Adams, John Couch

January 2009
World Book Science Dataset;1/1/2009, p1
Reference Entry
Adams, John Couch (1819-1892), a British astronomer, one of the discoverers of the planet Neptune. From his study of the planet Uranus, Adams was able to calculate mathematically the existence of Neptune in 1845. Urbain Leverrier made the same discovery independently in 1846. Adams also determined the orbit of the Leonid meteors (swarms of meteors that appear each November) and studied the earth's magnetism and the moon's motions. Adams was professor of astronomy and geometry at Cambridge University, 1858-92.


Related Articles

  • The Astronomer Royal only writes once. Jones, Tony // New Scientist;1/28/95, Vol. 145 Issue 1962, p43 

    Reviews the book `Voyager in Time And Space: The Life of John Couch Adams, Cambridge Astronomer,' by H. M. Harrison.

  • In the Footsteps of Giants. Levy, David H. // Sky & Telescope;Feb2004, Vol. 107 Issue 2, p82 

    Comments on the achievements in astronomy made by several astronomers. Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier; William Herschel; John Couch Adams; John Dee; Clyde Tombaugh.

  • 1843.  // History of Science & Technology;2004, p350 

    The article presents a history of the discoveries in science and technology including the excavation of Assyrian sculptures from a mound near Khorsabad, Iraq by Paul Émile Botta and the calculation of the position of Neptune from irregularities in the orbit of Uranus by John Couch Adams.

  • THE NEPTUNE AFFAIR. Fernie, J. Donald // American Scientist;Mar/Apr95, Vol. 83 Issue 2, p116 

    Discusses the discovery of the planets Neptune and Uranus. Details on the determination of the orbit of Uranus; Technique used by scientist John Couch Adams in determining the position of Uranus; Difference of the technique used by scientist Urbain Le Verrier in determining the position of Neptune.

  • Couch Potato.  // Ranger Rick;Oct92, Vol. 26 Issue 10, p14 

    Presents the short story `Couch Potato,' by Leslie Dendy & Angela Adams.

  • The hunt for Neptune. Moore, Patrick // Sky & Telescope;Sep96, Vol. 92 Issue 3, p42 

    Focuses on the events that lead to the discovery of Neptune. Discovery of Uranus by William Herschel in 1781; Thams J. Hussey's 1834 description of the movements of Uranus; Findings by John Couch Adams and James Challis; Role of Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier; Importance of the observations made...

  • Review.  // New Scientist;10/18/97, Vol. 156 Issue 2104, p50 

    Reviews several science-related books. Includes `Britain on the Couch,' by Oliver James; `Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of the Atomic Bombs Against Japan,' by J. Samuel Walker; `The 100 Most Influential Scientists,' by John Simmons; `The Local Heroes Book of British...

  • Secret Documents Rewrite the Discovery of Neptune. Sheehan, William // Sky & Telescope;Jul2003, Vol. 106 Issue 1, p26 

    Deals with the disclosure of secret documents concerning the discovery of Neptune. Efforts to suppressed the documents to prevent international scandal between England and France in the 1840s; French astronomer Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier's discovery of the planet on September 23, 1846;...

  • Neptune. Farndon, John // Space (1-59084-472-6);2003, p39 

    Neptune is the eighth planet out from the Sun. It was discovered in 1846 by mathematicians John Couch Adams and Urbain le Verrier. Neptune has a surface of liquid methane and an atmosphere of hydrogen and helium. Neptune has eight moons. The moon Triton is the only moon to orbit backward. ...


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