Socio-demographic correlates of breast-feeding in urban slums of Chandigarh

Kumar, Dinesh; Agarwal, Neeraj; Swami, H. M.
November 2006
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences;Nov2006, Vol. 60 Issue 11, p461
Academic Journal
journal article
Research Question: Whether socio-demographic factors are associated with initiation of breast-feeding in urban slums of Chandigarh.Objectives: (1) To study the prevailing breast-feeding practices adopted by mothers, (2) To study the socio-demographic factors associated with initiation of breast-feeding.Study Design: Cross-sectional.Participants: Mothers of infants willing to participate in the study in the selected area.Sample Size: A total of 270 respondents.Study Variables: Social and demographic characteristics like age, socioeconomic status, educational level, birth interval, parity, gender preference, natal care practices, etc.; and variables related to various aspects of breast-feeding practices like prelacteal feed, initiation of feeding, colostrum feeding, reasons of discarding colostrum, etc.Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test and odd ratios along with their respective 95% confidence intervals, multiple logistic regression analysis.Results: Out of all 270 respondents, 159 (58.9%) initiated breast-feeding within 6 h of birth, only 43 (15.9%) discarded colostrum and 108 (40.0%) mothers gave prelacteal feed. Illiterate/just literate mothers who delivered at home were found at significantly higher risk of delay in initiation of breast-feeding on the basis of multiple logistic regression analysis.Suggestions: Promotion of institutional deliveries and imparting health education to mothers for protecting and promoting optimal breast-feeding practices are suggested.


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