Sacrococcygeal teratoma in Northeastern Nigeria: 18-years experience

Abubakar, A. M.; Nggada, H. A.; Chinda, J. Y.
August 2005
Pediatric Surgery International;Aug2005, Vol. 21 Issue 8, p645
Academic Journal
journal article
Although sacrococcygeal teratomas are rare, there have been several reports from various parts of Nigeria, outside the Northeast region. This report reviews the experience with this tumour from the northeastern part of Nigeria. A retrospective study of 21 children with histologically confirmed sacrococcygeal teratoma managed in 18 years. Over the 18-year-period, 21 histologically confirmed cases of sacrococcygeal teratoma were seen-80% were girls. Thirteen (60.9%) presented during the neonatal period. Eighteen patients presented with benign sacrococcygeal teratoma while three patients and a recurrence from an initial benign tumour had malignant sacrococcygeal teratoma. All malignant tumours had a significant presacral component. There were associated congenital malformations in 3 (14.3%) of the patients. All the benign tumours were resectable. Using the American Academy of Pediatrics (Altman's) classification, 13 patients were type I, 5 patients type II, 3 patients type Ill and none was for type IV. The commonest post-operative complication was wound infection in six patients. Others were wound dehiscence in three and post-operative diarrhoea in two patients. Three deaths were recorded in this series. The size of mass greater than 5 cm did not correlate with the incidence of post-operative complications (P=0.367). The post-operative follow-up was very poor; but there was a recurrence in a girl, two-years after the initial surgery. Our study revealed that most of our patients with sacrococcygeal teratoma present early to hospital with benign lesions and the immediate post-operative results were excellent. However, the follow-up was poor as such long-term post-operative results are difficult to study. It is to be recommended that sacrococcygeal teratoma presenting early to hospital should have prompt surgical intervention.


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