Condylar bone change and sagittal incisal and condylar paths during mandibular protrusive excursion

Yamada, Kazuhiro; Tsuruta, Akemi; Hosogai, Akiko; Kohno, Shoji; Hayashi, Takafumi; Hanada, Kooji
July 2005
CRANIO: The Journal of Craniomandibular & Sleep Practice;Jul2005, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p179
Academic Journal
journal article
This study showed significant differences in sagittal condylar and incisal path angles during mandibular protrusive excursion, as well as flattening of the condylar path related to the existence and type of condylar bone change. Twenty-eight (28) patients with signs and symptoms of TMJ disorders were studied, using a six-degrees-of-freedom measuring device and helical CT. Sagittal incisal and condylar path angles at two mm and three mm condylar path lengths (CPL) were significantly shorter in the bilateral condylar bone change (BBC), compared to the no bone change (NBC) group. Also, NBC incremental sagittal condylar path angles from three to five mm CPL and NBC condylar path curvature at five mm CPL were both significantly larger than in BBC. Comparing types of bone change, incremental sagittal condylar path angles from three to five mm CPL was significantly less in osteophyte than in NBC or erosion groups. Condylar path curvature at five mm CPL was also significantly less in osteophyte than in NBC.


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