TITLE

Prevalence of adenomas and carcinomas in the ileal pouch after proctocolectomy in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis

AUTHOR(S)
Tajika, Masahiro; Nakamura, Tuneya; Nakahara, Osamu; Kawai, Hiroki; Komori, Kouji; Hirai, Takashi; Kato, Tomoyuki; Bhatia, Vikram; Baba, Hideo; Yamao, Kenji
PUB. DATE
July 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery;Jul2009, Vol. 13 Issue 7, p1266
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Restorative proctocolectomy has become the most common surgical option for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). However, adenomas may develop in the ileal pouch mucosa over time, and even carcinoma in the pouch has been reported. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence, nature, and etiology of ileal pouch and nonpouch adenomas and carcinoma in patients with FAP.Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective study of 31 FAP patients with Kock's continent ileostomy (Kock; n = 8), ileorectal anastomosis (IRA; n = 7), and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) (n = 16). All patients were followed with a standardized protocol including chromoendoscopy and biopsies of visible polyps in the ileal pouch and nonpouch mucosa.Results: Sixteen of 24 pouch patients (Kock and IPAA) developed adenomas in the ileal pouch mucosa, and all patients with IRA developed adenomas in the rectal mucosa. The prevalence of ileal adenomas was significantly higher in pouch patients than in IRA patients (P = 0.002). Only one patient with Kock showed adenoma in the prepouch area. Two cases of adenocarcinomas and one case of advanced adenoma were found in the ileal pouch mucosa.Conclusion: Our results show a high frequency of adenomas in the ileal pouch mucosa, with evolution into carcinoma in some patients. Regular endoscopic surveillance of the pouch is recommended at a frequency similar to that for the rectal mucosa after IRA in pouch patients with FAP.
ACCESSION #
44088817

 

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