Anal sphincter injury after forceps delivery-buy now¨pay later!

Koch, Timothy R.
December 2003
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Dec2003, Vol. 98 Issue 12, p2798
Academic Journal
This study was designed to determine the long term outcome of forceps delivery in terms of evidence of anal sphincter injury and the incidence of fecal and urinary incontinence. Women who delivered infants in 1964 were evaluated by using endoanal ultrasound, manometry, and a continence questionnaire. Women in whom deliveries were performed with forceps were matched with the next normal delivery and elective cesarean delivery in the birth register. The women' s overall obstetric history was evaluated. Women who had ever had a forceps delivery (n = 42) had a significantly higher incidence of sphincter rupture compared with women who had only unassisted vaginal deliveries (n = 41) and elective cesarean sections (n = 6) (44% vs 22% vs 0%, χ² 7.09; p = 0.03). There was no significant difference in the incidence of significant fecal incontinence among the three groups (14% vs 10% vs 0%) or significant urinary incontinence (7% vs 19% vs 0%). The authors conclude that anal sphincter injury was associated with forceps delivery in the past; however, significant fecal and urinary incontinence was not.


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