TITLE

tryptase

PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p2245
SOURCE TYPE
Book
DOC. TYPE
Reference Entry
ABSTRACT
A definition of the term "tryptase" is presented. It refers to an enzyme released by mast cells that mediates many allergic phenomena, including anaphylaxis, asthma, conjunctivitis and rhinitis.
ACCESSION #
21249595

 

Related Articles

  • The αvβ6 integrin modulates airway hyperresponsiveness in mice by regulating intraepithelial mast cells. Sugimoto, Kotaro; Kudo, Makoto; Sundaram, Aparna; Xin Ren; Huang, Katherine; Bernstein, Xin; Yanli Wang; Raymond, Wilfred W.; Erle, David J.; Åbrink, Magnus; Caughey, George H.; Xiaozhu Huang; Sheppard, Dean // Journal of Clinical Investigation;Feb2012, Vol. 122 Issue 2, p748 

    Allergic asthma is the most common form of asthma, affecting more than 10 million Americans. Although it is clear that mast cells have a key role in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma, the mechanisms by which they regulate airway narrowing in vivo remain to be elucidated. Here we report that...

  • Mast cell tryptase and asthma. Zhang, M-Q.; Timmerman, H. // Mediators of Inflammation;Dec97, Vol. 6 Issue 5/6, p311 

    Recent physiological and pharmacological studies have indicated the potential importance of tryptase, the major protein component in mast cells, in inflammatory diseases (especially asthma). Being released at inflammatory sites after the activation of mast cells, tryptase is capable of causing...

  • Drugs for asthma: mast-cell stabilisers.  // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);2/21/1981, Vol. 282 Issue 6264, p587 

    Focuses on the treatment for asthma. Role of mast cells in hemostatic control of the metabolism of connective tissue; Effect of degranulation of the cells; Significance of developing mast stabilizer drugs.

  • Chymase expressing bone marrow mast cells in mastocytosis and myelodysplastic syndromes: an immunohistochemical and morphometric study. Horny, H.-P.; Greschniok, A.; Jordan, J.-H.; Menke, D.M.; Valent, P. // Journal of Clinical Pathology;Feb2003, Vol. 56 Issue 2, p103 

    Background: Two cell specific neutral proteases, tryptase and chymase, are produced by human mast cells (MC). Tryptase is constitutively expressed by all MC, whereas chymase is found only in an MC subset. Very little is known about chymase expression in MC proliferative disorders (mastocytosis)....

  • labrocyte.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1285 

    A definition of the term "labrocyte," which refers to a mast cell, is presented.

  • mastocyte.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1411 

    A definition of the term "mastocyte," which refers to mast cell, is presented.

  • mastocytoma.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1411 

    A definition of the term "mastocytoma," which refers to a collection of mast cells, is presented.

  • mastocytosis.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1411 

    A definition of the term "mastocytosis," which refers to a range of rare disorders characterized by a proliferation of large numbers of normal mast cells systemically or in the skin, is presented.

  • anaphylatoxin.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p111 

    A definition of the term "anaphylatoxin" is presented, referring to complement component proteins C3a, C4a and C5a which cause degranulation of mast cells and release of chemical mediators that promote increased mucus secretion, among other functions.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics