Sanger, Frederick

January 2009
World Book Science Dataset;1/1/2009, p1
Reference Entry
Sanger, Frederick (1918-) is a British biochemist, a scientist who conducts research into the molecules that occur in the cells of animals, plants, and other organisms. He won the 1958 and 1980 Nobel Prizes in chemistry. He became the second person to receive two Nobel Prizes in the same field. The first was American physicist John Bardeen, who won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1956 and 1972. Sanger received the 1958 chemistry prize for developing a method of studying the structure of proteins. His research centered on the structure of insulin, the protein hormone that helps the body use sugar. Sanger won the 1980 Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing a method of determining the chemical structure of large pieces of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the substance that makes up genes. Sanger shared the 1980 prize with American biochemist Paul Berg and American molecular biologist Walter Gilbert, who independently .did related work concerning the chemical structure of nucleic acids.


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