HfO2-based InP n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors and metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors using a germanium interfacial passivation layer

Kim, Hyoung-Sub; Ok, I.; Zhang, M.; Zhu, F.; Park, S.; Yum, J.; Zhao, H.; Lee, Jack C.; Majhi, Prashant
September 2008
Applied Physics Letters;9/8/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 10, p102906
Academic Journal
In this letter, we present our experimental results of HfO2-based n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) and metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors (MOSCAPs) on indium phosphide (InP) substrates using a thin germanium (Ge) interfacial passivation layer (IPL). We found that MOSCAPs on n-InP substrates showed good C-V characteristics such as a small capacitance equivalent thickness (14 Å), a small frequency dispersion (<10 % and <200 mV), and a low dielectric leakage current (∼5×10-4 A/cm2 at Vg=1.5 V), whereas MOSCAPs on p-InP exhibited poor characteristics, implying severe Fermi level pinning. It was also found that InP was more vulnerable to a high temperature process such that C-V curves showed a characteristic “bump” and inversion capacitance at relatively high frequencies. From n-channel MOSFETs on a semi-insulating InP substrate using Ge IPL, HfO2, and TaN gate electrodes, excellent electrical characteristics such as a large transconductance (9.3 mS/mm) and large drain currents (12.3 mA/mm at Vd=2 V and Vg=Vth+2V) were achieved, which are comparable to other works.


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