TITLE

Outcomes of cocaine-induced gastric perforations repaired with an omental patch

AUTHOR(S)
Schuster, Kevin M.; Feuer, William J.; Barquist, Erik S.
PUB. DATE
November 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery;Nov2007, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p1560
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Crack cocaine has been associated with acute gastric perforation. The appropriate surgical treatment and long-term outcomes remain unclear. A retrospective chart review of all gastroduodenal perforations associated with crack cocaine use was performed. Data abstracted included details of short- and long-term outcomes. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to evaluate surgical outcomes. Over the 14-year period ending December 2005, 16 cases of crack-induced gastric perforations were identified. Most (75%) were treated with an omental patch. The other patients underwent a formal antiulcer operation, including one vagotomy and pyloroplasty (V&P), one vagotomy and antrectomy, one subtotal gastrectomy, and one ulcer excision and V&P. All patients after antiulcer procedures were followed for a median of 63 months (range 27-120) with no recurrences. Follow-up data were available in 75% of the omental patch patients. Recurrence of disease was observed in 56% of these omental patch patients at a median of 20 months (range 11-39). Those without recurrence were followed for a median of 67 months (range 12-96). The recurrence rate was borderline lower in the antiulcer group (P = 0.072). Omental patch closure results in a recurrence rate over 50% compared with no recurrence for formal antiulcer procedures.
ACCESSION #
28027026

 

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