Citations with the tag: ANIMAL orientation

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  • Animal orienteering.
    Curtis, Sam // Backpacker; Aug96, Vol. 24 Issue 6, p26 

    Focuses on animals' navigational ability. Means by which animals tell direction; Marking out a path; Homing instincts and direction sense. INSETS: Turn left at the rockies, by S. Curtis.;Beastly brief..

  • Feeling the distance.
    Curtis, Sam // National Wildlife (World Edition); Dec98/Jan99, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p12 

    Reports on findings about the ability of seals to orient themselves and find food in murky water through the use of their whiskers. Responsiveness of a seal subject to water currents while blindfolded; Hydrodynamic receptor system.

  • The Magnetic Sense.
    Myers, Jack // Highlights for Children; Oct99, Vol. 54 Issue 10, p24 

    Focuses on the ability of animals to find their way home.

  • Homing in on vertebrates.
    Kirschvink, Joseph L. // Nature; 11/27/1997, Vol. 390 Issue 6658, p339 

    Discusses research which studied rainbow trout to investigate how organisms might sense the Earth's magnetic field and use it for navigating and homing. Research by Walker et al in this issue; Special receptor cells in sensory systems; Previous research; Magnetite and magnetoreception;...

  • The dynamics of long term exploration in the rat: Part II. An analytical model of the kinematic structure of rat exploratory behavior.
    Tchernichovski, Ofer; Benjamini, Yoav // Biological Cybernetics; 1998, Vol. 78 Issue 6, p433 

    Abstract. A simple analytical model is proposed here that captures to a large extent the kinematic structure of rat exploratory behavior. Previous studies have shown that such behavior consists of regular excursions into the environment from a preferred place termed a home base. In the first...

  • The dynamics of long-term exploration in the rat: Part I. A phase-plane analysis of the relationship between location and velocity.
    Tchernichovski, Ofer; Benjamini, Yoav; Golani, Ilan // Biological Cybernetics; 1998, Vol. 78 Issue 6, p423 

    Abstract. Rat exploratory behavior consists of regular excursions into the environment from a preferred place termed a home base. A phase plane representation of excursions reveals a geometrical pattern that changes during exploration in both shape and size. We first show that with time and...

  • Return to the Magic Well: Echolocation Behavior of Bats and Responses of Insect Prey.
    Griffin, Donald R. // BioScience; Jul2001, Vol. 51 Issue 7, p555 

    Presents information on the history of study of the echolocation behavior of bats, or their use of sonar to avoid obstacles and catch flying insects and other prey. Importance of bats' ears for orientation when flying in the dark; Speculation by Hiram Maxim that bats might detect obstacles by...

  • Echolocation by Insect-Eating Bats.
    Schnitzler, Hans-Ulrich; Kalko, Elisabeth K. V. // BioScience; Jul2001, Vol. 51 Issue 7, p557 

    Presents a study which identifies four distinct functional groups of bats and differences in signal structure that correlate with the typical echolocation tasks faced by each group. Perceptual problems for foraging bats; Signals adapted for specific tasks; Narrowband and broadband signals; Long...

  • Perceptive Bees, Birds, and Bacteria.
    Gould, Stephen Jay // Natural History; Nov79, Vol. 88 Issue 9, p25 

    Investigates how creatures orient themselves within their environments in ways that humans cannot perceive. Correspondence between an organism's form and an engineer's blueprint; Magnet within the bodies of bacteria; Role of oriented motion in adaptive traits; Effects of gravity on humans and...

  • The use of perceptual features in categorization by orangutans ( Pongo abelli).
    Marsh, Heidi L.; MacDonald, Suzanne E. // Animal Cognition; Oct2008, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p569 

    The extent to which categorization of natural classes in animals reflects a generalization based on perceptual similarity versus an abstract conceptual representation remains unclear. Here, two experiments were conducted to identify the perceptual features used by orangutans when categorizing...

  • ech·o·lo·ca·tion.
    Marsh, Heidi L.; MacDonald, Suzanne E. // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary; 2009, p107 

    Several definitions of the term "echolocation" are presented. It refers to a sensory system in certain animals, such as bats and dolphins, in which the animals send out high-pitched sounds and use their echoes to determine the position of objects. It also refers to the use of reflected sound...

  • Nature's navigators: The Feats.
    Aziz, Laurel // Canadian Geographic; Jan2000, Vol. 120 Issue 1, p74 

    Focuses on the orienteering skills of animals. How interaction between navigational cues can influence how they are used; Tools and strategies used by animals to enhance their mobility.

  • Starfish eyes show them the way home.
    MacKenzie, Debora // New Scientist; 7/13/2013, Vol. 219 Issue 2925, p01 

    The article looks at a study by researcher Anders Garm and team on light-sensitive eye-like organs in the tips of the arms of Linckia laevigata blue sea stars, which allow the starfish to return to their home reefs when grazing.

  • Linking of Learning Signals in Honeybee Orientation.
    Bogdany, Franz Josef // Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology; 1978, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p323 

    1. Honeybees link time, color, and scent together when these signals are simultaneously presented in training. 2. Presenting time and color, or time and scent, as constant signal combinations in training results in very precise orientation. When either one of the combined signals is varied,...

    Parsons, Stuart; Boonman, Arjan M. // Journal of Mammalogy; Nov2000, Vol. 81 Issue 4, p927 

    Presents a study which examined the advantages and disadvantages of techniques that transform and analyze echolocation calls of bats. Materials and methods; Results and discussion; Conclusions.

  • Geographic variation in the morphology, echolocation and diet of the little free-tailed bat, Chaerephon pumilus (Molossidae).
    Aspetsberger, F.; Brandsen, Djuri; Jacobs, D. S. // African Zoology; Oct2003, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p245 

    The insectivorous bat Chaerephon pumilus has a wide distribution in Africa and displays considerable variation in the colour of its wings and venter. We investigated whether variation is also evident in its morphology, echolocation and diet by comparing a population of this species in Amani...

    Macías, Silvio; Mora, Emanuel C.; Gannon, William L. // Journal of Mammalogy; Nov2003, Vol. 84 Issue 4, p1428 

    Echolocation calls were recorded from Pteronotus quadridens flying in the field and in an enclosed space. In the field, search calls contained 1 or 2 harmonics. Patterns of call design show a segment of quasi--constant frequency (QCF2nd-hamonic at 81-84 kHz), followed by a downward...

  • Animal behaviour: Insect orientation to polarized moonlight.
    Dacke, Marie; Nilsson, Dan-Eric; Scholtz, Clarke H.; Byrne, Marcus; Warrant, Eric J. // Nature; 7/3/2003, Vol. 424 Issue 6944, p33 

    Moonlight, like sunlight, scatters when it strikes tiny particles in the atmosphere, giving rise to celestial polarization patterns. Here we show that an African dung beetle, Scarabaeus zambesianus, uses the polarization of a moonlit sky to orientate itself so that it can move along a straight...

  • Built-in polarizers form part of a compass organ in spiders.
    Dacke, M.; Nilsson, D.-E.; Warrent, E.J.; Blest, A.D.; Land, M.F.; O'Carroll, D.C. // Nature; 9/30/1999, Vol. 401 Issue 6752, p470 

    Presents research on the compass organ in the spider Drassodes cupreus, where a pair of specialized secondary eyes cooperate to analyze skylight polarization. Method of action; Structural details.

  • tropisms, theory of (c. 1912) Biology/Philosophy.
    Dacke, M.; Nilsson, D.-E.; Warrent, E.J.; Blest, A.D.; Land, M.F.; O'Carroll, D.C. // Dictionary of Theories; 2002, p535 

    A definition of the term "theory of tropisms" is presented. It was proposed by Jacques Loeb , a physiologist and physician who was associated with the Rockefeller Institute in New York. It refers to the concept that all the activities of animals and humans are determined by tropisms, just as...

  • Juvenile Songbirds Compensate for Displacement to Oceanic Islands during Autumn Migration.
    Thorup, Kasper; Ortvad, Troels Eske; Rabøl, Jørgen; Holland, Richard A.; Tøttrup, Anders P.; Wikelski, Martin // PLoS ONE; 2011, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p1 

    To what degree juvenile migrant birds are able to correct for orientation errors or wind drift is still largely unknown. We studied the orientation of passerines on the Faroe Islands far off the normal migration routes of European migrants. The ability to compensate for displacement was tested...

  • Orientation tuning of motion-sensitive neurons shaped by vertical-horizontal network interactions.
    Haag, J.; Borst, A. // Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neu; May2003, Vol. 189 Issue 5, p363 

    We measured the orientation tuning of two neurons of the fly lobula plate (H1 and H2 cells) sensitive to horizontal image motion. Our results show that H1 and H2 cells are sensitive to vertical motion, too. Their response depended on the position of the vertically moving stimuli within their...

  • Cave birds.
    Greij, Eldon // Birder's World; Oct2007, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p56 

    The article presents information on oilbirds. They rely on a form of sonar called echolocation to navigate in their pitch-black homes. They do not need the precise, high-frequency echolocation of bats, which capture insects, they only have to avoid walls and ceilings. Experiments have shown that...

  • Do Dolphins Eavesdrop on the Echolocation Signals of Conspecifics?
    Gregg, Justin D.; Dudzinski, Kathleen M.; Smith, Howard V. // International Journal of Comparative Psychology; 2007, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p65 

    Preliminary experimental evidence shows that it is possible for an eavesdropping dolphin to discern object information from the returning echoes generated by the echolocation signals of conspecifics. Researchers have offered suggestions as to how this proposed ability may affect the behavior of...

    Gregg, Justin D.; Dudzinski, Kathleen M.; Smith, Howard V. // World Almanac for Kids; 2005, p35 

    The article looks at the use of echolocation by bats. Some kinds of bats use echolocation to navigate in the dark and to find insects. The bats make sounds that cannot be heard by humans. A bat knows where an insect is because the bat's sounds echo, or bounce off, an insect and return to the...

  • Seeing with Ears.
    Ingram, Scott // Dolphins (1-59716-161-6); 2006, p22 

    A chapter of the book "Dolphins" is presented. It discusses the way dolphins use echoes to help them find fish and stay away from dangerous animals. Dolphins make clicking sounds which they aim with the large, rounded part of their head. The clicks bounce off objects and return to the dolphin,...

  • Guiding contact by coupling the taus of gaps.
    Lee, David N.; Georgopoulos, Apostolos P.; Clark, Martyn J.O.; Craig, Cathy M.; Port, Nicholas Lindman // Experimental Brain Research; Jul2001, Vol. 139 Issue 2, p151 

    Animals control contact with surfaces when locomoting, catching prey, etc. This requires sensorily guiding the rate of closure of gaps between effectors such as the hands, feet or jaws and destinations such as a ball, the ground and a prey. Control is generally rapid, reliable and robust, even...

  • Harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina) can steer by the stars.
    Mauck, Björn; Gläser, Nele; Schlosser, Wolfhard; Dehnhardt, Guido // Animal Cognition; Oct2008, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p715 

    Offshore orientation in marine mammals is still a mystery. For visual orientation during night-time foraging and travelling in the open seas, seals cannot rely on distant terrestrial landmarks, and thus might use celestial cues as repeatedly shown for nocturnally migrating birds. Although seals...

  • Are ants sensitive to the geometry of tunnel bifurcation?
    Gerbier, Grégory; Garnier, Simon; Rieu, Cécile; Theraulaz, Guy; Fourcassié, Vincent // Animal Cognition; Oct2008, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p637 

    The ability to orient and navigate in space is essential for all animals whose home range is organized around a central point. Because of their small home range compared to vertebrates, central place foraging insects such as ants have for a long time provided a choice model for the study of...

  • Do chimpanzees learn reputation by observation? Evidence from direct and indirect experience with generous and selfish strangers.
    Subiaul, Francys; Vonk, Jennifer; Okamoto-Barth, Sanae; Barth, Jochen // Animal Cognition; Oct2008, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p611 

    Can chimpanzees learn the reputation of strangers indirectly by observation? Or are such stable behavioral attributions made exclusively by first-person interactions? To address this question, we let seven chimpanzees observe unfamiliar humans either consistently give (generous donor) or refuse...

  • Flexibility of cue use in the fox squirrel ( Sciurus niger).
    Waisman, Anna S.; Jacobs, Lucia F. // Animal Cognition; Oct2008, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p625 

    Recent work on captive flying squirrels has demonstrated a novel degree of flexibility in the use of different orientation cues. In the present study, we examine to what extent this flexibility is present in a free-ranging population of another tree squirrel species, the fox squirrel. We trained...

  • Mechanical adaptations for echolocation in the cochlea of the bat Hipposideros lankadiva.
    Foeller, Elisabeth; K�ssl, Manfred // Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural & Behaviora; Sep2000, Vol. 186 Issue 9, p859 

    The cochlear mechanics of bats with long constant-frequency components in their echolocation calls are sharply tuned to the dominant second harmonic constant frequency. Hipposiderid bats employ a shorter constant-frequency call component whose frequency is less stable than in...

  • Frequency discrimination threshold at search call frequencies in the echolocating bat, Eptesicus fuscus.
    von Stebut, Boris; Schmidt, Sabine // Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural & Behaviora; May2001, Vol. 187 Issue 4, p287 

    While searching for prey in open spaces, Eptesicus fuscus emits long-duration, downward frequency-modulated calls which cover a frequency band of about 28–22 kHz. In the ascending auditory pathways of E. fuscus, neurons tuned to these search call frequencies are characterised by a...

  • Reply to the comment by A. P. Grammatin on the paper 'Cat's pupil and apodization' by A. V. Lensky (Opt. Spektrosk. 107 (5), 814 (2009) [Opt. Spectrosc. 107 (5), 773 (2009)]).
    Lensky, A. // Optics & Spectroscopy; Oct2010, Vol. 109 Issue 4, p621 

    The article discusses the vertical and horizontal resolutions of cat's pupil in response to the comment by A. P. Grammatin on the paper "Cat's Pupil and Apodization." It says that the paper covers the entire cat family (Felidae) and other animals, not only domestic cats. Meanwhile, it says that...

  • tro·pism.
    Lensky, A. // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary; 2009, p351 

    A definition for "tropism " is presented. It refers the growth or movement of a plant or animal toward or away from an external stimulus, such as light, heat, or gravity.

  • Flight first, sound later.
    Lensky, A. // Australian Life Scientist; 2/15/2008, p1 

    Fossil find suggests bats evolved the ability to fly before developing echolocation.

  • Cattle on pastures do align along the North-South axis, but the alignment depends on herd density.
    Slaby, P.; Tomanova, K.; Vacha, M. // Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neu; Aug2013, Vol. 199 Issue 8, p695 

    Alignment is a spontaneous behavioral preference of particular body orientation that may be seen in various vertebrate or invertebrate taxa. Animals often optimize their positions according to diverse directional environmental factors such as wind, stream, slope, sun radiation, etc. Magnetic...

  • Effects of a "Permanent" Clock-Shift on the Orientation of Young Homing Pigeons.
    Wiltschko, Wolfgang; Wiltschko, Roswitha; Keeton, William T. // Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology;  

    1. Young pigeons kept under a 6-h-slow photoperiod from the time of weaning and allowed to see the sun during the afternoon (=their subjective morning) did not depart from test release sites with the 90° deflection ordinarily seen in 6-h-slow clock-shifted pigeons; their orientation did not...

  • The effect of sound intensity on duration-tuning characteristics of bat inferior collicular neurons.
    Zhou, Xiaoming; Jen, Philip H.-S. // Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural & Behaviora; Feb2001, Vol. 187 Issue 1, p63 

    Previous studies have shown that inferior collicular neurons of the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus, serve as short-, band-, long- and all-pass filters for sound durations. Neurons with band-, short- and long-pass filtering characteristics discharged maximally to a specific sound duration or a...

  • Monkeys perceive the orientation of objects relative to the vertical axis.
    Wakita, Masumi // Animal Cognition; Nov2012, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p1205 

    Orientation processing is essential for segmenting contour from the background, which allows perception of the shape and stability of objects. However, little is known about how monkeys determine the degree and direction of orientation. In this study, to determine the reference axis for...

  • High Altitude Echolocation of Insects by Bats.
    Griffin, Donald R.; Thompson, David // Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology; Jul1982, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p303 

    The orientation sounds of many bats, almost certainly belonging to the genus Tadarida, were recorded at altitudes of 100 to 300 m above the ground by means of an ultrasonic radio microphone. Both in North Queensland, Australia, and in southern Utah and Nevada, USA, bats were often more numerous...

  • In the mating system of the bat Saccopteryx bilineata, bioacoustic constraints impede male eavesdropping on female echolocation calls for their surveillance.
    Hoffmann, F. F.; Hejduk, J.; Caspers, B.; Siemers, B. M.; Voigt, C. C. // Canadian Journal of Zoology; Aug2007, Vol. 85 Issue 8, p863 

    At night, bats utter loud echolocation calls at high repetition rates that may reveal the location and current behaviour of callers to eavesdropping bats. Given the strong attenuation of echolocation calls, we predicted that territorial males of a harem-polygynous species ought to forage at...

  • Laboratory observations of habitat selection in aestivating and active adult sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.
    Yamana, Yusuke; Hamano, Tatsuo; Goshima, Seiji // Fisheries Science; Sep2009, Vol. 75 Issue 5, p1097 

    In order to verify which factors affect habitat selection for aestivating and in the active adult Apostichopus japonicus, animals were tested for their selection of attachment site in an experimental device (1-m pipes) in which the perceived environmental stimuli (light intensity, degree of...

  • Pigeon Homing: Deprivation of Olfactory Information Does Not Affect the Deflector Effect.
    Kiepenheuer, J. // Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology; Nov1979, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p11 

    1. Pigeons reared in deflector cages show on release a very pronounced bias of their mean vanishing bearings in the predicted direction, confirming the results of Baldaccini et al. (1975a). The angle of deviation though is only about half the angle of actual wind deflection in the cages. The...

  • Orientation by Jumping Spiders of the Genus Phidippus (Araneae: Salticidae) During the Pursuit of Prey.
    Hill, David Edwin // Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology; 1979, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p301 

    1. Jumping spiders of the genus Phidippus tend to occupy waiting positions on plants during the day. From such reconnaissance positions, the spiders often utilize an indirect route of access (detour) to attain a position from which sighted prey (the primary objective of pursuit) can be captured....

  • Harmonic-hopping in Wallacea's bats.
    Kingston, Tigga; Rossiter, Stephen J. // Nature; 6/10/2004, Vol. 429 Issue 6992, p654 

    Evolutionary divergence between species is facilitated by ecological shifts, and divergence is particularly rapid when such shifts also promote assortative mating. Horseshoe bats are a diverse Old World family (Rhinolophidae) that have undergone a rapid radiation in the past 5 million years....

  • Animal Behaviour: Eavesdropping on bats.
    Fenton, Brock; Ratcliffe, John // Nature; 6/10/2004, Vol. 429 Issue 6992, p612 

    Discusses several studies on bat echolocation. Variation between bat species in the design of echolocation calls; Function of the wavelength of the sounds in its echolocation calls; Examples of the sophistication and the possible evolutionary and ecological consequences of variability in call...

  • Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex.
    Hafting, Torkel; Fyhn, Marianne; Molden, Sturla; Moser, May-Britt; Moser, Edvard I. // Nature; 8/11/2005, Vol. 436 Issue 7052, p801 

    The ability to find one's way depends on neural algorithms that integrate information about place, distance and direction, but the implementation of these operations in cortical microcircuits is poorly understood. Here we show that the dorsocaudal medial entorhinal cortex (dMEC) contains a...

  • Bat walking.
    Hafting, Torkel; Fyhn, Marianne; Molden, Sturla; Moser, May-Britt; Moser, Edvard I. // New Scientist; 8/19/2006, Vol. 191 Issue 2565, p48 

    This article presents information on bats. Bats are flying mammals and their formal mane is Chiroptera. Their high-frequency echolocation system makes them dreaded night flyers and hunters. They have also been associated with ghosts and disease. There are 1100 bat species worldover and only...

  • Mechanisms of Phototaxis in American Crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) Following Different Methods of Trapping.
    Kawamura, Gunzo; Archdale, Miguel Vazquez // Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Science; 2008, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p340 

    The phototactic behavior of the American crayfish Procambarus clarkii was investigated in aquaria and a large tank to determine their sensitivity thresholds to light and possible harvesting applications. Adult and juvenile crayfish were found to be positive lyphototactic and their attraction to...

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