Amazons and Androgynes: Overcivilization and the Redefinition of Gender Roles at the Turn of the Century

den Tandt, Christophe
December 1996
American Literary History;Winter1996, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p639
Academic Journal
Literary Criticism
The article focuses on overcivilization and the redefinition of gender roles at the turn of the century. This vision of an Amazon heroine seems to contradict the well-documented critical view that Turn-of-the-Century fiction, and particularly naturalist novelists, were committed to remasculinization of American letters. As Amy Kaplan has shown, however, masculinist texts like late nineteenth-century historical romances commonly have New Woman heroines. Turn-of-the-Century writers created two types of transgender identities: artisan amazons and corporate androgynes.


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