TITLE

Gene expression and distribution of key bone turnover markers in the callus of estrogen-deficient, vitamin D-depleted rats

AUTHOR(S)
Melhus, Gunhild; Brorson, S. H.; Baekkevold, E. S.; Andersson, G.; Jemtland, R.; Olstad, O. K.; Reinholt, F. P.
PUB. DATE
July 2010
SOURCE
Calcified Tissue International;Jul2010, Vol. 87 Issue 1, p77
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
An experimental rat model was used to test the hypothesis that in osteoporosis (OP) the molecular composition of the extracellular matrix in the fracture callus is disturbed. OP was induced at 10 weeks of age by ovariectomy and a vitamin D(3)-deficient diet, and sham-operated animals fed normal diet served as controls. Three months later a closed tibial fracture was made and stabilized with an intramedullary nail. After 3 and 6 weeks of healing, the animals were killed and the fracture calluses examined with global gene expression, in situ mRNA expression, and ultrastructural protein distribution of four bone turnover markers: osteopontin, bone sialoprotein, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, and cathepsin K. Global gene expression showed a relatively small number of differently regulated genes, mostly upregulated and at 3 weeks. The four chosen markers were not differently regulated, and only minor differences in the in situ mRNA expression and ultrastructural protein distribution were detected. Gene expression and composition of fracture calluses are not generally disturbed in experimental OP.
ACCESSION #
51523847

 

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