The Effects of Field Dependency on Worker Orientations

Wood, Donald
August 1974
Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1974, p44
Conference Proceeding
Much of the perceptual research has shown that females are more field dependent or extrinsic when defining their personal orientations than are males. This study sought to determine if, in an industrial context, this greater dependency would be manifest by a higher correspondence between personal impressions toward work and "external" evaluations of job performance in the form of supervisory ratings for female employees as compared to males. The results disclosed that female impressions of work were in general agreement with how supervisors rated them, as 7 of 10 job satisfaction items significantly correlated with overall job performance ratings. This was not the case for males; only one significant item appeared, but in the negative direction. It was determined, further, that females who placed a high value on work, per se, were more likely to be oriented in a dependent fashion than females seeing little value in work.


Related Articles

  • Job Enrichment through Symbol Management. Moberg, Dennis J. // California Management Review;Winter81, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p24 

    The article presents an analysis of job enrichment tools that help managers to exert an influence in the motivation of employees. The theoretical basis and practical value of job enrichment as a management philosophy are discussed and a comparison between the conventional and revised view of job...

  • An Experimental Case Study of the Successes and Failures of Job Enrichment in a Government Agency. Locke, Edwin A.; Sirota, David; Wolfson, Alan D. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Dec76, Vol. 61 Issue 6, p701 

    An experimental job enrichment program was introduced in three clerical work units of a federal agency. Matched control groups were selected for each experimental unit. The program was introduced after careful diagnosis of the work situation and thorough training of the personnel involved....

  • The Unmentionable.  // Strategic Finance;Oct2006, Vol. 88 Issue 4, p11 

    The article discusses the concept of grace in business environments. The idea that grace is the ordinary expression of the creative intelligence that makes life work is presented, as well as the applications of grace in professional life, which can be achieved by promoting goodwill,...

  • Out of Ruts. Mackay, Harvey // Personal Excellence Essentials;Sep2005, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p12 

    Presents the author's views on moving on in a job. Information that in a job one might feel missing something; View that getting out of a career rut requires a mental tow truck; Suggestion that one should look for new opportunities in a job after getting bored.


    This study used the work orientation surveys designed for the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) to examine sex differences in job attribute preferences. The data constituted cross-sections of large, representative samples from eight countries in two years (1989 and 1997). One-sample...

  • Faculty Satisfaction with Pay and Other Job Dimensions Under Union and Nonunion Conditions. Gomez-Mejia, Luis R.; Balkin, David B. // Academy of Management Journal;Sep84, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p591 

    This study examines the relationship of faculty unionism on satisfaction with pay and other job dimensions. Union faculty were more satisfied with their pay than were nonunion faculty. Other significant determinants of faculty pay satisfaction were pay level, tenure, job experience, and sex....

  • The Moderating Effect of Job Adaptation on the Job Scope Affective Response Relationship. Rudolf, Cathy J.; Peters, Lawrence H.; Reynolds, Thomas J. // Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1979, p69 

    Individuals expressing relatively higher levels of overadaptation to their Jobs, who felt Job activities could be performed habitually and without conscious thought, were found to show stronger Job scope-effective response relationships than individuals with low levels of overadaptation. ...

  • Inferences About Trends in Labor Force Satisfaction: A Casual-Correlational Analysis. Organ, Dennis W. // Academy of Management Journal;Dec1977, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p510 

    Analysis of five simplified causal models of the time trend of labor force job satisfaction reveals a stable pattern of job attitudes for the entire post-war period. Underlying this stability are developments tending to increase satisfaction, but offset by a larger portion of the labor force in...

  • Causal Modeling of Psychological Success in Work Organizations. Griffin, Larry J. // Academy of Management Journal;Mar1977, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p6 

    This paper demonstrates the applicability of path analysis to the study of psychological success in work organizations by reanalyzing three previously published studies. Two examples test and estimate two causal models of psychological success. The final example demonstrates that the utility of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics