Thoracoscopic and Laparoscopic Esophagectomy in a Case of Spontaneous Rupture of the Esophagus (Boerhaave’s Syndrome)

Spinoglio, Giuseppe; Summa, Massimo; Quarati, Raoul; Testa, Silvio; Priora, Fabio; Lenti, Matteo; Ravazzoni, Feruccio; Piscioneri, Domenico
August 2009
European Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery;Aug2009, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p414
Academic Journal
Spontaneous barogenic rupture of the esophagus is a rare disease with high morbidity and mortality. Many therapeutic options are available. Esophagectomy is indicated when a large rupture is found with huge mediastinal contamination. Here, we describe a minimal invasive esophagectomy procedure for an esophageal barogenic rupture. A thoracoscopic esophagectomy was performed with the patient in a prone position. After a laparoscopic gastric tubulization, a cervical esopagho-gastro anastomosis was performed with a retro-sternal passage of the stomach in order to avoid the heavily contaminated posterior mediastinum. The postoperative outcome was almost uneventful. This minimal-invasive approach allowed direct optimal visualization of the esophageal laceration and a thorough mediastinal cleansing, thereby avoiding any septic complications, which are the major concern in this particular clinical procedure. In our case, the esophagectomywas mandatory because of the large laceration and massive mediastinal contamination. The minimal invasive thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy approach is feasible even in an emergency setting. This is the first report of this procedure being used in a high-risk patient with Boerhaave’s syndrome.


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