Citations with the tag: AFRICANS -- Diseases
Results 1 - 50
- Familial Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis in Blacks.
Corbett, Victor A.; Nuttall, Frank Q. // Annals of Internal Medicine; Jul75, Vol. 83 Issue 1, p63
Focuses on a study which investigated the family lineage of African brothers with familial hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Case reports; Details on their family tree; Discussion.
- Diverticular disease of the colon in Africans.
Calder, John F. // British Medical Journal; 6/2/1979, Vol. 1 Issue 6176, p1465
Examines the diverticular disease of the colon in Africans. Rarity of the disease due to increasing incidence or lack of recognition of the disease; Factors affecting the occurrence of the disease; Attribution of the rarity of the diseases to the diet of the Africans.
- CHAPTER EIGHT: WHO PAYS THE PRICE OF BLAME?
Calder, John F. // Blaming Others; 1988, p103
Chapter 8 of the book "Blaming Others" is presented. Although African countries have been constant in their criticisms of the U.S. and Europe over acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS, Africans have also sometimes blamed ethnic minorities in their own, or in a neighboring country. In South...
- Rate of HIV transmission among Africans in UK 'underestimated.'.
Brown, Phyllida // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition); 03/18/2000, Vol. 320 Issue 7237, p735
Focuses on the number of Africans in Great Britain who are infected with HIV. Lack of detailed information about African people's sexual mixing patterns; Reasons for the increasing number of HIV-infected Africans in Great Britain; Comments from Doctor Caroline Ndofor-Tah, a sociologist and a...
- The Incidence and Pattern of Atherosclerosis in Africans.
Ofoegbu, Reginald O.; Guirguis, Marcelle N. // Vascular Surgery; Mar/Apr1985, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p87
Despite the very high incidence of arterial hypertension among Africans atherosclerotic changes linked with prolonged hypertension is not commonly encountered and even then the coronary arteries are known to be spared. Since this seeming protection against atherosclerosis is said to be found...
- Prevalence of neuropathic pain among black African patients suffering from common low back pain.
Ou�draogo, Dieu-Donn�; Nonguierma, Victor; Napon, Christian; Kabr�, Abel; Ti�no, Herv�; Guira, Oumar; Kabor�, Jean; Drabo, Joseph // Rheumatology International; Jul2012, Vol. 32 Issue 7, p2149
To study the prevalence and semiotic characteristics of neuropathic pain in the common low back pain to the Black African subject. This was a prospective cross-sectional survey carried on from April 1 2009 to August 31 2009 in consultations of rheumatology, neurology, and neurosurgery at the...
- �- and a-Cell Dysfunctions in Africans With Ketosis-Prone Atypical Diabetes During Near-Normoglycemic Remission.
CHOUKEM, SIM�ON-PIERRE; SOBNGWI, EUGENE; BOUDOU, PHILIPPE; FETITA, LILA-SABRINA; PORCHER, RAPHAEL; IBRAHIM, FIDAA; BLONDEAU, BERTRAND; VEXIAU, PATRICK; MAUVAIS-JARVIS, FRANCK; CALVO, FABIEN; GAUTIER, JEAN-FRAN�OIS // Diabetes Care; Jan2013, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p118
OBJECTIVE--Ketosis-prone atypical diabetes (KPD) is a subtype of diabetes in which the pathophysiology is yet to be unraveled. The aim of this study was to characterize �- and a-cell functions in Africans with KPD during remission. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--We characterized �- and a-cell...
- A case of African crystalline maculopathy.
Hammoudi, D. S.; Mandelcorn, E.; Navajas, E. V.; Mandelcorn, M. // Eye; Jun2011, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p825
A letter to the editor is presented regarding a case of 67-year-old African woman with crystalline maculopathy.
- Impact of disease-modifying treatments in North African migrants with multiple sclerosis in France.
Lebrun, C.; Debouverie, M.; Jeannin, S.; Pittion-Vouyovitch, S.; Bayreuther, C.; Berthier, F. // Multiple Sclerosis (13524585); Aug2008, Vol. 14 Issue 7, p933
Background Multiple Sclerosis in North African migrants (MS-NA) is more aggressive with mostly primary progressive forms and cerebellar symptoms. Despite an earlier onset in NA patients, the disease progresses more rapidly, with a higher proportion showing incomplete recovery from the first...
- Screening and treatment of TB in immigrants.
Lebrun, C.; Debouverie, M.; Jeannin, S.; Pittion-Vouyovitch, S.; Bayreuther, C.; Berthier, F. // Infectious Disease Alert; Jan2009, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p48
The article discusses research on tuberculosis (TB) among foreign-born persons in the U.S. It references a study by K. P. Cain et al published in a 2008 issue of the "Journal of American Medical Association." Individuals from sub-Saharan Africa have the highest rates of reactivation TB. Also...
- Exploring genetic differences in insulin resistance.
Lebrun, C.; Debouverie, M.; Jeannin, S.; Pittion-Vouyovitch, S.; Bayreuther, C.; Berthier, F. // South African Journal of Science; Nov/Dec98, Vol. 94 Issue 11, p543
Focuses on a study conducted by the South African Institute of Medical Research which explored the insulin resistance of African people with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Explanations from Nigel Crowther, a physician; Information on leptins which is coding for the protein.
- Recurrent tumoral calcinosis.
Nggada, H. A.; Eni, U. E.; Lawan, M. A.; Pindiga, U. H.; Na'aya, H. U.; Khalil, M. I. // Tropical Doctor; Oct2006, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p240
Tumoral calcinosis is a rare, benign disease that commonly affects the African blacks. We report on a 20-year-old Nigerian presenting with recurrent multiple subcutaneous masses around the scapular, elbow, hip and gluteal regions. The X-rays, fine needle aspiration cytology and tissue biopsy...
- Congenital glaucoma: still a clinical challenge.
Rao, A // Eye; Oct2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10, p1384
A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Combined trabeculotomy and trabeculectomy: outcome for primary congenital glaucoma in a West African population," by V. A. Essuman and colleagues in the 2011 issue.
- Response to Dr Rao.
Essuman, V A; Braimah, I Z; Ndanu, T A; Ntim-Amponsah, C T // Eye; Oct2011, Vol. 25 Issue 10, p1384
A response by V. A. Essuman and colleagues to a letter to the editor on their article "Combined trabeculotomy and trabeculectomy: outcome for primary congenital glaucoma in a West African population" in the 2011 issue is presented.
- Facing Up to HIV/AIDS: Authors lifr the veil on complex issues surrounding pandemic in Africa and black America.
Cleage, Pearl // Black Issues Book Review; Nov2004, Vol. 6 Issue 6, p54
Discusses several books about HIV and AIDS. INSET: Other Noteworthy Titles.
- Detection of a novel recombinant strain of norovirus in an African-descendant community from the Amazon region of Brazil in 2008.
Fumian, Tulio; Aragão, Glicélia; Mascarenhas, Joana; Kaiano, Jane; Siqueira, Jones; Soares, Luana; Linhares, Alexandre; Gabbay, Yvone // Archives of Virology; Dec2012, Vol. 157 Issue 12, p2389
Noroviruses, a major cause of acute gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide, are constantly evolving. This ability is reflected in the speed and efficiency with which these viruses spread and remain in the human population. The present study reports the detection of a novel recombination event among...
Higgins, Ellen F. // Multicultural Review; Summer2008, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p55
The article reviews the book "Mercy," by Lara Santoro.
- Meniere’s disease: rare or underdiagnosed among Africans.
Ibekwe, T. S.; Ijaduola, G. T. A. // European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology; Dec2007, Vol. 264 Issue 12, p1399
Meniere’s disease can easily be misdiagnosed because several otological disorders mimic the disease. Conflicting reports on the incidence of this disease among the Africans had been documented. The goal of our study was to verify the prevalence and clinical features of Meniere’s disease in...
- Kawasaki Disease Causing Giant Saccular Aneurysms of the Coronary Arteries.
Naiser, Jennifer A.; Schaller, Frederick A.; Bannout, Rim; Tak, Tahir // Texas Heart Institute Journal; 2008, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p369
The article offers a comparison of the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease in an adult African man using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and computed tomographic (CT) angiography. It is said that a giant sacccular aneurysm of the proximal right coronary artery was revealed through TTE. One study...
- Acral peeling skin syndrome in two East-African siblings: case report.
Kiprono, Samson K.; Chaula, Baraka M.; Naafs, Bernard; Masenga, John E. // BMC Dermatology; 2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1
Background: Acral peeling skin syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis due to a missense mutation in transglutaminase 5. The skin peeling occurs at the separation of the stratum corneum from the stratum granulosum. Case presentation: We present a case of two siblings who developed...
- Experiences of African Immigrant Women Living with HIV in the U.K.: Implications for Health Professionals.
