TITLE

Mesenteric venous thrombosis and factors associated with mortality: a statistical analysis with five-year follow-up

AUTHOR(S)
Abu-Daff, S.; Abu-Daff, N.; Al-Shahed, M.
PUB. DATE
July 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery;Jul2009, Vol. 13 Issue 7, p1245
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Objective: The objective was to study the factors associated with mortality in mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT).Methods: We reviewed all cases of bowel ischemia at our institute from 1984 to 2004 and identified 31 cases of MVT and compiled data concerning their demographics, risk factors, investigations, management, surgical procedures, and outcomes. Survival was analyzed for both 30-day and 5-year periods.Results: Analysis of factors associated with mortality in our 31 case series revealed that 30-day mortality was strongly associated with colonic involvement in ischemia (p = .008) as well as short bowel syndrome (p = .028) and possibly failure to anti-coagulate the patient (p = .07). While 5-year mortality was strongly associated with "short bowel syndrome" as defined by small bowel remaining less than 100 cm (p = .031). Further study using a multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that mortality within the 30-day period was mainly related to colon ischemia with p value of .014 and an odds ratio of 17.4, while short-bowel syndrome was the predominated factor in the 5-year mortality analysis with a p value of .029 and an odds ratio of 5.Conclusion: Thirty-day mortality for MVT is strongly associated with colonic involvement as well as "short-bowel" syndrome, while anticoagulation may be protective. Five-year survival was found to be strongly associated with "short-bowel" syndrome.
ACCESSION #
44088807

 

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