TITLE

Firefly

PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
World Book Science Dataset;1/1/2009, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Encyclopedia
DOC. TYPE
Reference Entry
ABSTRACT
Firefly, or Lightning Bug, a beetle that produces light. The light is produced in special organs called photophores located on the underside of the abdomen. They consist of several layers of small reflector cells and a single layer of light-producing cells. The light-producing cells contain nerves, air tubes, and two types of chemicals� luciferin and the enzyme luciferase. When luciferin is activated by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and luciferase, it combines with oxygen in the air tubes; this reaction produces energy in the form of a heatless, greenish-yellow to reddish-orange light. Fireflies produce light to attract mates. In most species, both sexes produce light.
ACCESSION #
37309527

 

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