Ndirangu, Eunice W.; Evans, Catrin // Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health; Apr2009, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p108
In the U.K. immigrant women from Africa constitute an increasingly large proportion of newly diagnosed cases of HIV. A significant minority of these are refugees and asylum seekers. Very little is known about their experiences of living with HIV/AIDS, their psychosocial needs or their views of...
- Screening and Management of HIV-2-Infected Individuals in Northern Italy.
Costarelli, Silvia; Torti, Carlo; Rodella, Anna; Baldanti, Fausto; Paolucci, Stefania; Lapadula, Giuseppe; Manca, Nino; Quiros-Roldan, Eugenia; Izzo, Ilaria; Carosi, Giampiero // AIDS Patient Care & STDs; Jun2008, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p489
There is a lack of updated estimates of HIV-2 infection in Italy. Moreover, lack of standardized HIV-2 viral load (VL) and drug resistance tests challenges clinical practice. Among 2941 HIV-positive patients followed in our center (Brescia, Northern Italy), 220 (7.5%) were African at the...
- Needs, Barriers, and Concerns Regarding HIV Prevention Among South Africans with Visual Impairments: A Key Informant Study.
Philander, John H.; Swartz, Leslie // Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness; Feb2006, Vol. 100 Issue 2, p111
The article presents the results of a study which focused on the needs, barriers and concerns regarding HIV prevention among South Africans with visual impairments. It reports on work preparatory to developing and evaluating an intervention focusing on the needs of this community. Because of the...
- Specific Antibody Production by Blood B Cells is Retained in Late Stage Drug-na�ve HIV-infected Africans.
Beniguela, Lydie; Begaud, Evelyne; Cognasse, Fabrice; Gabri�, Philippe; Mbolidi, Christophe D.; Marovich, Mary A.; Cazorla, Celine; Lucht, Fr�d�ric; Genin, Christian; Garraud, Olivier // Clinical & Developmental Immunology; Jun2004, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p121
Unseparated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from drug-na�ve African individuals living in a context of multi-infections and presenting with high viral load (VL), were cultured in vitro and tested for their ability to produce antibodies (Abs) reacting with HIV-l antigens....
- Association of Age with Mortality and Virological and Immunological Response to Antiretroviral Therapy in Rural South African Adults.
Mutevedzi, Portia C.; Lessells, Richard J.; Rodger, Alison J.; Newell, Marie-Louise // PLoS ONE; 2011, Vol. 6 Issue 7, p1
Objective: To assess whether treatment outcomes vary with age for adults receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a large rural HIV treatment cohort. Design: Retrospective cohort analysis using data from a public HIV Treatment & Care Programme. Methods: Adults initiating ART 1st August 2004 -...
- Duke Researchers Working to Isolate Glaucoma Gene in Ghana.
Mutevedzi, Portia C.; Lessells, Richard J.; Rodger, Alison J.; Newell, Marie-Louise // Diverse: Issues in Higher Education; 8/25/2005, Vol. 22 Issue 14, p28
Reports on a study on the impact of glaucoma on Africans in Ghana being conducted by ophthalmologist Rand Allingham. Possible cause of glaucoma in Africans; Background on the disease; Status of medical care for the blind in the country.
- R&D centre to develop new medical drugs.
Nevin, Tom // African Business; Oct2011, Issue 379, p102
The article reports on the intention of University of Cape Town's (UCT's) Holistic Drug, discovery and Development Center (H3-D) in Cape Town, South Africa to develop medical drugs for serious diseases in Africa. The creation of the center is contributed to the National Biotechnology Strategy...
- The relative contribution of viral and bacterial sexually transmitted infections on HIV acquisition in southern African women in the Methods for Improving Reproductive Health in Africa study.
Venkatesh, K. K.; van der Straten, A.; H. Cheng; Montgomery, E. T.; Lurie, M. N.; Chipato, T.; Ramjee, G.; Blanchard, K.; Padian, N. S.; Mayer, K. H.; de Bruyn, G. // International Journal of STD & AIDS; Apr2011, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p218
We assess the relative contribution of viral and bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) on HIV acquisition among southern African women in a nested case-control study within the Methods for Improving Reproductive Health in Africa (MIRA) trial. Cases were women with incident HIV...
- Umbilical hernia in Xhosa infants and children.
James, Theodore // Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine; Jul1982, Vol. 75 Issue 7, p537
During the period 12 March 1980 to 10 March 1981 a consecutive series of 1200 Xhosa (Black) infants and young children, ranging in age from the newborn to the prepubertal, who attended the general outpatients department for a variety of medical complaints were examined for umbilical herniation....
- HIV in South Africa.
Payne, Drew // Nursing Standard; 1/23/2008, Vol. 22 Issue 20, p30
The article reviews the book "HIV in South Africa," by Corinne Squire.
- South African Women Pack On Pounds To Avoid Looking Sickly.
Payne, Drew // Jet; 9/4/2006, Vol. 110 Issue 9, p24
The article discusses a rise in obesity in South Africa women. Many have started to gain weight intentionally so that they do not look like AIDS victims. Approximately 1 in 3 black South Africans are clinically obese. Because of the increase in weight, researchers are seeing a rise in...
- Histopathology and Genotyping in Infectious Spondylitis of HIV- and HIV+ Patients.
S Danaviah // Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research; Jul2007, Vol. 460 Issue 1, p50
Approximately 2 million South Africans are HIV/TB coinfected, and many develop skeletal disease. The resurgence of spinal tuberculosis, including atypical forms, is due largely to HIV-associated immune suppression. We investigated the impact of HIV coinfection on the histological features of the...
- Actividad s�rica de la acetilhidrolasa del factor activador de plaquetas en pacientes afrodescendientes y mestizos con dengue, Colombia.
Restrepo, Berta Nelly; Arboleda, Margarita; Ramirez, Ruth; Alvarez, Gonzalo // Biom�dica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud; dic2011, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p599
Introduction: Severe dengue infection is characterized by enhanced vascular permeability produced by cytokines and biochemical mediators. One of these mediators is the platelet-activating factor. Degradation of platelet-activating factor is accomplished by its specific acetyihydrolase. Down or...
- Identification of Parkinson's disease candidate genes using CAESAR and screening of MAPT and SNCAIP in South African Parkinson's disease patients.
Keyser, Rowena; Oppon, Ekow; Carr, Jonathan; Bardien, Soraya // Journal of Neural Transmission; Jun2011, Vol. 118 Issue 6, p889
uming that a significant cause of Parkinson's disease (PD) is genetic, genetic factors have been shown to account for <10% of all PD cases to date, and it is therefore necessary to identify novel genes. The aim of the present study was to identify PD candidate genes using a bioinformatic...
- West African and Amerindian ancestry and risk of myocardial infarction and metabolic syndrome in the Central Valley population of Costa Rica.
Ruiz-Narv�ez, Edward A.; Bare, Lance; Arellano, Andre; Catanese, Joseph; Campos, Hannia // Human Genetics; Jun2010, Vol. 127 Issue 6, p629
Genetic ancestry and environmental factors may contribute to the ethnic differences in risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), metabolic syndrome (MS) or its individual components. The population of the Central Valley of Costa Rica offers a unique opportunity to assess the role of genetic ancestry...
- Laboratory tests in the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis.
Hoffmann, M.; Meyer, W. P. // CME: South Africa's Continuing Medical Education Journal; Jul2012, Vol. 30 Issue 7, p256
The article presents information on the role of laboratory testing in the diagnosis and follow up of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). CF is defined as an autosomal recessive disorder that occurs in all South African population groups. There are diagnostic services and expertise similar to...
- Commentary: Shaper and Jones, �Serum-cholesterol, diet and coronary heart-disease in Africans and Asians in Uganda�: 50-year-old findings only need interpretational fine tuning to come up to speed!
Poulter, Neil R.; Chaturvedi, Nishi // International Journal of Epidemiology; Oct2012, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p1228
No abstract available.
- Serum-cholesterol, diet, and coronary heart-disease in Africans and Asians in Uganda*.
Shaper, A.G.; Jones, K.W. // International Journal of Epidemiology; Oct2012, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p1221
No abstract available.
- Commentary: AG Shaper and KW Jones, �Serum-cholesterol, diet and coronary heart-disease in Africans and Asians in Uganda�.
Khaw, Kay-Tee // International Journal of Epidemiology; Oct2012, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p1231
No abstract available.
- Commentary: �Serum-cholesterol, diet, and coronary heart-disease in Africans and Asians in Uganda� by AG Shaper and KW Jones.
Mayosi, Bongani M; Forrester, Terrence // International Journal of Epidemiology; Oct2012, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p1233
No abstract available.
- Commentary: Personal reflection on �Serum-cholesterol, diet and coronary heart-disease in Africans and Asians in Uganda�*.
