Commentary: Physical fitness: confounder or intermediary variable in the association of diet with health outcomes?

Pischon, Tobias
February 2010
International Journal of Epidemiology;Feb2010, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p211
Academic Journal
The author agrees with the conclusions cited in the article "Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Mortality: Impact of Cardiorespiratory Fitness," by M. Héroux I. Janssen, M. Lam and others. The author says that article confirms physical fitness as an intermediary variable rather than a confounder in associating dietary patterns with risks of premature death caused by chronic diseases in Western civilizations. The author believes on the conclusion of the article that physical fitness is strongly related to health outcomes more than physical activity.


Related Articles

  • Dietary patterns and the risk of mortality: impact of cardiorespiratory fitness. Héroux, Mariane; Janssen, Ian; Lam, Miu; Lee, Duck-chul; Hebert, James R.; Sui, Xuemei; Blair, Steven N.; Héroux, Mariane // International Journal of Epidemiology;Feb2010, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p197 

    Background: While dietary patterns that are both predictive of chronic disease and mortality have been identified, the confounding effects of cardiorespiratory fitness have not been properly addressed. The primary objective was to assess the relation between dietary patterns with...

  • Mediterranean diet keeps ill health at bay.  // Practice Nurse;9/19/2008, Vol. 36 Issue 5, p9 

    The article discusses research being done on a possible association between sticking to the Mediterranean diet, premature death, and the occurrence of chronic diseases in the general population. It references a study by a research team from the University of Florence-Italy published in a 2008...

  • COMPARISON OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BETWEEN OLOMOUC AND BEIJING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS USING AN INTERNATIONAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE. Yan Zhao; Sigmund, Erik; Sigmundová, Dagmar; Yan Lu // Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica;2007, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p107 

    Regular physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality from a number of chronic diseases; however, the PA of a majority of adults does not meet minimal health related recommendations. University students' PA patterns had carryover effects on PA in their adulthood. The purpose...

  • Dietary changes and exercise needed to counter chronic diseases worldwide.  // Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica;May2003, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p346 

    Discusses dietary changes and exercise needed to counter chronic diseases worldwide. Type of diet that is key to combating chronic disease in both developed and developing countries; Need to match energy that people consume each day with their expenditures; Relevance of conducting...

  • Risk Due to Inactivity in Physically Capable Older Adults. Simonsick, Eleanor M.; Lafferty, Mary E.; Phillips, Caroline L.; De Leon, Carlos F. Mendes; Kasl, Stanislav V.; Seeman, Teresa E.; Fillenbaum, Gerda; Hebert, Patricia; Lemke, Jon H. // American Journal of Public Health;Oct93, Vol. 83 Issue 10, p1443 

    Objectives. This study examined the association between recreational physical activity among physically capable older adults and functional status, incidence of selected chronic conditions, and mortality over 3 and 6 years. Methods. Data are from three sites of the Established Populations for...

  • Weight Loss and Premature Death: The 1946 British Birth Cohort Study. Albanese, Emiliano; Strand, Bjørn Heine; Guralnik, Jack M.; Patel, Kushang V.; Kuh, Diana; Hardy, Rebecca // PLoS ONE;Jan2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    Objective: The relationship between weight loss and mortality has important clinical and public health significance but has proved to be complex. Evidence is mixed and particularly limited on the association between weight loss in mid-life and premature death (i.e. before 65 years of age), a...

  • Combined Impact of Lifestyle-Related Factors on Total and Cause-Specific Mortality among Chinese Women: Prospective Cohort Study. Nechuta, Sarah J.; Xiao-Ou Shu; Hong-Lan Li; Gong Yang; Yong-Bing Xiang; Hui Cai; Wong-Ho Chow; Butian Ji; Xianglan Zhang; Wanqing Wen; Yu-Tang Gao; Wei Zheng // PLoS Medicine;Sep2010, Vol. 7 Issue 9, p1 

    Background: Although cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol drinking, obesity, and several other well-studied unhealthy lifestyle-related factors each have been linked to the risk of multiple chronic diseases and premature death, little is known about the combined impact on mortality outcomes, in...

  • A review of the cost-effectiveness of face-to-face behavioural interventions for smoking, physical activity, diet and alcohol. Gordon, L.; Graves, N.; Hawkest, A.; Eakin, E. // Chronic Illness;Jun2007, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p101 

    Objective: To assess the evidence for the cost-effectiveness of health behaviour interventions that address the major behavioural risk factors for chronic disease, including smoking, physical inactivity, poor diet, and alcohol misuse. Methods: Medical and economic databases were searched for...

  • Developing countries face double burden of disease. Marshall, Sarah Jane // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Jul2004, Vol. 82 Issue 7, p556 

    Reports that the global strategy on diet, physical activity and health was adopted by World Health Organization Member States at the 57th World Health Assembly. Opportunities for policymakers to develop initiatives to tackle the global rise in chronic noncommunicable diseases; Percentage of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics