TITLE

Pleiotropic effects of bombesin and neurotensin on intestinal mucosa: Not just trefoil peptides

AUTHOR(S)
Assimakopoulos, Stelios F.; Scopa, Chrisoula D.; Nikolopoulou, Vassiliki N.; Vagianos, Constantine E.; Kitamura, Tsuneo; Motoo, Yoshiharu
PUB. DATE
June 2008
SOURCE
World Journal of Gastroenterology;6/14/2008, Vol. 14 Issue 22, p3602
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Letter
ABSTRACT
Bombesin and neurotensin are neuropeptides which exert a wide spectrum of biological actions on gastrointestinal tissues influencing intestinal growth and adaptation, intestinal motility, blood flow, secretion, nutrient absorption and immune response. Based mainly on their well-established potent enterotrophic effect, numerous experimental studies investigated their potential positive effect on the atrophic or injured intestinal mucosa. These peptides proved to be effective mucosa-healing factors, but the potential molecular and cellular mechanisms for this action remained unresolved. In a recently published study (World J Gastroenterol 2008; 14(8): 1222-1230), it was shown that their protective effect on the intestine in experimentally induced inflammatory bowel disease was related to anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiapoptotic actions. These results are in close agreement with our previous studies on jaundiced and hepatectomized rats that showed a regulatory effect of bombesin and neurotensin on critical cellular processes such as enterocyte' proliferation and death, oxidative stress and redox equilibrium, tight junctions' formation and function, and inflammatory response. The pleiotropic effects of bombesin and neurotensin on diverse types of intestinal injury may justify their consideration for clinical trials.
ACCESSION #
32920888

 

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