Shaper, AG // International Journal of Epidemiology; Oct2012, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p1225
No abstract available.
- Sickle Hemoglobin (Hb S) Allele and Sickle Cell Disease: A HuGE Review.
Ashley-Koch, A.; Yang, Q.; Olney, R. S. // American Journal of Epidemiology; 2000, Vol. 151 Issue 9, p839
Sickle cell disease is caused by a variant of the �-globin gene called sickle hemoglobin (Hb S). Inherited autosomal recessively, either two copies of Hb S or one copy of Hb S plus another �-globin variant (such as Hb C) are required for disease expression. Hb S carriers are protected from...
- The role of SNPs in the a-chain of the IL-7R gene in CD4+ T-cell recovery in HIV-infected African patients receiving suppressive cART.
Rajasuriar, R; Booth, D R; Gouillou, M; Spelman, T; James, I; Solomon, A; Chua, K; Stewart, G; Deeks, S; Bangsberg, D R; Muzoora, C; Cameron, P U; Hunt, P; Martin, J; Lewin, S R // Genes & Immunity; Jan2012, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p83
We previously found an association between faster CD4+ T-cell recovery in HIV-infected patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and interleukin-7 receptor-a (IL-7Ra) haplotype-2 in a predominantly Caucasian cohort. This study aims to determine whether this association was...
- SEXUAL HEALTH.
Garter, Philip // Research Matters; Oct2003-Apr2004, Issue 16, p55
Provides information on the first major study of HIV positive African people living in Great Britain and discusses research into anti-HIV treatment issues for children and adolescents. Status of sexual health in Great Britain as of April 2003; Support needs of HIV-positive Africans living in...
- Here come the drugs.
Garter, Philip // U.S. Catholic; Apr2004, Vol. 69 Issue 4, p10
Reports on the free antiretroviral drugs given by the Catholic Church to South Africans infected with HIV and AIDS. Number of South Africans infected; Plan for the church-run projects for the drugs; Statement from Bishop Kevin Dowling about the proposed antiretroviral drug program from the...
- The mental health impact of AIDS-related mortality in South Africa: a national study.
Myer, L.; Seedat, S.; Stein, D. J.; Moomal, H.; Williams, D. R. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health; Apr2009, Vol. 63 Issue 4, p293
Background: Few data exist on how the HIV/AIDS epidemic may influence population mental health. The associations were examined between knowing someone who died of HIV/AIDS and common mental disorders among South African adults. Methods: Between 2002 and 2004, a nationally representative sample...
- Uncertainties of routine HLA B*5701 testing in black African HIV cohorts in the UK.
Sadiq, S.T.; Pakicinathan, M. // Sexually Transmitted Infections; Jun2007, Vol. 83 Issue 3, p181
The article cites the uncertainties of routine pharmacogenetic testing of human leucocyte antigen (HLA) B*5701 for hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) risk in black African HIV cohorts in Brighton, England. The B*5701carriage rate was reported to be 5.3%. As the molecular test used was unable to...
- Impact of Human Immunodeficiency Virus on the Natural History of Human Papillomavirus Genital Infection in South African Men and Women.
Mbulawa, Zizipho Z. A.; Marais, Dianne J.; Johnson, Leigh F.; Coetzee, David; Williamson, Anna-Lise // Journal of Infectious Diseases; Jul2012, Vol. 206 Issue 1, p15
Background. This study investigated genital human papillomavirus (HPV) incidence and clearance in 278 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)�seropositive (HIV-positive) women, 208 HIV-negative women, 161 HIV-positive men, and 325 HIV-negative men, followed at 6-month intervals for up to 24...
- Management of trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis.
Barrett, Michael P.; Croft, Simon L. // British Medical Bulletin; Dec2012, Vol. 104 Issue 1, p175
Background The current treatments for human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), Chagas disease and leishmaniasis (collectively referred to as the kinetoplastid diseases) are far from ideal but, for some, there has been significant recent progress. For HAT the only advances in treatment over the past...
- Relationship between average leucocyte telomere length and the presence or severity of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy in black Africans.
Raymond, Andrew R.; Norton, Gavin R.; Sareli, Pinhas; Woodiwiss, Angela J.; Brooksbank, Richard L. // European Journal of Heart Failure; Jan2013, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p54
Aims A reduced average leucocyte telomere length is associated with ischaemic heart failure. Whether this relationship represents a cause or consequence of heart failure or is attributed to associated risk factors and coronary artery disease is uncertain. We evaluated if average leucocyte...