TITLE

Effects of sleep deprivation and user interface on complex performance: a multilevel analysis of compensatory control

AUTHOR(S)
Hockey, G. Robert J.; Wastell, David G.; Sauer, J├╝rgen; Hockey, G R; Wastell, D G; Sauer, J
PUB. DATE
June 1998
SOURCE
Human Factors;Jun1998, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p233
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
This study was carried out to test the compensatory control model, which predicts performance maintenance under stress at the expense of effort and increased selectivity. It examined the effects of sleep deprivation on performance in an automated process control task based on a simplified life support system with two types of operator control panel interface: machine centered (M-C), in which access to the system was scheduled by the computer, and human-centered (H-C), in which access was ad-lib. The task environment also permitted the analysis of changes in strategy and in subsidiary activities (alarm reaction time, prospective memory). In a 2 x 2 repeated-measures design, 16 participants carried out the task with each interface after both normal sleep and one night of sleep deprivation (SD). No effects of SD were observed on primary task performance. As predicted, SD effects were confined to strategy changes and subsidiary task impairment and occurred only under the (low control) M-C interface. Subjective effort was increased under SD, with greater increases of effort associated with high levels of performance protection. The findings provide strong evidence in favor of the compensatory control model and argue for the use of complex, multilevel tasks in the analysis of performance under stress. Actual or potential applications include the development of more sensitive performance-testing systems based on multilevel analysis of decrement, and the design of interfaces for shift work and other suboptimal work conditions.
ACCESSION #
996788

 

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