December 2003
Black Firsts, Second Edition;2003, p672
Reference Entry
Information on several African American chess players in the U.S. from 1800s to 1999 is presented. Theophilus Thompson was the earliest documented African American chess expert. Walter Harris became the first African American to be rated as a master by the United States Chess Federation (USCF) in 1960. Maurice Ashley became the world's first black grandmaster in 1999.


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