TITLE

Laughlin, Robert B

PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
World Book Science Dataset;1/1/2009, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Encyclopedia
DOC. TYPE
Reference Entry
ABSTRACT
Laughlin, Robert B. (1950-), an American theoretical physicist, shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in physics with Horst Ludwig St�rmer of Germany and Daniel Chee Tsui of the United States for their discovery of a new form of fluid called a quantum fluid. It was Laughlin, the theorist, who analyzed the results of their experiments and explained a baffling phenomenon called the fractional quantum Hall effect. In this phenomenon, it seemed that electrons �the particles making up electric currents�had been divided into parts. Laughlin showed that, in reality, the electrons coordinated their movements in a way that simulated the behavior of particles with fractional charges.
ACCESSION #
37309141

 

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