TITLE

Memory changes after unilateral and bilateral convulsive therapy (ECT)

AUTHOR(S)
Dornbush, Rhea; Abrams, Richard; Fink, Max; Dornbush, R; Abrams, R; Fink, M
PUB. DATE
July 1971
SOURCE
British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul71, Vol. 119 Issue 548, p75
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
The article discusses an experiment which seeks to reduce memory changes, which persist as the principal undesirable side effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). In an attempt to minimize this deficit, several researchers introduced unilateral electrode placement to the non-dominant hemisphere as an alternative to the standard bilateral placement of electrodes. In the experiment several tasks, each more strongly associated with one hemisphere than the other, were studied after the application of either unilateral non-dominant or bilateral ECT. In this study, the memory changes seem to be dependent more on interferences with cerebral lateralized functions than with specific limitations of the treatment method or the passage of electricity.
ACCESSION #
24777750

 

Related Articles

  • Issues in the assessment of post-ECT memory changes. Brunschwig, Lily; Strain, James J.; Bidder, Thomas George; Brunschwig, L; Strain, J J; Bidder, T G // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul71, Vol. 119 Issue 548, p73 

    The article discusses a study that investigates memory changes during and after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) using three different tests, including Benton, Paired Associates (PA) and Personal Data Sheet (PDS). The investigation was double-blind and the subjects were 96 patients hospitalized...

  • Electroconvulsive treatment and short term memory. Stones, M. J. // British Journal of Psychiatry;May73, Vol. 122 Issue 570, p591 

    The article presents a study that investigates the proactive effect of electroconvulsive therapy (RCT) on short term memory (STM) with respect to the length of retention interval. The study was administered to 40 mentally ill male and women patients from general psychiatric hospitals with ages...

  • Unilateral electroconvulsive therapy: its effects on memory and its therapeutic efficacy. Zinkin, Sheila; Birtchnell, John; Zinkin, S; Birtchnell, J // British Journal of Psychiatry;Aug68, Vol. 114 Issue 513, p973 

    The article assesses the efficacy of unilateral and bilateral electroconvulsive therapy on participating patients' memory functions. An assessment of the therapeutic efficacy of the two forms of treatment was made on the basis of self-administered depression rating scales completed before and...

  • Electroconvulsive therapy in the Republic of Ireland 1982: a summary of findings. Latey, R. H.; Fahy, T. J. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Oct85, Vol. 147, p438 

    The article presents a study on the efficiency of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in Ireland. This study provides an evidence for the validity of the previous study's main findings. In this context, the author encountered wide inter-regional and wider inter-hospital variation in ECT rates. With...

  • Effects of ECT and depression on various aspects of memory. Frith, C.D.; Stevens, Marilyn; Johnstone, Eve C.; Deakin, J.F.W.; Lawler, P.; Crow, T.J.; Stevens, M; Johnstone, E C; Deakin, J F // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jun83, Vol. 142, p610 

    Seventy severely depressed patients randomly assigned to receive 8 real or sham ECT were further subdivided on the basis of degree of recovery from depression afterwards. In comparison to a non-depressed control group the depressed patients were impaired on a wide range of tests of memory and...

  • The Cognitive Effects of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Community Settings. Sackeim, Harold A.; Prudic, Joan; Fuller, Rice; Keilp, John; Lavori, Philip W.; Olfson, Mark // Neuropsychopharmacology;Jan2007, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p244 

    Despite ongoing controversy, there has never been a large-scale, prospective study of the cognitive effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). We conducted a prospective, naturalistic, longitudinal study of clinical and cognitive outcomes in patients with major depression treated at seven...

  • Electro-convulsive therapy with minimum hazard. Gordon, Douglas; Gordon, D // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul82, Vol. 141, p12 

    The inter-electrode resistance during ECT is shown to be very variable, a finding which invalidates the measurement of shocks in joules. With square wave pulses of selected current value the threshold for convulsion may be below 100 milliamperes or above 2,000 milliamperes. It is advisable to...

  • Continuation electroconvulsive therapy: preliminary guidelines and an illustrative case report. Scott, Allan I. F.; Weeks, David J.; McDonald, Claire F.; Scott, A I; Weeks, D J; McDonald, C F // British Journal of Psychiatry;Dec91, Vol. 159, p867 

    Despite renewed interest in ECT as a continuation treatment after an episode of depressive illness, few guidelines for its use are available. Meaningful research findings are few, although the potential benefits and risks of modern continuation ECT merit study. We suggest preliminary guidelines...

  • The effect of unilateral non-dominant ECT on memory and perceptual functions. McKenna, Pat; Pratt, R.T.C.; McKenna, P; Pratt, R T // British Journal of Psychiatry;Mar83, Vol. 142, p276 

    A range of memory and perceptual tests not previously used in the assessment of the effects of ECT has shown no impairment in 38 depressed patients after six unilateral (one dominant and five non-dominant) Ed.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics