circumcision, female

Peters, Michael
June 2004
BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p177
Reference Entry
A definition of the term "female circumcision" is presented. It refers to the surgical removal of all or parts of the external genitalia in women. This procedure is sometimes accompanied by narrowing the entrance to the vagina. This procedure is being done in Africa. Female circumcision can lead to injuries during childbirth and sexual intercourse.


Related Articles

  • infibulation. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p424 

    An encyclopedia entry for "infibulation" is presented. The term refers to a form of female circumcision in which the labia majora are removed and the entrance to the vagina is narrowed.

  • Female Genital Mutilation in the United States: Implications for Women's Health. Perez Williams, Deanna; Acosta, William; McPherson, Jr., Herbert A. // American Journal of Health Studies;1999, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p47 

    Presents the health risks associated with female genital mutilation. Cultural rationales for the practice: Issues to consider when designing prevention strategies; Provisions under the Female Genital Mutilation Act of 1996; Health complications of genital mutilation; Complex issues raised by...

  • BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS. Ermini, Giovanna; Guelfi-Aidos, Valeria // Women's International Network News;Winter2001, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p42 

    Cites an annotated bibliography on female genital mutilation edited by Giovanna Ermini and Valeria Guelfi.

  • KENYA: LOCAL COMMUNITIES FAIL TO STOP GENITAL MUTILATION.  // Women's International Network News;Winter2003, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p40 

    Reports on the failure of the local communities of Kenya to stop female genital mutilation (FGM), according to Anne Nzome, program manager of the National Maendeleo ya Wanawake Organization. Districts leading in the FGM practice; Estimated number of girls undergoing FGM every year in Sambalu.

  • Saying no to FGM.  // Herizons;Winter99, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p11 

    Reports on Senegal's inclusion in the list of African countries to officially ban the practice of female genital mutilation. Estimated number of African and Asian women affected by the practice; Prison term for violators.

  • Nurses and Requests for Female Genital Mutilation: cultural rights versus human rights. Sala, R.; Manara, D. // Nursing Ethics;May2001, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p247 

    In this article we focus on female genital mutilation. We analyse this problem as one of the most important issues of multiculturalism, which is also coming to the attention of the public in Italy as a consequence of the growing number of immigrants from African countries. The fundamental...

  • Churches unite in effort to end female genital mutilation.  // National Catholic Reporter;5/2/2003, Vol. 39 Issue 26, p6 

    Reports on the efforts of religious groups to end the practice of female genital mutilation in Kenya.

  • FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN AMERICA: THE FEDERAL DILEMMA. White, Allen E. // Texas Journal of Women & the Law;Spring2001, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p129 

    Recounts the female genital mutilation (FGM) in the United States. Basis of authority for the federal FGM statute; Inclusions of medical and sociological aspects of ancient custom; Focus on the efforts of the international community.

  • vagina.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p2288 

    A definition of the term "vagina" is presented. It refers to a musculomembranous tube that forms the passageway between the cervix uteri and the vulva. The bladder and urethra are adjacent to the anterior wall of the vagina, and the rectum is behind the posterior wall. The cavity of the vagina...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics