Nonoperative management of spontaneous splenic rupture in infectious mononucleosis: the role for emerging diagnostic and treatment modalities

Brichkov, I.; Cummings, L.; Fazylov, R.; Horovitz, J. H.
May 2006
American Surgeon;May2006, Vol. 72 Issue 5, p401
Academic Journal
journal article
Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a self-limiting lymphoproliferative disorder affecting teenagers and young adults. Splenomegaly is a common manifestation of IM and results in a compromised organ that may rarely rupture spontaneously, with significant morbidity and mortality. The IM spleen should be protected from even minor trauma. Although traditional management of spontaneous splenic rupture in IM has been splenectomy, the role of nonoperative management is evolving. The advent of endovascular interventional modalities has augmented the physician's armamentarium in managing these patients nonoperatively. We report a case of spontaneous splenic rupture in a patient with IM managed conservatively with the aid of splenic angiography. The option of arteriography, with or without embolization, should be considered in the management of all patients with spontaneous splenic rupture in the setting of IM.


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