Similarities and Differences of Internal and External Consultants

Swartz, Don
August 1974
Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1974, p17
Conference Proceeding
This paper discusses the professional similarities and the situational differences between internal and external consultants. The differences suggest some specific implications for the behavior of persons filling internal and external roles. Thus, the major focus of the discussion is on some actions internal and external consultants can take to maximize their effectiveness, within the reality of their different situations.


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