TITLE

Organizational Climate and Job Performance: an Integrative Approach

AUTHOR(S)
Meglino, Bruce
PUB. DATE
August 1974
SOURCE
Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1974, p44
SOURCE TYPE
Conference Proceeding
DOC. TYPE
Proceeding
ABSTRACT
Laboratory evidence which appears to expand the social psychological paradigm of "social facilitation" to include more complex behavior is presented in this paper. The conclusions state that relatively complex behavioral responses, which are well-learned, can be enhanced, and poorly learned responses diminished, through apprehension produced by the evaluation process. In a cooperative laboratory task, dominant subjects were observed to behave in a more dominant way when they perceived that their behavior would be evaluated by others. Under the same conditions, submissive subjects behaved in a more submissive way. Because dominance and submissiveness are both well-learned characteristics, both were enhanced through the evaluation process. This conclusion appears to integrate and explain the results of a number of previous, and at times contradictory, studies of "organizational climate." In studies where employees emerged from a training program into a climate which may be termed "evaluative," the effect of training appeared to be minimal. Because responses are never fully learned immediately after training, they are retarded by the evaluation process. On the other hand, studies where climate could be termed "supportive" or "non-evaluative" showed more significant training effects. Here, the absence of evaluation permitted the training effect to remain.
ACCESSION #
17530801

Tags: ORGANIZATIONAL behavior -- Research;  MOTIVATION (Psychology);  PERSONNEL management -- Psychological aspects;  EMPLOYEES -- Rating of -- Psychological aspects;  INDUSTRIAL organization -- Research;  INFLUENCE (Psychology);  JOB performance;  CORPORATE culture -- Psychological aspects;  INDUSTRIAL management -- Psychological aspects;  WORK environment -- Psychological aspects

 

Related Articles

  • Motivation and Organizational Climate in the Japanese Work Group. Edge, Alfred // Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1974, p10 

    Motivation and its organization determinants in the contemporary Japanese work group are analyzed in this paper. The analysis uses an operational model, developed by James V. Clark,1 that explains motivational behavior based on conditions in the work group's environment. The study compares six...

  • Two-Factor Theory in a Cultural Setting. Joseph, P. M. // Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1974, p13 

    This study examined whether Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory holds true in cultures other than the culture in which it was originally tested. The sample consists of engineers in an Engineering Construction Company in the Southern part of India. In addition to Herzberg's methodology in securing data,...

  • BUSINESS STRATEGY AND THE MANAGEMENT OF PLATEAUED EMPLOYEES. Slocum Jr., John W.; Cron, William L.; Hansen, Richard W.; Rawlings, Sallie // Academy of Management Journal;Mar1985, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p133 

    This study compared effective and ineffective plateaued salespersons in two companies having different business strategies in terms of their job histories, job satisfactions, perceived work environments, career stages, definitions of success, and career attitudes. The business strategy of the...

  • JOB SATISFACTION AND SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING AS DETERMINANTS OF JOB ADAPTION. Judge, Timothy A. // Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings;1992, p222 

    The existence of a job adaptation construct was hypothesized, and in the context of a causal model, job satisfaction and subjective well-being were hypothesized to influence the construct. Results indicated support for the adaptation construct and its relation to job satisfaction and subjective...

  • A Theoretical Synthesis of Job Performance and the Evaluative Dimension of Organizational Climate: A Social Psychological Perspective. Meglino, Bruce M. // Academy of Management Review;Jul1976, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p58 

    Studies linking organizational climate to job performance have been diverse and at times contradictory; however, social psychologists have dealt with a similar problem in the area of social facilitation. Social facilitation is related to the evaluative aspect of organizational climate in an...

  • FURTHER ASSESSMENTS OF A THREE-COMPONENT MODEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT. Hackett, Rick D.; Bycio, Peter; Hausdorf, Peter // Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings;1992, p212 

    The construct validity of the Meyer and Allen (1991) three-component model of organizational commitment was assessed. The existence of three separate components of commitment (affective, continuance and normative) was generally supported by confirmatory factor analysis and by the pattern of...

  • APPLICATIONS OF HIERARCHICAL LINEAR MODELS TO MULTI-LEVEL DATA. Hofmann, David A.; Griffin, Mark // Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings;1992, p327 

    Hierarchical linear models provide a flexible method for investigating multi-level data. This strategy uses statistical summaries of within- unit relationships as dependent variables in between-unit analysis. This paper reviews these procedures and illustrates substantive applications in the...

  • A Field Study of the Use and Perceived Effects of Discipline in Controlling Work Performance. Beyer, Janice M.; Trice, Harrison M. // Academy of Management Journal;Dec1984, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p743 

    Data from two samples of supervisors in a large US. corporation show that (1) supervisors used discipline primarily as a response to certain behaviors and when the work context was supportive of its use; and (2) use of discipline had small but significant effects on the subsequent work...

  • POLITICAL INFLUENCE BEHAVIOR AND CAREER SUCCESS. Judge, Timothy A.; Bretz, Jr., Robert D. // Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings;1992, p58 

    In a recent review, Ferris and Judge (1991) indicated that no studies had investigated the relationship between influence behavior and overall career success. In the present study, the effect of influence behavior on career success was hypothesized to depend on the type of tactic employed....

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics