January 2009
World Book Science Dataset;1/1/2009, p1
Reference Entry
Shad, the name applied to several species of fish of the herring family. Shad are bony fish with deeply forked tails. They spend most of their lives in the ocean and feed mostly on plankton. In spring or early summer, shad leave the ocean and enter freshwater coastal rivers to spawn. The female sheds an average of about 30,000 pale pink or amber eggs. The eggs hatch in about 6 to 10 days. After spawning, the parent shad leave the river and go back to the ocean; the young stay until autumn, then migrate out to the ocean. Only mature shad that are four years of age or over are able to spawn.


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