- prion. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p1774
A definition of the term "prion" is presented. It refers to a small proteinaceous infectious particle. It is believed that this particle is responsible for central nervous system diseases (spongiform encephalopathies) in humans as well as in other mammals.
- variant CJD. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p782
An encyclopedia entry for "variant CJD" is presented. Variant CJD is one form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
- Creuzfeldt-Jakob disease. // A-Z of Food Safety;2007, p79
A definition of the term "Creuzfeldt-Jakob disease" is presented. It refers to a disease that takes the form of a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in humans and can be fatal within six months of contracting same. It has been described as the human equivalent to bovine spongiform...
- anergasia. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p120
A definition of the term "anergasia" is presented, referring to functional inactivity or an organic psychosis caused by a structural lesion of the central nervous system.
- dysbasia. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p703
A definition of the medical term "dysbasia," which refers to difficulty in walking, especially when caused by disease of the brain or the spinal cord, is presented.
- perencephaly. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1741
A definition of the term "perencephaly," which refers to porencephalia, is presented.
- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease explained. Morris, David // GP: General Practitioner;10/20/2003, p72
The article presents information about Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The prion protein is thought to be responsible for CJD. CJD is a progressive, degenerative neurological condition affecting the brain and is in variably fatal. A normal prion protein that does not cause disease is thought to...
- Prison diseases. Hughes, J.T. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);1/30/93, Vol. 306 Issue 6873, p288
Examines the aspects of prion diseases. Lists of human prion diseases; Enumeration of four main prion diseases of animals; Diseases of the central nervous system.
- Neuroinflammation in Prion Diseases: Concepts and Targets for Therapeutic Intervention. Riemer, Constanze; G�ltner, Sandra; Heise, Ines; Holtkamp, Nikola; Baier, Michael // CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets;2009, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p329
Prion infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are characterized by a reactive gliosis and the subsequent degeneration of neuronal tissue. The activation of glial cells, which precedes neuronal death, is likely to be initially caused by the deposition of misfolded, in part proteinase...