Estell, Kenneth
December 1994
African America: Portrait of a People;1994, p736
Reference Entry
An encyclopedia entry on the military participation of African Americans in World War I. About 400,000 African American soldiers served during the war, but only about 10 percent were assigned to combat duty in two infantry divisions. The majority of these soldiers were assigned to stevedore units at ports or to labor units as quartermaster troops. During this war, African American soldiers earned an impressive number of awards for combat bravery.


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