Oakley, R. J.
October 1983
Modern Language Review;Oct1983, Vol. 78 Issue 4, p838
Academic Journal
Literary Criticism
The article presents information on Ricardo Quaresma, a martyr who earned sympathy through his innocence and his ideals. At the same time he was clearly ridiculed by the author for his exaggerated nationalism. In a mildly internationalist analysis of "Triste Fim de Policarpo Quaresma," J .C. Kinnear has stressed an ambivalence in the figure of the eponymous hero Quaresma. Kinnear demonstrates convincingly the parallel between Quaresma's nationalism and that of Afonso Celso in his patriotic tract, "Porque me ufano do men pais," first published in 1901. This article endeavors to show that there is far more to this juxtaposition of two naive nationalists. "Triste Fim de Policarpo Quaresma," is much more than a fictional reflection of Afonso Celso's paradigmatic nationalism that created the term ufanismo. Celso's brand of nationalism was just one of several preoccupations in the novel Triste Fim and other writings of the middle period in Lima Barreto's brief career. Triste Fim is today the most universally admired of Lima Barreto's longer fictions.


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