the so-called Laverania clade. In this investigation, the evolutionary history of Plasmodium lineages found in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) was explored....

  • Transitions.
    Pacheco, M. Andreína; Cranfield, Michael; Cameron, Kenneth; Escalante, Ananias A. // Advocate; 3/19/96, Issue 703, p18 

    Presents information on a variety of people. Deaths of singer Francisco `Cannibal' Garcia, and photographer Brian Weil; Chimpanzee Jerom's development of AIDS; Robert James LaFont's hospitalization; Family of a man who died of AIDS complications law suit of Spokane County coroner Dexter Amend.

  • Out of the jungle.
    Day, Micael // New Scientist; 05/06/2000, Vol. 166 Issue 2237, p24 

    Reports the suggestion by British Scientists that the Hepatitis B virus probably spread to people from apes or monkeys. How the researchers tested three wild chimpanzees for the disease; Effect of findings on other theories; Comments by team member Peter Simmonds regarding unresolved questions.

  • Who started it?
    Day, Michael // New Scientist; 09/16/2000, Vol. 167 Issue 2256, p4 

    Reports on the controversy surrounding the accusation that the AIDS epidemic was caused by polio vaccines containing chimpanzee tissue infected with HIV. Test conducted on the vaccine by researchers which showed no trace of the diseases or chimp tissue; Contention by the creators of the vaccine...

  • Human Monoclonal Antibody HCV1 Effectively Prevents and Treats HCV Infection in Chimpanzees.
    Morin, Trevor J.; Broering, Teresa J.; Leav, Brett A.; Blair, Barbra M.; Rowley, Kirk J.; Boucher, Elisabeth N.; Yang Wang; Cheslock, Peter S.; Knauber, Michael; Olsen, David B.; Ludmerer, Steve W.; Szabo, Gyongyi; Finberg, Robert W.; Purcell, Robert H.; Lanford, Robert E.; Ambrosino, Donna M.; Molrine, Deborah C.; Babcock, Gregory J. // PLoS Pathogens; Aug2012, Vol. 8 Issue 8, Special section p1 

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of liver transplantation and there is an urgent need to develop therapies to reduce rates of HCV infection of transplanted livers. Approved therapeutics for HCV are poorly tolerated and are of limited efficacy in this patient population. Human...

  • Enhanced Heterosexual Transmission Hypothesis for the Origin of Pandemic HIV-1.
    de Sousa, João Dinis; Alvarez, Carolina; Vandamme, Anne-Mieke; Müller, Viktor // Viruses (1999-4915); Oct2012, Vol. 4 Issue 10, p1950 

    HIV-1 M originated from SIVcpz endemic in chimpanzees from southeast Cameroon or neighboring areas, and it started to spread in the early 20th century. Here we examine the factors that may have contributed to simian-to-human transmission, local transmission between humans, and export to a city....

  • Genome sequence of a chimpanzee herpesvirus and its relation to other primate alphaherpesviruses.
    Severini, Alberto; Tyler, Shaun; Peters, Geoffrey; Black, Darla; Eberle, R. // Archives of Virology; Aug2013, Vol. 158 Issue 8, p1825 

    This study reports the complete genome sequence of chimpanzee herpesvirus (ChHV), an alphaherpesvirus isolated from a chimpanzee. Although closely related to human herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV2), the level of sequence diversity confirms that ChHV is sufficiently distinct to be considered a...

  • The genome sequence of a novel simian adenovirus in a chimpanzee reveals a close relationship to human adenoviruses.
    Zhou, Chenglin; Tian, Hua; Wang, Xiaochun; Liu, Wei; Yang, Shixing; Shen, Quan; Wang, Yan; Ni, Bin; Chen, Shengxia; Fu, Xingli; Fei, Rongmei; Zhang, Wen // Archives of Virology; Jul2014, Vol. 159 Issue 7, p1765 

    Recently, several reports have revealed that some simian adenoviruses (AdVs) strains show a close relationship to human AdVs. In the present study, a simian AdV strain named SAdV-ch1 was detected in chimpanzees in China, and its complete genome was determined. Phylogenetic analysis revealed...

  • Probable Transmission of Coxsackie B3 Virus from Human to Chimpanzee, Denmark.
    Abel Nielsen, Sandra C.; Mourier, Tobias; Baandrup, Ulrik; Søland, Tine Mangart; Bertelsen, Mads Frost; Gilbert, M. Thomas P.; Nielsen, Lars Peter // Emerging Infectious Diseases; Jul2012, Vol. 18 Issue 7, p1163 

    In 2010, a chimpanzee died at Copenhagen Zoo following an outbreak of respiratory disease among chimpanzees in the zoo. Identification of coxsackie B3 virus, a common human pathogen, as the causative agent, and its severe manifestation, raise questions about pathogenicity and transmissibility...

  • From Pan to pandemic.
    Weiss, Robin A.; Wrangham, Richard W. // Nature; 2/4/1999, Vol. 397 Issue 6718, p385 

    Discusses research which concluded that HIV-1 came to humans from the chimpanzee Pan troglodytes. Research in this issue by Gao et al; Three main groups of HIV-1; Derivation of HIV-2 in West Africa; Frequency of cross-species transmission of primate retroviruses to humans; Ability of simian...

  • Origin of HIV-1 in chimpanzee Pan troglodytes troglodytes.
    Gao, Feng; Bailes, Elizabeth; Robertson, David L.; Yalu Chen; Rodenburg, Cynthia M.; Michael, Scott F.; Cummins, Larry B.; Arthur, Larry O.; Peeters, Martine; Shaw, George M.; Sharp, Paul M.; Hahn, Beatrice H. // Nature; 2/4/1999, Vol. 397 Issue 6718, p436 

    Discusses the origin of the human AIDS viruses human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2). How the disease represents cross-species infections; Viruses related to the HIV-1 isolated from the common chimpanzee.

  • Detection of Diverse Variants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Groups M, N, and O and Simian...
    Chunfu Yang; Dash, Bipin C.; Simon, Francois; van der Groen, Guido; Pieniazek, Danuta; Gao, Feng; Hahn, Beatrice H.; Lal, Renu B. // Journal of Infectious Diseases; 5/1/2000, Vol. 181 Issue 5, p1791 

    Describes the polymerase chain reaction-based detection of diverse variants of HIV-1 groups M, N and O and simian immunodeficiency viruses from chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) using generic pol and env primer pairs. Distinct phylogenetic lineages of each HIV-1 groups; Nucleotide...

  • The Genome of a Bacillus Isolate Causing Anthrax in Chimpanzees Combines Chromosomal Properties of B. cereus with B. anthracis Virulence Plasmids.
    Klee, Silke R.; Brzuszkiewicz, Elzbieta B.; Nattermann, Herbert; Brüggemann, Holger; Dupke, Susann; Wollherr, Antje; Franz, Tatjana; Pauli, Georg; Appel, Bernd; Liebl, Wolfgang; Couacy-Hymann, Emmanuel; Boesch, Christophe; Meyer, Frauke-Dorothee; Leendertz, Fabian H.; Ellerbrok, Heinz; Gottschalk, Gerhard; Grunow, Roland; Liesegang, Heiko // PLoS ONE; 2010, Vol. 5 Issue 7, p1 

    Anthrax is a fatal disease caused by strains of Bacillus anthracis. Members of this monophyletic species are non motile and are all characterized by the presence of four prophages and a nonsense mutation in the plcR regulator gene. Here we report the complete genome sequence of a Bacillus strain...

  • Monitoring the Health of Endangered, Wild Chimpanzees.
    Klee, Silke R.; Brzuszkiewicz, Elzbieta B.; Nattermann, Herbert; Brüggemann, Holger; Dupke, Susann; Wollherr, Antje; Franz, Tatjana; Pauli, Georg; Appel, Bernd; Liebl, Wolfgang; Couacy-Hymann, Emmanuel; Boesch, Christophe; Meyer, Frauke-Dorothee; Leendertz, Fabian H.; Ellerbrok, Heinz; Gottschalk, Gerhard; Grunow, Roland; Liesegang, Heiko // Asian Journal of Animal & Veterinary Advances; Jul2011, Vol. 6 Issue 7, p768 

    No abstract available.

  • Double-Edged Sword of Dominance: Top Chimps Tend to Suffer from More Parasites.
    Klee, Silke R.; Brzuszkiewicz, Elzbieta B.; Nattermann, Herbert; Brüggemann, Holger; Dupke, Susann; Wollherr, Antje; Franz, Tatjana; Pauli, Georg; Appel, Bernd; Liebl, Wolfgang; Couacy-Hymann, Emmanuel; Boesch, Christophe; Meyer, Frauke-Dorothee; Leendertz, Fabian H.; Ellerbrok, Heinz; Gottschalk, Gerhard; Grunow, Roland; Liesegang, Heiko // Trends in Applied Sciences Research; Aug2011, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p935 

    No abstract available.

  • Anopheles moucheti and Anopheles vinckei Are Candidate Vectors of Ape Plasmodium Parasites, Including Plasmodium praefalciparum in Gabon.
    Paupy, Christophe; Makanga, Boris; Ollomo, Benjamin; Rahola, Nil; Durand, Patrick; Magnus, Julie; Willaume, Eric; Renaud, François; Fontenille, Didier; Prugnolle, Franck // PLoS ONE; Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1 

    During the last four years, knowledge about the diversity of Plasmodium species in African great apes has considerably increased. Several new species were described in chimpanzees and gorillas, and some species that were previously considered as strictly of human interest were found to be...

  • Slower Uncoating Is Associated with Impaired Replicative Capability of Simian-Tropic HIV-1.
    Kono, Ken; Takeda, Eri; Tsutsui, Hiromi; Kuroishi, Ayumu; Hulme, Amy E.; Hope, Thomas J.; Nakayama, Emi E.; Shioda, Tatsuo // PLoS ONE; Aug2013, Vol. 8 Issue 8, p1 

    Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) productively infects only humans and chimpanzees, but not Old World monkeys, such as rhesus and cynomolgus (CM) monkeys. To establish a monkey model of HIV-1/AIDS, several HIV-1 derivatives have been constructed. We previously generated a simian-tropic...

  • Strong Vaccine-Induced CD8 T-Cell Responses Have Cytolytic Function in a Chimpanzee Clearing HCV Infection.
    Verstrepen, Babs E.; Verschoor, Ernst J.; Fagrouch, Zahra C.; Mooij, Petra; de Groot, Natasja G.; Bontrop, Ronald E.; Bogers, Willy M.; Heeney, Jonathan L.; Koopman, Gerrit // PLoS ONE; Apr2014, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p1 

    A single correlate of effective vaccine protection against chronic HCV infection has yet to be defined. In this study, we analyzed T-cell responses in four chimpanzees, immunized with core-E1-E2-NS3 and subsequently infected with HCV1b. Viral clearance was observed in one animal, while the other...

  • How the Plague Began.
    Underwood, Anne // Newsweek; 2/8/1999, Vol. 133 Issue 6, p53 

    Reports on the linking of HIV-1 virus to the Pan troglodytes troglodytes chimpanzee in West Central Africa. The research of Dr. Beatrice Hahn of the University of Alabama at Birmingham; Other primates that carry viruses related to HIV-1; How the chimps carry their version of the virus without...

  • Novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Isolate from a Wild Chimpanzee.
    Coscolla, Mireia; Lewin, Astrid; Metzger, Sonja; Maetz-Rennsing, Kerstin; Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien; Nitsche, Andreas; Dabrowski, Pjotr Wojtek; Radonic, Aleksandar; Niemann, Stefan; Parkhill, Julian; Couacy-Hymann, Emmanuel; Feldman, Julia; Comas, Iñaki; Boesch, Christophe; Gagneux, Sebastien; Leendertz, Fabian H. // Emerging Infectious Diseases; Jun2013, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p969 

    Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by gram-positive bacteria known as the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). MTBC include several human-associated lineages and several variants adapted to domestic and, more rarely, wild animal species. We report an M. tuberculosis strain isolated from a wild...

  • First vaccines targeting 'cruise ship virus' sail into clinical trials.
    Willyard, Cassandra // Nature Medicine; Sep2013, Vol. 19 Issue 9, p1076 

    The article informs that researcher Charles Arntzen has decided to develop a vaccine against the contagious and vomit-inducing norovirus as of September 2013. It also reports that researchers from the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has mentioned in the September 2013...

  • How the Plague Began.
    Underwood, Anne // Newsweek (Pacific Edition); 02/08/99 (Pacific Edition), Vol. 133 Issue 6, p47 

    Reports on the linking of HIV-1 virus to the Pan troglodytes troglodytes chimpanzee in West Central Africa. The research of Dr. Beatrice Hahn of the University of Alabama at Birmingham; Other primates that carry viruses related to HIV-1; How the chimps carry their version of the virus without...

  • How the Plague Began.
    Underwood, Anne // Newsweek (Atlantic Edition); 02/08/99 (Atlantic Edition), Vol. 133 Issue 6, p57 

    Reports on the linking of HIV-1 virus to the Pan troglodytes troglodytes chimpanzee in West Central Africa. The research of Dr. Beatrice Hahn of the University of Alabama at Birmingham; Other primates that carry viruses related to HIV-1; How the chimps carry their version of the virus without...

  • Signs of Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Chimpanzees.
    Ferdowsian, Hope R.; Durham, Debra L.; Kimwele, Charles; Kranendonk, Godelieve; Otali, Emily; Akugizibwe, Timothy; Mulcahy, J. B.; Ajarova, Lilly; Johnson, Cassie Meré // PLoS ONE; 2011, Vol. 6 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: In humans, traumatic experiences are sometimes followed by psychiatric disorders. In chimpanzees, studies have demonstrated an association between traumatic events and the emergence of behavioral disturbances resembling posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We...

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