TITLE

SPEECH ACT THEORY, SPEECH ACTS, AND THE ANALYSIS OF FICTION

AUTHOR(S)
Nischik, Reingard M.
PUB. DATE
April 1993
SOURCE
Modern Language Review;Apr1993, Vol. 88 Issue 2, p297
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Literary Criticism
ABSTRACT
This article presents information related to the speech act theory in linguistics. It was first investigated theoretically by philosophers. Linguists such as Richard Ohmann in the U.S. and Dieter Wunderlich in Germany have elaborated further aspects of speech act theory. From the late 1970s onwards, there ensued attempts to apply speech act theory in the interpretation of literary texts. In this, narrative passage language is thematized indirectly--not as to what it is or means but rather as to what it does, what it accomplishes in a particular situation, how it creates and structures social relationships. A figural utterance is presented less in its semantic aspects than as an act, which engenders immediate results in the form of further speech acts. Speech act theory offers three areas of investigation, which are all of relevance to this story--the classification of speech acts, the sequence of speech acts and indirect speech acts. As to the classification of speech acts, many types of illocutionary acts may be distinguished such as: representatives (informatives, attesters, verdictives), information seekers and future directors (orders, requests, inducers, restrainers, wishes, commissives).
ACCESSION #
18201848

 

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