Management of subclavian and axillary artery injuries: spanning the range of current therapy

Franga, Dion L.; Hawkins, Michael L.; Mondy, J. Sheppard
April 2005
American Surgeon;Apr2005, Vol. 71 Issue 4, p303
Academic Journal
journal article
Injuries of the subclavian and proximal axillary arteries are potentially devastating but account for a minority of vascular injuries presenting to trauma centers in the United States. We have reviewed our recent experience with management of subclavian and axillary artery injuries in a state-designated level 1 academic trauma center and report four cases that illustrate the typical arterial injury patterns and the entire therapeutic armamentarium in its current iteration. Subclavian and proximal axillary artery injuries present as interesting surgical problems. A high index of suspicion for vascular injuries should be maintained given the mechanism and proximity to major vasculature. Consideration should always be given to the least invasive treatment options in stable patients. Awareness of multiple therapeutic modalities and indications for each should be an integral part of every surgeon's armamentarium. As with all vascular intervention, eventual failure is the rule rather than the exception; therefore, plans for longitudinal surveillance should be made independent of the technique used to treat the injury.


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